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Burkay Ozturk [6]Burkay T. Ozturk [2]
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Burkay Ozturk
Texas State University
  1.  21
    Facsimiles of Flesh.Bob Fischer & Burkay Ozturk - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4):489-497.
    Ed Gein was a serial killer, grave robber, and body snatcher who made a lampshade from human skin. Now consider the detective who found that lampshade. Let's suppose that he would never want to own it; however, he does find that he wants a synthetic one just like it – a perfect replica. We assume that there is something morally problematic about the detective having such a replica. We then argue that, given as much, we can reach the surprising conclusion (...)
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  2. The Negotiative Theory of Gender Identity and the Limits of First-Person Authority.Burkay Ozturk - 2022 - In Raja Halwani, Jacob M. Held, Natasha McKeever & Alan Soble (eds.), The Philosophy of Sex: Contemporary Readings, 8th edition. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 261-281.
    This paper assesses the first-person authority account (FPA) of gender, according to which X's self-identification of what X's gender is, is the final say on what X's gender is, such that if others disagree, they are mistaken. One main reason in support of FPA is respecting X's autonomy—that is, overriding X's self-identification amounts to denying X's autonomy. Ozturk criticizes this view using analogies of religious and patriotic self-identifications, such that there are cases in which someone can permissibly claim that another (...)
     
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  3. The Negotiative Theory of Gender Identity and the Limits of First-Person Authority.Burkay Ozturk - 2017 - In Raja El El Halwani, Alan Soble, Sarah Hoffman & Jacob Held (eds.), The Philosophy of Sex. New York, USA: Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 139-159.
    The first-person authority view (FPA) is the current dominant view about what someone’s gender is. According to FPA the person has authority over her own gender identity; her sincere self-identification trumps the opinions of others. There are two versions of FPA: epistemic and ethical. Both versions try to explain why a person has authority over her own gender identity. But both have problems. Epistemic FPA attributes to the self-identifier an unrealistic degree of doxastic reliability. Ethical FPA implies the existence of (...)
     
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  4. On a Perceived Expressive Inadequacy of Principia Mathematica.Burkay T. Öztürk - 2011 - Florida Philosophical Review 12 (1):83-92.
    This paper deploys a Cantor-style diagonal argument which indicates that there is more possible mathematical content than there are propositional functions in Russell and Whitehead's Principia Mathematica and similar formal systems. This technical result raises a historical question: "How did Russell, who was himself an expert in diagonal arguments, not see this coming?" It turns out that answering this question requires an appreciation of Russell's understanding of what logic is, and how he construed the relationship between logic and Principia Mathematica.
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  5. Ethical First-Person Authority and The Moral Status of Rejecting.Burkay Ozturk - manuscript
    There are two popular ways of explaining why a person has authority over her own gender identity: epistemic FPA and ethical FPA. Both have problems. Epistemic FPA attributes to the self-identifier an unrealistic degree of doxastic reliability. Ethical FPA implies the existence of an unqualified obligation not to reject which is too strong to be plausible. This essay offers a third explanation called “weak FPA” and investigates how far first-person authority reaches in terms of grounding rights and obligating others. Weak (...)
     
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  6.  7
    Speech and War: Rethinking the Ethics of Speech Restrictions.Burkay Ozturk & Bob Fischer - 2018 - In Donald Alexander Downs & Chris W. Surprenant (eds.), The Value and Limits of Academic Speech: Philosophical, Political, and Legal Perspectives. New York: Routledge.
    Universities regulate speech in various ways. How should we assess when such restrictions are justified, if they ever are? Here, we propose an answer to this question. In short, we argue that we should think about speech restrictions as being like acts of war, and so should approach their justification using just war theory. We also make some suggestions about its implications. For instance, one of the jus ad bellum requirements for a just war is that you have a reasonable (...)
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  7.  18
    Embodied Minds in Action, by Robert Hanna and Michelle Maiese. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009. Pp. 280. ISBN 13: 978-0-19923031-0; ISBN 10: 0-19923031-5. $56.00. [REVIEW]Saniye Ozturk & Burkay Ozturk - 2010 - Kantian Review 15 (2):147-150.
  8.  14
    Of German Tanks and Scientific Theories.Burkay T. Ozturk - 2016 - Southwest Philosophy Review 32 (1):105-113.
    During the Second World War, the Allies faced a question colloquially known as the “German Tank Problem”: how many tanks will the Axis ever produce? The answer resulted from an elegant probabilistic argument which was used by Allied mathematicians to make successful upper-bound estimates for the total Axis tank production. This paper shows that if two empirical postulates are true of the history of science, a parallel argument can be used to come up with lower-bound estimates for the number of (...)
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