Results for 'Bjorn Poonen'

430 found
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  1.  14
    A computable functor from graphs to fields.Russell Miller, Bjorn Poonen, Hans Schoutens & Alexandra Shlapentokh - 2018 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 83 (1):326-348.
    Fried and Kollár constructed a fully faithful functor from the category of graphs to the category of fields. We give a new construction of such a functor and use it to resolve a longstanding open problem in computable model theory, by showing that for every nontrivial countable structure${\cal S}$, there exists a countable field${\cal F}$of arbitrary characteristic with the same essential computable-model-theoretic properties as${\cal S}$. Along the way, we develop a new “computable category theory”, and prove that our functor and (...)
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  2.  39
    Atlanta Marriott Marquis, Atlanta, Georgia January 7–8, 2005.Matthias Aschenbrenner, Alexander Berenstein, Andres Caicedo, Joseph Mileti, Bjorn Poonen, W. Hugh Woodin & Akihiro Kanamori - 2005 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 11 (3).
  3. Chapter One Virtual Survey on North Mesopotamian Tell Sites by Means of Satellite Remote Sensing Bjorn H. Menze, Simone Muhl.Bjorn H. Menze - 2007 - In Bart Ooghe & Geert Verhoeven (eds.), Broadening Horizons: Multidisciplinary Approaches to Landscape Study. Cambridge Scholars Press. pp. 5.
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  4.  22
    Modern Chinese Court Buildings, Regime Legitimacy and the Public.Björn Ahl & Hendrik Tieben - 2015 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 28 (3):603-626.
    This study investigates the interrelation of outer appearance and spatial configuration of modern Chinese court buildings with the party-state’s strategy of building regime legitimacy. The spatial element of this relation is explored in four different court buildings in Kunming, Chongqing, Shanghai and Xi’an. It is argued that court buildings contribute to the empowerment of individuals who appear as parties in trials. Courthouses also facilitate the courts’ function of exercising social control and the application of an instrumentalist approach to the principle (...)
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  5.  9
    Donald Davidson's Philosophy of Language: An Introduction.Bjorn Ramberg - 1989 - Blackwell.
    This book is an introduction to and interpretation of the philosophy of language devised by Donald Davidson over the past 25 years. The guiding intuition is that Davidson's work is best understood as an ongoing attempt to purge semantics of theoretical reifications. Seen in this light the recent attack on the notion of language itself emerges as a natural development of his Quinian scepticism towards "meanings" and his rejections of reference-based semantic theories. Linguistic understanding is, for Davidson, essentially dynamic, arising (...)
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  6. Donald Davidson: Philosophy of Language.Bjorn Ramberg - 1991 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    This book is an introduction to and interpretation of the philosophy of language devised by Donald Davidson over the past 25 years. The guiding intuition is that Davidson's work is best understood as an ongoing attempt to purge semantics of theoretical reifications. Seen in this light the recent attack on the notion of language itself emerges as a natural development of his Quinian scepticism towards "meanings" and his rejections of reference-based semantic theories. Linguistic understanding is, for Davidson, essentially dynamic, arising (...)
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  7.  4
    Structure induction in diagnostic causal reasoning.Björn Meder, Ralf Mayrhofer & Michael R. Waldmann - 2014 - Psychological Review 121 (3):277-301.
  8. Disease, illness, and sickness.Bjorn Hofmann - 2016 - In Miriam Solomon, Jeremy R. Simon & Harold Kincaid (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Medicine. Routledge.
     
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  9.  23
    Not Out of Date, But Out of Value.Bjorn Hofmann - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (7):30-32.
    Volume 19, Issue 7, July 2019, Page 30-32.
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  10.  42
    The Social License to Operate.Geert Demuijnck & Björn Fasterling - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 136 (4):675-685.
    This article proposes a way to zoom in on the concept of the social license to operate from the broader normative perspective of contractarianism. An SLO can be defined as a contractarian basis for the legitimacy of a company’s specific activity or project. “SLO”, as a fashionable expression, has its origins in business practice. From a normative viewpoint, the concept is closely related to social contract theory, and, as such, it has a political dimension. After outlining the contractarian normative background (...)
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  11. Consciousness without a cerbral cortex: A challenge for neuroscience and medicine.Bjorn Merker - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (1):63-81.
    A broad range of evidence regarding the functional organization of the vertebrate brain – spanning from comparative neurology to experimental psychology and neurophysiology to clinical data – is reviewed for its bearing on conceptions of the neural organization of consciousness. A novel principle relating target selection, action selection, and motivation to one another, as a means to optimize integration for action in real time, is introduced. With its help, the principal macrosystems of the vertebrate brain can be seen to form (...)
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  12.  1
    Dialogues with Children and Adolescents: A Psychoanalytic Guide.Björn Salomonsson & Majlis Winberg-Salomonsson - 2016 - Routledge.
    Psychoanalytic work with children is popular, but the sophisticated language used in psychoanalytic discourse can be at odds with how children communicate, and how best to communicate with them. _Dialogues with Children and Adolescents: A Psychoanalytic Guide _shows how these aims can be achieved for the most effective clinical outcome with children from infancy up to late adolescence. _Björn Salomonsson_ and _Majlis Winberg Salomonsson_ draw on extensive case material which reveals the essence of communication between child and therapist. They enfranchise (...)
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  13.  6
    Music structure determines heart rate variability of singers.Björn Vickhoff, Helge Malmgren, Rickard Åström, Gunnar Nyberg, Seth-Reino Ekström, Mathias Engwall, Johan Snygg, Michael Nilsson & Rebecka Jörnsten - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
  14.  4
    Stepwise versus globally optimal search in children and adults.Björn Meder, Jonathan D. Nelson, Matt Jones & Azzurra Ruggeri - 2019 - Cognition 191 (C):103965.
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  15. The liabilities of mobility: A selection pressure for the transition to consciousness in animal evolution.Bjorn H. Merker - 2005 - Consciousness and Cognition 14 (1):89-114.
    The issue of the biological origin of consciousness is linked to that of its function. One source of evidence in this regard is the contrast between the types of information that are and are not included within its compass. Consciousness presents us with a stable arena for our actions—the world—but excludes awareness of the multiple sensory and sensorimotor transformations through which the image of that world is extracted from the confounding influence of self-produced motion of multiple receptor arrays mounted on (...)
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  16.  45
    The integrated information theory of consciousness: A case of mistaken identity.Bjorn Merker, Kenneth Williford & David Rudrauf - 2022 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 45:e41.
    Giulio Tononi's integrated information theory (IIT) proposes explaining consciousness by directly identifying it with integrated information. We examine the construct validity of IIT's measure of consciousness,phi(Φ), by analyzing its formal properties, its relation to key aspects of consciousness, and its co-variation with relevant empirical circumstances. Our analysis shows that IIT's identification of consciousness with the causal efficacy with which differentiated networks accomplish global information transfer (which is what Φ in fact measures) is mistaken. This misidentification has the consequence of requiring (...)
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  17. Time, Inertia and the Medical Cyborg: Jean-Dominique Bauby's The Diving Bell and the Butterfly.Bjorn Nansen - 2007 - In Jan Lloyd Jones (ed.), Art and Time. Australian Scholarly Publishing. pp. 207.
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  18.  45
    Models as icons: modeling models in the semiotic framework of Peirce’s theory of signs.Björn Kralemann & Claas Lattmann - 2013 - Synthese 190 (16):3397-3420.
    In this paper, we try to shed light on the ontological puzzle pertaining to models and to contribute to a better understanding of what models are. Our suggestion is that models should be regarded as a specific kind of signs according to the sign theory put forward by Charles S. Peirce, and, more precisely, as icons, i.e. as signs which are characterized by a similarity relation between sign (model) and object (original). We argue for this (1) by analyzing from a (...)
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  19.  50
    Going beyond hate speech: The pragmatics of ethnic slur terms.Björn Technau - 2018 - Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 14 (1):25-43.
    Ethnic slur terms and other group-based slurs must be differentiated from general pejoratives and pure expressives. As these terms pejoratively refer to certain groups of people, they are a typical feature of hate speech contexts where they serve xenophobic speakers in expressing their hatred for an entire group of people. However, slur terms are actually far more frequently used in other contexts and are more often exchanged among friends than between enemies. Hate speech can be identified as the most central, (...)
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  20.  2
    Developmental Trajectories in the Understanding of Everyday Uncertainty Terms.Björn Meder, Ralf Mayrhofer & Azzurra Ruggeri - 2022 - Topics in Cognitive Science 14 (2):258-281.
    Topics in Cognitive Science, Volume 14, Issue 2, Page 258-281, April 2022.
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  21.  83
    Is forgetting reprehensible? Holocaust remembrance and the task of oblivion.Björn Krondorfer - 2008 - Journal of Religious Ethics 36 (2):233-267.
    "Forgetting" plays an important role in the lives of individuals and communities. Although a few Holocaust scholars have begun to take forgetting more seriously in relation to the task of remembering—in popular parlance as well as in academic discourse on the Holocaust—forgetting is usually perceived as a negative force. In the decades following 1945, the terms remembering and forgetting have often been used antithetically, with the communities of victims insisting on the duty to remember and a society of perpetrators desiring (...)
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  22. The Sustained Influence of an Error on Future Decision-Making.Björn C. Schiffler, Sara L. Bengtsson & Daniel Lundqvist - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
  23.  37
    Cephalopod origin and evolution: A congruent picture emerging from fossils, development and molecules.Björn Kröger, Jakob Vinther & Dirk Fuchs - 2011 - Bioessays 33 (8):602-613.
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  24.  89
    What is natural selection?Björn Brunnander - 2007 - Biology and Philosophy 22 (2):231-246.
    ‘Natural selection’ is, it seems, an ambiguous term. It is sometimes held to denote a consequence of variation, heredity, and environment, while at other times as denoting a force that creates adaptations. I argue that the latter, the force interpretation, is a redundant notion of natural selection. I will point to difficulties in making sense of this linguistic practise, and argue that it is frequently at odds with standard interpretations of evolutionary theory. I provide examples to show this; one example (...)
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  25.  35
    Chesterton's Influence in Norway.Bjorn Are Davidsen - 1984 - The Chesterton Review 10 (3):360-362.
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  26.  12
    Dark Data as the New Challenge for Big Data Science and the Introduction of the Scientific Data Officer.Björn Schembera & Juan M. Durán - 2020 - Philosophy and Technology 33 (1):93-115.
    Many studies in big data focus on the uses of data available to researchers, leaving without treatment data that is on the servers but of which researchers are unaware. We call this dark data, and in this article, we present and discuss it in the context of high-performance computing facilities. To this end, we provide statistics of a major HPC facility in Europe, the High-Performance Computing Center Stuttgart. We also propose a new position tailor-made for coping with dark data and (...)
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  27.  9
    Prestigious Science Journals Struggle to Reach Even Average Reliability.Björn Brembs - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  28. On the Theoretical Motivation for Positing Etiological Functions.Björn Brunnander - 2011 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 41 (3):371-390.
    It is a plain fact that biology makes use of terms and expressions commonly spoken of as teleological. Biologists frequently speak of the function of biological items. They may also say that traits are 'supposed to' perform some of their effects, claim that traits are 'for' specific effects, or that organisms have particular traits 'in order to' engage in specific interactions. There is general agreement that there must be something useful about this linguistic practice but it is controversial whether it (...)
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  29. Scientific literacy: what it is, why it is important, and why scientists think we don't have it.Bjorn Claeson, Emily Martin, Wendy Richardson, Monica Schoch-Spana & Karen-Sue Taussig - 1996 - In Laura Nader (ed.), Naked Science: Anthropological Inquiry Into Boundaries, Power, and Knowledge. Routledge.
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  30.  94
    Why does music move us?Björn Vickhoff & Helge Malmgren - 2004 - Philosophical Communications.
    The communication of emotion in music has with few exceptions, as L. B. Meyer´s Emotion and Meaning in Music (1956) and the contour theory (Kivy 1989, 2002), focused on music structure as representations of emotions. This implies a semiotic approach - the assumption that music is a kind of language that could be read and decoded. Such an approach is largely restricted to the conscious level of knowing, understanding and communication. We suggest an understanding of music and emotion based on (...)
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  31. The second mistake in moral mathematics is not about the worth of mere participation.Björn Petersson - 2004 - Utilitas 16 (3):288-315.
    ‘The Second Mistake’ (TSM) is to think that if an act is right or wrong because of its effects, the only relevant effects are the effects of this particular act. This is not (as some think) a truism, since ‘the effects of this particular act’ and ‘its effects’ need not co-refer. Derek Parfit's rejection of TSM is based mainly on intuitions concerning sets of acts that over-determine certain harms. In these cases, each act belongs to the relevant set in virtue (...)
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  32.  55
    A Dilemma for Privacy as Control.Björn Lundgren - 2020 - The Journal of Ethics 24 (2):165-175.
    Although popular, control accounts of privacy suffer from various counterexamples. In this article, it is argued that two such counterexamples—while individually resolvable—can be combined to yield a dilemma for control accounts of privacy. Furthermore, it is argued that it is implausible that control accounts of privacy can defend against this dilemma. Thus, it is concluded that we ought not define privacy in terms of control. Lastly, it is argued that since the concept of privacy is the object of the right (...)
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  33.  35
    Co-responsibility and Causal Involvement.Petersson Björn - 2013 - Philosophia 41 (3):847-866.
    In discussions of moral responsibility for collectively produced effects, it is not uncommon to assume that we have to abandon the view that causal involvement is a necessary condition for individual co-responsibility. In general, considerations of cases where there is "a mismatch between the wrong a group commits and the apparent causal contributions for which we can hold individuals responsible" motivate this move. According to Brian Lawson, "solving this problem requires an approach that deemphasizes the importance of causal contributions". Christopher (...)
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  34.  10
    Mīmāṃsā deontic reasoning using specificity: a proof theoretic approach.Björn Lellmann, Francesca Gulisano & Agata Ciabattoni - 2021 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 29 (3):351-394.
    Over the course of more than two millennia the philosophical school of Mīmāṃsā has thoroughly analyzed normative statements. In this paper we approach a formalization of the deontic system which is applied but never explicitly discussed in Mīmāṃsā to resolve conflicts between deontic statements by giving preference to the more specific ones. We first extend with prohibitions and recommendations the non-normal deontic logic extracted in Ciabattoni et al. from Mīmāṃsā texts, obtaining a multimodal dyadic version of the deontic logic \. (...)
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  35.  20
    Dark Data as the New Challenge for Big Data Science and the Introduction of the Scientific Data Officer.Björn Schembera & Juan M. Durán - 2019 - Philosophy and Technology:1-23.
    Many studies in big data focus on the uses of data available to researchers, leaving without treatment data that is on the servers but of which researchers are unaware. We call this dark data, and in this article, we present and discuss it in the context of high-performance computing facilities. To this end, we provide statistics of a major HPC facility in Europe, the High-Performance Computing Center Stuttgart. We also propose a new position tailor-made for coping with dark data and (...)
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  36.  53
    Decision making in uncertain times: what can cognitive and decision sciences say about or learn from economic crises?Björn Meder, Fabrice Le Lec & Magda Osman - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (6):257-260.
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  37.  3
    Fichtes Gott: Vom Sinn der Freiheit Zur Liebe des Seins.Björn Pecina - 2007 - Mohr Siebeck.
    English summary: Bjorn Pecina reconstructs Fichte's philosophy of religion in its evolution from a practical self-consciousness to the theory of love and affects, which he developed late in life.
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  38.  62
    Safety requirements vs. crashing ethically: what matters most for policies on autonomous vehicles.Björn Lundgren - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-11.
    The philosophical–ethical literature and the public debate on autonomous vehicles have been obsessed with ethical issues related to crashing. In this article, these discussions, including more empirical investigations, will be critically assessed. It is argued that a related and more pressing issue is questions concerning safety. For example, what should we require from autonomous vehicles when it comes to safety? What do we mean by ‘safety’? How do we measure it? In response to these questions, the article will present a (...)
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  39. Collectivity And Circularity.Björn Petersson - 2007 - Journal of Philosophy 104 (3):138-156.
    According to a common claim, a necessary condition for a collective action (as opposed to a mere set of intertwined or parallel actions) to take place is that the notion of collective action figures in the content of each participant’s attitudes. Insofar as this claim is part of a conceptual analysis, it gives rise to a circularity challenge that has been explicitly addressed by Michael Bratman and Christopher Kutz.1 I will briefly show how the problem arises within Bratman’s and Kutz’s (...)
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  40.  6
    Both Reaction Time and Accuracy Measures of Intraindividual Variability Predict Cognitive Performance in Alzheimer's Disease.Björn U. Christ, Marc I. Combrinck & Kevin G. F. Thomas - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  41. Causal induction enables adaptive decision making.Björn Meder & York Hagmayer - 2009 - In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society.
     
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  42.  3
    Derrida and Technology: Life, Politics, and Religion: Translated by Stephen Donovan.Björn Sjöstrand - 2021 - Springer Verlag.
    This book is the first monograph that takes a comprehensive approach to Jacques Derrida as a philosopher of technology. It refines and complements his mainstream image as a philosopher of language and deconstructionist of classical literary and philosophical texts. This volume outlines the key features of Derrida’s alternative philosophy of technology, a philosophy which Sjöstrand argues, avoids the problems associated with, on the one hand, a Heideggerian orientation, which completely separates thinking and technology and, on the other, an empirically oriented (...)
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  43. Islamism: Cromwell's Ghost in the Middle East'.Björn Olav Utvik - 1997 - In Stein Tønnesson (ed.), Between National Histories and Global History. Fhs.
     
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  44.  15
    Björn Laser: Kulturbolschewismus! Zur Diskurssemantik der „totalen Krise“ 1929-1933, Frankfurt a. M.: Peter Lang 2010, 440 S. [REVIEW]Justus H. Ulbricht - 2013 - Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 65 (3):302-304.
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  45.  14
    The integrated information theory of consciousness: Unmasked and identified.Bjorn Merker, Kenneth Williford & David Rudrauf - 2022 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 45.
    In our response to a truly diverse set of commentaries, we first summarize the principal topical themes around which they cluster, then address two “outlier” positions. Next, we address ways in which commentaries by non-integrated information theory authors engage with the specifics of our IIT critique, turning finally to the four commentaries by IIT authors.
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  46.  5
    Reduced multisensory integration of self-initiated stimuli.Björn Zierul, Jonathan Tong, Patrick Bruns & Brigitte Röder - 2019 - Cognition 182 (C):349-359.
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  47.  9
    How can we play together? Temporal inconsistencies in neural coding of music.Björn Vickhoff - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42.
    If sensory organs encode environment, this code must be decoded to perception. The currently dominant theory of perception – predictive coding – assumes a “Bayesian decoder,” a probability function, which will present an optimal guess, given previous encodings of the environment – old codes testing new codes. Such a process would delay perception noticeably. This is inconsistent with the perception of music, which for several reasons must be direct.
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  48. Collective Omissions and Responsibility.Björn Petersson - 2008 - Philosophical Papers 37 (2):243-261.
    Sometimes it seems intuitively plausible to hold loosely structured sets of individuals morally responsible for failing to act collectively. Virginia Held, Larry May, and Torbj rn T nnsj have all drawn this conclusion from thought experiments concerning small groups, although they apply the conclusion to large-scale omissions as well. On the other hand it is commonly assumed that (collective) agency is a necessary condition for (collective) responsibility. If that is true, then how can we hold sets of people responsible for (...)
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  49. Constructing Cut Free Sequent Systems with Context Restrictions Based on Classical or Intuitionistic Logic.Björn Lellmann & Dirk Pattinson - 2013 - In Kamal Lodaya (ed.), Logic and its Applications. Springer. pp. 148--160.
  50.  9
    Managing Value Tensions in Collective Social Entrepreneurship: The Role of Temporal, Structural, and Collaborative Compromise.Björn C. Mitzinneck & Marya L. Besharov - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 159 (2):381-400.
    Social entrepreneurship increasingly involves collective, voluntary organizing efforts where success depends on generating and sustaining members’ participation. To investigate how such participatory social ventures achieve member engagement in pluralistic institutional settings, we conducted a qualitative, inductive study of German Renewable Energy Source Cooperatives. Our findings show how value tensions emerge from differences in RESCoop members’ relative prioritization of community, environmental, and commercial logics, and how cooperative leaders manage these tensions and sustain member participation through temporal, structural, and collaborative compromise strategies. (...)
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