15 found
Order:
  1.  18
    Which Words Are Most Iconic?Bodo Winter, Marcus Perlman, Lynn K. Perry & Gary Lupyan - 2017 - Interaction Studies 18 (3):443-464.
    Some spoken words are iconic, exhibiting a resemblance between form and meaning. We used native speaker ratings to assess the iconicity of 3001 English words, analyzing their iconicity in relation to part-of-speech differences and differences between the sensory domain they relate to. First, we replicated previous findings showing that onomatopoeia and interjections were highest in iconicity, followed by verbs and adjectives, and then nouns and grammatical words. We further show that words with meanings related to the senses are more iconic (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  2.  15
    Vision Dominates in Perceptual Language: English Sensory Vocabulary is Optimized for Usage.Bodo Winter, Marcus Perlman & Asifa Majid - 2018 - Cognition 179 (C):213-220.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  3.  12
    Which Words Are Most Iconic?Bodo Winter, Marcus Perlman, Lynn K. Perry & Gary Lupyan - 2017 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 18 (3):443-464.
    Some spoken words are iconic, exhibiting a resemblance between form and meaning. We used native speaker ratings to assess the iconicity of 3001 English words, analyzing their iconicity in relation to part-of-speech differences and differences between the sensory domain they relate to. First, we replicated previous findings showing that onomatopoeia and interjections were highest in iconicity, followed by verbs and adjectives, and then nouns and grammatical words. We further show that words with meanings related to the senses are more iconic (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  4.  22
    The Co‐Evolution of Speech and the Lexicon: The Interaction of Functional Pressures, Redundancy, and Category Variation.Bodo Winter & Andrew Wedel - 2016 - Topics in Cognitive Science 8 (2):503-513.
    The sound system of a language must be able to support a perceptual contrast between different words in order to signal communicatively relevant meaning distinctions. In this paper, we use a simple agent-based exemplar model in which the evolution of sound-category systems is understood as a co-evolutionary process, where the range of variation within sound categories is constrained by functional pressure to keep different words perceptually distinct. We show that this model can reproduce several observed effects on the range of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  5.  20
    Placing Abstract Concepts in Space: Quantity, Time and Emotional Valence.Greg Woodin & Bodo Winter - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  6.  7
    What Makes a Good Metaphor? A Cross-Cultural Study of Computer-Generated Metaphor Appreciation.Jeannette Littlemore, Paula Pérez Sobrino, David Houghton, Jinfang Shi & Bodo Winter - 2018 - Metaphor and Symbol 33 (2):101-122.
    ABSTRACTComputers are now able to automatically generate metaphors, but some automatically generated metaphors are more well received than others. In this article, we showed participants a series of “A is B” type metaphors that were either generated by humans or taken from the Twitter account “MetaphorIsMyBusiness”, which is linked to a fully automated metaphor generator. We used these metaphors to assess linguistic factors that drive metaphor appreciation and understanding, including the role of novelty, word frequency, concreteness, and emotional valence of (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  7.  15
    Metaphor and the Philosophical Implications of Embodied Mathematics.Bodo Winter & Jeff Yoshimi - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Embodied approaches to cognition see abstract thought and language as grounded in interactions between mind, body, and world. A particularly important challenge for embodied approaches to cognition is mathematics, perhaps the most abstract domain of human knowledge. Conceptual metaphor theory, a branch of cognitive linguistics, describes how abstract mathematical concepts are grounded in concrete physical representations. In this paper, we consider the implications of this research for the metaphysics and epistemology of mathematics. In the case of metaphysics, we argue that (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  8.  27
    Eye Movements During Listening Reveal Spontaneous Grammatical Processing.Stephanie Huette, Bodo Winter, Teenie Matlock, David H. Ardell & Michael Spivey - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  9.  30
    Horror Movies and the Cognitive Ecology of Primary Metaphors.Bodo Winter - 2014 - Metaphor and Symbol 29 (3):151-170.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  10.  11
    Making Judgments Based on Similarity and Proximity.Bodo Winter & Teenie Matlock - 2013 - Metaphor and Symbol 28 (4):219 - 232.
  11.  19
    Decoding Gestural Iconicity.Julius Hassemer & Bodo Winter - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (8):3034-3049.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  12.  2
    Spoken Language Achieves Robustness and Evolvability by Exploiting Degeneracy and Neutrality.Bodo Winter - 2014 - Bioessays 36 (10):960-967.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  13.  5
    Why is Semantic Change Asymmetric? The Role of Concreteness and Word Frequency and Metaphor and Metonymy.Bodo Winter & Mahesh Srinivasan - 2022 - Metaphor and Symbol 37 (1):39-54.
    Metaphors and other tropes are commonly thought to reflect asymmetries in concreteness, with concrete sources being used to talk about relatively more abstract targets. Similarly, originating sense...
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  3
    The Linguistic Dimensions of Concrete and Abstract Concepts: Lexical Category, Morphological Structure, Countability, and Etymology.Bodo Winter, Marianna Bolognesi & Francesca Strik Lievers - 2021 - Cognitive Linguistics 32 (4):641-670.
    The distinction between abstract and concrete concepts is fundamental to cognitive linguistics and cognitive science. This distinction is commonly operationalized through concreteness ratings based on the aggregated judgments of many people. What is often overlooked in experimental studies using this operationalization is that ratings are attributed to words, not to concepts directly. In this paper we explore the relationship between the linguistic properties of English words and conceptual abstractness/concreteness. Based on hypotheses stated in the existing linguistic literature we select a (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  2
    Power, Gender, and Individual Differences in Spatial Metaphor: The Role of Perceptual Stereotypes and Language Statistics.Bodo Winter, Sarah E. Duffy & Jeannette Littlemore - 2020 - Metaphor and Symbol 35 (3):188-205.
    English speakers use vertical language to talk about power, such as when speaking of people being “at the bottom of the social hierarchy” or “rising to the top.” Experimental research has shown tha...
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark