Results for 'Borys Maksymchuk'

989 found
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  1.  1
    A Systemic Philosophical Analysis of the Contemporary Society and the Human: New Potential.Alla Nerubasska, Kostiantyn Palshkov & Borys Maksymchuk - 2020 - Postmodern Openings 11 (4):275-292.
    New prospects for mankind in searching for and developing new sources of energy, arms race, overcrowding and ecological crises present the human with a serious choice. The choice may relate to the further existence of people on Earth. In the context of most challenging political, economic and social crises, the tandem of natural and human sciences produces unexpected results, despite the crises accompanying these processes. This article presents a model of the society and a model of the human in the (...)
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  2.  8
    The Demarkation of Creativity, Talent and Genius in Humans: A Systemic Aspect.Alla Nerubasska & Borys Maksymchuk - 2020 - Postmodern Openings 11 (2):240-255.
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  3.  11
    Boris Uspenskij and the Semiotics of Communication: An Essay and an Interview.Sabrina Mazzali-Lurati & Boris Uspenskij - 2014 - Semiotica 2014 (199):109-124.
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  4.  75
    The Social and Economic Roots of the Scientific Revolution: Texts by Boris Hessen and Henryk Grossmann.Boris Hessen, Henryk Grossmann, Gideon Freudenthal & Peter McLaughlin (eds.) - 2009 - Springer.
    The volume collects classics of Marxist historiography of science, including a new translation of Boris Hessen's “The Social and Economic Roots of Newton's ...
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  5.  12
    Constituent Functions Boris Hennig.Boris Hennig - 2013 - In Christer Svennerlind, Jan Almäng & Rögnvaldur Ingthorsson (eds.), Johanssonian Investigations. Essays in Honour of Ingvar Johansson on His Seventieth Birthday. Ontos Verlag. pp. 5--259.
    Starting from the idea that functions are formally similar to actions in that they are described and explained in a similar way, so that both admit of an accordion effect, I turn to Anscombe’s insight that the point of practical reasoning is to render explicit the relation between the different descriptions of an action generated by the accordion effect. The upshot is, roughly, that an item has a function if what it does can be accounted for by functional reasoning. Put (...)
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  6.  75
    Modality and Explanatory Reasoning By Boris Kment.Boris Kment - forthcoming - Analysis:anw067.
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  7. Modality and Explanatory Reasoning.Boris Kment - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    Boris Kment takes a new approach to the study of modality that emphasises the origin of modal notions in everyday thought. He argues that the concepts of necessity and possibility originate in counterfactual reasoning, which allows us to investigate explanatory connections. Contrary to accepted views, explanation is more fundamental than modality.
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  8.  4
    Skepticism as a Means of “Indirect Exposition”: Boris Pasternak and Gustav Shpet.Tatiana G. Shchedrina & Boris I. Pruzhinin - 2021 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 58 (4):292-299.
    When we discuss skepticism, we generally mean a certain philosophical movement with a fundamental basis in doubt. At the same time, the history of philosophy gives us another highly productive, met...
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  9. Invullingen van burgerschap kunnen we zoeken in de politieke theorie of de dagelijkse praktijk van het beleid. Is er daarnaast niet een niche denkbaar waarin nieuwe invu~ lingen van burgerschap voorzichtig uitgroeien? Of een domein waar een burgerschap wordt voorgesteld als radicaal alternatief? Aan Boris van der Ham, acteur en polit~ cus, de vraag of kunstenaars zo'n voorhoede vormen.Boris van der Ham - forthcoming - Idee.
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  10. Levi-Strauss, Anthropology, and Aesthetics.Boris Wiseman - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    In a wide-ranging 2007 study of Claude Lévi-Strauss's aesthetic thought, Boris Wiseman demonstrates not only its centrality within his oeuvre but also the importance of Levi-Strauss for contemporary aesthetic enquiry. Reconstructing the internal logic of Lévi-Strauss's thinking on aesthetics, and showing how anthropological and aesthetic ideas intertwine at the most elemental levels in the elaboration of his system of thought, Wiseman demonstrates that Lévi-Strauss's aesthetic theory forms an integral part of his approach to Amerindian masks, body decoration and mythology. He (...)
     
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  11. A Theory of Epistemic Risk.Boris Babic - 2019 - Philosophy of Science 86 (3):522-550.
    I propose a general alethic theory of epistemic risk according to which the riskiness of an agent’s credence function encodes her relative sensitivity to different types of graded error. After motivating and mathematically developing this approach, I show that the epistemic risk function is a scaled reflection of expected inaccuracy. This duality between risk and information enables us to explore the relationship between attitudes to epistemic risk, the choice of scoring rules in epistemic utility theory, and the selection of priors (...)
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  12.  44
    Pseudo-Exponentiation on Algebraically Closed Fields of Characteristic Zero.Boris Zilber - 2005 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 132 (1):67-95.
    We construct and study structures imitating the field of complex numbers with exponentiation. We give a natural, albeit non first-order, axiomatisation for the corresponding class of structures and prove that the class has a unique model in every uncountable cardinality. This gives grounds to conjecture that the unique model of cardinality continuum is isomorphic to the field of complex numbers with exponentiation.
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  13. Approximate Coherentism and Luck.Boris Babic - 2021 - Philosophy of Science 88 (4):707-725.
    Approximate coherentism suggests that imperfectly rational agents should hold approximately coherent credences. This norm is intended as a generalization of ordinary coherence. I argue that it may be unable to play this role by considering its application under learning experiences. While it is unclear how imperfect agents should revise their beliefs, I suggest a plausible route is through Bayesian updating. However, Bayesian updating can take an incoherent agent from relatively more coherent credences to relatively less coherent credences, depending on the (...)
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  14.  11
    Priority Waiting Lists: Is There a Clinically Ordered Queue?Boris G. Sobolev, Peter M. Brown, David Zelt & Mark FitzGerald - 2005 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 11 (4):408-410.
  15. Mathematics - an Imagined Tool for Rational Cognition.Boris Culina - manuscript
    Analysing several characteristic mathematical models: natural and real numbers, Euclidean geometry, group theory, and set theory, I argue that a mathematical model in its final form is a junction of a set of axioms and an internal partial interpretation of the corresponding language. It follows from the analysis that (i) mathematical objects do not exist in the external world: they are our internally imagined objects, some of which, at least approximately, we can realize or represent; (ii) mathematical truths are not (...)
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  16.  23
    Inefficacy Interim Monitoring Procedures in Randomized Clinical Trials: The Need to Report.Boris Freidlin & Edward L. Korn - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (3):2-10.
    If definitive evidence concerning treatment effectiveness becomes available from an ongoing randomized clinical trial, then the trial could be stopped early, with the public release of results benefiting current and future patients. However, stopping an ongoing trial based on accruing outcome data requires methodological rigor to preserve validity of the trial conclusions. This has led to the use of formal interim monitoring procedures, which include inefficacy monitoring that will stop a trial early when the experimental treatment appears not to be (...)
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  17.  13
    |˜-Divisibility of Ultrafilters.Boris Šobot - 2021 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 172 (1):102857.
    We further investigate a divisibility relation on the set of BN ultrafilters on the set of natural numbers. We single out prime ultrafilters (divisible only by 1 and themselves) and establish a hierarchy in which a position of every ultrafilter depends on the set of prime ultrafilters it is divisible by. We also construct ultrafilters with many immediate successors in this hierarchy and find positions of products of ultrafilters.
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  18. Algorithms on Regulatory Lockdown in Medicine.Boris Babic, Sara Gerke, Theodoros Evgeniou & I. Glenn Cohen - 2019 - Science 6470 (366):1202-1204.
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  19. Science and the Purpose of Life.Boris Sokoloff - 1950 - New York: Creative Age Press.
  20. The "Mad" Philosopher, Auguste Comte.Boris Sokoloff - 1961 - New York: Vantage Press.
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  21.  4
    UNDERSTANDING AND DOING MATH - CIRCLE 1: What Are Math Objects? Illustrated with Numbers.Boris Čulina (ed.) - 2021 - Zagreb: Understanding.
    This is the first in a series of math books intended for those who have completed at least secondary school mathematics and have acquired 1) certain calculating skills, and 2) dissatisfaction with their understanding of what they are calculating. We will start our journey with numbers. Numbers are the oldest mathematical idea, but still also the most important one. We will go through the basics of numbers in a way that will give you the confidence to really understand numbers and (...)
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  22. Dijalektic̆ki I Istoriski Materijalizam.Boris[from old catalog] Ziherl - 1949
     
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  23.  4
    How Man Became the Measure: An Anthropological Defense of the Measure Doctrine in the Protagoras.Oksana Maksymchuk - 2021 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 103 (4):571-601.
    In the Theaetetus Socrates provides an elaboration and discussion of Protagoras’ measure doctrine, grounding it in a “secret doctrine” of flux. This paper argues that the anthropology of the myth in the Protagoras provides an earlier, very different way to explain the measure doctrine, focusing on its application to civic values, such as “just,” “fine,” and “pious.” The paper shows that Protagoras’ explanation of the dual etiology of virtue – that it is acquired both by nature and by nurture – (...)
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  24. Can Quantum-Mechanical Description of Physical Reality Be Considered Complete?Albert Einstein, Boris Podolsky & Nathan Rosen - 1935 - Physical Review (47):777-780.
  25.  16
    C-Quasi-Minimal Enumeration Degrees Below C'.Boris Solon - 2006 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 45 (4):505-517.
    This paper is dedicated to the study of properties of the operations ∪ and ∩ in the upper semilattice of the e-degrees as well as in the interval (c,c') e for any e-degree c.
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  26.  1
    Three Conditions of Contemporary Social Philosophy Criticism.Boris Podoroga - 2018 - Russian Journal of Philosophical Sciences 6:135-139.
    In this article we reveal the common conditions of modern social philosphy, which theoretical discourse is subordinated to critical discourse, as distinguished from the canonical I. Kant’s, G. Hegel’s, M. Heidegger’s, M. Sheller’s J.-P. Sartre’s philosophical theories, which are bonded with the development of positivist epistemological, historical, ontological or anthropological presuppositions. We will talk about tree main conditions: 1) decline of theological definition of subject, 2) mechanism of repetition, 3) interdisciplinarity. In the first case, we will discuss transition from subject (...)
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  27. The Social and Economic Roots of Newton's Principia.Boris Hessen - 2009 - In Boris Hessen, Henryk Grossmann, Gideon Freudenthal & Peter McLaughlin (eds.), The Social and Economic Roots of the Scientific Revolution: Texts by Boris Hessen and Henryk Grossmann. Springer.
     
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  28.  5
    Memory and Preparedness in Evaluative Conditioning in a Smell-Taste Paradigm. A Registered Report.Borys Ruszpel & Anne Gast - 2020 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (5):1068-1082.
    We investigate two questions, the relevance of memory for evaluative conditioning effects based on smell-taste pairings, and the potential preparedness of smell-taste combinations for...
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  29.  1
    Maintenance of Datalog Materialisations Revisited.Boris Motik, Yavor Nenov, Robert Piro & Ian Horrocks - 2019 - Artificial Intelligence 269:76-136.
  30.  9
    The Organism as Reality or as Fiction: Buffon and Beyond.Boris Demarest & Charles T. Wolfe - 2016 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 39 (1):3.
    In this paper, we reflect on the connection between the notions of organism and organisation, with a specific interest in how this bears upon the issue of the reality of the organism. We do this by presenting the case of Buffon, who developed complex views about the relation between the notions of “organised” and “organic” matter. We argue that, contrary to what some interpreters have suggested, these notions are not orthogonal in his thought. Also, we argue that Buffon has a (...)
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  31. Counterfactuals and the Analysis of Necessity.Boris Kment - 2006 - Philosophical Perspectives 20 (1):237–302.
  32.  66
    Rationality Versus Emotions: The Case of Tax Ethics and Compliance. [REVIEW]Boris Maciejovsky, Herbert Schwarzenberger & Erich Kirchler - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 109 (3):339-350.
    Businesses that rely heavily on cash transactions have been found to be particularly susceptible to low tax ethics. Recent research indicates that cash is a highly powerful and tempting reward, which elicits a strong emotional response. In this article, we investigate how emotions affect tax ethics in a series of experimental studies. Specifically, we show that affective priming and the ease with which tax information is retrieved moderate tax ethics. We also show that the relative effectiveness of deterrence, such as (...)
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  33. Counterfactuals and Explanation.Boris Kment - 2006 - Mind 115 (458):261-310.
    On the received view, counterfactuals are analysed using the concept of closeness between possible worlds: the counterfactual 'If it had been the case that p, then it would have been the case that q' is true at a world w just in case q is true at all the possible p-worlds closest to w. The degree of closeness between two worlds is usually thought to be determined by weighting different respects of similarity between them. The question I consider in the (...)
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  34. The psychology of suggestion : a research into the subconscious nature of man and society.Boris Sidis - 1898 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 46:440-444.
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  35. Boris Hessen : In Lieu of a Biography.Gideon Freudenthal & Peter McLaughlin - 2009 - In Boris Hessen, Henryk Grossmann, Gideon Freudenthal & Peter McLaughlin (eds.), The Social and Economic Roots of the Scientific Revolution: Texts by Boris Hessen and Henryk Grossmann. Springer.
     
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  36.  56
    What is Logical in First-Order Logic?Boris Čulina - manuscript
    In this article, logical concepts are defined using the internal syntactic and semantic structure of language. For a first-order language, it has been shown that its logical constants are connectives and a certain type of quantifiers for which the universal and existential quantifiers form a functionally complete set of quantifiers. Neither equality nor cardinal quantifiers belong to the logical constants of a first-order language.
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  37. Essence and Modal Knowledge.Boris Kment - 2018 - Synthese 198 (Suppl 8):1957-1979.
    During the last quarter of a century, a number of philosophers have become attracted to the idea that necessity can be analyzed in terms of a hyperintensional notion of essence. One challenge for proponents of this view is to give a plausible explanation of our modal knowledge. The goal of this paper is to develop a strategy for meeting this challenge. My approach rests on an account of modality that I developed in previous work, and which analyzes modal properties in (...)
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  38. The Four Causes.Boris Hennig - 2009 - Journal of Philosophy 106 (3):137-160.
    I will argue that Aristotle’s fourfold division of four causes naturally arises from a combination of two distinctions (a) between things and changes, and (b) between that which potentially is something and what it potentially is. Within this scheme, what is usually called the “efficient cause” is something that potentially is a certain natural change, and the “final cause” is, at least in a basic sense, what the efficient cause potentially is. I will further argue that the essences of things (...)
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  39.  3
    Ukraine’s Quest for Identity: Embracing Cultural Hybridity in Literary Imagination, 1991–2011 by Maria G. Rewakowicz.Olha Maksymchuk - 2019 - Kyiv-Mohyla Humanities Journal 6:231-233.
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  40.  19
    Predicting the Rise of EU Right-Wing Populism in Response to Unbalanced Immigration.Boris Podobnik, Marko Jusup, Dejan Kovac & H. E. Stanley - 2017 - Complexity 2017:1-12.
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  41.  16
    Kant's Theory of Scientific Hypotheses in its Historical Context.Boris Demarest & Hein van den Berg - 2022 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 92:12-19.
    This paper analyzes the historical context and systematic importance of Kant's hypothetical use of reason. It does so by investigating the role of hypotheses in Kant's philosophy of science. We first situate Kant’s account of hypotheses in the context of eighteenth-century German philosophy of science, focusing on the works of Wolff, Meier, and Crusius. We contrast different conceptions of hypotheses of these authors and elucidate the different theories of probability informing them. We then adopt a more systematic perspective to discuss (...)
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  42.  26
    Model Theory of Special Subvarieties and Schanuel-Type Conjectures.Boris Zilber - 2016 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 167 (10):1000-1028.
  43.  11
    Differential Changes in Self-Reported Aspects of Interoceptive Awareness Through 3 Months of Contemplative Training.Boris Bornemann, Beate M. Herbert, Wolf E. Mehling & Tania Singer - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  44.  12
    Boris Uspenskij in English: Bibliography.Taras Boyko - 2017 - Sign Systems Studies 45 (3/4):395-403.
    The bibliography provides a list of Boris Uspenskij’s publications in English, including works written in co-authorship and various reprints/reissues. For the most part, Uspenskij’s publications in English are translations of his books and articles originally written in Russian and previously published in the Soviet Union/Russia. The first English-language publication of his work, the monograph Principles of Structural Typology appeared in 1968; the current bibliography consists of 65 entries from a period spanning from 1968 till today.
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  45.  9
    Beyond Pure Reason: Ferdinand de Saussure's Philosophy of Language and its Early Romantic Antecedents.Boris Gasparov - 2012 - Columbia University Press.
    Advancing a radical new understanding of Saussure, Gasparov reveals aspects of the intellectual's work previously overlooked by both his followers and his postmodern critics.
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  46. An Analysis of the Concept of Inertial Frame.Boris Culina - manuscript
    The concept of inertial frame of reference is analysed. It has been shown that this fundamental concept of physics is not clear enough. A definition of inertial frame of reference is proposed which expresses its key inherent property. The definition is operational and powerful. Many other properties of inertial frames follow from the definition or it makes them plausible. In particular, the definition shows why physical laws obey space and time symmetries and the principle of relativity, it resolves the problem (...)
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  47. BORIS—An Experiment in in-Depth Understanding of Narratives.Wendy G. Lehnert, Michael G. Dyer, Peter N. Johnson, C. J. Yang & Steve Harley - 1983 - Artificial Intelligence 20 (1):15-62.
  48. Haecceitism, Chance, and Counterfactuals.Boris Kment - 2012 - Philosophical Review 121 (4):573-609.
    Antihaecceitists believe that all facts about specific individuals—such as the fact that Fred exists, or that Katie is tall—globally supervene on purely qualitative facts. Haecceitists deny that. The issue is not only of interest in itself, but receives additional importance from its intimate connection to the question of whether all fundamental facts are qualitative or whether they include facts about which specific individuals there are and how qualitative properties and relations are distributed over them. Those who think that all fundamental (...)
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  49.  9
    How Nationalistic Appeals Affect Foreign Luxury Brand Reputation: A Study of Ambivalent Effects.Boris Bartikowski, Fernando Fastoso & Heribert Gierl - 2021 - Journal of Business Ethics 169 (2):261-277.
    Drawing from cognitive learning theories we hypothesize that exposure to nationalistic appeals that suggest consumers should shun foreign brands for moral reasons increases the general belief in consumers that buying foreign brands is morally wrong. In parallel, drawing from the theory of psychological reactance we posit that such appeals may, against their communication goal, increase the reputation of foreign luxury brands. We term the juxtaposition of these apparently contradictory effects the “Ambivalence Hypothesis.” Further, drawing from prior research on source-similarity effects (...)
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  50. The Reality of Absences.Boris Kukso - 2006 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 84 (1):21 – 37.
    In this paper, I make a contribution to a naturalistically-minded theory of truthmakers by proposing a solution to the nasty problem of truthmakers for negative truths. After formulating the difficulty, I consider and reject a number of solutions to the problem, including Armstrong's states of affairs of totality, incompatibility accounts, and JC Beall 's polarity view. I then defend the position that absences of truthmakers are real and are responsible for making negative truths true. According to the positive account of (...)
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