Results for 'Bram M. K. Vaassen'

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Bram Vaassen
Umeå University
  1. Basic Beliefs and the Perceptual Learning Problem: A Substantial Challenge for Moderate Foundationalism.Bram M. K. Vaassen - 2016 - Episteme 13 (1):133-149.
    In recent epistemology many philosophers have adhered to a moderate foundationalism according to which some beliefs do not depend on other beliefs for their justification. Reliance on such ‘basic beliefs’ pervades both internalist and externalist theories of justification. In this article I argue that the phenomenon of perceptual learning – the fact that certain ‘expert’ observers are able to form more justified basic beliefs than novice observers – constitutes a challenge for moderate foundationalists. In order to accommodate perceptual learning cases, (...)
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  2.  10
    A Beginning Is Always Historical, Ie, Governed by Chance: Fragments From a Conversation with M.K. Mamardashvili, April 5,1990.M. K. Mamardashvili - 1994 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 32 (4):48-65.
    Merab Konstantinovich [Mamardashvili] met with me immediately, as soon as I requested it, although he forewarned me that he could only dimly remember much of that distant past in which I was most interested. But evidently that past still perturbed him as well, since he agreed to speak with me even though he had not yet completely recovered from his illness, and hence his voice was feeble, at times subsiding to a whisper; he would pronounce his words indistinctly, constantly sticking (...)
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  3.  31
    Is Philosophy a ‘Theory of Everything’?: G. M. K. Hunt.G. M. K. Hunt - 1992 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 33:219-231.
    When Wittgenstein moved from Manchester to Cambridge he was following a path from the study of the natural sciences to the study of philosophy which was then not unusual, and has since become increasingly common. Russell had preceded him in that intellectual emigration and many more were to follow. Of the three philosophy departments I have been in, two were headed by natural scientists. Both my research supervisors in philosophy were natural scientists. Less surprising, but still significant, a considerable proportion (...)
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  4.  24
    Anthologies Compiled From the Writings, Speeches, Letters, and Recorded Conversations of M. K. GandhiThe Moral and Political Writings of Mahatma GandiGandhi in India, in His Own Words.Stephen Hay, M. K. Gandhi, Raghavan Iyer, Mahatma Gandi & Martin Green - 1990 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 110 (4):667.
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  5. Filosofskie Problemy "Nauki o Nauke": Predmet Sot͡siologii Nauki.M. K. Petrov - 2006 - Rosspėn.
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  6.  78
    'Unbearable Suffering': A Qualitative Study on the Perspectives of Patients Who Request Assistance in Dying.M. K. Dees, M. J. Vernooij-Dassen, W. J. Dekkers, K. C. Vissers & C. van Weel - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (12):727-734.
    Background One of the objectives of medicine is to relieve patients' suffering. As a consequence, it is important to understand patients' perspectives of suffering and their ability to cope. However, there is poor insight into what determines their suffering and their ability to bear it. Purpose To explore the constituent elements of suffering of patients who explicitly request euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide (EAS) and to better understand unbearable suffering from the patients' perspective. Patients and methods A qualitative study using in-depth (...)
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  7. Halfway Proportionality.Bram Vaassen - 2022 - Philosophical Studies (9):1-21.
    According to the so-called 'proportionality principle', causes should be proportional to their effects: they should be both enough and not too much for the occurrence of their effects. This principle is the subject of an ongoing debate. On the one hand, many maintain that it is required to address the problem of causal exclusion and take it to capture a crucial aspect of causation. On the other hand, many object that it renders accounts of causation implausibly restrictive and often reject (...)
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  8. Devitt, M.-Coming to Our Senses. [REVIEW]M. K. McGowan - 1997 - Philosophical Books 38:261-262.
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  9. RESSWELL, M. J.: "Logics and Languages". [REVIEW]M. K. Rennie - 1974 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 52:277.
  10. ENNIE, M. K.: "Some Uses of Type Theory in the Analysis of Language". [REVIEW]M. J. Cresswell - 1975 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 53:99.
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  11. Phenomenal Characteristics of Memories for Perceivedand Imagined Autobiographical Events.M. K. Johnson, M. A. Foley, A. G. Suengas & C. L. Raye - 1988 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 117:371-76.
  12.  31
    Methods for Distance-Based Judgment Aggregation.M. K. Miller & D. Osherson - unknown
    Judgment aggregation theory, which concerns the translation of individual judgments on logical propositions into consistent group judgments, has shown that group consistency generally cannot be guaranteed if each proposition is treated independently from the others. Developing the right method of abandoning independence is thus a high-priority goal. However, little work has been done in this area outside of a few simple approaches. To fill the gap, we compare four methods based on distance metrics between judgment sets. The methods generalize the (...)
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  13. Tsilimbaris M. K., A Corneal Flap Technique for LASIK.I. G. Pallikaris, M. E. Papatzanaki & D. S. Siganos - 1991 - Human Studies. Arch Ophthalmol 109:227-243.
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  14. Dualism and Exclusion.Bram Vaassen - 2021 - Erkenntnis 86 (3):543-552.
    Many philosophers argue that exclusion arguments cannot exclude non-reductionist physicalist mental properties from being causes without excluding properties that are patently causal as well. List and Stoljar (2017) recently argued that a similar response to exclusion arguments is also available to dualists, thereby challenging the predominant view that exclusion arguments undermine dualist theories of mind. In particular, List and Stoljar maintain that exclusion arguments against dualism require a premise that states that, if a property is metaphysically distinct from the sufficient (...)
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  15.  79
    Knowledge Based System for Diagnosing Custard Apple Diseases and Treatment.Mustafa M. K. Al-Ghoul, Mohammed H. S. Abueleiwa, Fadi E. S. Harara, Samir Okasha & Samy S. Abu-Naser - 2022 - International Journal of Academic Engineering Research (IJAER) 6 (5):41-45.
    There is no doubt that custard apple diseases are among the important reasons that destroy the Custard Apple plant and its agricultural crops. This leads to obvious damage to these plants and they become inedible. Discovering these diseases is a good step to provide the appropriate and correct treatment. Determining the treatment with high accuracy depends on the method used to correctly diagnose the disease, expert systems can greatly help in avoiding damage to these plants. The expert system correctly diagnoses (...)
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  16. Aphantasia, imagination and dreaming.Cecily M. K. Whiteley - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 178 (6):2111-2132.
    Aphantasia is a recently discovered disorder characterised by the total incapacity to generate visual forms of mental imagery. This paper proposes that aphantasia raises important theoretical concerns for the ongoing debate in the philosophy and science of consciousness over the nature of dreams. Recent studies of aphantasia and its neurobehavioral correlates reveal that the majority of aphantasics, whilst unable to produce visual imagery while awake, nevertheless retain the capacity to experience rich visual dreams. This finding constitutes a novel explanandum for (...)
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  17.  82
    Phi-Symmetric Effect Algebras.M. K. Bennett & D. J. Foulis - 1995 - Foundations of Physics 25 (12):1699-1722.
    The notion of a Sasaki projectionon an orthomodular lattice is generalized to a mapping Φ: E × E → E, where E is an effect algebra. If E is lattice ordered and Φ is symmetric, then E is called a Φ-symmetric effect algebra.This paper launches a study of such effect algebras. In particular, it is shown that every interval effect algebra with a lattice-ordered ambient group is Φ-symmetric, and its group is the one constructed by Ravindran in his proof that (...)
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  18. Reality Monitoring: An Experimental Phenomenological Approach.M. K. NJohnson - 1988 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 117:390-94.
  19.  1
    Some Uses of Type Theory in the Analysis of Language.M. K. Rennie - 1974 - [Canberra, Dept. Of Philosophy, Research School of Social Sciences, Australian National University.
  20. Causal Exclusion Without Causal Sufficiency.Bram Vaassen - 2021 - Synthese 198:10341-10353.
    Some non-reductionists claim that so-called ‘exclusion arguments’ against their position rely on a notion of causal sufficiency that is particularly problematic. I argue that such concerns about the role of causal sufficiency in exclusion arguments are relatively superficial since exclusionists can address them by reformulating exclusion arguments in terms of physical sufficiency. The resulting exclusion arguments still face familiar problems, but these are not related to the choice between causal sufficiency and physical sufficiency. The upshot is that objections to the (...)
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  21.  42
    French Hospital Nurses' Opinion About Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide: A National Phone Survey.M. K. Bendiane, A.-D. Bouhnik, A. Galinier, R. Favre, Y. Obadia & P. Peretti-Watel - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (4):238-244.
    Background: Hospital nurses are frequently the first care givers to receive a patient’s request for euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide (PAS). In France, there is no consensus over which medical practices should be considered euthanasia, and this lack of consensus blurred the debate about euthanasia and PAS legalisation. This study aimed to investigate French hospital nurses’ opinions towards both legalisations, including personal conceptions of euthanasia and working conditions and organisation. Methods: A phone survey conducted among a random national sample of 1502 (...)
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  22. Fenomen Pret͡sedentnosti I Preemstvennostʹ Kulʹtur: [Monografii͡a.L. I. Grishaeva, M. K. Popova & V. T. Titov (eds.) - 2004 - Voronezhskiĭ Gos. Universitet.
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  23. And Therefore.Bram Vaassen & Alex Sandgren - 2021 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.
    This article focuses on `therefore' constructions such as ‘The switch is on, and therefore the lights are on’. We submit that the contribution of `therefore’ is to express a dependence as part of the core content of these constructions, rather than being conveyed by conventional implicature (Grice 1975, Potts 2005, Neta 2013) or a triggered presupposition (Pavese 2017, forthcoming, Stokke 2017). We argue that the standard objections to this view can be answered by relying on the general projection hypothesis defended (...)
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  24.  8
    A Remark on the Truth-Value Stipulation for the Modal System M'.M. K. Rennie - 1974 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 39 (2):351-351.
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  25.  30
    Values and Health Care: The Confucian Dimension in Health Care Reform.M. -K. Lim - 2012 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 37 (6):545-555.
    Are values and social priorities universal, or do they vary across geography, culture, and time? This question is very relevant to Asia’s emerging economies that are increasingly looking at Western models for answers to their own outmoded health care systems that are in dire need of reform. But is it safe for them to do so without sufficient regard to their own social, political, and philosophical moorings? This article argues that historical and cultural legacies influence prevailing social values with regard (...)
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  26.  7
    Review: Akira Nakamura, A Remark on the Truth-Value Stipulation for the Modal System $M$'; Akira Nakamura, On an Axiomatic System of Modal Logic; R. A. Bull, On a Paper of Akira Nakamura. [REVIEW]M. K. Rennie - 1974 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 39 (2):351-351.
  27. Evaluating New Wave Reductionism: The Case of Vision.M. K. D. Schouten, H. Looren de Jong & D. Eck - 2006 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 57 (1):167 - 196.
    This paper inquires into the nature of intertheoretic relations between psychology and neuroscience. This relationship has been characterized by some as one in which psychological explanations eventually will fall away as otiose, overthrown completely by neurobiological ones. Against this view it will be argued that it squares poorly with scientific practices and empirical developments in the cognitive neurosciences. We analyse a case from research on visual perception, which suggests a much more subtle and complex interplay between psychology and neuroscience than (...)
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  28.  5
    Akira Nakamura. A Remark on the Truth-Value Stipulation for the Modal System M′. Zeitschrift Für Mathematische Logik Und Grundlagen der Mathematik, Vol. 13 , Pp. 11–14. - Akira Nakamura. On an Axiomatic System of Modal Logic. Zeitschrift Für Mathematische Logik Und Grundlagen der Mathematik Vol. 14 , Pp. 61–66. - R. A. Bull. On a Paper of Akira Nakamura. Zeitschrift Für Mathematische Logik Und Grundlagen der Mathematik Vol. 15 , Pp. 155–156. [REVIEW]M. K. Rennie - 1974 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 39 (2):351-351.
  29. The Story of My Experiments with Truth.M. K. GANDHI - 1957
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  30.  19
    Ascent to the Absolute, Metaphysical Papers and Lectures. [REVIEW]M. K. G. - 1971 - Review of Metaphysics 25 (1):124-124.
    This is a collection of lectures and papers, written during the past ten years. They are all concerned with the logical properties of the Absolute and to this extent are a denial of the author's 1948 argument designed to disprove the existence of an Absolute Being. The first three lectures on Absolute-theory are a systematic account of the notion of a unique, necessary Existent and the repercussions such a notion has upon other philosophical problems such as space and time, substance (...)
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  31. Escape From Reality: Prisoners' Counterfactual Thinking About Crime, Justice and Punishment.M. K. Dhami, D. R. Mandel & K. A. Souza - 2005 - In David R. Mandel, Denis J. Hilton & Patrizia Catellani (eds.), The Psychology of Counterfactual Thinking. Routledge. pp. 165--182.
     
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  32.  82
    Effect Algebras and Unsharp Quantum Logics.D. J. Foulis & M. K. Bennett - 1994 - Foundations of Physics 24 (10):1331-1352.
    The effects in a quantum-mechanical system form a partial algebra and a partially ordered set which is the prototypical example of the effect algebras discussed in this paper. The relationships among effect algebras and such structures as orthoalgebras and orthomodular posets are investigated, as are morphisms and group- valued measures (or charges) on effect algebras. It is proved that there is a universal group for every effect algebra, as well as a universal vector space over an arbitrary field.
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  33.  29
    Hospice Comics: Representations of Patient and Family Experience of Illness and Death in Graphic Novels.M. K. Czerwiec & Michelle N. Huang - 2017 - Journal of Medical Humanities 38 (2):95-113.
    Non-fiction graphic novels about illness and death created by patients and their loved ones have much to teach all readers. However, the bond of empathy made possible in the comic form may have special lessons for healthcare providers who read these texts and are open to the insights they provide.
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  34. Absence and Abnormality.Bram Vaassen - forthcoming - Analysis.
    Absences pose a dilemma for theories of causation. Allowing them to be causes seems to make theories too permissive (Lewis, 2000). Banning them from being causes seems to make theories too restrictive (Schaffer, 2000, 2004). An increasingly popular approach to this dilemma is to acknowledge that norms can affect which absences count as causes (e.g., Thomson, 2003; McGrath, 2005; Henne et al., 2017; Willemsen, 2018). In this article, I distinguish between two influential implementations of such ‘abnormality’ approaches and argue that (...)
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  35.  2
    Logic: Theory and Practice.M. K. Rennie - 1973 - Brisbane, University of Queensland Press.
  36.  48
    Superposition in Quantum and Classical Mechanics.M. K. Bennett & D. J. Foulis - 1990 - Foundations of Physics 20 (6):733-744.
    Using the mathematical notion of an entity to represent states in quantum and classical mechanics, we show that, in a strict sense, proper superpositions are possible in classical mechanics.
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  37.  13
    Graded Consequence: Further Studies.M. K. Chakraborty - 1995 - Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 5 (2):227-238.
  38. Ruthless Reductionism.M. K. D. Schouten - 2005 - Philosophical Psychology 18 (4):473-486.
  39. Philosophical Interpretations of Religion.M. K. Kutty - 1997 - In Dilip Kumar Chakraborty (ed.), Perspectives in Contemporary Philosophy. Ajanta Publications. pp. 71.
     
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  40. Consciousness as Meta-Processing.M. K. Johnson & J. A. Reeder - 1997 - In Jonathan D. Cohen & Jonathan W. Schooler (eds.), Scientific Approaches to Consciousness. Lawrence Erlbaum.
  41. Time Course Studies of Reality Monitoring and Recognition.M. K. Johnson, J. Kounios & J. A. Reeder - 1992 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 30 (6):487-487.
     
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  42.  10
    Models for Multiply Modal Systems.M. K. Rennie - 1970 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 16 (2):175-186.
  43. Causality in Indian Philosophy: A Brief Survey.M. K. Gangopadhyay - 1992 - In V. N. Jha (ed.), Relations in Indian Philosophy. Sri Satguru Publications. pp. 147--121.
     
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  44.  45
    Salvation and Health: Why the Church Needs Psychotherapy.M. K. Peterson - 2011 - Christian Bioethics 17 (3):277-298.
    The roots of much of Western medicine lie in the Christian monastic tradition and its commitment to nonstigmatizing compassionate care throughout the life cycle and to the ideal of empathic personal connection between physicians, patients, and the communities and relationships in which both of these are embedded. In the modern West, these Christianly informed aspects of medicine are increasingly being undercut as medical care becomes ever more specialized, technologized, and depersonalized. At the same time, there exist a variety of efforts (...)
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  45.  63
    Conscientious Objection to Referrals for Abortion: Pragmatic Solution or Threat to Women’s Rights?Eva M. K. Nordberg, Helge Skirbekk & Morten Magelssen - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):15.
    Conscientious objection has spurred impassioned debate in many Western countries. Some Norwegian general practitioners (GPs) refuse to refer for abortion. Little is know about how the GPs carry out their refusals in practice, how they perceive their refusal to fit with their role as professionals, and how refusals impact patients. Empirical data can inform subsequent normative analysis.
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  46.  4
    Law Does Things Differently.M. K. Tinture - 2010 - American Journal of Jurisprudence 55 (1):201-224.
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  47. Semantics for RK1t.M. K. Rennie - 1971 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 36 (1):97 - 107.
  48. Completeness in the Logic of Predicate Modifiers.M. K. Rennie - 1971 - Logique Et Analyse 55:627-643.
     
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  49. Remark on Cresswell on S0. 5.M. K. Rennie - 1971 - Logique Et Analyse 14:757-758.
  50. Attentional Mechanisms and Conscious Experience.Michael I. Posner & M. K. Rothbart - 1992 - In A. David Milner & M. D. Rugg (eds.), The Neuropsychology of Consciousness. Academic Press.
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