Results for 'Boris Nikolsky'

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  1. Epicurus On Pleasure.Boris Nikolsky - 2001 - Phronesis 46 (4):440-465.
    The paper deals with the question of the attribution to Epicurus of the classification of pleasures into 'kinetic' and 'static'. This classification, usually regarded as authentic, confronts us with a number of problems and contradictions. Besides, it is only mentioned in a few sources that are not the most reliable. Following Gosling and Taylor, I believe that the authenticity of the classification may be called in question. The analysis of the ancient evidence concerning Epicurus' concept of pleasure is made according (...)
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  2.  94
    The social and economic roots of the scientific revolution: texts by Boris Hessen and Henryk Grossmann.Boris Hessen, Henryk Grossmann, Gideon Freudenthal & Peter McLaughlin (eds.) - 2009 - [Dordrecht]: Springer.
    The volume collects classics of Marxist historiography of science, including a new translation of Boris Hessen's “The Social and Economic Roots of Newton's ...
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  3. Modality and Explanatory Reasoning.Boris Christian Kment - 2014 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Boris Kment takes a new approach to the study of modality that emphasises the origin of modal notions in everyday thought. He argues that the concepts of necessity and possibility originate in counterfactual reasoning, which allows us to investigate explanatory connections. Contrary to accepted views, explanation is more fundamental than modality.
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  4.  16
    Constituent Functions Boris Hennig.Boris Hennig - 2013 - In Christer Svennerlind, Jan Almäng & Rögnvaldur Ingthorsson (eds.), Johanssonian Investigations. Essays in Honour of Ingvar Johansson on His Seventieth Birthday. Ontos Verlag. pp. 5--259.
    Starting from the idea that functions are formally similar to actions in that they are described and explained in a similar way, so that both admit of an accordion effect, I turn to Anscombe’s insight that the point of practical reasoning is to render explicit the relation between the different descriptions of an action generated by the accordion effect. The upshot is, roughly, that an item has a function if what it does can be accounted for by functional reasoning. Put (...)
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  5.  20
    Boris Uspenskij and the semiotics of communication: An essay and an interview.Sabrina Mazzali-Lurati & Boris Uspenskij - 2014 - Semiotica 2014 (199):109-124.
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  6.  62
    Mathematics for Preschoolers. Handboook for parents and educators.Boris Culina - manuscript
    In this handbook, I put into practice my philosophical views on children's mathematics. The handbook contains brief instructions and examples of mathematical activities. In the INSTRUCTIONS section, instructions are given on how, and in part why that way, to help preschool children in their mathematical development. In the ACTIVITIES section, there are examples of activities through which the child develops her mathematical abilities.
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  7. A Theory of Epistemic Risk.Boris Babic - 2019 - Philosophy of Science 86 (3):522-550.
    I propose a general alethic theory of epistemic risk according to which the riskiness of an agent’s credence function encodes her relative sensitivity to different types of graded error. After motivating and mathematically developing this approach, I show that the epistemic risk function is a scaled reflection of expected inaccuracy. This duality between risk and information enables us to explore the relationship between attitudes to epistemic risk, the choice of scoring rules in epistemic utility theory, and the selection of priors (...)
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  8.  26
    Review of Boris I. Bittker: The Case for Black Reparations[REVIEW]Boris I. Bittker - 1974 - Ethics 84 (2):180-184.
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  9.  33
    Algorithmic fairness and resentment.Boris Babic & Zoë Johnson King - forthcoming - Philosophical Studies:1-33.
    In this paper we develop a general theory of algorithmic fairness. Drawing on Johnson King and Babic’s work on moral encroachment, on Gary Becker’s work on labor market discrimination, and on Strawson’s idea of resentment and indignation as responses to violations of the demand for goodwill toward oneself and others, we locate attitudes to fairness in an agent’s utility function. In particular, we first argue that fairness is a matter of a decision-maker’s relative concern for the plight of people from (...)
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  10.  19
    The (Co)Evolution of Language and Music Under Human Self-Domestication.Antonio Benítez-Burraco & Aleksey Nikolsky - 2023 - Human Nature 34 (2):229-275.
    Together with language, music is perhaps the most distinctive behavioral trait of the human species. Different hypotheses have been proposed to explain why only humans perform music and how this ability might have evolved in our species. In this paper, we advance a new model of music evolution that builds on the self-domestication view of human evolution, according to which the human phenotype is, at least in part, the outcome of a process similar to domestication in other mammals, triggered by (...)
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  11. Algorithms on Regulatory Lockdown in Medicine.Boris Babic, Sara Gerke, Theodoros Evgeniou & I. Glenn Cohen - 2019 - Science 6470 (366):1202-1204.
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  12.  39
    Evolution of tonal organization in music mirrors symbolic representation of perceptual reality. Part-1: Prehistoric.Aleksey Nikolsky - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  13. Tezisy dokladov nauchnoĭ konferent︠s︡ii aspirantov i soiskateleĭ: novye atribut︠s︡ii, otkrytii︠a︡, nakhodki.Boris Viktorovich Sapunov (ed.) - 1994 - Sankt-Peterburg: Gos. Ėrmitazh.
     
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  14.  3
    Problèmes de la musique moderne.Boris Fedorovich Schloezer & Marina Scriabine - 1959 - Paris: Éditions de Minuit. Edited by Marina Scriabine.
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  15.  7
    Evolution of Tonal Organization in Music Optimizes Neural Mechanisms in Symbolic Encoding of Perceptual Reality. Part-2: Ancient to Seventeenth Century.Aleksey Nikolsky - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  16.  2
    The Overlooked Tradition of “Personal Music” and Its Place in the Evolution of Music.Aleksey Nikolsky, Eduard Alekseyev, Ivan Alekseev & Varvara Dyakonova - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 10:469843.
    This is an attempt to describe and explain so-called timbre-based music as a special system of musicking, communication, and psychological and social usage, which along with its corresponding beliefs constitutes a viable alternative to “frequency-based” music. Unfortunately, the current scientific research into music has been skewed almost entirely in favor of the frequency-based music prevalent in the West. Subsequently, whenever samples of timbre-based music attract the attention of Western researchers, these are usually interpreted as “defective” implementations of frequency-based music. The (...)
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  17. What is mathematics for the youngest?Boris Culina - 2022 - Uzdanica 19 (special issue):199-219.
    While there are satisfactory answers to the question “How should we teach children mathematics?”, there are no satisfactory answers to the question “What mathematics should we teach children?”. This paper provides an answer to the last question for preschool children (early childhood), although the answer is also applicable to older children. This answer, together with an appropriate methodology on how to teach mathematics, gives a clear conception of the place of mathematics in the children’s world and our role in helping (...)
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  18. Mathematics - an imagined tool for rational cognition.Boris Culina - manuscript
    Analysing several characteristic mathematical models: natural and real numbers, Euclidean geometry, group theory, and set theory, I argue that a mathematical model in its final form is a junction of a set of axioms and an internal partial interpretation of the corresponding language. It follows from the analysis that (i) mathematical objects do not exist in the external world: they are our internally imagined objects, some of which, at least approximately, we can realize or represent; (ii) mathematical truths are not (...)
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  19. Ecos.Boris Eduardo Terán Castro - 2007 - In M. Munévar & Dora Inés (eds.), Artes Viv(Id)As: Despliegues En la Vida Cotidiana. Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Dirección de Investigación.
     
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  20.  11
    The Pastoral Origin of Semiotically Functional Tonal Organization of Music.Aleksey Nikolsky - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    This paper presents a new line of inquiry into when and how music as a semiotic system was born. Ten principal expressive aspects of music retain specific structural patterns to signify a certain affective state, which distinguishes the tonal organization of music from the phonetic and prosodic organization of natural languages. Therefore, the question of music’s origin can be answered by establishing the point in human history, at which expressive aspects might have been abstracted from the instinct-driven primate calls and (...)
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  21. Normativity, Epistemic Rationality, and Noisy Statistical Evidence.Boris Babic, Anil Gaba, Ilia Tsetlin & Robert Winkler - forthcoming - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.
    Many philosophers have argued that statistical evidence regarding group char- acteristics (particularly stereotypical ones) can create normative conflicts between the requirements of epistemic rationality and our moral obligations to each other. In a recent paper, Johnson-King and Babic argue that such conflicts can usually be avoided: what ordinary morality requires, they argue, epistemic rationality permits. In this paper, we show that as data gets large, Johnson-King and Babic’s approach becomes less plausible. More constructively, we build on their project and develop (...)
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  22. Approximate Coherentism and Luck.Boris Babic - 2021 - Philosophy of Science 88 (4):707-725.
    Approximate coherentism suggests that imperfectly rational agents should hold approximately coherent credences. This norm is intended as a generalization of ordinary coherence. I argue that it may be unable to play this role by considering its application under learning experiences. While it is unclear how imperfect agents should revise their beliefs, I suggest a plausible route is through Bayesian updating. However, Bayesian updating can take an incoherent agent from relatively more coherent credences to relatively less coherent credences, depending on the (...)
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  23.  5
    Maintenance of datalog materialisations revisited.Boris Motik, Yavor Nenov, Robert Piro & Ian Horrocks - 2019 - Artificial Intelligence 269 (C):76-136.
  24.  7
    Commentary: The ‘Musilanguage’ Model of Language Evolution.Aleksey Nikolsky - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  25.  5
    Metaphysik des Leidens: das Leiden und seine Stellung im Ganzen der Wirklichkeit.Boris Wandruszka - 2019 - Freiburg: Verlag Karl Alber.
    Im 2009 erschienenen Buch "Philosophie des Leidens" versucht Boris Wandruszka, jene immanente Lebensstruktur und Lebensdynamik aufzudecken, die zu den einfachsten und fundamentalen Strukturmomenten des Leidens vorstosst; diese erste "Wissenschaft vom Leiden" transzendierte daher nicht die Grenzen der Anschaubarkeit, sondern verblieb in der "Immanenz des 'inneren Lebens' bzw. des Erlebens". Im aktuellen Buch "Metaphysik des Leidens" werden die "realen Bedingungen der Moglichkeit von Leiden" ermittelt: Wie muss eine Welt beschaffen sein, damit darin ein leidendes Wesen erscheinen konne? Welche Rolle hat (...)
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  26.  30
    Inefficacy Interim Monitoring Procedures in Randomized Clinical Trials: The Need to Report.Boris Freidlin & Edward L. Korn - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (3):2-10.
    If definitive evidence concerning treatment effectiveness becomes available from an ongoing randomized clinical trial, then the trial could be stopped early, with the public release of results benefiting current and future patients. However, stopping an ongoing trial based on accruing outcome data requires methodological rigor to preserve validity of the trial conclusions. This has led to the use of formal interim monitoring procedures, which include inefficacy monitoring that will stop a trial early when the experimental treatment appears not to be (...)
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  27. The Language Essence of Rational Cognition with some Philosophical Consequences.Boris Culina - 2021 - Tesis (Lima) 14 (19):631-656.
    The essential role of language in rational cognition is analysed. The approach is functional: only the results of the connection between language, reality, and thinking are considered. Scientific language is analysed as an extension and improvement of everyday language. The analysis gives a uniform view of language and rational cognition. The consequences for the nature of ontology, truth, logic, thinking, scientific theories, and mathematics are derived.
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  28.  11
    Which cognitive tools do we prefer to use, and is that preference rational?Boris Alexandre, Jordan Navarro, Emanuelle Reynaud & François Osiurak - 2019 - Cognition 186:108-114.
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  29. Gen- und Zelltherapie 2.023 – Forschung, klinische Anwendung und Gesellschaft.Boris Fehse, Hannah Schickl, Sina Bartfels & Martin Zenke (eds.) - forthcoming - Springer.
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  30.  10
    Knowledge, activity and ethical judgment.Boris Yudin - 2003 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 81 (1):255-260.
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  31.  22
    The Ethics of Science as a form of the Cognition of Science.Boris G. Yudin - 1989 - In Jens Erik Fenstad, Ivan Timofeevich Frolov & Risto Hilpinen (eds.), Logic, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science Viii: Proceedings of the Eighth International Congress of Logic, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science, Moscow, 1987. Sole Distributors for the U.S.A. And Canada, Elsevier Science.
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  32. Istoki iskusstva: (Problema razvitii︠a︡ izobrazit. dei︠a︡telʹnosti v khudozhestvennui︠u︡).Boris I︠A︡kovlevich Zambrovskiĭ - 1976 - Voronezh: Izd-vo Voronezh. un-ta.
     
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  33. Kant's Theory of Scientific Hypotheses in its Historical Context.Boris Demarest & Hein van den Berg - 2022 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 92:12-19.
    This paper analyzes the historical context and systematic importance of Kant's hypothetical use of reason. It does so by investigating the role of hypotheses in Kant's philosophy of science. We first situate Kant’s account of hypotheses in the context of eighteenth-century German philosophy of science, focusing on the works of Wolff, Meier, and Crusius. We contrast different conceptions of hypotheses of these authors and elucidate the different theories of probability informing them. We then adopt a more systematic perspective to discuss (...)
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  34. The psychology of suggestion : a research into the subconscious nature of man and society.Boris Sidis - 1898 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 46:440-444.
     
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  35. Vzbiraetsi︠a︡ razum.Boris Nikolaevich Agapov - 1972 - Moskva,: "Sov. Rossii︠a︡,".
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  36. Problemy prognozirovanii︠a︡ i upravlenii︠a︡ nauchno-tekhnicheskim progressom.Boris Vladimirovich Akhlibininskii - 1974 - Lenizdat.
  37.  89
    Modality and Explanatory Reasoning By Boris Kment.Boris Kment - 2017 - Analysis 77 (1):129–133.
    The aim of Modality and Explanatory Reasoning (MER) is to shed light on metaphysical necessity and the broader class of modal properties to which it belongs. This topic is approached with two goals: to develop a new and reductive analysis of modality, and to understand the purpose and origin of modal thought. I argue that a proper understanding of modality requires us to reconceptualize its relationship to causation and other forms of explanation such as grounding, a relation that connects metaphysically (...)
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  38. The social and economic roots of Newton's Principia.Boris Hessen - 2009 - In Boris Hessen, Henryk Grossmann, Gideon Freudenthal & Peter McLaughlin (eds.), The Social and Economic Roots of the Scientific Revolution: Texts by Boris Hessen and Henryk Grossmann. Springer.
     
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  39.  16
    | ˜ -Divisibility of ultrafilters.Boris Šobot - 2021 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 172 (1):102857.
    We further investigate a divisibility relation on the set of BN ultrafilters on the set of natural numbers. We single out prime ultrafilters (divisible only by 1 and themselves) and establish a hierarchy in which a position of every ultrafilter depends on the set of prime ultrafilters it is divisible by. We also construct ultrafilters with many immediate successors in this hierarchy and find positions of products of ultrafilters.
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  40.  23
    Differential changes in self-reported aspects of interoceptive awareness through 3 months of contemplative training.Boris Bornemann, Beate M. Herbert, Wolf E. Mehling & Tania Singer - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  41.  28
    Moral Encroachment under Moral Uncertainty.Boris Babic & Zoë Johnson King - 2023 - Philosophers' Imprint 23.
    This paper discusses a novel problem at the intersection of ethics and epistemology: there can be cases in which moral considerations seem to "encroach'' upon belief from multiple directions at once, and possibly to varying degrees, thereby leaving their overall effect on belief unclear. We introduce these cases -- cases of moral encroachment under moral uncertainty -- and show that they pose a problem for all predominant accounts of moral encroachment. We then address the problem, by developing a modular Bayesian (...)
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  42.  14
    How Nationalistic Appeals Affect Foreign Luxury Brand Reputation: A Study of Ambivalent Effects.Boris Bartikowski, Fernando Fastoso & Heribert Gierl - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 169 (2):261-277.
    Drawing from cognitive learning theories we hypothesize that exposure to nationalistic appeals that suggest consumers should shun foreign brands for moral reasons increases the general belief in consumers that buying foreign brands is morally wrong. In parallel, drawing from the theory of psychological reactance we posit that such appeals may, against their communication goal, increase the reputation of foreign luxury brands. We term the juxtaposition of these apparently contradictory effects the “Ambivalence Hypothesis.” Further, drawing from prior research on source-similarity effects (...)
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  43. Teoriia I Ee Ob"Ekt".Boris Semenovich Griaznov, Dynin & Evgenii Petrovich Nikitin - 1973 - Nauka. Edited by B. S. Dynin & Evgeniĭ Petrovich[From Old Catalog] Nikitin.
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  44. Ne vybiraĭ legkikh puteĭ v zhizni.Boris Vasilʹevich Moiseev - 1962
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  45. Vrach, bolʹnye i zdorovye.Boris Dmitrievich Petrov - 1972
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  46. Istorii︠a︡ i psikhologii︠a︡.Boris Fedorovich Porshnev (ed.) - 1971 - Moskva,: "Nauka,".
     
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  47.  6
    Peacetime uses of atomic energy.Boris Pregel - 1947 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 14 (1):27-44.
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  48. Globalization as a holistic process : philosophical and methodological aspects.Boris I. Pruzhinin & Tatiana G. Shchedrina - 2022 - In Alexander N. Chumakov, Alyssa DeBlasio & Ilya V. Ilyin (eds.), Philosophical Aspects of Globalization: A Multidisciplinary Inquiry. Brill.
     
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  49. Zakon edinstva i borʹby protivopolozhnosteĭ.Boris Ivanovich Vostokov - 1975
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  50. An analysis of the concept of inertial frame in classical physics and special theory of relativity.Boris Čulina - 2022 - Science and Philosophy 10 (2):41-66.
    The concept of inertial frame of reference in classical physics and special theory of relativity is analysed. It has been shown that this fundamental concept of physics is not clear enough. A definition of inertial frame of reference is proposed which expresses its key inherent property. The definition is operational and powerful. Many other properties of inertial frames follow from the definition, or it makes them plausible. In particular, the definition shows why physical laws obey space and time symmetries and (...)
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