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Brian Leftow [120]Brian Lee Leftow [1]
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Brian Leftow
Rutgers University - New Brunswick
  1.  32
    Time and Eternity.Brian Leftow - 2018 - Cornell University Press.
    Brian Leftow makes an important contribution to the longstanding debate among philosophers and theologians about the nature of God's eternity. The author develops a powerful and original defense of the notion that God is eternal in that he exists timelessly; that is, that though God exists, he does not exist at any time. Leftow defends the claim that a timeless God can be an object of human experience, and he attempts to delineate the extent of such a God's omniscience. Finally, (...)
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  2. God and Necessity.Brian Leftow - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
    Modal basics -- Some solutions -- Theist solutions -- The ontology of possibility -- Modal truthmakers -- Modality and the divine nature -- Deity as essential -- Against deity theories -- The role of deity -- The biggest bang -- Divine concepts -- Concepts, syntax, and actualism -- Modality: basic notions -- The genesis of secular modality -- Modal reality -- Essences -- Non-secular modalities -- Theism and modal semantics -- Freedom, preference, and cost -- Explaining modal status -- Explaining (...)
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  3.  82
    Time and Eternity.Brian Leftow - 1991 - Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
    [I] Introduction The Western religions all claim that God is eternal. This claim finds strong expression in the Old Testament, which is common property of ...
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  4. .Brian Leftow - 2002
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  5. A Latin Trinity.Brian Leftow - 2004 - Faith and Philosophy 21 (3):304-333.
    Latin models of the Trinity begin from the existence of one God, and try to explain how one God can be three Persons. I offer an account of this based on an analogy with time-travel. A time-traveler returning to the same point in time repeatedly might have three successive events in his/her life occurring at that one location in public time. So too, God’s life might be such that three distinct parts of His life are always occurring at once, though (...)
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  6. Divine Simplicity and Divine Freedom.Brian Leftow - 2015 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 89:45-56.
    I explain the doctrine of divine simplicity, and reject what is now the standard way to explicate it in analytic philosophy. I show that divine simplicity imperils the claim that God is free, and argue against a popular proposal for dealing with the problem.
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  7. Is God an abstract object?Brian Leftow - 1990 - Noûs 24 (4):581-598.
    Before Duns Scotus, most philosophers agreed that God is identical with His necessary intrinsic attributes--omnipotence, omniscience, etc. This Identity Thesis was a component of widely held doctrines of divine simplicity, which stated that God exemplifies no metaphysical distinctions, including that between subject and attribute. The Identity Thesis seems to render God an attribute, an abstract object. This paper shows that the Identity Thesis follows from a basic theistic belief and does not render God abstract. If also discusses how one might (...)
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  8. Why perfect being theology?Brian Leftow - 2011 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 69 (2):103-118.
    I display the historical roots of perfect being theology in Greco-Roman philosophy, and the distinctive reasons for Christians to take up a version of this project. I also rebut a recent argument that perfect-being reasoning should lead one to atheism.
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  9. A timeless God incarnate.Brian Leftow - 2002 - In Stephen T. Davis, Daniel Kendall & Gerald O'Collins (eds.), The Incarnation. Oxford Up. pp. 273--299.
     
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  10. Time and Eternity.Brian Leftow - 1992 - Religious Studies 28 (3):429-431.
     
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  11. Anti social trinitarianism.Brian Leftow - 1999 - In Trinity, The. Oxford University Press. pp. 203-249.
     
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  12. Divine Simplicity.Brian Leftow - 2006 - Faith and Philosophy 23 (4):365-380.
    Augustine, Aquinas and many other medievals held the doctrine of divine simplicity (DDS) -that God has no parts of any sort. Augustine took this to imply that for any non-relational attribute F, if God is F, God = Fness. This can seem to create three problems. I set them out. Having done so, I show that Augustine's DDS is set within a view of attributes now unfamiliar to us. When we bring this into the picture, it turns out that two (...)
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  13. The humanity of God.Brian Leftow - 2011 - In Anna Marmodoro & Jonathan Hill (eds.), The Metaphysics of the Incarnation. Oxford University Press.
     
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  14. Swinburne on divine necessity.Brian Leftow - 2010 - Religious Studies 46 (2):141-162.
    Most analytic philosophers hold that if God exists, He exists with broad logical necessity. Richard Swinburne denies the distinction between narrow and broad logical necessity, and argues that if God exists, His existence is narrow-logically contingent. A defender of divine broad logical necessity could grant the latter claim. I argue, however, that not only is God's existence broad-logically necessary, but on a certain understanding of God's relation to modality, it comes out narrow-logically necessary. This piece argues against Swinburne's overall account (...)
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  15.  80
    Omnipotence.Brian Leftow - 2009 - In Thomas P. Flint & Michael C. Rea (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophical Theology. Oxford University Press.
    The doctrine that God is omnipotent takes its rise from Scriptural texts which concern two linked topics. One is how much power God has to put behind actions: enough that nothing is too hard, enough to do whatever he pleases. The other is how much God can do: ‘all things’. The link is obvious: we measure strength by what tasks it is adequate to perform, and God is so strong he can do all things. The Christian philosophical theologian who seeks (...)
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  16. Modes without Modalism.Brian Leftow - 2007 - In Peter van Inwagen and Dean Zimmerman (ed.), Persons: Human and Divine. Oxford University Press. pp. 357--375.
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  17.  28
    Souls dipped in dust.Brian Leftow - 2001 - In Kevin J. Corcoran (ed.), Soul, Body, and Survival: Essays on the Metaphysics of Human Persons. Cornell University Press. pp. 120--138.
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  18.  28
    God, Time and Knowledge.Brian Leftow - 1992 - Philosophical Review 101 (2):444.
  19.  55
    Tempting God.Brian Leftow - 2014 - Faith and Philosophy 31 (1):3-23.
    Western theism holds that God cannot do evil. Christians also hold that Christ is God the Son and that Christ was tempted to do evil. These claims appear to be jointly inconsistent. I argue that they are not.
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  20.  13
    Perfect Being Attacked! Jeff Speaks’s The Greatest Possible Being. [REVIEW]Brian Leftow - 2021 - Faith and Philosophy 38 (2):262-273.
    Jeff Speaks’s The Greatest Possible Being criticizes several sorts of perfect being theology. I show that his main discussions target what are really idealizations of actual perfect-being projects. I then focus on whether Speaks’s idealizations match up with the real historical article. I argue that, in one key respect, they do not and that it would be uncharitable to think that one of them does. If the idealizations do not represent what perfect being thinkers have actually been doing, a question (...)
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  21. The ontological argument.Brian Leftow - 2005 - In William J. Wainwright (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Religion. Oxford University Press.
    This chapter presents and critically discusses the main historical variants of the “ontological argument,” a form of a priori argument for the existence of God pioneered by Anselm of Canterbury. I assess the contributions of Anselm, Descartes, Leibniz, and Gödel, and criticisms by Gaunilo, Kant, and Oppy among others.
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  22.  82
    Presentism, Atemporality, and Time’s Way.Brian Leftow - 2018 - Faith and Philosophy 35 (2):173-194.
    After defining presentism, I consider four arguments that presentism and divine atemporality are incompatible. I identify an assumption common to the four, ask what reason there is to consider it true, and argue against it.
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  23. A Leibnizian cosmological argument.Brian Leftow - 1989 - Philosophical Studies 57 (2):135 - 155.
    I explicate and defend leibniz's argument from "eternal truths" to the existence of god. I argue that necessary beings can be caused to exist, Showing how one can apply a counterfactual analysis to such causation, Then argue that if such beings can be caused to exist, They are.
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  24. The Nature of Necessity.Brian Leftow - 2017 - Res Philosophica 94 (3):359-383.
    I give an account of the nature of absolute or metaphysical necessity. Absolute-necessarily P, I suggest, just if it is always the case that P and there never is or was a power with a chance to bring it about, bring about a power to bring it about, etc., that not P. I display both advantages and a cost of this sort of definition.
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  25.  38
    Presentism, Atemporality, and Time’s Way in advance.Brian Leftow - forthcoming - Faith and Philosophy.
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  26. Aquinas on Attributes.Brian Leftow - 2003 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 11 (1):1-41.
  27. On God and Necessity.Brian Leftow - 2014 - Faith and Philosophy 31 (4):435-459.
    My God and Necessity offers a theist a theory of modal truth. Two recent articles criticize the theory’s motivation and main features. I reply to these criticisms.
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  28. The Cambridge Companion to Anselm.Brian Davies & Brian Leftow - 2006 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 59 (2):117-120.
     
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  29.  11
    The Dilemma of Freedom and Foreknowledge.Brian Leftow - 1991 - Ethics 103 (1):163-164.
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  30.  40
    Two Trinities: Reply to Hasker.Brian Leftow - 2010 - Religious Studies 46 (4):441 - 447.
    William Hasker replies to my arguments against social Trinitarianism, offers some criticism of my own view, and begins a sketch of another account of the Trinity. I reply with some defence of my own theory and some questions about his.
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  31. God’s Deontic Perfection.Brian Leftow - 2013 - Res Philosophica 90 (1):69-95.
    I offer part of an account of divine moral perfection. I defend the claim that moral perfection is possible, then argue that God has obligations, so that one part of his moral perfection must be perfection in meeting these. I take up objections to divine obligations, then finally offer a definition of divine deontic perfection.
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  32. Anselmian Presentism.Brian Leftow - 2009 - Faith and Philosophy 26 (3):297-319.
    I rebut four claims made in a recent article by Katherin Rogers. En route I discuss how a timeless God might perceive all of “tensed” time at once.
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  33. Aquinas on Time and Eternity.Brian Leftow - 1990 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 64 (3):387-399.
  34. God and Abstract Entities.Brian Leftow - 1990 - Faith and Philosophy 7 (2):193-217.
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  35.  89
    11. God and the Problem of Universals.Brian Leftow - 2006 - Oxford Studies in Metaphysics 2:325.
  36.  90
    Anselm on Omnipresence.Brian Leftow - 1989 - New Scholasticism 63 (3):326-357.
  37.  58
    Composition and Christology.Brian Leftow - 2011 - Faith and Philosophy 28 (3):310-322.
    One central claim of orthodox Christianity is that in Jesus of Nazareth, God became man. On Chalcedonian orthodoxy, this involves one person, God the Son, having two natures, divine and human. If He does, one person has two properties, deity and humanity. But the Incarnation also involves concrete objects, God the Son (GS), Jesus’s human body (B) and—I will assume—Jesus’s human soul (S). If God becomes human, GS, B and S somehow become one thing. It would be good to have (...)
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  38. Perfection and Possibility.Brian Leftow - 2015 - Faith and Philosophy 32 (4):423-431.
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  39. Anselm's perfect being theology.Brian Leftow - 2004 - In The Cambridge Companion to Anselm. Cambridge University Press. pp. 132--156.
     
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  40. Necessity.Brian Leftow - 2010 - In Charles Taliaferro & Chad V. Meister (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Christian Philosophical Theology. Cambridge University Press.
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  41.  58
    Eternity and Simultaneity.Brian Leftow - 1991 - Faith and Philosophy 8 (2):148-179.
  42. Immutability.Brian Leftow - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  43. Impossible worlds.Brian Leftow - 2006 - Religious Studies 42 (4):393-402.
    Richard Brian Davis offers several criticisms of a semantics I once proposed for subjunctive conditionals with impossible antecedents. I reply to these.
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  44. Naturalistic pantheism.Brian Leftow - 2016 - In Andrei A. Buckareff & Yujin Nagasawa (eds.), Alternative Concepts of God: Essays on the Metaphysics of the Divine. Oxford University Press.
     
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  45. Soul, mind and brain.Brian Leftow - 2009 - In Robert C. Koons & George Bealer (eds.), The Waning of Materialism: New Essays. Oxford University Press.
  46. A modal cosmological argument.Brian Leftow - 1988 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 24 (3):159 - 188.
  47.  49
    The Cambridge Companion to Anselm.Brian Leftow (ed.) - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    Anselm of Canterbury (1033-1109), Benedictine monk and the second Norman archbishop of Canterbury, is regarded as one of the most important philosophers and theologians of the Middle Ages. The essays in this volume explore all of his major ideas both philosophical and theological, including his teachings on faith and reason, God's existence and nature, logic, freedom, truth, ethics, and key Christian doctrines. There is also discussion of his life, the sources of his thought, and his influence on other thinkers. New (...)
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  48.  20
    Is Perfect Being Theology Informative?Brian Leftow - 2022 - Philosophical Quarterly 73 (1):164-183.
    Jeff Speaks has recently argued that perfect being theology treating God as the greatest possible being—he calls it alethic perfect being theology—cannot deliver new information about God. This argument is central to his critique of all forms of perfect being theology. For as Speaks sees it, other forms of perfect being theology may collapse into alethic perfect being theology, i.e. fail in the end to be a different sort of project. I lay out how he understands alethic perfect being theology (...)
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  49. Necessary Moral Perfection.Brian Leftow - 1989 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 70 (3):240-260.
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  50.  39
    Two trinities: Reply to Hasker: Brian Leftow.Brian Leftow - 2010 - Religious Studies 46 (4):441-447.
    William Hasker replies to my arguments against Social Trinitarianism, offers some criticism of my own view, and begins a sketch of another account of the Trinity. I reply with some defence of my own theory and some questions about his.
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