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Bouke de Vries
University of Zürich
  1.  17
    ‘I Am Your Son, Mother’: Severe Dementia and Duties to Visit Parents Who Can’T Recognise You.Bouke de Vries - 2020 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 23 (1):17-24.
    It is commonly assumed that many, if not most, adult children have moral duties to visit their parents when they can do so at reasonable cost. However, whether such duties persist when the parents lose the ability to recognise their children, usually due to dementia, is more controversial. Over 40% of respondents in a public survey from the British Alzheimer’s Society said that it was “pointless” to keep up contact at this stage. Insofar as one cannot be morally required to (...)
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  2.  53
    Is Multiculturalism Discriminatory?Bouke de Vries - 2020 - Res Publica 26 (2):201-214.
    Many political theorists are multiculturalists. They believe that states ought to support and accommodate minority cultures, even if they disagree about when such support and accommodations are due and what forms they should take. In this contribution, I argue that multiculturalists have failed to notice an important objection against a wide range of multiculturalism policies. This objection is predicated on the notion that when states support and accommodate minority cultures, they should support and accommodate many subcultures and individualistic conceptions of (...)
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  3.  8
    Granny-Export? The Morality of Sending People to Care Homes Abroad.Bouke de Vries - 2021 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 18 (3):455-464.
    Many higher-income countries are struggling to make decent and affordable care available to their older populations. In response, some Germans are sending their ageing relatives to relatively high-end care homes within Eastern Europe and South-East Asia where the care tends to be more comprehensive and a lot cheaper. At the same time, this practice has caused much controversy within Germany, with some commentators calling it “inhumane” and “shameful.” The aim of this article is to show that such criticisms are exaggerated. (...)
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  4.  17
    Keeping Out Extremists: Refugees, Would‐Be Immigrants, and Ideological Exclusion.Bouke De Vries - 2020 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 37 (5):746-763.
    Many people want to live in liberal democracies because they are liberal and democratic. Yet it would be mistaken, indeed naive, to assume that this applies to all would-be residents. Just as some inhabitants of liberal democracies oppose one or more fundamental liberal-democratic values and principles, so there are foreign would-be residents who do so, who might include individuals with e.g. Jihadist, Neo-Nazi, and radical anarchist views. Proceeding on the assumption that there exists no unconditional moral right to immigrate, this (...)
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  5.  77
    The Right to be Publicly Naked: A Defence of Nudism.Bouke de Vries - 2019 - Res Publica 25 (3):407-424.
    Many liberal democracies have legal restrictions on nudism. This article argues that when public nudity does not pose a health threat, such restrictions are unjust. To vindicate this claim, I start by showing that there are two weighty interests served by the freedom to be naked in public. First, it promotes individual well-being; not only can nudist activities have great recreational value, recent studies have found that exposure to non-idealised naked bodies has a positive impact on body image, and, ultimately, (...)
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  6.  11
    Why Visiting One’s Ageing Mother is Not Enough: On Filial Duties to Prevent and Alleviate Parental Loneliness.Bouke de Vries - 2021 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 24 (1):127-133.
    As people grow old, many risk becoming chronically lonely which is associated with e.g. depression, dementia, and increased mortality. Whoever else should help to protect them from this risk, various philosophers have argued that any children that they might have will often be among them. Proceeding on this assumption, this article considers what filial duties to protect ageing parents from loneliness consist of, or might consist of. I develop my answer by showing that a view that may be intuitively plausible, (...)
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  7.  3
    Should Autists Have Cultural Rights?Bouke de Vries - 2021 - Human Rights Review 23 (2):205-219.
    While several scholars have argued that the rise of the internet has allowed an autistic culture to emerge over the past two decades, the question of whether people with autism or, as some members of this group refer to themselves, ‘autists’, are legally entitled to their own cultural rights has not been investigated. This article fills part of this lacuna by considering whether such entitlements exist from the perspective of human rights law. I start by showing that, insofar as autists (...)
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  8.  18
    Against Hands-on Neutrality.Bouke De Vries - 2020 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 19 (4):424-446.
    In recent years, several theorists have defended a form of neutrality that seeks to equalise the benefits that state policies bestow upon citizens’ conceptions of the good life. For example, when state policies confer special benefits upon a conception that revolves around a particular culture, religion or type of sports, other cultures, religions or types of sports might be due compensation. This article argues that this kind of neutrality – which I refer to as ‘hands-on neutrality’ – cannot be vindicated, (...)
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  9.  4
    Sending People to Care Homes in Lower-Income Countries: A Qualified Defence.Bouke de Vries - 2022 - Bioethics 36 (1):85-92.
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  10.  3
    The Sociability Argument for the Burqa Ban: A Qualified Defence.Bouke de Vries - forthcoming - Criminal Law and Philosophy:1-21.
    Over the past decade, countries such as France, Belgium, Denmark, Austria, Latvia, and Bulgaria have banned face-coverings from public spaces. These bans are popularly known as ‘burqa bans’ as they seem to have been drafted with the aim of preventing people from wearing burqas and niqabs specifically. The scholarly response to these bans has been overwhelmingly negative, with several lawyers and philosophers arguing that they violate the human right to freedom of religion. While this article shares some of the concerns (...)
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  11.  7
    State Responsibilities to Protect Us From Loneliness During Lockdown.Bouke de Vries - 2021 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 31 (1):1-15.
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  12.  8
    ‘Today a Christian Nation, Tomorrow a Muslim Nation’: A Defence of Rotating State Religions.Bouke de Vries - 2020 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 24 (1):301-316.
    In more than 20% of countries, a single religion is recognized in the constitution. This article argues that there are good reasons for opposing such ‘mono-recognition’ as it fails to show due concern to members of constitutionally unrecognized religions. Yet rather than opting for disestablishment as Sweden did in 2000, I show that there may be a better alternative in many cases: To constitutionally recognize a variety of religions. After distinguishing synchronic forms of plural recognition whereby multiple religions are constitutionally (...)
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  13. Are Civic Integration Tests Justifiable? A Three-Step Test.Bouke de Vries - 2018 - In Annabelle Lever & Andrei Poama (eds.), Routledge Handbook of Ethics and Public Policy. Oxford: Routledge. pp. pp.407-421.
     
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  14. The Right to be Publicly Naked: A Defence of Nudism.Bouke de Vries - 2019 - Res Publica 25 (3):407-424.
    Many liberal democracies have legal restrictions on nudism. This article argues that when public nudity does not pose a health threat, such restrictions are unjust. To vindicate this claim, I start by showing that there are two weighty interests served by the freedom to be naked in public. First, it promotes individual well-being; not only can nudist activities have great recreational value, recent studies have found that exposure to non-idealised naked bodies has a positive impact on body image, and, ultimately, (...)
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  15.  8
    What Does It Mean to Be ‘Illiberal’?Bouke De Vries - 2020 - Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy 49 (Pre-publications).
    Introduction: ‘Illiberal’ is an adjective that is commonly used within contemporary legal, political, and philosophical scholarship. For example, authors might speak of ‘illiberal cultures’,1 ‘illiberal groups’,2 ‘illiberal states’,3 ‘illiberal democracies’,4 ‘illiberal beliefs’,5 and ‘illiberal practices’.6 Yet despite its widespread usage, no in-depth discussions exist of exactly what it means for someone or something to be illiberal, or might mean. This article fills this lacuna by providing a conceptual analysis of the term ‘illiberal practices’, which I argue is basic in that (...)
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  16.  1
    Care-Deficits and Polarization: Why the Time is Ripe for a Universal Care Conscription.Bouke de Vries - forthcoming - Nursing Ethics:096973302110466.
    A large share of countries is struggling to provide adequate care to their older populations. To deal with this challenge, philosopher Ingrid Robeyns has advocated legislation that requires citizens to spend 1 year of their life providing dependency care. My aim of this contribution is to strengthen the case for this proposal, which I will refer to as a ‘universal care conscription’. I do so by defending this type of conscription against various alternative ways of addressing care-deficits that have been (...)
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  17.  5
    Multiculturalism and Temporary Migrant Workers.Bouke de Vries - 2017 - In Anna Triandafyllidou (ed.), Multicultural Governance in a Mobile World. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. pp. 265-282.
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  18.  2
    Should Children Have a Veto Over Parental Decisions to Relocate?Bouke de Vries - 2020 - Moral Philosophy and Politics 7 (2):321-334.
    Many people move house at some point during their childhood and not rarely more than once. While relocations are not always harmful for under-aged children, they can, and frequently do, cause great disruption to their lives by severing their social ties as well as any attachments that they might have to their neighbourhood, town, or wider geographical region, with long-lasting psychological effects in some cases. Since it is increasingly recognised within normative philosophy as well as within Western societies that older (...)
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  19.  3
    Should Higher-Income Countries Pay Their Citizens to Move to Foreign Care Homes?Bouke de Vries - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (10):684-688.
    Faced with relatively old and ageing populations, a growing number of higher-income countries are struggling to provide affordable and decent care to their older citizens. This contribution proposes a new policy for dealing with this challenge. Under certain conditions, I argue that states should pay their citizens to move to foreign care homes in order to ease the pressure on domestic care institutions. This is the case if—but not necessarily only if— a significant proportion of resident citizens do not currently (...)
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  20.  5
    Liberalism & Internally Illiberal Minority Cultures : A Plea for a Substantive Exit Rights Strategy.Bouke De Vries - unknown
    This dissertation seeks to answer the following question: does a commitment to liberalism require state remediation of illiberal practices of illiberal minority cultures that only affect their own members? Put differently, it asks: should the state deny illiberal minority cultures such as those of the Amish, Ultra-Orthodox Jews, Pueblo Indians, et cetera the freedom to be internally illiberal from a liberal viewpoint? The answer proposed by this dissertation is a qualified ‘no’. Assuming that liberalism is fundamentally committed to the protection (...)
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