Results for 'Brian Zaharatos'

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  1.  84
    The safe, the sensitive, and the severely tested: a unified account.Georgi Gardiner & Brian Zaharatos - 2022 - Synthese 200 (5):1-33.
    This essay presents a unified account of safety, sensitivity, and severe testing. S’s belief is safe iff, roughly, S could not easily have falsely believed p, and S’s belief is sensitive iff were p false S would not believe p. These two conditions are typically viewed as rivals but, we argue, they instead play symbiotic roles. Safety and sensitivity are both valuable epistemic conditions, and the relevant alternatives framework provides the scaffolding for their mutually supportive roles. The relevant alternatives condition (...)
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  2.  29
    Nanoethics and Policy Education: a Case Study of Social Science Coursework and Student Engagement with Emerging Technologies.Jessica Smith Rolston, Skylar Huzyk Zilliox, Corinne Packard, Carl Mitcham & Brian Zaharatos - 2014 - NanoEthics 8 (3):217-225.
    The article analyzes the integration of a module on nanotechnology, ethics, and policy into a required second-year social science course at a technological university. It investigates not simply the effectiveness of student learning about the technical aspects of nanotechnology but about how issues explored in an interdisciplinary social science course might influence student opinions about the potential of nanotechnology to benefit the developing world. The authors find a correlation between student opinions about the risks and benefits of nanotechnology for the (...)
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  3. God and necessity.Brian Leftow - 2012 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Brian Leftow offers a theist theory of necessity and possibility, and a new sort of argument for God's existence. He argues that necessities of logic and mathematics are determined by God's nature, but that it is events in God's mind - his imagination and choice - that account for necessary truths about concrete creatures.
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  4. Nietzsche and morality.Brian Leiter & Neil Sinhababu (eds.) - 2007 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This volume capitalizes on a growth of interest in Nietzsche's work on morality from two sides -- from scholars of the history of philosophy and from ...
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  5.  19
    Justice in Hiring: Why the Most Qualified Should Not (Necessarily) Get the Job.Brian Carey - forthcoming - Journal of Applied Philosophy.
    In this article I argue that justice often requires that candidates who are sufficiently qualified for jobs be hired via lottery on the basis that this is the best way to recognise each candidate's equal moral claim to access meaningful work. In reaching this conclusion I consider a variety of potential objections from the perspectives of the employer, of the most qualified candidate, and of third parties, but ultimately reject the idea that a person's status as the most qualified candidate (...)
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  6. The Thought of Thomas Aquinas.Brian Davies - 1992 - New York: Clarendon Press.
    Thomas Aquinas was one of the greatest Western philosphers and one of the greatest theologians of the Christian church. In this book we at last have a modern, comprehensive presentation of the total thought of Aquinas. Books on Aquinas invariably deal with either his philosophy or his theology. But Aquinas himself made no arbitrary division between his philosophical and his theological thought, and this book allows readers to see him as a whole. It introduces the full range of Aquinas' thinking; (...)
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  7. Introduction.Brian Leiter & Neil Sinhababu - 2007 - In Brian Leiter & Neil Sinhababu (eds.), Nietzsche and morality. New York: Oxford University Press.
     
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  8.  33
    Hypocrisy and Epistemic Injustice.Brian Carey - forthcoming - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice:1-18.
    In this article I argue that we should understand some forms of hypocritical behaviour in terms of epistemic injustice; a type of injustice in which a person is wronged in their capacity as a knower. If each of us has an interest in knowing what morality requires of us, this can be undermined when hypocritical behaviour distorts our perception of the moral landscape by misrepresenting the demandingness of putative moral obligations. This suggests that a complete theory of the wrongness of (...)
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  9. On the Matter of Robot Minds.Brian P. McLaughlin & David Rose - forthcoming - Oxford Studies in Experimental Philosophy.
    The view that phenomenally conscious robots are on the horizon often rests on a certain philosophical view about consciousness, one we call “nomological behaviorism.” The view entails that, as a matter of nomological necessity, if a robot had exactly the same patterns of dispositions to peripheral behavior as a phenomenally conscious being, then the robot would be phenomenally conscious; indeed it would have all and only the states of phenomenal consciousness that the phenomenally conscious being in question has. We experimentally (...)
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  10. Tree-ring semantics.Brian Rabern - manuscript
    Our aim here is to lay the groundwork for formal tree-ring analysis combining data from dendrochronology with formal techniques from semantics. We will present the basic syntax of, and basic compositional semantics of tree-ring structures.
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  11.  58
    A History of Philosophy Journals, Volume 1: Evidence from Topic Modeling, 1876-2013.Brian Weatherson - 2022 - Ann Arbor: Maize Books.
    This book uses computer modeling to investigate trends in what is published in leading philosophy journals over the last century and a half. The notable trends include the rise of realism from a fringe view to the mainstream metaphysical outlook, the increase in specialization, and the increasing depth of integration between philosophy and physical sciences. It also contains a guide to how to do similar investigations, and discussions of the strengths and weaknesses of the approach.
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  12. Can we explain intentionality?Brian Loar - 1991 - In Barry M. Loewer (ed.), Meaning in Mind: Fodor and His Critics. Cambridge: Blackwell.
  13.  68
    Innateness and (Bayesian) visual perception: Reconciling nativism and development.Brian J. Scholl - 2005 - In Peter Carruthers, Stephen Laurence & Stephen P. Stich (eds.), The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents. New York, US: Oxford University Press USA. pp. 34.
    This chapter explores a way in which visual processing may involve innate constraints and attempts to show how such processing overcomes one enduring challenge to nativism. In particular, many challenges to nativist theories in other areas of cognitive psychology have focused on the later development of such abilities, and have argued that such development is in conflict with innate origins. Innateness, in these contexts, is seen as antidevelopmental, associated instead with static processes and principles. In contrast, certain perceptual models demonstrate (...)
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  14. Pragmatic infallibilism.Brian Kim - 2023 - Asian Journal of Philosophy 2 (2):1-22.
    Infallibilism leads to skepticism, and fallibilism is plagued by the threshold problem. Within this narrative, the pragmatic turn in epistemology has been marketed as a way for fallibilists to address the threshold problem. In contrast, pragmatic versions of infallibilism have been left unexplored. However, I propose that going pragmatic offers the infallibilist a way to address its main problem, the skeptical problem. Pragmatic infallibilism, however, is committed to a shifty view of epistemic certainty, where the strength of a subject’s epistemic (...)
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  15.  16
    Trading In Our Lederhosen for Kilts.Brian K. Steverson, Adriane Leithauser & Tyler Wasson - 2024 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 43 (1):55-82.
    The popularity of direct-to-consumer genetic ancestry services has exploded over the past five years, with as many as 250 direct-to-consumer genetic ancestry testing companies currently operating and estimates that 1 in 5 Americans are customers of one or more of those companies. Marketing of genetic ancestry testing has consistently linked the results of DNA testing to a consumer’s racial and ethnic identity, and, because of that, can help consumers find out “who they really are.” We argue that the “biologization” of (...)
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  16. To Render Ren: Saving Authoritativeness.Brian Bruya - 2021 - In Ian M. Sullivan & Joshua Mason (eds.), One corner of the square: essays on the philosophy of Roger T. Ames. Honolulu: University of Hawaiʻi Press.
     
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  17. Continued.Brian Hare - 2021 - In Jeremy M. DeSilva (ed.), A most interesting problem: what Darwin's Descent of man got right and wrong about human evolution. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
     
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  18.  16
    John Locke, territory, and transmigration.Brian Smith - 2021 - New York, NY: Taylor & Francis Group.
    This book examines John Locke as a theorist of migration, immigration, and the movement of peoples. It outlines the contours of the public discourse surrounding migration in the seventeenth century and situates Locke's in-depth involvement in these debates. The volume presents a variety of undercurrents in Locke's writing - his ideas on populationism, naturalization, colonization and the right to withdrawal, the plight of refugees, and territorial rights - which have great import in present-day debates about migration. Departing from the popular (...)
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  19. The Early History of the Quale and Its Relation to the Senses.Brian L. Keeley - 2009 - In Sarah Robins, John Francis Symons & Paco Calvo (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Psychology. New York, NY: Routledge.
     
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  20.  12
    From Zeno to arbitrage: essays on quantity, coherence, and induction.Brian Skyrms - 2012 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Pt. I. Zeno and the metaphysics of quantity. Zeno's paradox of measure -- Tractarian nominalism -- Logical atoms and combinatorial possibility -- Strict coherence, sigma coherence, and the metaphysics of quantity -- pt. II. Coherent degrees of belief. Higher-order degrees of belief -- A mistake in dynamic coherence arguments? -- Dynamic coherence and probability kinematics -- Updating, supposing, and MAXENT -- The structure of radical probabilism -- Diachronic coherence and radical probabilism -- pt. III. Induction. Carnapian inductive logic for Markov (...)
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  21. The Oxford handbook of Aquinas.Brian Davies & Eleonore Stump (eds.) - 2011 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This Handbook is therefore meant to be useful to someone wanting to learn about Aquinas's philosophy and theology while also looking for help in philosophical ...
  22.  53
    The Threat of Anti-Theism: What is at Stake in the Axiology of God?Brian Scott Ballard - 2024 - Philosophical Quarterly 74 (2):408-430.
    Would God's existence be a good thing for us? According to anti-theism, the answer is No. Probably, many theists will want to reject anti-theism. But it isn’t obvious why. After all, whether p is good for us is logically independent from whether p is true. So anti-theism seems entirely compatible with theism. In this essay, however, I argue this seeming compatibility is mistaken. If anti-theism is true, then the theism of most practicing believers is false. And if I am right (...)
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  23. Adapting: A Chinese Philosophy of Action.Brian Bruya - 2023 - Philosophical Review 132 (4):629-633.
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  24. Consciousness, type physicalism, and inference to the best explanation.Brian P. McLaughlin - 2010 - Philosophical Issues 20 (1):266-304.
  25. Naturalistic pantheism.Brian Leftow - 2016 - In Andrei A. Buckareff & Yujin Nagasawa (eds.), Alternative Concepts of God: Essays on the Metaphysics of the Divine. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
     
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  26.  22
    Ziran: The Philosophy of Spontaneous Self-Causation.Brian Bruya - 2022 - Albany: SUNY Press.
    Ziran, an idea from ancient Daoism, defies easy translation into English but can almost be captured by the term "spontaneity." It means "self-causation," if "self" is understood as fundamentally plural, and "causation" is understood as sensitivity and responsiveness. Applying ziran to the fields of action theory, attention theory, and aesthetics, Brian Bruya uses easy-to-read, straightforward prose to show, step-by-step, how this philosophical concept from an ancient tradition can be used to advance theory today. Incorporated into contemporary philosophy of action, (...)
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  27.  23
    Illusion, delusion, and neural sense data: comments on Adam Pautz’s Perception.Brian Cutter - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.
    This commentary on Adam Pautz's excellent book, Perception, explores the consequences of “spatial illusionism,” the view that the spatial properties presented in experience aren't instantiated in the extra-mental world. First, I consider whether spatial illusionism entails that our ordinary beliefs about the physical world are mostly false. I then argue that spatial illusionism threatens to undermine two arguments Pautz's defends in Perception: his argument that sense data theory is incompatible with physicalism, and his central argument against the internal physical state (...)
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  28. Innateness and (bayesian) visual perception: Reconciling nativism and development.Brian J. Scholl - 2005 - In Peter Carruthers, Stephen Laurence & Stephen P. Stich (eds.), The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents. New York, US: Oxford University Press USA.
  29.  29
    Emplotting Virtue: A Narrative Approach to Environmental Virtue Ethics.Brian Treanor - 2014 - Albany: State University of New York Press.
  30.  9
    In Defense of Filibustering in advance.Brian Kogelmann - forthcoming - Social Theory and Practice.
    The Senate filibuster is among the most criticized political institutions in the United States. This paper examines the ethics of filibustering. The way filibustering currently proceeds in the Senate, I argue, is morally indefensible. Yet, there is a way filibustering could proceed that is both defensible and desirable from a normative perspective. This is because filibustering—if it is properly institutionalized—allows minority parties in the legislature to protect and advance their interests in a manner that avoids shortcomings faced by other institutions (...)
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  31.  12
    This dance of the mind.Brian Grant - 2008 - New York: Georg Olms.
    A study of the major themes in traditional and contemporary philosophy.
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  32.  8
    5 Evidence in Theory: Superstrings and the Quest for Unification.Brian Greene - 2008 - In Andrew Bell, John Swenson-Wright & Karin Tybjerg (eds.), Evidence. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 19--97.
  33.  6
    A realistic theory of law.Brian Z. Tamanaha - 2017 - Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.
    Introduction : a realistic perspective -- The third branch of jurisprudence -- What is law? -- Necessary and universal truths about law? -- A genealogical view of law -- Law in the age of organizations -- What is international law? -- Conclusion : a realistic theory of law.
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  34.  45
    Parity and Pareto.Brian Hedden - forthcoming - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.
    Pareto principles are at the core of ethics and decision theory. The Strong Pareto principle says that if one thing is better than another for someone and at least as good for everyone else, then the one is overall better than the other. But a host of famous figures express it differently, with ‘not worse’ in place of ‘at least as good.’ In the presence of parity (or incommensurability), this results in a strictly stronger Pareto principle, which I call Super‐Strong (...)
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  35. Speech acts, actions, and events.Brian Ball - 2021 - In Piotr Stalmaszczyk (ed.), The Cambridge Handbook of the Philosophy of Language. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
     
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  36. The Notion of Judgment: Routledge Studies in Contemporary Philosophy.Brian Brian & Christoph Schuringa (eds.) - 2019 - Routledge.
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  37. Macmillan Interdisciplinary Handbooks: Philosophy of Mind.Brian McLaughlin (ed.) - 2016 - Macmillan.
     
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  38. Self-knowledge, externalism, and skepticism,I.Brian P. McLaughlin - 2000 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 74 (1):93–118.
    [Brian P. McLaughlin] In recent years, some philosophers have claimed that we can know a priori that certain external world skeptical hypotheses are false on the basis of a priori knowledge that we are in certain kinds of mental states, and a priori knowledge that those mental states are individuated by contingent environmental factors. Appealing to a distinction between weak and strong a priority, I argue that weakly a priori arguments of this sort would beg the question of whether (...)
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  39. Semantic monsters.Brian Rabern - 2021 - In Heimir Geirsson & Stephen Biggs (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Linguistic Reference. New York: Routledge. pp. 515-532.
    This chapter provides a general overview of the issues surrounding so-called semantic monsters. In section 1, I outline the basics of Kaplan’s framework and spell out how and why the topic of “monsters” arises within that framework. In Section 2, I distinguish four notions of a monster that are discussed in the literature, and show why, although they can pull apart in different frameworks or with different assumptions, they all coincide within Kaplan’s framework. In Section 3, I discuss one notion (...)
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  40.  4
    The Practical Import of Political Inquiry.Brian Caterino - 2016 - Cham: Imprint: Palgrave Macmillan.
    This book examines a basic problem in critical approaches to political and social inquiry: in what way is social inquiry animated by a practical intent? This practical intent is not external to inquiry as an add-on or a choice by the inquirer, but is inherent to the process of inquiry. The practical intent in inquiry derives from the connection between social inquiry and the participant's perspective. The social inquirer, in order to grasp the sense of those who are the subject (...)
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  41.  5
    Intersubjectivity and the double: troubled matters.Brian Seitz - 2016 - New York: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    This book extends philosophy's engagement with the double beyond hierarchized binary oppositions. Brian Seitz explores the double as a necessary ontological condition or figure that gets represented, enacted, and performed repeatedly and in a myriad of configurations. Seitz suggests that the double in all of its forms is simultaneously philosophy's shadow, its nemesis, and the condition of its possibility. This book expands definitions and investigations of the double beyond the confines of philosophy, suggesting that the concept is at work (...)
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  42.  77
    Revisiting Nagel on altruism.Brian K. Powell - 2005 - Philosophical Papers 34 (2):235-259.
    Abstract In this paper, I pursue an interpretive goal and a critical goal. My interpretive goal is to offer a clear restatement of Nagel's argument for a requirement of altruism (as found in The Possibility of Altruism). My critical goal is to explain why this argument is unsuccessful, and to make a case for the thesis that any argument of its kind must fail.
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  43.  9
    Why Can't We be Satisfied?Brian Domino - 2011-12-09 - In Fritz Allhoff, Jesse R. Steinberg & Abrol Fairweather (eds.), Blues–Philosophy for Everyone. Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 95–110.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction Why the Blues will Always be With Us Why Epictetus Never Sang the Blues Akrasia, or ‘I can't help myself’ Objections (‘This Life Sounds Horrible!’) I Can't Get No Satisfaction, and I Like it, I Like it, Yes I Do In Place of a Conclusion.
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  44. Reasoning within and about (legal) practices.Brian H. Bix - 2023 - In Thomas da Rosa de Bustamante & Margaret Martin (eds.), New essays on the Fish-Dworkin debate. New York: Hart Publishing, An Imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing.
     
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  45.  8
    Postsecular Benjamin: agency and tradition.Brian M. Britt - 2016 - Evanston, Illinois: Northwestern University Press.
    "Postsecular Benjamin"explicates Benjamin's engagements with religious traditions as resources for contemporary debates on secularism, conflict, and identity.".
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  46.  6
    Religion around Walter Benjamin.Brian M. Britt - 2022 - University Park, Pennsylvania: The Pennsylvania State University Press.
    Examines the historical, cultural, and religious context of the life and work of German Jewish philosopher Walter Benjamin (1892-1940).
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  47. Living in the wake of God's acts: Luther's Mary as key to Barth's command.Brian Brock - 2016 - In Brian Brock & Michael G. Mawson (eds.), The Freedom of a Christian Ethicist: The Future of a Reformation Legacy. New York, NY: Bloomsbury T&T Clark.
     
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  48. Chapter 13. Jonathan Swift.Brian Cowan - 2023 - In Marnie Hughes-Warrington & Daniel Woolf (eds.), History from loss: a global introduction to histories written from defeat, colonization, exile and imprisonment. New York: Routledge. pp. 100-106.
    Jonathan Swift is best known as a satirist, a poet, and a polemicist, but he was also a historian and his historical vision played a prominent role in his thinking and in his writings. (Marshall 2015) This chapter explains how the experience of ‘loss’ affected Swift’s historical vision. Swift was a loser in many respects. Born Irish, Swift aspired to achieve professional success as a clergyman in the Church of England and as a politician in the service of the Tory (...)
     
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  49.  5
    Hearing double: jazz, ontology, auditory culture.Brian Kane - 2024 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Hearing Double is an extended meditation on the jazz standard that brings together both musical analysis and philosophical analysis to offer a novel theory of musical works. Rather than focus on works of classical music, which has been the main focus of most Anglophone philosophy of music, Hearing Double focuses on "jazz standards" and attempts to theorize what makes them ontologically and historically specific and important. In this theory, standards are understood to emerge from networks of musical performances. Part I (...)
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  50. Foreword.Brian Price - 2023 - In Alexander García Düttmann (ed.), So what, or How to make films with words. Evanston, Illinois: Northwestern University Press.
     
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