Results for 'Boris Bizumic'

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  1. Reasons for Facebook Usage: Data From 46 Countries.Marta Kowal, Piotr Sorokowski, Agnieszka Sorokowska, Małgorzata Dobrowolska, Katarzyna Pisanski, Anna Oleszkiewicz, Grace Akello, Charlotte Alm, Afifa Anjum, Kelly Asao, Boris Bizumic, Mahmoud Boussena, David M. Buss, Marina Butovskaya, Seda Can, Katarzyna Cantarero, Hakan Cetinkaya, Marco A. C. Varella, Rosa M. Cueto, Marcin Czub, Seda Dural, Ignacio Estevan, Carla S. Esteves, Jorge Contreras-Graduño, Ivana Hromatko, Chin-Ming Hui, Feng Jiang, Konstantinos Kafetsios, András Láng, Torun Lindholm, Giulia Lopez, Mohammad Madallh Alhabahba, Rocío Martínez, Norbert Meskó, Conal Monaghan, Bojan Musil, Jean C. Natividade, Elisabeth Oberzaucher, Mohd S. Omar Fauzee, Baris Özener, Ariela F. Pagani, Miriam Parise, Farid Pazhoohi, Mariia Perun, Nejc Plohl, Camelia Popa, Pavol Prokop, Muhammad Rizwan, Mario Sainz, Christin-Melanie Vauclair & Stanislava Yordanova Stoyanova - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11:505966.
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  2.  11
    Metaphysik des Leidens: das Leiden und seine Stellung im Ganzen der Wirklichkeit.Boris Wandruszka - 2019 - Freiburg: Verlag Karl Alber.
    Im 2009 erschienenen Buch "Philosophie des Leidens" versucht Boris Wandruszka, jene immanente Lebensstruktur und Lebensdynamik aufzudecken, die zu den einfachsten und fundamentalen Strukturmomenten des Leidens vorstosst; diese erste "Wissenschaft vom Leiden" transzendierte daher nicht die Grenzen der Anschaubarkeit, sondern verblieb in der "Immanenz des 'inneren Lebens' bzw. des Erlebens". Im aktuellen Buch "Metaphysik des Leidens" werden die "realen Bedingungen der Moglichkeit von Leiden" ermittelt: Wie muss eine Welt beschaffen sein, damit darin ein leidendes Wesen erscheinen konne? Welche Rolle hat (...)
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  3. Mathematics for Preschoolers. Handboook for parents and educators.Boris Culina - manuscript
    In this handbook, I put into practice my philosophical views on children's mathematics. The handbook contains brief instructions and examples of mathematical activities. In the INSTRUCTIONS section, instructions are given on how, and in part why that way, to help preschool children in their mathematical development. In the ACTIVITIES section, there are examples of activities through which the child develops her mathematical abilities.
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  4. Modality and Explanatory Reasoning.Boris Christian Kment - 2014 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Boris Kment takes a new approach to the study of modality that emphasises the origin of modal notions in everyday thought. He argues that the concepts of necessity and possibility originate in counterfactual reasoning, which allows us to investigate explanatory connections. Contrary to accepted views, explanation is more fundamental than modality.
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  5.  9
    Maintenance of datalog materialisations revisited.Boris Motik, Yavor Nenov, Robert Piro & Ian Horrocks - 2019 - Artificial Intelligence 269 (C):76-136.
  6. Kant's Theory of Scientific Hypotheses in its Historical Context.Boris Demarest & Hein van den Berg - 2022 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 92:12-19.
    This paper analyzes the historical context and systematic importance of Kant's hypothetical use of reason. It does so by investigating the role of hypotheses in Kant's philosophy of science. We first situate Kant’s account of hypotheses in the context of eighteenth-century German philosophy of science, focusing on the works of Wolff, Meier, and Crusius. We contrast different conceptions of hypotheses of these authors and elucidate the different theories of probability informing them. We then adopt a more systematic perspective to discuss (...)
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  7. A Theory of Epistemic Risk.Boris Babic - 2019 - Philosophy of Science 86 (3):522-550.
    I propose a general alethic theory of epistemic risk according to which the riskiness of an agent’s credence function encodes her relative sensitivity to different types of graded error. After motivating and mathematically developing this approach, I show that the epistemic risk function is a scaled reflection of expected inaccuracy. This duality between risk and information enables us to explore the relationship between attitudes to epistemic risk, the choice of scoring rules in epistemic utility theory, and the selection of priors (...)
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  8.  26
    | ˜ -Divisibility of ultrafilters.Boris Šobot - 2021 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 172 (1):102857.
    We further investigate a divisibility relation on the set of BN ultrafilters on the set of natural numbers. We single out prime ultrafilters (divisible only by 1 and themselves) and establish a hierarchy in which a position of every ultrafilter depends on the set of prime ultrafilters it is divisible by. We also construct ultrafilters with many immediate successors in this hierarchy and find positions of products of ultrafilters.
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  9.  5
    Vor- und Selbstzeitigung als Versuch der Vermenschlichung in der Phänomenologie Husserls.Boris Abba - 1971 - Freiburg i. Br.,: A. Hain.
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  10. Vzbiraetsi︠a︡ razum.Boris Nikolaevich Agapov - 1972 - Moskva,: "Sov. Rossii︠a︡,".
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  11. Problemy prognozirovanii︠a︡ i upravlenii︠a︡ nauchno-tekhnicheskim progressom.Boris Vladimirovich Akhlibininskii - 1974 - Lenizdat.
  12. Mathematics - an imagined tool for rational cognition.Boris Culina - manuscript
    Analysing several characteristic mathematical models: natural and real numbers, Euclidean geometry, group theory, and set theory, I argue that a mathematical model in its final form is a junction of a set of axioms and an internal partial interpretation of the corresponding language. It follows from the analysis that (i) mathematical objects do not exist in the external world: they are our internally imagined objects, some of which, at least approximately, we can realize or represent; (ii) mathematical truths are not (...)
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  13. What is mathematics for the youngest?Boris Culina - 2022 - Uzdanica 19 (special issue):199-219.
    While there are satisfactory answers to the question “How should we teach children mathematics?”, there are no satisfactory answers to the question “What mathematics should we teach children?”. This paper provides an answer to the last question for preschool children (early childhood), although the answer is also applicable to older children. This answer, together with an appropriate methodology on how to teach mathematics, gives a clear conception of the place of mathematics in the children’s world and our role in helping (...)
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  14.  17
    More about divisibility in βN.Boris Šobot - 2021 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 67 (1):77-87.
    We continue the research of an extension of the divisibility relation to the Stone‐Čech compactification. First we prove that ultrafilters we call prime actually possess the algebraic property of primality. Several questions concerning the connection between divisibilities in and nonstandard extensions of are answered, providing a few more equivalent conditions for divisibility in. Results on uncountable chains in are proved and used in a construction of a well‐ordered chain of maximal cardinality. Probably the most interesting result is the existence of (...)
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  15.  67
    Pseudo-exponentiation on algebraically closed fields of characteristic zero.Boris Zilber - 2005 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 132 (1):67-95.
    We construct and study structures imitating the field of complex numbers with exponentiation. We give a natural, albeit non first-order, axiomatisation for the corresponding class of structures and prove that the class has a unique model in every uncountable cardinality. This gives grounds to conjecture that the unique model of cardinality continuum is isomorphic to the field of complex numbers with exponentiation.
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  16.  49
    Algorithmic fairness and resentment.Boris Babic & Zoë Johnson King - forthcoming - Philosophical Studies:1-33.
    In this paper we develop a general theory of algorithmic fairness. Drawing on Johnson King and Babic’s work on moral encroachment, on Gary Becker’s work on labor market discrimination, and on Strawson’s idea of resentment and indignation as responses to violations of the demand for goodwill toward oneself and others, we locate attitudes to fairness in an agent’s utility function. In particular, we first argue that fairness is a matter of a decision-maker’s relative concern for the plight of people from (...)
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  17.  11
    Multiplicative finite embeddability vs divisibility of ultrafilters.Boris Šobot - 2022 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 61 (3):535-553.
    We continue the exploration of various aspects of divisibility of ultrafilters, adding one more relation to the picture: multiplicative finite embeddability. We show that it lies between divisibility relations \ and \. The set of its minimal elements proves to be very rich, and the \-hierarchy is used to get a better intuition of this richness. We find the place of the set of \-maximal ultrafilters among some known families of ultrafilters. Finally, we introduce new notions of largeness of subsets (...)
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  18. The Language Essence of Rational Cognition with some Philosophical Consequences.Boris Culina - 2021 - Tesis (Lima) 14 (19):631-656.
    The essential role of language in rational cognition is analysed. The approach is functional: only the results of the connection between language, reality, and thinking are considered. Scientific language is analysed as an extension and improvement of everyday language. The analysis gives a uniform view of language and rational cognition. The consequences for the nature of ontology, truth, logic, thinking, scientific theories, and mathematics are derived.
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  19.  8
    Opera del Cuerpo. Un campo de creación acontecido desde el caos.Boris Alvarado - 2017 - Revista de Filosofia Aurora 29 (46):199.
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  20.  27
    The organism as reality or as fiction: Buffon and beyond.Boris Demarest & Charles T. Wolfe - 2016 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 39 (1):3.
    In this paper, we reflect on the connection between the notions of organism and organisation, with a specific interest in how this bears upon the issue of the reality of the organism. We do this by presenting the case of Buffon, who developed complex views about the relation between the notions of “organised” and “organic” matter. We argue that, contrary to what some interpreters have suggested, these notions are not orthogonal in his thought. Also, we argue that Buffon has a (...)
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  21. What is Logical in First-Order Logic?Boris Čulina - manuscript
    In this article, logical concepts are defined using the internal syntactic and semantic structure of language. For a first-order language, it has been shown that its logical constants are connectives and a certain type of quantifiers for which the universal and existential quantifiers form a functionally complete set of quantifiers. Neither equality nor cardinal quantifiers belong to the logical constants of a first-order language.
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  22.  4
    Representing ontologies using description logics, description graphs, and rules.Boris Motik, Bernardo Cuenca Grau, Ian Horrocks & Ulrike Sattler - 2009 - Artificial Intelligence 173 (14):1275-1309.
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  23. Algorithms on Regulatory Lockdown in Medicine.Boris Babic, Sara Gerke, Theodoros Evgeniou & I. Glenn Cohen - 2019 - Science 6470 (366):1202-1204.
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  24.  8
    Congruence of ultrafilters.Boris Šobot - 2021 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 86 (2):746-761.
    We continue the research of the relation $\hspace {1mm}\widetilde {\mid }\hspace {1mm}$ on the set $\beta \mathbb {N}$ of ultrafilters on $\mathbb {N}$, defined as an extension of the divisibility relation. It is a quasiorder, so we see it as an order on the set of $=_{\sim }$ -equivalence classes, where $\mathcal {F}=_{\sim }\mathcal {G}$ means that $\mathcal {F}$ and $\mathcal {G}$ are mutually $\hspace {1mm}\widetilde {\mid }$ -divisible. Here we introduce a new tool: a relation of congruence modulo an (...)
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  25.  35
    Inefficacy Interim Monitoring Procedures in Randomized Clinical Trials: The Need to Report.Boris Freidlin & Edward L. Korn - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (3):2-10.
    If definitive evidence concerning treatment effectiveness becomes available from an ongoing randomized clinical trial, then the trial could be stopped early, with the public release of results benefiting current and future patients. However, stopping an ongoing trial based on accruing outcome data requires methodological rigor to preserve validity of the trial conclusions. This has led to the use of formal interim monitoring procedures, which include inefficacy monitoring that will stop a trial early when the experimental treatment appears not to be (...)
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  26.  35
    Kant’s epigenesis: specificity and developmental constraints.Boris Demarest - 2016 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 39 (1):3.
    In this paper, I argue that Kant adopted, throughout his career, a position that is much more akin to classical accounts of epigenesis, although he does reject the more radical forms of epigenesis proposed in his own time, and does make use of preformationist sounding terms. I argue that this is because Kant thinks of what is pre-formed as a species, not an individual or a part of an individual; has no qualm with the idea of a specific, teleological principle (...)
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  27. The psychology of suggestion : a research into the subconscious nature of man and society.Boris Sidis - 1898 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 46:440-444.
     
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  28. Decision, causality, and predetermination.Boris Kment - 2023 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 107 (3):638-670.
    Evidential decision theory (EDT) says that the choiceworthiness of an option depends on its evidential connections to possible outcomes. Causal decision theory (CDT) holds that it depends on your beliefs about its causal connections. While Newcomb cases support CDT, Arif Ahmed has described examples that support EDT. A new account is needed to get all cases right. I argue that an option A's choiceworthiness is determined by the probability that a good outcome ensues at possible A‐worlds that match actuality in (...)
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  29.  5
    Entre Marx y Zuleta: Pausa, Crisis y Revolución.Boris Salazar - 2011 - Praxis Filosófica 31:45-60.
    Este ensayo intenta mostrar las posibilidades analíticas del concepto de pausa sugerido por Estanislao Zuleta, a partir de su lectura del capítulo 1 de El Capital de Marx. Enlazándolo con desarrollos recientes de Kojin Karatani y Slavoj Zizek, muestra que el concepto de pausa –equivalente al de brecha o salto mortal de los dos últimos– introduce la emergencia de muchos mundos posibles en la metamorfosis de las mercancías en dinero, estableciendo la posibilidad permanente de la crisis. En consecuencia, ni las (...)
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  30. Tezisy dokladov nauchnoĭ konferent︠s︡ii aspirantov i soiskateleĭ: novye atribut︠s︡ii, otkrytii︠a︡, nakhodki.Boris Viktorovich Sapunov (ed.) - 1994 - Sankt-Peterburg: Gos. Ėrmitazh.
     
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  31.  19
    Crítica ideológica e Dostoiévski.Boris Schnaiderman - 1974 - Trans/Form/Ação 1:105-116.
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  32.  16
    Memory and preparedness in evaluative conditioning in a smell-taste paradigm. A registered report.Borys Ruszpel & Anne Gast - 2020 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (5):1068-1082.
    We investigate two questions, the relevance of memory for evaluative conditioning effects based on smell-taste pairings, and the potential preparedness of smell-taste combinations for...
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  33.  38
    A New Perspective on the Multidimensionality of Divergent Thinking Tasks.Boris Forthmann, Paul-Christian Bürkner, Carsten Szardenings, Mathias Benedek & Heinz Holling - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  34.  29
    Predicting the Rise of EU Right-Wing Populism in Response to Unbalanced Immigration.Boris Podobnik, Marko Jusup, Dejan Kovac & H. E. Stanley - 2017 - Complexity 2017:1-12.
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  35.  6
    Vrline imperija između kapitala i terora: Virtues of an Empire between Capital and Terror.Boris Gunjević - 2009 - Filozofska Istrazivanja 29 (1):63-74.
    Autorova je namjera da u ovom članku tematizira Augustinovu kritiku rimskih vrlina slijedeći uvide iz njegovog voluminoznog teksta O državi Božjoj. Augustinove uvide i zaključke o praksama Imperija povezat ću s kritikom Hardtovog i Negrijevog tumačenja globalnog neo-republikanskog Imperija. U oba slučaja vrline Imperija kulminiraju u različitim oblicima terora kojima je jedini cilj povećanje kapitala. Promišljajući o kapitalu i teroru kao o imperijalnim, autor će ponuditi teološku kritiku ta dva teksta. Pri kraju članka, autor će pokušati konstruirati stanovitu teo-političku sintezu (...)
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  36.  12
    Which cognitive tools do we prefer to use, and is that preference rational?Boris Alexandre, Jordan Navarro, Emanuelle Reynaud & François Osiurak - 2019 - Cognition 186:108-114.
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  37. O spadkobiercach ideologii rzymskiej.Borys Łapicki - 1962 - Łódź,: Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich we Wrocławiu.
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  38.  10
    Recruiting Minority Research Subjects.Boris M. Astrachan - 1986 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 8 (2):11.
  39. Normativity, Epistemic Rationality, and Noisy Statistical Evidence.Boris Babic, Anil Gaba, Ilia Tsetlin & Robert Winkler - 2024 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 75 (1):153-176.
    Many philosophers have argued that statistical evidence regarding group characteristics (particularly stereotypical ones) can create normative conflicts between the requirements of epistemic rationality and our moral obligations to each other. In a recent article, Johnson-King and Babic argue that such conflicts can usually be avoided: what ordinary morality requires, they argue, epistemic rationality permits. In this article, we show that as data get large, Johnson-King and Babic’s approach becomes less plausible. More constructively, we build on their project and develop a (...)
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  40.  44
    Differential changes in self-reported aspects of interoceptive awareness through 3 months of contemplative training.Boris Bornemann, Beate M. Herbert, Wolf E. Mehling & Tania Singer - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  41.  35
    Rethinking Subpolitics.Boris Holzer & Mads P. Sørensen - 2003 - Theory, Culture and Society 20 (2):79-102.
    Beck uses the term `subpolitics' to refer to forms of politics outside and beyond the representative institutions of the political system of nation-states. From the perspective of the theory of reflexive modernization, the proliferation of subpolitics indicates a weakening of the `iron cage' of bureaucratic, state-oriented politics. We argue that subpolitics does indeed challenge conventional notions of politics. It mobilizes sources of societal influence that transcend the formal political system. In particular, subpolitics correlates with the command over positive or negative (...)
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  42. How to Conquer the Liar and Enthrone the Logical Concept of Truth.Boris Culina - 2023 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 23 (67):1-31.
    This article informally presents a solution to the paradoxes of truth and shows how the solution solves classical paradoxes (such as the original Liar) as well as the paradoxes that were invented as counterarguments for various proposed solutions (“the revenge of the Liar”). This solution complements the classical procedure of determining the truth values of sentences by its own failure and, when the procedure fails, through an appropriate semantic shift allows us to express the failure in a classical two-valued language. (...)
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  43. Counterfactuals and the analysis of necessity.Boris Kment - 2006 - Philosophical Perspectives 20 (1):237–302.
  44.  5
    Excitatory and inhibitory motor mechanisms of temporal preparation.Boris Burle, Christophe Tandonnet & Thierry Hasbroucq - 2010 - In Anna C. Nobre & Jennifer T. Coull (eds.), Attention and Time. Oxford University Press. pp. 244--255.
  45. O smysle poznanii︠a︡.Boris Nikolaevich Burgaev - 1922
     
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  46. Ecos.Boris Eduardo Terán Castro - 2007 - In M. Munévar & Dora Inés (eds.), Artes viv(id)as: despliegues en la vida cotidiana. Bogotá: Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Dirección de Investigación.
     
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  47. Counterfactuals and explanation.Boris Kment - 2006 - Mind 115 (458):261-310.
    On the received view, counterfactuals are analysed using the concept of closeness between possible worlds: the counterfactual 'If it had been the case that p, then it would have been the case that q' is true at a world w just in case q is true at all the possible p-worlds closest to w. The degree of closeness between two worlds is usually thought to be determined by weighting different respects of similarity between them. The question I consider in the (...)
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  48. Approximate Coherentism and Luck.Boris Babic - 2021 - Philosophy of Science 88 (4):707-725.
    Approximate coherentism suggests that imperfectly rational agents should hold approximately coherent credences. This norm is intended as a generalization of ordinary coherence. I argue that it may be unable to play this role by considering its application under learning experiences. While it is unclear how imperfect agents should revise their beliefs, I suggest a plausible route is through Bayesian updating. However, Bayesian updating can take an incoherent agent from relatively more coherent credences to relatively less coherent credences, depending on the (...)
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  49. Early Years Mathematics Education: the Missing Link.Boris Čulina - 2024 - Philosophy of Mathematics Education Journal 35 (41).
    In this article, modern standards of early years mathematics education are criticized and a proposal for change is presented. Today's early years mathematics education standards rest on a view of mathematics that became obsolete already at the end of the 19th century while the spirit of children's mathematics is precisely the spirit of modern mathematics. The proposal for change is not a return to the “new mathematics” movement, but something different.
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  50. The social and economic roots of the scientific revolution: texts by Boris Hessen and Henryk Grossmann.Boris Hessen, Henryk Grossmann, Gideon Freudenthal & Peter McLaughlin (eds.) - 2009 - [Dordrecht]: Springer.
    The volume collects classics of Marxist historiography of science, including a new translation of Boris Hessen's “The Social and Economic Roots of Newton's ...
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