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Bruce Jennings [103]Bruce H. Jennings [1]
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  1.  59
    Reconceptualizing Autonomy: A Relational Turn in Bioethics.Bruce Jennings - 2016 - Hastings Center Report 46 (3):11-16.
    History's judgment on the success of bioethics will not depend solely on the conceptual creativity and innovation in the field at the level of ethical and political theory, but this intellectual work is not insignificant. One important new development is what I shall refer to as the relational turn in bioethics. This development represents a renewed emphasis on the ideographic approach, which interprets the meaning of right and wrong in human actions as they are inscribed in social and cultural practices (...)
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  2.  41
    SOLIDARITY in the Moral Imagination of Bioethics.Bruce Jennings & Angus Dawson - 2015 - Hastings Center Report 45 (5):31-38.
    How important is the concept of solidarity in our society's calculus of consent as regards the legitimacy and ethical and political support for public health, health policy, and health services? By the term “calculus of consent,” we refer to the answer that people give to rationalize and justify their obedience to laws, rules, and policies that benefit others. The calculus of consent answers questions such as, Why should I care? Why should I help? Why should I contribute to the public (...)
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  3. Dependency, Difference and the Global Ethic of Longterm Care.Eva Feder Kittay, Bruce Jennings & Angela A. Wasunna - 2005 - Journal of Political Philosophy 13 (4):443-469.
  4.  28
    Relational Ethics for Public Health: Interpreting Solidarity and Care.Bruce Jennings - 2019 - Health Care Analysis 27 (1):4-12.
    This article defends ‘relational theorizing’ in bioethics and public health ethics and describes its importance. It then offers an interpretation of solidarity and care understood as normatively patterned and psychologically and socially structured modes of relationality; in a word, solidarity and care understood as ‘practices.’ Solidarity is characterized as affirming the moral standing of others and their membership in a community of equal dignity and respect. Care is characterized as paying attention to the moral being of others and their needs, (...)
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  5.  14
    Solidarity and care as relational practices.Bruce Jennings - 2018 - Bioethics 32 (9):553-561.
    Many working in bioethics today are engaging in forms of normative interpretation concerning the meaningful contexts of relational agency and institutional structures of power. Using the framework of relational bioethics, this article focuses on two significant social practices that are significant for health policy and public health: the practices of solidarity and the practices of care. The main argument is that the affirming recognition of, and caring attention paid to, persons as moral subjects can politically motivate a society in three (...)
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  6. Public health and liberty: Beyond the millian paradigm.Bruce Jennings - 2009 - Public Health Ethics 2 (2):123-134.
    Center for Humans and Nature, 109 West 77th Street, Suite 2, New York, NY 10024, USA. Tel.: 212 362 7170; Fax: 212 362 9592; Email: brucejennings{at}humansandnature.org ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> . Abstract A fundamental question for the ethical foundations of public health concerns the moral justification for limiting or overriding individual liberty. What might justify overriding the individual moral claim to non-interference or to self-realization? This paper argues that the libertarian justification for limiting individual (...)
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  7.  26
    Relational Liberty Revisited: Membership, Solidarity and a Public Health Ethics of Place.Bruce Jennings - 2015 - Public Health Ethics 8 (1):7-17.
    Public health involves the use of power to change institutions and redistribute resources and deliberately to shape individual thought and behavior. This requires normative legitimation and demands ethical critique. This article explores concepts that are vital to public health ethics, but have been relatively neglected. These are membership, solidarity and the concept of place. The article argues that the practice of public health should recognize the equal rights of membership in communities of health justice. Public health should also rely on (...)
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  8. Public Health and Civic Republicanism: Towards an Alternative Framework for Public Health Ethics.Bruce Jennings - 2007 - In Angus Dawson & Marcel Verweij (eds.), Ethics, Prevention, and Public Health. Clarendon Press.
  9.  3
    A Bioethics for Democracy: Restoring Civic Vision.Bruce Jennings - 2022 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 65 (4):646-653.
    ABSTRACT:Democracy—as a form of governance, a moral community, and a way of life—is under great stress. The prospects for democracy and bioethics are linked because bioethics relies on an open society and a democratic cultural environment in order to flourish. For its part, democracy can be restored and strengthened by widespread cultural and psychological support for the values of mutual recognition, equal dignity and respect for persons, and solidarity, interdependence, and the common good. Promoting values such as these is in (...)
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  10.  11
    Redoing the Demos.Bruce Jennings - 2021 - Hastings Center Report 51 (S1):58-63.
    Forces including extreme economic inequality, cultural polarization, and the monetizing and privatizing of persons as commodities are undermining the forms of moral recognition and mutuality upon which democratic practices and institutions depend. These underlying factors, together with more direct modes of political corruption, manipulation, and authoritarian nationalism, are undoing Western democracies. This essay identifies and explores some vital underpinnings of democratic citizenship and civic learning that remain open to revitalization and repair. Building care structures and practices from the ground up (...)
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  11. Special Report: The Ethics of Using QI Methods to Improve Health Care Quality and Safety.Mary Ann Baily, Melissa M. Bottrell, Joanne Lynn & Bruce Jennings - 2006 - Hastings Center Report 36 (4):S1-S40.
  12.  41
    Possibilities of consensus: Toward democratic moral discourse.Bruce Jennings - 1991 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 16 (4):447-463.
    The concept of consensus is often appealed to in discussions of biomedical ethics and applied ethics, and it plays an important role in many influential ethical theories. Consensus is an especially influential notion among theorists who reject ethical realism and who frame ethics as a practice of discourse rather than a body of objective knowledge. It is also a practically important notion when moral decision making is subject to bureaucratic organization and oversight, as is increasingly becoming the case in medicine. (...)
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  13.  33
    Agency and moral relationship in dementia.Bruce Jennings - 2009 - Metaphilosophy 40 (3-4):425-437.
    This essay examines the goals of care and the exercise of guardianship authority in the long-term care of persons with Alzheimer's disease and other forms of chronic, progressive dementia. It counters philosophical views that deny both agency and personhood to individuals with Alzheimer's on definitional or analytic conceptual grounds. It develops a specific conception of the quality of life and offers a critique of hedonic conceptions of quality of life and models of guardianship that are based on a hedonic legal (...)
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  14.  24
    Bioethics and Populism: How Should Our Field Respond?Mildred Z. Solomon & Bruce Jennings - 2017 - Hastings Center Report 47 (2):11-16.
    Across the world, an authoritarian and exclusionary form of populism is gaining political traction. Historically, some populist movements have been democratic and based on a sense of inclusive justice and the common good. But the populism on the rise at present speaks and acts otherwise. It is challenging constitutional democracies. The polarization seen in authoritarian populism goes beyond the familiar left-right political spectrum and generates disturbing forms of extremism, including the so-called alternative right in the United States and similar ethnic (...)
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  15.  14
    Special Supplement: Ethical Challenges of Chronic Illness.Bruce Jennings, Daniel Callahan & Arthur L. Caplan - 1988 - Hastings Center Report 18 (1):1.
  16.  36
    Pharmaceutical research involving the homeless.Tom L. Beauchamp, Bruce Jennings, Eleanor D. Kinney & Robert J. Levine - 2002 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 27 (5):547 – 564.
    Discussions of research involving vulnerable populations have left the homeless comparatively ignored. Participation by these subjects in drug studies has the potential to be upsetting, inconvenient, or unpleasant. Participation occasionally produces injury, health emergencies, and chronic health problems. Nonetheless, no ethical justification exists for the categorical exclusion of homeless persons from research. The appropriate framework for informed consent for these subjects of pharmaceutical research is not a single event of oral or written consent, but a multi-staged arrangement of disclosure, dialogue, (...)
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  17.  9
    Ethics, The Social Sciences, and Policy Analysis.Daniel Callahan, Sidney Callahan, Bruce Jennings & Director of Bioethics Bruce Jennings - 1983 - Springer.
    The social sciences playa variety of multifaceted roles in the policymaking process. So varied are these roles, indeed, that it is futile to talk in the singular about the use of social science in policymaking, as if there were one constant relationship between two fixed and stable entities. Instead, to address this issue sensibly one must talk in the plural about uses of dif ferent modes of social scientific inquiry for different kinds of policies under various circumstances. In some cases, (...)
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  18.  15
    Ends and Means of Solidarity.Bruce Jennings - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (5):64-66.
    Volume 20, Issue 5, June 2020, Page 64-66.
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  19.  39
    Right Relation and Right Recognition in Public Health Ethics: Thinking Through the Republic of Health.Bruce Jennings - 2016 - Public Health Ethics 9 (2):168-177.
    The further development of public health ethics will be assisted by a more direct engagement with political theory. In this way, the moral vocabulary of the liberal tradition should be supplemented—but not supplanted—by different conceptual and normative resources available from other traditions of political and social thought. This article discusses four lines of further development that the normative conceptual discourse of public health ethics might take. The relational turn. The implications for public health ethics of the new ‘ecological’ or ‘relational’ (...)
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  20.  92
    Autonomy.Bruce Jennings - 2009 - In Bonnie Steinbock (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Bioethics. Oxford University Press.
    No single concept has been more important in the contemporary development of bioethics, and the revival of medical ethics, than the concept of autonomy, and none better reflects both the philosophical and the political currents shaping the field. This article proposes to consider autonomy in three of its facets and functions: first, as a concept in ethical theory; second, as a concept in applied ethics; and finally, as what might be called an ideological concept — that is, one that both (...)
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  21.  32
    Special Supplement: New Directions in Nursing Home Ethics.Bart Collopy, Philip Boyle & Bruce Jennings - 1991 - Hastings Center Report 21 (2):1.
  22.  24
    The Professions: Public Interest and Common Good.Bruce Jennings, Daniel Callahan & Susan M. Wolf - 1987 - Hastings Center Report 17 (1):3-10.
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  23.  29
    Toward An Expanded Vision of Clinical Ethics Education: From the Individual to the Institution.Mildred Z. Solomon, Bruce Jennings, Vivian Guilfoy, Rebecca Jackson, Lydia O'Donnell, Susan M. Wolf, Kathleen Nolan, Dieter Koch-Weser & Strachan Donnelley - 1991 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 1 (3):225-245.
    This paper advances a new paradigm in clinical ethics education that not only emphasizes development of individual cli but also focuses on the institutional context within which health care professionals work. This approach has been applied to the goal of improving the care provided to critically and terminally ill adults. The model has been adopted by about thirty hospitals and nursing homes; additional institutions will soon join the program, entitled Decisions Near the End of Life. Here, we describe the history (...)
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  24.  26
    The Ethics of Using QI Methods to Improve Health Care Quality and Safety.Mary Ann Baily, Melissa Bottrell, Joanne Lynn & Bruce Jennings - 2006 - Hastings Center Report 36 (4):S1.
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  25.  13
    Civic Learning for a Democracy in Crisis.Bruce Jennings, Michael K. Gusmano, Gregory E. Kaebnick, Carolyn P. Neuhaus & Mildred Z. Solomon - 2021 - Hastings Center Report 51 (S1):2-4.
    This essay introduces a special report from The Hastings Center entitled Democracy in Crisis: Civic Learning and the Reconstruction of Common Purpose, which grew out of a project supported by the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation. This multiauthored report offers wide‐ranging assessments of increasing polarization and partisanship in American government and politics, and it proposes constructive responses to this in the provision of objective information, institutional reforms in government and the electoral system, and a reexamination of cultural and (...)
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  26.  5
    Traumatic Brain Injury and the Goals of Care.Bruce Jennings - 2012 - Hastings Center Report 36 (2):29-37.
    The appropriate goal of care for a person with a traumatic brain injury is rehabilitation in the broad, etymological sense of the word. The task is to bring the person back to the conditions of the living of a life. This requires the rehabilitation of the mind—the reconstruction of a subject.
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  27.  12
    The Moral Imagination of De-extinction.Bruce Jennings - 2017 - Hastings Center Report 47 (S2):S54-S59.
    We are living in what is widely considered the sixth major extinction. Most ecologists believe that biodiversity is disappearing at an alarming rate, with up to 150 species going extinct per day according to scientists working with the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity. Part of the reason the loss signified by biological extinction feels painful is that it seems irremediable. These creatures are gone, and there's nothing to be done about it. In recent years, however, the possibility has been (...)
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  28.  23
    Nudging for health and the predicament of agency: The relational ecology of autonomy and care.Bruce Jennings, Frederick J. Wertz & Mary Beth Morrissey - 2016 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 36 (2):81-99.
    This article reflects on the implications of the concept of health and the questions it poses for moral philosophy, psychology, and the panoply of professions that are involved in the practices of care and in the ethics of individual rights, dignity, and autonomy. Significant among these questions is what we call “the predicament of agency.” The predicament involves the ethical tensions—arising within the broad concept of health and flourishing, but also in concrete everyday practices and relationships—between supporting individual health outcomes (...)
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  29.  42
    The ordeal of reminding: Traumatic brain injury and the goals of care.Bruce Jennings - 2006 - Hastings Center Report 36 (2):29-37.
    The appropriate goal of care for a person with a traumatic brain injury is rehabilitation in the broad, etymological sense of the word. The task is to bring the person back to the conditions of the living of a life. This requires the rehabilitation of the mind—the reconstruction of a subject.
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  30.  2
    Agency and Moral Relationship in Dementia.Bruce Jennings - 2010 - In Armen T. Marsoobian, Brian J. Huschle, Eric Cavallero, Eva Feder Kittay & Licia Carlson (eds.), Cognitive Disability and Its Challenge to Moral Philosophy. Oxford, UK: Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 171–182.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Bioethics in a New Key Relationship and Recognition in Dementia Care Quality of Life and Agency References.
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  31.  19
    Cpr in hospice/commentary.Perry G. Fine & Bruce Jennings - 2003 - Hastings Center Report 33 (3).
  32.  20
    Special Supplement: Ethics and Trusteeship for Health Care: Hospital Board Service in Turbulent Times.Bruce Jennings, Bradford H. Gray, Virginia A. Sharpe, Linda Weiss & Alan R. Fleischman - 2002 - Hastings Center Report 32 (4):S1.
  33.  23
    Biopower and the Liberationist Romance.Bruce Jennings - 2010 - Hastings Center Report 40 (4):16-20.
    In the spirit of summer, and especially summer reading, we asked a few well-read writers for an essay on a book or books exploring bioethics issues through story. The result is a compelling look at how we face our fears and hopes about biotechnology and medicine. A reading list appears at the end. Bioethics lives in the shadow of great structures and practices of power, and yet, it has not been notable for its contributions to an understanding of power.1 Indeed, (...)
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  34.  4
    Bioethics.Bruce Jennings (ed.) - 2014 - Farmington Hills, Mich: Macmillan Reference USA, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning.
    Volume 1: A-B -- Volume 2: C-E -- Volume 3: F-I -- Volume 4: J-O -- Volume 5: P-R -- Volume 6: S-X.
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  35.  7
    Contested Terrain: Pluralism and the Good.H. Tristram Engelhardt & Bruce Jennings - 1989 - Hastings Center Report 19 (5):33.
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  36.  8
    At the center.Bruce Jennings - 1988 - Hastings Center Report 18 (6):i-i.
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  37.  3
    Beyond Distributive Justice in Health Reform.Bruce Jennings - 1996 - Hastings Center Report 26 (6):14-15.
  38.  7
    Introduction.Bruce Jennings - 1990 - Hastings Center Report 20 (5):16-16.
  39.  12
    Long-Acting Contraceptives Ethical Guidance for Policymakers and Health Care Providers.Ellen H. Moskowitz, Bruce Jennings & Daniel Callahan - 1995 - Hastings Center Report 25 (1):S1.
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  40. Introduction: ethical theory and public health.Ronald Bayer, Lawrence O. Gostin, Bruce Jennings & Bonnie Steinbock - forthcoming - Public Health Ethics: Theory, Policy, and Practice.
     
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  41.  21
    The Right Recognition of Rights.Bruce Jennings - 2022 - Hastings Center Report 52 (4):46-47.
    Hastings Center Report, Volume 52, Issue 4, Page 46-47, July–August 2022.
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  42. Applying the Humanities.Daniel Callahan, Arthur L. Caplan & Bruce Jennings - 1985 - Springer.
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  43.  3
    Ethics and Social Inquiry.Daniel Callahan & Bruce Jennings - 1983 - Hastings Center Report 13 (1):1-2.
  44.  6
    Darwin, Marx and Freud: Their Influence on Moral Theory.Arthur L. Caplan & Bruce Jennings - 1984 - Springer.
    hope of obtaining a comprehensive and coherent understand ing of the human condition, we must somehow weave together the biological, sociological, and psychological components of human nature and experience. And this cannot be done indeed, it is difficult to even make sense of an attempt to do it-without first settling our accounts with Darwin, Marx, and Freud. The legacy of these three thinkers continues to haunt us in other ways as well. Whatever their substantive philosophical differences in other respects, Darwin, (...)
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  45.  7
    A Gay Epidemiologist and the DC Commission of Public Health AIDS Advisory Committee.Steven S. Coughlin, Paul Mann & Bruce Jennings - forthcoming - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics.
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  46.  11
    Case Study: CPR in Hospice.Perry G. Fine & Bruce Jennings - 2003 - Hastings Center Report 33 (3):9.
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  47.  9
    The Perversion of Autonomy: The Proper Uses of Coercion and Constraints in a Liberal Society.Willard Gaylin & Bruce Jennings - 1996
    Gaylin and Jennings tell us that we must change the everyday behavior shaping the landscape of modern American society. Our current culture of autonomy is predicated on rationality as the basis of human conduct. But, we are reminded here, man is not inherently rational; appeals to emotion are far more effective than logical argument in changing our conduct.
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  48. Applied ethics and the vocation of social science.Bruce Jennings - 1986 - In Joseph P. DeMarco, Richard M. Fox & Michael D. Bayles (eds.), New Directions in Ethics: The Challenge of Applied Ethics. Routledge and Kegan Paul. pp. 205--217.
     
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  49.  2
    At the Center.Bruce Jennings - 1996 - Hastings Center Report 26 (1):I-I.
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  50.  3
    At the Center.Bruce Jennings - 1991 - Hastings Center Report 21 (3):i-i.
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