Results for 'Bori Simonovits'

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  1. The Collaborative Economy in Action: European Perspectives.Andrzej Klimczuk, Vida Česnuitytė & Gabriela Avram (eds.) - 2021 - Limerick: University of Limerick.
    The book titled The Collaborative Economy in Action: European Perspectives is one of the important outcomes of the COST Action CA16121, From Sharing to Caring: Examining the Socio-Technical Aspects of the Collaborative Economy that was active between March 2017 and September 2021. The Action was funded by the European Cooperation in Science and Technology - COST. The main objective of the COST Action Sharing and Caring is the development of a European network of researchers and practitioners interested in investigating the (...)
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  2.  11
    Boris Uspenskij and the Semiotics of Communication: An Essay and an Interview.Sabrina Mazzali-Lurati & Boris Uspenskij - 2014 - Semiotica 2014 (199):109-124.
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  3.  75
    The Social and Economic Roots of the Scientific Revolution: Texts by Boris Hessen and Henryk Grossmann.Boris Hessen, Henryk Grossmann, Gideon Freudenthal & Peter McLaughlin (eds.) - 2009 - Springer.
    The volume collects classics of Marxist historiography of science, including a new translation of Boris Hessen's “The Social and Economic Roots of Newton's ...
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  4.  74
    Modality and Explanatory Reasoning By Boris Kment.Boris Kment - forthcoming - Analysis:anw067.
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  5. Modality and Explanatory Reasoning.Boris Kment - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    Boris Kment takes a new approach to the study of modality that emphasises the origin of modal notions in everyday thought. He argues that the concepts of necessity and possibility originate in counterfactual reasoning, which allows us to investigate explanatory connections. Contrary to accepted views, explanation is more fundamental than modality.
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  6.  12
    Constituent Functions Boris Hennig.Boris Hennig - 2013 - In Christer Svennerlind, Jan Almäng & Rögnvaldur Ingthorsson (eds.), Johanssonian Investigations. Essays in Honour of Ingvar Johansson on His Seventieth Birthday. Ontos Verlag. pp. 5--259.
    Starting from the idea that functions are formally similar to actions in that they are described and explained in a similar way, so that both admit of an accordion effect, I turn to Anscombe’s insight that the point of practical reasoning is to render explicit the relation between the different descriptions of an action generated by the accordion effect. The upshot is, roughly, that an item has a function if what it does can be accounted for by functional reasoning. Put (...)
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  7.  4
    Skepticism as a Means of “Indirect Exposition”: Boris Pasternak and Gustav Shpet.Tatiana G. Shchedrina & Boris I. Pruzhinin - 2021 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 58 (4):292-299.
    When we discuss skepticism, we generally mean a certain philosophical movement with a fundamental basis in doubt. At the same time, the history of philosophy gives us another highly productive, met...
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  8. Counterfactuals and the Analysis of Necessity.Boris Kment - 2006 - Philosophical Perspectives 20 (1):237–302.
  9. Counterfactuals and Explanation.Boris Kment - 2006 - Mind 115 (458):261-310.
    On the received view, counterfactuals are analysed using the concept of closeness between possible worlds: the counterfactual 'If it had been the case that p, then it would have been the case that q' is true at a world w just in case q is true at all the possible p-worlds closest to w. The degree of closeness between two worlds is usually thought to be determined by weighting different respects of similarity between them. The question I consider in the (...)
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  10. Invullingen van burgerschap kunnen we zoeken in de politieke theorie of de dagelijkse praktijk van het beleid. Is er daarnaast niet een niche denkbaar waarin nieuwe invu~ lingen van burgerschap voorzichtig uitgroeien? Of een domein waar een burgerschap wordt voorgesteld als radicaal alternatief? Aan Boris van der Ham, acteur en polit~ cus, de vraag of kunstenaars zo'n voorhoede vormen.Boris van der Ham - forthcoming - Idee.
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  11. A Theory of Epistemic Risk.Boris Babic - 2019 - Philosophy of Science 86 (3):522-550.
    I propose a general alethic theory of epistemic risk according to which the riskiness of an agent’s credence function encodes her relative sensitivity to different types of graded error. After motivating and mathematically developing this approach, I show that the epistemic risk function is a scaled reflection of expected inaccuracy. This duality between risk and information enables us to explore the relationship between attitudes to epistemic risk, the choice of scoring rules in epistemic utility theory, and the selection of priors (...)
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  12.  16
    Boris Groys and the Total Art of Stalinism.Yanli He - 2019 - Thesis Eleven 152 (1):38-51.
    This paper’s core concern is Boris Groys’ theory of the total art of Stalinism, which is devoted to rewriting Soviet art history and reinterpreting Socialist Realism from the perspective of the equal rights between political and artistic Art Power. The aim of this article is to decode Groys and the total art of Stalinism, based on answering the following three questions: 1) why did Groys want to rewrite Soviet art history? 2) How did Groys re-narrate Soviet art history? 3) What (...)
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  13. Causation: Determination and Difference-Making.Boris Kment - 2010 - Noûs 44 (1):80-111.
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  14.  82
    Approximate Coherentism and Luck.Boris Babic - 2021 - Philosophy of Science 88 (4):707-725.
    Approximate coherentism suggests that imperfectly rational agents should hold approximately coherent credences. This norm is intended as a generalization of ordinary coherence. I argue that it may be unable to play this role by considering its application under learning experiences. While it is unclear how imperfect agents should revise their beliefs, I suggest a plausible route is through Bayesian updating. However, Bayesian updating can take an incoherent agent from relatively more coherent credences to relatively less coherent credences, depending on the (...)
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  15.  61
    Free Will and Ultimate Explanation.Boris Kment - 2017 - Philosophical Issues 27 (1):114-130.
  16. The Social and Economic Roots of Newton's Principia.Boris Hessen - 2009 - In Boris Hessen, Henryk Grossmann, Gideon Freudenthal & Peter McLaughlin (eds.), The Social and Economic Roots of the Scientific Revolution: Texts by Boris Hessen and Henryk Grossmann. Springer.
     
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  17.  42
    Pseudo-Exponentiation on Algebraically Closed Fields of Characteristic Zero.Boris Zilber - 2005 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 132 (1):67-95.
    We construct and study structures imitating the field of complex numbers with exponentiation. We give a natural, albeit non first-order, axiomatisation for the corresponding class of structures and prove that the class has a unique model in every uncountable cardinality. This gives grounds to conjecture that the unique model of cardinality continuum is isomorphic to the field of complex numbers with exponentiation.
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  18.  9
    The Organism as Reality or as Fiction: Buffon and Beyond.Boris Demarest & Charles T. Wolfe - 2016 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 39 (1):3.
    In this paper, we reflect on the connection between the notions of organism and organisation, with a specific interest in how this bears upon the issue of the reality of the organism. We do this by presenting the case of Buffon, who developed complex views about the relation between the notions of “organised” and “organic” matter. We argue that, contrary to what some interpreters have suggested, these notions are not orthogonal in his thought. Also, we argue that Buffon has a (...)
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  19.  18
    Human Consciousness: Where Is It From and What Is It For.Boris Kotchoubey - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  20. Algorithms on Regulatory Lockdown in Medicine.Boris Babic, Sara Gerke, Theodoros Evgeniou & I. Glenn Cohen - 2019 - Science 6470 (366):1202-1204.
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  21. Can Quantum-Mechanical Description of Physical Reality Be Considered Complete?Albert Einstein, Boris Podolsky & Nathan Rosen - 1935 - Physical Review (47):777-780.
  22.  11
    Differential Changes in Self-Reported Aspects of Interoceptive Awareness Through 3 Months of Contemplative Training.Boris Bornemann, Beate M. Herbert, Wolf E. Mehling & Tania Singer - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  23.  19
    Predicting the Rise of EU Right-Wing Populism in Response to Unbalanced Immigration.Boris Podobnik, Marko Jusup, Dejan Kovac & H. E. Stanley - 2017 - Complexity 2017:1-12.
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  24.  30
    Replies to Sullivan and Lange.Boris Kment - 2015 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 91 (2):516-539.
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  25.  4
    Memory and Preparedness in Evaluative Conditioning in a Smell-Taste Paradigm. A Registered Report.Borys Ruszpel & Anne Gast - 2020 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (5):1068-1082.
    We investigate two questions, the relevance of memory for evaluative conditioning effects based on smell-taste pairings, and the potential preparedness of smell-taste combinations for...
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  26.  23
    Inefficacy Interim Monitoring Procedures in Randomized Clinical Trials: The Need to Report.Boris Freidlin & Edward L. Korn - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (3):2-10.
    If definitive evidence concerning treatment effectiveness becomes available from an ongoing randomized clinical trial, then the trial could be stopped early, with the public release of results benefiting current and future patients. However, stopping an ongoing trial based on accruing outcome data requires methodological rigor to preserve validity of the trial conclusions. This has led to the use of formal interim monitoring procedures, which include inefficacy monitoring that will stop a trial early when the experimental treatment appears not to be (...)
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  27. An Analysis of the Concept of Inertial Frame.Boris Culina - manuscript
    The concept of inertial frame of reference is analysed. It has been shown that this fundamental concept of physics is not clear enough. A definition of inertial frame of reference is proposed which expresses its key inherent property. The definition is operational and powerful. Many other properties of inertial frames follow from the definition or it makes them plausible. In particular, the definition shows why physical laws obey space and time symmetries and the principle of relativity, it resolves the problem (...)
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  28.  66
    Rationality Versus Emotions: The Case of Tax Ethics and Compliance. [REVIEW]Boris Maciejovsky, Herbert Schwarzenberger & Erich Kirchler - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 109 (3):339-350.
    Businesses that rely heavily on cash transactions have been found to be particularly susceptible to low tax ethics. Recent research indicates that cash is a highly powerful and tempting reward, which elicits a strong emotional response. In this article, we investigate how emotions affect tax ethics in a series of experimental studies. Specifically, we show that affective priming and the ease with which tax information is retrieved moderate tax ethics. We also show that the relative effectiveness of deterrence, such as (...)
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  29. The psychology of suggestion : a research into the subconscious nature of man and society.Boris Sidis - 1898 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 46:440-444.
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  30. Essence and Modal Knowledge.Boris Kment - 2018 - Synthese 198 (Suppl 8):1957-1979.
    During the last quarter of a century, a number of philosophers have become attracted to the idea that necessity can be analyzed in terms of a hyperintensional notion of essence. One challenge for proponents of this view is to give a plausible explanation of our modal knowledge. The goal of this paper is to develop a strategy for meeting this challenge. My approach rests on an account of modality that I developed in previous work, and which analyzes modal properties in (...)
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  31.  26
    Science, Conscience, Consciousness.Boris Hennig - 2010 - History of the Human Sciences 23 (3):15-28.
    Descartes’ metaphysics lays the foundation for the special sciences, and the notion of consciousness (conscientia) belongs to metaphysics rather than to psychology. I argue that as a metaphysical notion, ‘consciousness’ refers to an epistemic version of moral conscience. As a consequence, the activity on which science is based turns out to be conscientious thought. The consciousness that makes science possible is a double awareness: the awareness of what one is thinking, of what one should be doing, and of the possibility (...)
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  32.  21
    Semiotics and Culture: The Perception of Time as a Semiotic Problem.Boris Uspenskij - 2017 - Sign Systems Studies 45 (3/4):230-248.
    The perception of time is culturally conditioned which means that in different cultures time may be experienced – perceived, conceptualized and evaluated – in diverse ways. The distinction between past, present and future seems to be a universal phenomenon, but the relations of these categories may be different in different cultural codes. The author defines two models of temporal perception, ‘historical’ and ‘cosmological’, analysing the conceptualization of time in each of them.
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  33. A Simple Interpretation of Quantity Calculus.Boris Čulina - 2022 - Axiomathes (online first).
    A simple interpretation of quantity calculus is given. Quantities are described as two-place functions from objects, states or processes (or some combination of them) into numbers that satisfy the mutual measurability property. Quantity calculus is based on a notational simplification of the concept of quantity. A key element of the simplification is that we consider units to be intentionally unspecified numbers that are measures of exactly specified objects, states or processes. This interpretation of quantity calculus combines all the advantages of (...)
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  34.  71
    The Language Essence of Rational Cognition with Some Philosophical Consequences.Boris Culina - 2021 - Tesis (Lima) 14 (19):631-656.
    The essential role of language in rational cognition is analysed. The approach is functional: only the results of the connection between language, reality, and thinking are considered. Scientific language is analysed as an extension and improvement of everyday language. The analysis gives a uniform view of language and rational cognition. The consequences for the nature of ontology, truth, logic, thinking, scientific theories, and mathematics are derived.
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  35.  9
    How Nationalistic Appeals Affect Foreign Luxury Brand Reputation: A Study of Ambivalent Effects.Boris Bartikowski, Fernando Fastoso & Heribert Gierl - 2021 - Journal of Business Ethics 169 (2):261-277.
    Drawing from cognitive learning theories we hypothesize that exposure to nationalistic appeals that suggest consumers should shun foreign brands for moral reasons increases the general belief in consumers that buying foreign brands is morally wrong. In parallel, drawing from the theory of psychological reactance we posit that such appeals may, against their communication goal, increase the reputation of foreign luxury brands. We term the juxtaposition of these apparently contradictory effects the “Ambivalence Hypothesis.” Further, drawing from prior research on source-similarity effects (...)
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  36.  26
    Model Theory of Special Subvarieties and Schanuel-Type Conjectures.Boris Zilber - 2016 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 167 (10):1000-1028.
  37.  13
    |˜-Divisibility of Ultrafilters.Boris Šobot - 2021 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 172 (1):102857.
    We further investigate a divisibility relation on the set of BN ultrafilters on the set of natural numbers. We single out prime ultrafilters (divisible only by 1 and themselves) and establish a hierarchy in which a position of every ultrafilter depends on the set of prime ultrafilters it is divisible by. We also construct ultrafilters with many immediate successors in this hierarchy and find positions of products of ultrafilters.
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  38.  97
    Normativity, Epistemic Rationality, and Noisy Statistical Evidence.Boris Babic, Anil Gaba, Ilia Tsetlin & Robert Winkler - forthcoming - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.
    Many philosophers have argued that statistical evidence regarding group char- acteristics (particularly stereotypical ones) can create normative conflicts between the requirements of epistemic rationality and our moral obligations to each other. In a recent paper, Johnson-King and Babic argue that such conflicts can usually be avoided: what ordinary morality requires, they argue, epistemic rationality permits. In this paper, we show that as data gets large, Johnson-King and Babic’s approach becomes less plausible. More constructively, we build on their project and develop (...)
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  39. BORIS—An Experiment in in-Depth Understanding of Narratives.Wendy G. Lehnert, Michael G. Dyer, Peter N. Johnson, C. J. Yang & Steve Harley - 1983 - Artificial Intelligence 20 (1):15-62.
  40.  29
    A New Perspective on the Multidimensionality of Divergent Thinking Tasks.Boris Forthmann, Paul-Christian Bürkner, Carsten Szardenings, Mathias Benedek & Heinz Holling - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  41.  95
    How to Conquer the Liar and Enthrone the Logical Concept of Truth: An Informal Exposition.Boris Culina - manuscript
    This article informally presents a solution to the paradoxes of truth and shows how the solution solves classical paradoxes (such as the original Liar) as well as the paradoxes that were invented as counter-arguments for various proposed solutions (``the revenge of the Liar''). Any solution to the paradoxes of truth necessarily establishes a certain logical concept of truth. This solution complements the classical procedure of determining the truth values of sentences by its own failure and, when the procedure fails, through (...)
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  42. The Reality of Absences.Boris Kukso - 2006 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 84 (1):21 – 37.
    In this paper, I make a contribution to a naturalistically-minded theory of truthmakers by proposing a solution to the nasty problem of truthmakers for negative truths. After formulating the difficulty, I consider and reject a number of solutions to the problem, including Armstrong's states of affairs of totality, incompatibility accounts, and JC Beall 's polarity view. I then defend the position that absences of truthmakers are real and are responsible for making negative truths true. According to the positive account of (...)
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  43.  6
    Boris N. Chicherin’s Doctrine of Property: Basic Ideas and Unique Features.Vera M. Lobeeva - 2021 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 59 (1):43-53.
    This article examines Boris N. Chicherin’s ideas about property. It shows that the thinker interprets property as a material form of the objectification of human freedom, the most important and nec...
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  44.  33
    Getting Causes From Powers.Boris Hennig - 2016 - Philosophical Quarterly 66 (263):414-417.
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  45. Boris Hessen : In Lieu of a Biography.Gideon Freudenthal & Peter McLaughlin - 2009 - In Boris Hessen, Henryk Grossmann, Gideon Freudenthal & Peter McLaughlin (eds.), The Social and Economic Roots of the Scientific Revolution: Texts by Boris Hessen and Henryk Grossmann. Springer.
     
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  46.  9
    Beyond Pure Reason: Ferdinand de Saussure's Philosophy of Language and its Early Romantic Antecedents.Boris Gasparov - 2012 - Columbia University Press.
    Advancing a radical new understanding of Saussure, Gasparov reveals aspects of the intellectual's work previously overlooked by both his followers and his postmodern critics.
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  47. What is Formal Ontology?Boris Hennig - 2008 - In Katherine Munn & Barry Smith (eds.), Applied Ontology. An Introduction. Ontos Verlag.
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  48.  80
    Matter in Z3.Boris Hennig - 2008 - Foundations of Science 13 (3-4):199-215.
    In this paper, I will discuss a certain conception of matter that Aristotle introduces in Metaphysics Z3. It is often assumed that Aristotle came to distinguish between matter and form only in his physical writings, and that this lead to a conflict with the doctrine of primary substances in the Categories that he tries to resolve in Z3. I will argue that there is no such conflict. In Z3, Aristotle seems to suggest that matter is what is left over when (...)
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  49. Mathematics - an Imagined Tool for Rational Cognition.Boris Culina - manuscript
    Analysing several characteristic mathematical models: natural and real numbers, Euclidean geometry, group theory, and set theory, I argue that a mathematical model in its final form is a junction of a set of axioms and an internal partial interpretation of the corresponding language. It follows from the analysis that (i) mathematical objects do not exist in the external world: they are our internally imagined objects, some of which, at least approximately, we can realize or represent; (ii) mathematical truths are not (...)
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  50. Genere.Boris Rähme & Valentina Chizzola - 2017 - Aphex 15:1-38.
    According to a standard interpretation of the term, ‘gender’ denotes sets of social roles and expectations conventionally associated with the sexual physiology of human beings. Originally introduced in psychology, the term is now widely used in the social sciences and humanities, as well as in the biological sciences. In this article we introduce and discuss the central themes of contemporary philosophical debates on gender. Particular attention is paid to recent feminist arguments concerning the distinction between sex and gender, and to (...)
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