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Brian Ball [25]Brian A. Ball [1]
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Brian Ball
Oxford University
  1. Counter Closure and Knowledge Despite Falsehood.Brian Ball & Michael Blome-Tillmann - 2014 - Philosophical Quarterly 64 (257):552-568.
    Certain puzzling cases have been discussed in the literature recently which appear to support the thought that knowledge can be obtained by way of deduction from a falsehood; moreover, these cases put pressure, prima facie, on the thesis of counter closure for knowledge. We argue that the cases do not involve knowledge from falsehood; despite appearances, the false beliefs in the cases in question are causally, and therefore epistemologically, incidental, and knowledge is achieved despite falsehood. We also show that the (...)
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  2. Indexical Reliabilism and the New Evil Demon.Brian Ball & Michael Blome-Tillmann - 2013 - Erkenntnis 78 (6):1317-1336.
    Stewart Cohen’s New Evil Demon argument raises familiar and widely discussed concerns for reliabilist accounts of epistemic justification. A now standard response to this argument, initiated by Alvin Goldman and Ernest Sosa, involves distinguishing different notions of justification. Juan Comesaña has recently and prominently claimed that his Indexical Reliabilism (IR) offers a novel solution in this tradition. We argue, however, that Comesaña’s proposal suffers serious difficulties from the perspective of the philosophy of language. More specifically, we show that the two (...)
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  3.  43
    On Representational Content and Format in Core Numerical Cognition.Brian Ball - 2017 - Philosophical Psychology 30 (1-2):119-139.
    Carey has argued that there is a system of core numerical cognition – the analog magnitude system – in which cardinal numbers are explicitly represented in iconic format. While the existence of this system is beyond doubt, this paper aims to show that its representations cannot have the combination of features attributed to them by Carey. According to the argument from abstractness, the representation of the cardinal number of a collection of individuals as such requires the representation of individuals as (...)
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  4.  12
    Knowledge, Safety, and Questions.Brian Ball - 2016 - Filosofia Unisinos 17 (1):58-62.
    Safety-based theories of knowledge face a difficulty surrounding necessary truths: no subject could have easily falsely believed such a proposition. Failing to predict that ill-grounded beliefs in such propositions do not constitute knowledge, standard safety theories are therefore less informative than desired. Some have suggested that the subjects at issue could easily have believed some related false proposition; but they have given no indication as to what makes a proposition related. I suggest a solution to this problem: a belief is (...)
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  5.  84
    Deriving the Norm of Assertion.Brian Ball - 2014 - Journal of Philosophical Research 39:75-85.
    Frank Hindriks has attempted to derive a variant of Timothy Williamson’s knowledge rule for assertion on the basis of a more fundamental belief expression analysis of that speech act. I show that his attempted derivation involves a crucial equivocation between two senses of ‘must,’ and therefore fails. I suggest two possible repairs; but I argue that even if they are successful, we should prefer Williamson’s fully general knowledge rule to Hindriks’s restricted moral norm.
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  6.  3
    The Act and Object of Judgment: Historical and Philosophical Perspectives.Brian Ball & Christoph Schuringa (eds.) - 2019 - Routledge.
    This book presents 12 original essays on historical and contemporary philosophical discussions of judgment. The central issues explored in this volume can be separated into two groups namely, those concerning the act and object of judgment. What kind of act is judgment? How is it related to a range of other mental acts, states, and dispositions? Where and how does assertive force enter in? Is there a distinct category of negative judgments, or are these simply judgments whose objects are negative? (...)
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  7. Speech Acts: Natural or Normative Kinds? The Case of Assertion.Brian Ball - 2014 - Mind and Language 29 (3):336-350.
    There are two views of the essences of speech acts: according to one view, they are natural kinds; according to the other, they are what I call normative kinds—kinds in the (possibly non-reductive) definition of which some normative term occurs. In this article I show that speech acts can be normative but also natural kinds by deriving Williamson's account of assertion, on which it is an act individuated, and constitutively governed, by a norm (the knowledge rule), from a consideration of (...)
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  8.  10
    Introduction: Mind and Brain.Brian Ball, Fintan Nagle & Ioannis Votsis - 2020 - Topoi 39 (1):1-3.
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  9.  11
    Groups, Attitudes and Speech.Brian Ball - 2022 - Analysis 81 (4):817-826.
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  10.  32
    Alethic Pluralism and the Role of Reference in the Metaphysics of Truth.Brian Ball - 2017 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 55 (1):116-135.
    In this paper, I outline and defend a novel approach to alethic pluralism, the thesis that truth has more than one metaphysical nature: where truth is, in part, explained by reference, it is relational in character and can be regarded as consisting in correspondence; but where instead truth does not depend upon reference it is not relational and involves only coherence. In the process, I articulate a clear sense in which truth may or may not depend upon reference: this involves (...)
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  11.  16
    Response to Hindriks and Kooi.Brian Ball - 2014 - Journal of Philosophical Research 39:93-99.
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  12.  28
    Defeating Fake News: On Journalism, Knowledge, and Democracy.Brian Ball - 2021 - Moral Philosophy and Politics 8 (1):5-26.
    The central thesis of this paper is that fake news and related phenomena serve as defeaters for knowledge transmission via journalistic channels. This explains how they pose a threat to democracy; and it points the way to determining how to address this threat. Democracy is both intrinsically and instrumentally good provided the electorate has knowledge of the common good and the means of achieving it. Since journalism provides such knowledge, those who value democracy have a reason to protect it. Hostile (...)
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  13.  29
    The Tarskian Turn. Edited by Leon Horsten. [REVIEW]Brian Ball - 2013 - Philosophical Quarterly 63 (252):629-632.
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  14.  10
    Response to Hindriks and Kooi.Brian Ball - 2014 - Journal of Philosophical Research 39:93-99.
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  15.  65
    What is Meaning? (Review). [REVIEW]Brian Ball - 2011 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 41 (4):485-503.
  16.  86
    Semantics, Meta-Semantics, and Ontology: A Critique of the Method of Truth in Metaphysics.Brian A. Ball, Dorothy Edgington & John Hawthorne - unknown
    In this thesis, Semantics, Meta-Semantics, and Ontology, I provide a critique of the method of truth in metaphysics. Davidson has suggested that we can determine the metaphysical nature and structure of reality through semantic investigations. By contrast, I argue that it is not semantics, but meta-semantics, which reveals the metaphysically necessary and sufficient truth conditions of our claims. As a consequence I reject the Quinean criterion of ontological commitment. In Part I, chapter 1, I argue that the metaphysically primary truth (...)
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  17.  24
    Attitudes and ascriptions in Stalnaker models.Brian Ball - 2019 - Linguistics and Philosophy 42 (5):517-539.
    What role, if any, should centered possible worlds play in characterizing the attitudes? Lewis :513–543, 1979) argued that, in order to account for the phenomena of self-location :474–497, 1977, Noûs 13:3–21, 1979), the contents of the attitudes should be taken to be centered propositions. Stalnaker Assertion: New philosophical essays, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2011, Context, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2014), however, has argued that while centered worlds are needed to characterize e.g. belief states, the contents of such states should be (...)
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  18.  51
    The Knowledge Rule and the Action Rule.Brian Ball - 2014 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 52 (4):552-574.
    In this paper I compare Timothy Williamson's knowledge rule of assertion with Ishani Maitra and Brian Weatherson's action rule. The paper is in two parts. In the first part I present and respond to Maitra and Weatherson's master argument against the knowledge rule. I argue that while its second premise, to the effect that an action X can be the thing to do though one is in no position to know that it is, is true, its first premise is not: (...)
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  19.  12
    Editorial: Computationalism Meets the Philosophy of Information.Brian Ball, Fintan Nagle & Ioannis Votsis - 2020 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 11 (3):507-515.
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  20. Relativism and Monadic Truth. [REVIEW]Brian Ball - 2010 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 13.
  21.  31
    Forms of Thought, by E. J. Lowe. [REVIEW]Brian Ball - 2014 - Mind 123 (492):1205-1208.
  22.  26
    What Is Semantic Content?Brian Ball - 2010 - In Erich Rast & Luiz Carlos Baptista (eds.), Meaning and Context. Peter Lang. pp. 2--187.
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  23.  20
    On the Normativity of Speech Acts.Brian Ball - 2014 - In Piotr Stalmaszczyk (ed.), Semantics and Beyond: Philosophical and Linguistic Inquiries. De Gruyter. pp. 9-26.
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  24.  2
    Sizes, Ratios, Approximations: On What and How the ANS Represents.Brian Ball - 2021 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 44.
    Clarke and Beck propose that the approximate number system represents rational numbers. The evidence cited supports only the view that it represents ratios. Rational numbers are extensive magnitudes, whereas ratios are intensities. It is also argued that WHAT a system represents and HOW it does so are not as independent of one another as the authors assume.
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  25.  2
    On the Normativity of Speech Acts.Brian Ball - 2014 - In Piotr Stalmaszczyk (ed.), Semantics and Beyond: Philosophical and Linguistic Inquiries. Preface. De Gruyter. pp. 9-26.
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  26.  1
    Herman Cappelen and John Hawthorne: Relativism and Monadic Truth. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009. ISBN: 978-0-19-956055-4; £ 19.99 (Hardback); 148 + Viii Pages. [REVIEW]Brian Ball - 2010 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 13 (1):148-155.
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