Results for 'Bo��ena Czernecka-Rej'

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  1.  36
    Pluralizm logiczny a relatywizm w logice.Bożena Czernecka-Rej - 2018 - Diametros 56:51-68.
    The aim of the article is to analyze the situation of contemporary logic with reference to the issue concerning connections between the pluralism of logical systems and relativism in logic. Accordingly, I seek answers to the following questions: Can the plurality of logic, more specifically, a large number and variety of systems constructed by logicians, be justified in a rational way? Does pluralism in logic imply the thesis of relativism? Is logical relativism in the contemporary philosophy of logic just a (...)
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  2. On Four Types of Argumentation For Classical Logic.Bożena Czernecka-Rej - 2020 - Roczniki Filozoficzne 68 (4):271-289.
    O czterech typach argumentacji na rzecz logiki klasycznej Moim celem w tym artykule jest analiza argumentacji pod kątem poprawności standardowej logiki. Formułuję też kilka uwag krytycznych i porównawczych. Skupiam się na czterech najbardziej spójnych i kompletnych argumentach, które próbują uzasadnić wyróżnione stanowisko logiki klasycznej. Istnieją następujące argumenty: argumentacja pragmatyczno-metodologiczna Willarda van O. Quine’a, argumentacja filozoficzno-metalogiczna Jana Woleńskiego, argumentacja ontologiczno-semantyczna Stanisława Kiczuka, argumentacja metalogiczna. Moim zdaniem teza o poprawności logiki klasycznej jest racjonalnie uzasadniona tymi argumentacjami. Pozostaje problem, czy analizowana logika standardowa (...)
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  3. Pogranicze logiki i prakseologii w pracach Ewy Żarneckiej-Białej.Bożena Czernecka-Rej - 2011 - Prakseologia 151 (151):223-236.
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  4. [rec.] Maria Piesko, Nieobliczalna obliczalność, Konsorcjum Akademickie, Kraków 2011, ss. 216.Bożena Czernecka-Rej - 2012 - Studia Philosophiae Christianae 48 (1):214-222.
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  5.  23
    Uwagi o Susan Haack rozumieniu filozofii logiki.Bożena Czernecka-Rej - 2007 - Roczniki Filozoficzne 55 (1):23-46.
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  6.  24
    Czym jest pluralizm logiczny?(stanowisko JC Bealla i Grega Restalla).Bożena Czernecka-Rej - 2013 - Roczniki Filozoficzne 61 (1):5-22.
    WHAT IS LOGICAL PLURALISM? (J.C. BEALL’S AND GREG RESTALL’S STANDPOINT) S u m m a r y C. Beall and Greg Restall are advocates of a comprehensive pluralist approach to logic, which they call Logical Pluralism (LP). According to LP, there is not one correct logic, but many equally acceptable logical systems. The authors share Tarski’s conviction and follow the mainstream in thinking about logic as the discipline that investigates the notion of logical consequence. LP is the pluralism about logical (...)
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  7.  9
    Problem przyszłych zdarzeń przygodnych.Bożena Czernecka-Rej - 2017 - Diametros 52:138-143.
    A review of Marcin Tkaczyk, Futura contingentia, Wydawnictwo KUL, Lublin 2015, pp. 450, ISBN 978-83-8061-111-5.
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  8.  5
    Applicability of Many-Valued Logics.B. Czernecka-Rej - 2007 - Filozofia Nauki 15 (2 (58)):75-93.
  9. Foundational Holism, Substantive Theory of Truth, and A New Philosophy of Logic: Interview with Gila Sher BY Chen Bo.Gila Sher & Chen Bo - 2019 - Philosophical Forum 50 (1):3-57.
    Gila Sher interviewed by Chen Bo: -/- I. Academic Background and Earlier Research: 1. Sher’s early years. 2. Intellectual influence: Kant, Quine, and Tarski. 3. Origin and main Ideas of The Bounds of Logic. 4. Branching quantifiers and IF logic. 5. Preparation for the next step. -/- II. Foundational Holism and a Post-Quinean Model of Knowledge: 1. General characterization of foundational holism. 2. Circularity, infinite regress, and philosophical arguments. 3. Comparing foundational holism and foundherentism. 4. A post-Quinean model of knowledge. (...)
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  10.  10
    Det objektivt-reellt möjliga. Med en kommentar av Bo Svensson.Bo S. Svensson - 1985 - Res Publica (Misc) 1:135-156.
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  11.  1
    ʿubaidallāh Ibn Buḫtīšūʿ on Apparent Death: The Kitāb Taḥrīm Dafn Al-Aḥyāʾ, Arabic Edition and English Translation with a Hebrew Supplement by Gerrit Bos.Oliver Kahl & Gerrit Bos (eds.) - 2018 - Brill.
    This book offers an Arabic edition, English translation, study and glossaries of ʿUbaidallāh Ibn Buḫtīšūʿ’s important work on apparent death; an appendix moreover provides the Arabic and Hebrew recensions of ʿUbaidallāh’s lost Greek _Vorlage_.
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  12. Social Traps and the Problem of Trust.Bo Rothstein - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    A 'social trap' is a situation where individuals, groups or organisations are unable to cooperate owing to mutual distrust and lack of social capital, even where cooperation would benefit all. Examples include civil strife, pervasive corruption, ethnic discrimination, depletion of natural resources and misuse of social insurance systems. Much has been written attempting to explain the problem, but rather less material is available on how to escape it. In this book, Bo Rothstein explores how social capital and social trust are (...)
     
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  13. Singing Like a Cricket, Hooting Like an Owl: Selected Poems of Yi Kyu-Bo.Kevin O'Rourke & Kyu-bo Yi - 2013 - Philosophy East and West 63 (2).
     
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  14.  26
    An Unedited Sophism by Marsilius of Inghen : 'Homo Est Bos'1.E. P. Bos - 1977 - Vivarium 15 (1):46-56.
  15.  59
    An Unedited Sophism by Marsilius of Inghen : 'Homo Est Bos'.E. P. Bos - 1977 - Vivarium 15 (1):46-56.
  16. Aristotle, on the Life-Bearing Spirit : A Discussion with Plato and His Predecessors on Pneuma as the Instrumental Body of the Soul. Introduction, Translation, and Commentary by Abraham P. Bos and Rein Ferwerda.Abraham Paulus Bos & Ferwerda - 2008 - Brill.
    The work _De spiritu_ is an important but neglected work by Aristotle. It clearly shows for the first time that Aristotle assumed a special body as the ‘instrument’ of the soul. By means of this soul/body the soul forms the visible body of plants, animals and human beings.
     
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  17.  16
    How Have COVID-19 Isolation Policies Affected Young People’s Mental Health? – Evidence From Chinese College Students.Bo Chen, Jinlu Sun & Yi Feng - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
  18. Reinach and Armstrongian State of Affairs Ontology.Bo R. Meinertsen - forthcoming - Axiomathes:1-12.
    In this paper, I relate key features of Adolf Reinach’s abundant ontology of propositional states of affairs of his (1911) to Armstrong’s – or an Armstrongian – state of affairs ontology, with special regard to finding out how sparse or abundant the latter is with respect to negative states of affairs. After introducing the issue, I clarify the notion of a propositional state of affairs, paying special attention to the notion of abstract vs. concrete. I show how Reinach’s states of (...)
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  19. Metaphysics of States of Affairs: Truthmaking, Universals, and a Farewell to Bradley’s Regress.Bo R. Meinertsen - 2018 - Springer Singapore.
    This book addresses the metaphysics of Armstrongian states of affairs, i.e. instantiations of naturalist universals by particulars. The author argues that states of affairs are the best candidate for truthmakers and, in the spirit of logical atomism, that we need no molecular truthmakers for positive truths. In the book's context, this has the pleasing result that there are no molecular states of affairs. Following this account of truthmaking, the author first shows that the particulars in (first-order) states of affairs are (...)
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  20.  74
    Mellor’s Question: Are Determinables Properties of Properties or of Particulars?Bo R. Meinertsen - 2021 - American Philosophical Quarterly 58 (3):291-305.
    What I call Mellor’s Question is the problem of whether determinables are properties of their determinates or properties of the particulars that possess these determinates. One can distinguish two basic competing theories of determinables that address the issue, implicitly if not explicitly. On the second-order theory, determinables are second-order properties of determinate properties; on the second-level theory, determinables are first-order properties of the particulars with these determinate properties. Higher-order properties are prima facie ontologically uneconomical, and in line with my general (...)
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  21. Against Disjunctive Properties: Four Armstrongian Arguments.Bo R. Meinertsen - 2020 - Philosophia 49 (1):95-106.
    This paper defends the case against (sparse) disjunctive properties by means of four Armstrongian arguments. The first of these is a logical atomist argument from truthmaking, which is, broadly speaking, ‘Armstrongian’ (Armstrong 1997). This argument is strong – although it stands or falls with the relevant notion of truthmaking, as it were. However, three arguments, which are prima facie independent of truthmaking, can be found explicitly early in Armstrong’s middle period. Two of these early arguments face a serious objection put (...)
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  22.  17
    A Slim Book About Narrow Content. Gabriel M. A. Segal. [REVIEW]Steven E. BoË & R. - 2001 - Mind 110 (440):1115-1119.
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  23.  51
    Generalization by Mechanism: Thin Rationality and Ideal-Type Analysis in Case Study Research.Bo Bengtsson & Nils Hertting - 2014 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 44 (6):707-732.
    Drawing general inferences on the basis of single-case and small- n studies is often seen as problematic. This article suggests a logic of generalization based on thinly rationalistic social mechanisms. Ideal-type mechanisms can be derived from empirical observations in one case and, based on the assumption of thin rationality, used as a generalizing bridge to other contexts with similar actor constellations. Thus, the “portability” builds on expectations about similar mechanisms operating in similar contexts. We present the general logic behind such (...)
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  24.  18
    A New Nonlinear Equation with Lump-Soliton, Lump-Periodic, and Lump-Periodic-Soliton Solutions.Bo Ren, Ji Lin & Zhi-Mei Lou - 2019 - Complexity 2019:1-10.
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  25.  8
    Yours by Choice. A Guide to the Adoption of Children.Ena M. Steel - 1960 - The Eugenics Review 52 (2):115.
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  26.  40
    Ideology and Conceptual History.Bo Stråth - 2013 - In Michael Freeden, Lyman Tower Sargent & Marc Stears (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Political Ideologies. Oxford University Press. pp. 1.
    The chapter discusses the conceptual origins of ideology as a term that described ideology as positive science, which analysed thoughts and ideas, ideology in analogy to sociology, the science of ideas, and the science of society respectively. From here the chapter investigates how ideology was transformed into a concept that epitomized a set of principles about society and government. Ideology became an action-oriented concept for shaping the future. The concept moved away from its original meaning of studying ideas conforming to (...)
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  27. A Relation as the Unifier of States of Affairs.Bo Meinertsen - 2008 - Dialectica 62 (1):1–19.
    This paper is concerned with what I call the ‘problem of unity’ . This is the puzzle of how Armstrong‐like states of affairs are unified. The general approach is ‘relational internalism’: the unifier of such a state of affairs is a relation of some sort in it. A view commonly associated with relational internalism is that if such a relation satisfies a certain ‘naive’ expectation to a relation – that it is related to its relata – then Bradley's regress results. (...)
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  28.  11
    Dennett and His Critics: Demystifying Mind.Bo Dahlbom (ed.) - 1993 - Blackwell.
    Daniel Dennett is arguably one of the most influential yet radical philosophers in America today. In this volume, Dennett is confronted by colleagues and critics, from philosophy, biology and psychology. His reply constitutes an extensive essay which clarifies, and develops further, central themes in his philosophy. The debate ranges over Dennett's whole corpus, but special attention is given to his major work on consciousness, Consciousness Explained. The volume includes a critical assessement of Dennett's views on behaviouralism and the subjectivity of (...)
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  29.  19
    Crimes of Terrorism on Innocent Iraqis From to : A Semiotic Study.Ali Haif Abbas & Enas Naji Kadim - 2019 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 32 (1):187-206.
    Terrorist organisations have increased and widened in Iraq in particular and the world in general in recent years. People have suffered a lot from these terrorist organisations due to their thirst for killing innocent civilians. The study aims to convey the suffering of innocent Iraqis caused by terrorist acts to the world. In order to achieve the aim, the research adopted Barthes’s framework to analyse the selected photographs. The researchers have selected iconic photographs for the analysis. The photographs are taken (...)
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  30. A Method for Evaluation of Arguments From Analogy.Bo R. Meinertsen - 2016 - Cogency: Journal of Reasoning and Argumentation 7 (2):109-123.
    It is a common view that arguments from analogy can only be evaluated on a case-by-case basis. However, while this reflects an important insight, I propose instead a relatively simple method for their evaluation based on just (i) their general form and (ii) four core questions. One clear advantage of this proposal is that it does not depend on any substantial (and controversial) view of similarity, unlike influential current alternative methods, such as Walton’s. Following some initial clarification of the notion (...)
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  31.  4
    Eleven-Month-Olds Link Sound Properties With Animal Categories.Ena Vukatana, Michelle S. Zepeda, Nina Anderson, Suzanne Curtin & Susan A. Graham - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  32.  25
    Dynamics Behavior of Lumps and Interaction Solutions of a -Dimensional Partial Differential Equation.Bo Ren - 2019 - Complexity 2019:1-8.
    In this paper, we study the diversity of interaction solutions of a shallow water wave equation, the generalized Hirota–Satsuma–Ito equation. Using the Hirota direct method, we establish a general theory for the diversity of interaction solutions, which can be applied to generate many important solutions, such as lumps and lump-soliton solutions. This is an interesting feature of this research. In addition, we prove this new model is integrable in Painlevé sense. Finally, the diversity of interactive wave solutions of the gHSI (...)
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  33.  34
    Measuring Consciousness: Task Accuracy and Awareness as Sigmoid Functions of Stimulus Duration.Kristian Sandberg, Bo Martin Bibby, Bert Timmermans, Axel Cleeremans & Morten Overgaard - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1659-1675.
    When consciousness is examined using subjective ratings, the extent to which processing is conscious or unconscious is often estimated by calculating task performance at the subjective threshold or by calculating the correlation between accuracy and awareness. However, both these methods have certain limitations. In the present article, we propose describing task accuracy and awareness as functions of stimulus intensity as suggested by Koch and Preuschoff . The estimated lag between the curves describes how much stimulus intensity must increase for awareness (...)
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  34.  13
    Individual Irrationality, Network Structure, and Collective Intelligence: An Agent-Based Simulation Approach.Bo Xu, Renjing Liu & Zhengwen He - 2016 - Complexity 21 (S1):44-54.
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  35.  97
    Business Ethics and Continental Philosophy.Mollie Painter-Morland & René ten Bos (eds.) - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: Introduction Mollie Painter-Morland and Rene; ten Bos; 1. Globalization Rene; ten Bos; 2. Corporate agency Mollie Painter-Morland; 3. Stakeholders David Bevan and Pat Werhane; 4. Organizational culture Hugh Willmott; ENRON narrative Hugh Willmott; 5. Moral dilemmas and decision-making Mollie Painter-Morland; 6. Organizational justice Carl Rhodes; 7. Reward and compensation Mollie Painter-Morland; 8. Leadership Rene; ten Bos and Sverre Spoelstra; 9. Whistle-blowing Mollie Painter-Morland and Rene; ten Bos; 10. Marketing Janet Borgerson; 11. CSR Stephen Dunne and Rene; (...)
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  36. The Egalitarian Fallacy: Are Group Differences Compatible with Political Liberalism?Jonathan Anomaly & Bo Winegard - 2020 - Philosophia 48 (2):433-444.
    Many people greet evidence of biologically based race and sex differences with extreme skepticism, even hostility. We argue that some of the vehemence with which many intellectuals in the West resist claims about group differences is rooted in the tacit assumption that accepting evidence for group differences in socially valued traits would undermine our reasons to treat people with respect. We call this the egalitarian fallacy. We first explain the fallacy and then give evidence that self-described liberals in the United (...)
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  37.  38
    Brittleness Evaluation of Resource Plays by Integrating Petrophysical and Seismic Data Analysis.Bo Zhang, Tao Zhao, Xiaochun Jin & Kurt J. Marfurt - 2015 - Interpretation: SEG 3 (2):T81-T92.
    The main considerations for well planning and hydraulic fracturing in unconventional resources plays include the amount of total organic carbon and how much hydrocarbon can be extracted. Brittleness is the direct measurement of a formation about the ability to create avenues for hydrocarbons when applying hydraulic fracturing. Brittleness can be directly estimated from laboratory stress-strain measurements, rock-elastic properties, and mineral content analysis using petrophysical analysis on well logs. However, the estimated brittleness using these methods only provides “cylinder” estimates near the (...)
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  38.  7
    On the Observability of Leader-Based Multiagent Systems with Fixed Topology.Bo Liu, Ningsheng Xu, Housheng Su, Licheng Wu & Jiahui Bai - 2019 - Complexity 2019:1-10.
    This paper investigates the observability of first-order, second-order, and high-order leader-based multiagent systems with fixed topology, respectively. Some new algebraic and graphical characterizations of the observability for the first-order MASs are established based on agreement protocols. Moreover, under the same leader-following framework with the predefined topology and leader assignment, the observability conditions for systems of double-integrator and high-integrator agents are also obtained. Finally, the effectiveness of the theoretical results is verified by numerical examples and simulations.
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  39.  16
    Disability Discrimination, Medical Rationing and COVID-19.Bo Chen & Donna Marie McNamara - 2020 - Asian Bioethics Review 12 (4):511-518.
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  40.  14
    The Primacy of Cognition–or of Perception? A Phenomenological Critique of the Theoretical Bases of Science Education.Bo Dahlin - 2001 - Science & Education 10 (5):453-475.
  41.  94
    Self-Relating Internalism: Reply to Vallicella.Bo R. Meinertsen - 2021 - Metaphysica 22 (1):123-131.
    William Vallicella (2020) puts forward three arguments against self-relating internalism, my theory of the unity of states of affairs. His first objection is that there can be no constituent of a state of affairs with the required unifying power given the need for ‘ontological analysis’, or at least that such an entity is mysterious. His second objection is that self-relating internalism violates the principle of the Indiscernibility of Identicals. His final objection is that my explanation of the unity of states (...)
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  42.  25
    Measuring and Testing Awareness of Emotional Face Expressions.Kristian Sandberg, Bo Martin Bibby & Morten Overgaard - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (3):806-809.
    Comparison of behavioural measures of consciousness has attracted much attention recently. In a recent article, Szczepanowski et al. conclude that confidence ratings predict accuracy better than both the perceptual awareness scale and post-decision wagering when using stimuli with emotional content . Although we find the study interesting, we disagree with the conclusion that CR is superior to PAS because of two methodological issues. First, the conclusion is not based on a formal test. We performed this test and found no evidence (...)
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  43.  50
    On Constructive-Engagement Strategy of Comparative Philosophy: A Journal Theme Introduction [Abstract].Bo Mou - 2010 - Comparative Philosophy 1 (1):1-32.
    In this journal theme introduction, first, I explain how comparative philosophy as explored in the journal Comparative Philosophy is understood and how it is intrinsically related to the constructive engagement strategy. Second, to characterize more clearly and accurately some related methodological points of the constructive-engagement strategy, and also to explain how constructive engagement is possible, I introduce some needed conceptual and explanatory resources and a meta-methodological framework and endeavor to identify adequacy conditions for methodological guiding principles in comparative studies. Third, (...)
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  44. Distinguishing Internal, External and Grounded Relations.Bo R. Meinertsen - 2011 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 83 (1):113-22.
    I defend an ontological distinction between three kinds of relation: internal,external and grounded relations. Even though, as we shall see, this trichotomy is basic, it is not found in influential contemporary metaphysics. Specifically, the widespread tendency, exemplified notably by David Armstrong, of not recognizing grounded relations as distinct from external relations, can be shown to be mistaken. I propose a definition of each of the three kinds of relation. Of vital importance to the parsimony of metaphysics, I also argue that (...)
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  45. Towards Gratitude to Nature: Global Environmental Ethics for China and the World.Bo R. Meinertsen - 2017 - Frontiers of Philosophy in China 12 (2):207-223.
    This paper asks what should be the basis of a global environmental ethics. As Gao Shan has argued, the environmental ethics of Western philosophers such as Holmes Rolston and Paul Taylor is based on extending the notion of intrinsic value to that of objects of nature, and as such it is not very compatible with Chinese ethics. This is related to Gao’s rejection of most—if not all—Western “rationalist” environmental ethics, a stance that I grant her for pragmatic reasons (though I (...)
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  46.  66
    Axel Hägerström and His Early Version of Error Theory.Bo Petersson - 2011 - Theoria 77 (1):55-70.
    In 1910–11 Axel Hägerström introduced an emotive theory of ethics asserting moral propositions and valuations in general to be neither true nor false. However, it is less well known that he modified his theory in the following year, now making a distinction between what he called primary and secondary valuations. From 1912 onwards, he restricted his emotive theory to primary valuations only, and applied an error theory to secondary ones. According to Hägerström, secondary valuations state that objects have special value (...)
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  47.  11
    Opinions Vs. Declared Ethical Attitudes Toward Professional Work: A Cross-National Study of Polish and Norwegian Youth.Barbara Ober-Domagalska & Julita Czernecka - 2019 - Ethics and Behavior 29 (8):637-660.
    The aim of this article is to present cross-cultural research on secondary school students in Poland and Norway concerning their opinions about the ethical norms that every employee should follow, and the declared attitudes of young people towards these norms. The interaction between the awareness of general ethical norms that every employee should follow and the declared attitudes toward this role are discussed. Additionally, the influence of nationality and gender on opinions and attitudes toward ethical norms is analyzed.Random-quota sampling was (...)
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  48.  28
    Forget the Folk: Moral Responsibility Preservation Motives and Other Conditions for Compatibilism.Cory J. Clark, Bo M. Winegard & Roy F. Baumeister - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
    For years, experimental philosophers have attempted to discern whether laypeople find free will compatible with a scientifically deterministic understanding of the universe, yet no consensus has emerged. The present work provides one potential explanation for these discrepant findings: People are strongly motivated to preserve free will and moral responsibility, and thus do not have stable, logically rigorous notions of free will. Seven studies support this hypothesis by demonstrating that a variety of logically irrelevant features influence compatibilist judgments. In Study 1, (...)
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  49.  53
    Self-Relating Internalism: Reply to Vallicella.Bo R. Meinertsen - 2021 - Metaphysica 22 (1):123-131.
    William Vallicella (2020) puts forward three arguments against self-relating internalism, my theory of the unity of states of affairs. His first objection is that there can be no constituent of a state of affairs with the required unifying power given the need for ‘ontological analysis’, or at least that such an entity is mysterious. His second objection is that self-relating internalism violates the principle of the Indiscernibility of Identicals. His final objection is that my explanation of the unity of states (...)
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  50. Corporate Social Responsibility.R. ten Bos & S. Dunne - 2011 - In Mollie Painter-Morland & René ten Bos (eds.), Business Ethics and Continental Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
     
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