Results for 'Brain Processes'

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  1. Brain processes and incorrigibility - a reply to professor Baier.J. J. C. Smart - 1962 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 40 (1):68-70.
  2. Brain processes and phenomenal consciousness: A new and specific hypothesis.Hans Flohr - 1990 - Theory and Psychology 1:245-62.
    A hypothesis on the physiological conditions for the occurrence of phenomenal states is presented. It is suggested that the presence of phenomenal states depends on the rate at which neural assemblies are formed. Unconsciousness and various disturbances of phenomenal consciousness occur if the assembly formation rate is below a certain threshold level; if this level is surpassed, phenomenal states necessarily result. A critical production rate of neural assemblies is the necessary and sufficient condition for the occurrence of phenomenal states.
     
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  3.  40
    Efferent brain processes and the enactive approach to consciousness.Ralph D. Ellis - 2000 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (4):40-50.
    [opening paragraph]: Nicholas Humphrey argues persuasively that consciousness results from active and efferent rather than passive and afferent functions. These arguments contribute to the mounting recent evidence that consciousness is inseparable from the motivated action planning of creatures that in some sense are organismic and agent-like rather than passively mechanical and reactive in the way that digital computers are. Newton calls this new approach the ‘action theory of understanding'; Varela et al. dubbed it the ‘enactive’ view of consciousness. It was (...)
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  4. Is consciousness a brain process.Ullin T. Place - 1956 - British Journal of Psychology 47 (1):44-50.
     
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  5. Brain processes of word recognition as revealed by neurophysiological imaging.Friedemann Pulvermüller - 2009 - In Gareth Gaskell (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Psycholinguistics. Oxford University Press.
     
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  6. Sensations and Brain Processes.J. J. C. Smart - 2003 - In John Heil (ed.), Philosophy of Mind: A Guide and Anthology. Oxford University Press.
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  7.  84
    Bilateral brain processes for comprehending natural language.Mark Jung-Beeman - 2005 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (11):512-518.
  8. Sensations and brain processes.Hans Flohr - 1995 - Behavioral Brain Research 71:157-61.
    A hypothesis on the physiological conditions of consciousness is presented. It is assumed that the occurrence of states of consciousness causally depends on the formation of complex representational structures. Cortical neural networks that exhibit a high representational activity develop higher-order, self-referential representations as a result of self-organizing processes. The occurrence of such states is identical with the appearance of states of consciousness. The underlying physiological processes can be identified. It is assumed that neural assemblies instantiate mental representations; hence (...)
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  9.  38
    Brain processes in emotional perception: Motivated attention.Harald Schupp, Bruce Cuthbert, Margaret Bradley, Charles Hillman, Alfons Hamm & Peter Lang - 2004 - Cognition and Emotion 18 (5):593-611.
  10.  39
    Brain processes and sensations.Joseph Margois - 1965 - Theoria 31 (2):133-38.
  11. Sensations and brain processes.Jjc Smart - 1959 - Philosophical Review 68 (April):141-56.
  12.  79
    Sensations, brain-processes, and colours.M. C. Bradley - 1963 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 41 (3):385-93.
  13.  37
    Brain processes and holistic isomorphism: Moving toward a humanistic neuroscience.Bruce L. Brown, Dawson W. Hedges & Edwin E. Gantt - 2008 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 28 (2):356-374.
    A common quest among theoretical psychologists is the transformation of psychology to accommodate human agency and meaning. Several strong experimental methods are used in cognitive neuroscience but are based almost entirely upon a mechanistic ontology. A step toward rapprochement is proposed using precise and powerful experimental methods that are holistic, individualized, and compatible with an agentive ontology. Such methods must be applicable to all aspects of human experience, the subjective and agentive aspects, as well as the behavioural and the neurophysiological (...)
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  14. Qualia and brain processes.Hans Flohr - 1992 - In Ansgar Beckermann, Hans Flohr & Jaegwon Kim (eds.), Emergence or Reduction? Prospects for Nonreductive Physicalism. De Gruyter.
  15.  18
    Brain processes and incorrigibility.J. J. C. Smart - 1962 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 40 (1):68-70.
  16. Are sensations still brain processes.Thomas W. Polger - 2011 - Philosophical Psychology 24 (1):1-21.
    Fifty years ago J. J. C. Smart published his pioneering paper, “Sensations and Brain Processes.” It is appropriate to mark the golden anniversary of Smart’s publication by considering how well his article has stood up, and how well the identity theory itself has fared. In this paper I first revisit Smart’s text, reflecting on how it has weathered the years. Then I consider the status of the identity theory in current philosophical thinking, taking into account the objections and (...)
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  17.  75
    Senses, sensations and brain processes: A criticism of the property dualism argument.Leonard Clapp - 1998 - Southwest Philosophy Review 14 (1):139-148.
  18.  14
    Brain Processing of Contagious Itch in Patients with Atopic Dermatitis.Christina Schut, Hideki Mochizuki, Shoshana K. Grossman, Andrew C. Lin, Christopher J. Conklin, Feroze B. Mohamed, Uwe Gieler, Joerg Kupfer & Gil Yosipovitch - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  19.  7
    The development and underlying brain processes of pathological altruism.V. Part - 2011 - In Barbara Oakley, Ariel Knafo, Guruprasad Madhavan & David Sloan Wilson (eds.), Pathological Altruism. Oxford University Press. pp. 319.
  20.  5
    Brain Processes While Struggling With Evidence Accumulation During Facial Emotion Recognition: An ERP Study.Yu-Fang Yang, Eric Brunet-Gouet, Mariana Burca, Emmanuel K. Kalunga & Michel-Ange Amorim - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  21.  58
    Sensations, experiences, and brain processes.John Heil - 1970 - Philosophy 45 (July):221-6.
    In his defence of the identity theory, Professor Smart has attempted to show that reports of mental states are strictly topic-neutral. If this were the case then it would follow that there is nothing logically wrong with the claim that the mind is the brain or that mental states are really nothing but brain states. Some phillosophers have argued that a fundamental objection to any form of materialism is that the latter makes an obvious logical blunder in identifying (...)
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  22. Could mental states be brain processes?Jerome Shaffer - 1961 - Journal of Philosophy 58 (December):813-22.
  23.  8
    Actions, brain-processes, and determinism.R. E. Ewin - 1968 - Mind 77 (307):417-419.
    It is certainly true that we could give an account in mechanistic terms of what there is which would be, in one sense, as complete account of what there is. If everything listed in the account were put in a pile, for example, there might be nothing left out of the pile for someone to go and fetch to it. This would be one sense in which we could give, in mechanistic or purely physical terms, a complete account of what (...)
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  24. Is consciousness really a brain process?Eric Larock - 2008 - International Philosophical Quarterly 48 (2):201-229.
    I argue on the basis of recent findings in neuroscience that consciousness is not a brain process, and then explore some alternative, non-reductive options concerning the metaphysical relationship between consciousness and the brain, such as weak and strong accounts of the emergence of consciousness and the constitution view of consciousness. I propose an Aristotelian account of the strong emergence of consciousness. This account motivates a wider ontology than reductive physicalism and makes reference to formal causation as a way (...)
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  25.  31
    Is Consciousness a Brain Process?Didier Gil - 2000 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 22 (1):227-253.
    The title of the present essay repeats, word for word, the title of an article that the British philosopher U.T. Place published in 1956: “Is Consciousness a Brain Process?”.
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  26.  72
    Sensations and brain processes: A reply to professor Smart.George Pitcher - 1960 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 38 (2):150-7.
  27.  26
    Conscious functions and brain processes.Benjamin Libet - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (4):685-686.
  28.  6
    Understanding Consciousness: Its Function and Brain Processes.Gerd Sommerhoff - 2000 - Sage Publications.
    “This is surely the ultimate expression of the top-down approach to consciousness, written with Sommerhoff's characteristic clarity and precision. It says far more than other books four times the size of this admirably concise volume. This book is destined to become a pillar of the subject.” —Rodney Cotterill, Technical University of Denmark The problem of consciousness has been described as a mystery about which we are still in a terrible muddle and in Understanding Consciousness: Its Function and Brain (...), the author attempts to unravel this mystery by offering a clarification of the main concepts related to consciousness, and positing a comprehensive biological explanation. Consequently, this book will be ideal for a wide-range of upper level undergraduate and postgraduate courses. The author interprets consciousness as a property that can be possessed by many creatures lacking a language faculty and comprises all of the following: awareness of the surrounding world; awareness of the self as an entity; and awareness of such things as thoughts and feelings. He argues that a biological approach can achieve both the necessary conceptual clarifications and a joint explanation of these divisions of awareness in terms of just two accurately defined concepts of 'internal representation' and two empirically supported assumptions about the functional architecture of a specific set of brain processes. Despite this striking simplicity, his model covers these divisions of awareness both as objective faculties of the brain and as subjective experience. These conclusions are applied to a broad range of fundamental questions, including the biological rationale of subjective experience and where consciousness resides in the neural networks. (shrink)
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  29.  21
    Sensations and brain processes: A reply to professor Smart.W. D. Joske - 1960 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 38 (2):157-60.
  30. Sensations and Brain Processes: A Reply to J. J. C. Smart.John T. Stevenson - 1960 - Philosophical Review 69 (October):505-10.
  31. Sensations and brain processes: A rejoinder to dr Pitcher and mr Joske.J. J. C. Smart - 1960 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 38 (3):252-54.
  32.  33
    Senses, sensations and brain processes: A criticism of the property dualism argument.Leonard Clapp - 1997 - Southwest Philosophy Review 14 (1):139-148.
  33.  32
    In defense of the brain process theory.Jerrold Tannenbaum - 1971 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 31 (June):552-563.
  34. Thirty years on -- is consciousness still a brain process?Ullin T. Place - 1988 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 66 (2):208-19.
  35. Professor Smart's 'Sensations and Brain Processes'.D. L. Gunner - 1967 - In C. P. Presley (ed.), The Identity Theory of Mind. University of Queensland Press. pp. 1--20.
     
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  36.  9
    Qualia and Brain Processes.Hans Flohr - 1992 - In Ansgar Beckermann, H. Flohr & Jaegwon Kim (eds.), Emergence or Reduction?: Essays on the Prospects of Nonreductive Physicalism. W. De Gruyter. pp. 220-238.
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  37.  66
    Thirty five years on - is consciousness still a brain process?Ullin T. Place - 1989 - In Grazer Philosophische Studien. Netherlands: Rodopi. pp. 19-31.
    The writer's 1956 contention that "the thesis that consciousness is a process in the brain is ... a reasonable scientific hypothesis" is contrasted with Davidson's a priori argument in 'Mental events' for the identity of propositional attitude tokens with some unspecified and imspecifiable brain state tokens. Davidson's argument is rejected primarily on the grounds that he has failed to establish his claim that there are and can be no psycho-physical bridge laws. The case forthe empirical nature of the (...)
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  38. The Mind-Body Problem: An Opinionated Introduction (Boulder: Westview, 1999); U. Place,'Thirty Years On: Is Consciousness Still a Brain Process?'.D. M. Armstrong - 1988 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 66 (2).
  39. Further remarks on sensations and brain processes.J. J. C. Smart - 1961 - Philosophical Review 70 (July):406-407.
  40. Attention and consciousness: two distinct brain processes.Christof Koch & Naotsugu Tsuchiya - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (1):16-22.
  41.  17
    The order of thought. Wittgenstein on artificial intelligence and brain-processes.Alberto Emiliani - 1990 - Daimon: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 2:125-138.
  42.  47
    Toward a Model of Functional Brain Processes I: Central Nervous System Functional Micro-architecture.Mark H. Bickhard - 2015 - Axiomathes 25 (3):217-238.
    Standard semantic information processing models—information in; information processed; information out —lend themselves to standard models of the functioning of the brain in terms, e.g., of threshold-switch neurons connected via classical synapses. That is, in terms of sophisticated descendants of McCulloch and Pitts models. I argue that both the cognition and the brain sides of this framework are incorrect: cognition and thought are not constituted as forms of semantic information processing, and the brain does not function in terms (...)
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  43.  37
    Toward a Model of Functional Brain Processes II: Central Nervous System Functional Macro-architecture.Mark H. Bickhard - 2015 - Axiomathes 25 (4):377-407.
    The first paper in this pair developed a model of the nature of representation and cognition, and argued for a model of the micro-functioning of the brain on the basis of that model. In this sequel paper, starting with part III, this model is extended to address macro-functioning in the CNS. In part IV, I offer a discussion of an approach to brain functioning that has some similarities with, as well as differences from, the model presented here: sometimes (...)
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  44.  68
    Shaffer on the identity of mental states and brain processes.Robert C. Coburn - 1963 - Journal of Philosophy 60 (February):89-92.
  45.  69
    ‘THIS is Produced by a Brain-Process!’ Wittgenstein, Transparency and Psychology Today.Paul Standish - 2012 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 46 (1):60-72.
    This paper examines sections of Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations with a view to exposing trail‐effects of psychology in educational and social practice today. These are seen in understandings of the relations between mind and body, and language and thought, and their influence is identified in such contemporary preoccupations as accounting transparency and the new science of happiness. A Wittgensteinian critique is offered, with attention paid to the idea that ‘nothing is hidden’. Finally a question is raised as to how far it (...)
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  46.  33
    Thirty five years on - is consciousness still a brain process?Ullin T. Place - 1989 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 36 (1):19-31.
    The writer's 1956 contention that "the thesis that consciousness is a process in the brain is... a reasonable scientific hypothesis" is contrasted with Davidson's a priori argument in 'Mental events' for the identity of propositional attitude tokens with some unspecified and imspecifiable brain state tokens. Davidson's argument is rejected primarily on the grounds that he has failed to establish his claim that there are and can be no psycho-physical bridge laws. The case forthe empirical nature of the issue (...)
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  47.  5
    Effect of Short-Term Transcutaneous Vagus Nerve Stimulation (tVNS) on Brain Processing of Food Cues: An Electrophysiological Study.Martina A. Obst, Marcus Heldmann, Helena Alicart, Marc Tittgemeyer & Thomas F. Münte - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  48.  8
    Thirty five years on - is consciousness still a brain process?Ullin T. Place - 1989 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 36 (1):19-31.
    The writer's 1956 contention that "the thesis that consciousness is a process in the brain is... a reasonable scientific hypothesis" is contrasted with Davidson's a priori argument in 'Mental events' for the identity of propositional attitude tokens with some unspecified and imspecifiable brain state tokens. Davidson's argument is rejected primarily on the grounds that he has failed to establish his claim that there are and can be no psycho-physical bridge laws. The case forthe empirical nature of the issue (...)
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  49.  12
    Perception of Threatening Intention Modulates Brain Processes to Body Actions: Evidence From Event-Related Potentials.Guan Wang, Pei Wang, Junlong Luo & Wenya Nan - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  50.  69
    Quantum processes in the brain: A scientific basis of consciousness.Friedrich Beck & John C. Eccles - 2003 - In Naoyuki Osaka (ed.), Neural Basis of Consciousness. John Benjamins. pp. 49--141.
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