Results for 'Biology Philosophy'

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  1.  2
    The Gestation of German Biology: Philosophy and Physiology From Stahl to Schelling.John H. Zammito - 2017 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    This book explores how and when biology emerged as a science in Germany. Beginning with the debate about organism between Georg Ernst Stahl and Gottfried Leibniz at the start of the eighteenth century, John Zammito traces the development of a new research program, culminating in 1800, in the formulation of developmental morphology. He shows how over the course of the century, naturalists undertook to transform some domains of natural history into a distinct branch of natural philosophy, which attempted (...)
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  2.  37
    Thirty Years of Biology & Philosophy: Philosophy of Which Biology?Thomas Pradeu - 2017 - Biology and Philosophy 32 (2):149-167.
    Which domains of biology do philosophers of biology primarily study? The fact that philosophy of biology has been dominated by an interest for evolutionary biology is widely admitted, but it has not been strictly demonstrated. Here I analyse the topics of all the papers published in Biology & Philosophy, just as the journal celebrates its thirtieth anniversary. I then compare the distribution of biological topics in Biology & Philosophy with that of (...)
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  3.  8
    Biology, Philosophy Of.Paul E. Griffiths - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  4.  2
    Philosophy of Biology: A Contemporary Introduction.Alex Rosenberg & Daniel W. McShea - 2007 - Routledge.
    Is life a purely physical process? What is human nature? Which of our traits is essential to us? In this volume, Daniel McShea and Alex Rosenberg – a biologist and a philosopher, respectively – join forces to create a new gateway to the philosophy of biology; making the major issues accessible and relevant to biologists and philosophers alike. Exploring concepts such as supervenience; the controversies about genocentrism and genetic determinism; and the debate about major transitions central to contemporary (...)
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  5. Philosophy of Biology.Elliott Sober - 1993 - Westview Press.
    Perhaps because of it implications for our understanding of human nature, recent philosophy of biology has seen what might be the most dramatic work in the philosophies of the ”special” sciences. This drama has centered on evolutionary theory, and in the second edition of this textbook, Elliott Sober introduces the reader to the most important issues of these developments. With a rare combination of technical sophistication and clarity of expression, Sober engages both the higher level of theory and (...)
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  6. Mathematical Modeling in Biology: Philosophy and Pragmatics.Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther - 2012 - Frontiers in Plant Evolution and Development 2012:1-3.
    Philosophy can shed light on mathematical modeling and the juxtaposition of modeling and empirical data. This paper explores three philosophical traditions of the structure of scientific theory—Syntactic, Semantic, and Pragmatic—to show that each illuminates mathematical modeling. The Pragmatic View identifies four critical functions of mathematical modeling: (1) unification of both models and data, (2) model fitting to data, (3) mechanism identification accounting for observation, and (4) prediction of future observations. Such facets are explored using a recent exchange between two (...)
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  7.  23
    Assessing Overmedication: Biology, Philosophy and Common Sense.Wim J. van der Steen - 2003 - Acta Biotheoretica 51 (3):151-171.
    Overmedication is nowadays a serious problem in health care due to influences from the pharmaceutical industry and agencies responsible for regulation. The situation has indeed become appalling in psychiatry, where both theories and treatments have deteriorated under the impact of the industry. The overmedication problem is associated with biased biology in medicine. Adequate biological approaches would indicate that drug therapies must yield to diet therapies, particularly treatments involving omega-3 fatty acids, in many cases. To the extent that philosophy (...)
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  8. Two Problems of the Biological Philosophy of Technology.Martino Maria Feyles - 2022 - Philosophy and Technology 35 (2):1-18.
    The aim of this article is to highlight and discuss two problems of the biological philosophy of technology. In particular, I will analyse the work of André Leroi-Gourhan and Gilbert Simondon, and I will show that the meaning of the analogy between technical and natural objects that underlies the approach of the biological philosophy of technology remains problematic and the biological approach to technology is very effective for analysing tools and machines, but is not sufficient to describe the (...)
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  9.  29
    The Philosophy of Biology.David L. Hull & Michael Ruse (eds.) - 1973 - London: Oxford University Press.
    Drawing on work of the past decade, this volume brings together articles from the philosophy, history, and sociology of science, and many other branches of the biological sciences. The volume delves into the latest theoretical controversies as well as burning questions of contemporary social importance. The issues considered include the nature of evolutionary theory, biology and ethics, the challenge from religion, and the social implications of biology today (in particular the Human Genome Project).
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  10.  10
    Philosophy of Biological Science.David L. Hull - 1974 - Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice-Hall.
    Compares classic and contemporary theories of genetics and evolution and explores the role of teleological thought in biology.
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  11.  99
    Philosophy of Experimental Biology.Marcel Weber - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    Philosophy of Experimental Biology explores some central philosophical issues concerning scientific research in experimental biology, including genetics, biochemistry, molecular biology, developmental biology, neurobiology, and microbiology. It seeks to make sense of the explanatory strategies, concepts, ways of reasoning, approaches to discovery and problem solving, tools, models and experimental systems deployed by scientific life science researchers and also integrates developments in historical scholarship, in particular the New Experimentalism. It concludes that historical explanations of scientific change that (...)
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  12.  9
    Philosophy of Biology.Brian Garvey - 2006 - Routledge.
    This major new series in the philosophy of science aims to provide a new generation of textbooks for the subject. The series will not only offer fresh treatments of core topics in the theory and methodology of scientific knowledge, but also introductions to newer areas of the discipline. Furthermore, the series will cover topics in current science that raise significant foundational issues both for scientific theory and for philosophy more generally. Biology raises distinct questions of its own (...)
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  13.  5
    Self-Generation: Biology, Philosophy and Literature Around 1800. [REVIEW]Christine Battersby - 1999 - Women’s Philosophy Review 21:88-90.
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  14.  7
    Escaping the Conceptual Analysis Straightjacket: Pathological Mechanisms and Canguilhem’s Biological Philosophy.Jonathan Sholl - 2015 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 58 (4):395-418.
    This essay discusses four key criticisms recently leveled against the main attempts to use conceptual analysis to understand health and disease. First, it examines the weaknesses of these attempts and suggests a better way to proceed. Next, it briefly discusses another disease debate concerning pathological mechanisms and suggests that this approach could be more fruitful than that of conceptual analysis. The final section demonstrates how Georges Canguilhem's biological philosophy of disease avoids some of the problems associated with conceptual analysis, (...)
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  15.  8
    Self-Generation: Biology, Philosophy, and Literature Around 1800. Helmut Mueller-Sievers.James A. Marcum - 1998 - Isis 89 (1):136-137.
  16.  7
    Self-Generation: Biology, Philosophy, and Literature Around 1800 by Helmut Mueller-Sievers. [REVIEW]James Marcum - 1998 - Isis 89:136-137.
  17.  73
    From a Biological Point of View: Essays in Evolutionary Philosophy.Elliott Sober - 1994 - Cambridge University Press.
    Elliott Sober is one of the leading philosophers of science and is a former winner of the Lakatos Prize, the major award in the field. This new collection of essays will appeal to a readership that extends well beyond the frontiers of the philosophy of science. Sober shows how ideas in evolutionary biology bear in significant ways on traditional problems in philosophy of mind and language, epistemology, and metaphysics. Amongst the topics addressed are psychological egoism, solipsism, and (...)
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  18.  4
    Values in Evolutionary Biology: A Comparison Between the Contemporary Debate on Organic Progress and Canguilhem’s Biological Philosophy.Silvia De Cesare - 2022 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 44 (2):1-20.
    The aim of this paper is to make a comparison and build up a dialogue between two different philosophical approaches to values in evolutionary biology. First, I present the approach proposed by Alexander Rosenberg and Daniel McShea in their contribution to the contemporary debate on organic progress. i.e. the idea that there has been some kind of improvement concerning organisms over the history of life. Discussing organic progress raises the question of what “better” exactly means. This requires an explicit (...)
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  19.  71
    Toward a New Philosophy of Biology: Observations of an Evolutionist.Ernst Mayr - 1988 - Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
    Provides a philosophical analysis of such biological concepts as natural selection, adaptation, speciation, and evolution.
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  20.  50
    How Biology Shapes Philosophy: New Foundations for Naturalism. [REVIEW]Anton Killin - 2018 - Philosophical Quarterly 68 (272):635-638.
    How Biology Shapes Philosophy: New Foundations for Naturalism. Edited By Smith David Livingstone.
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  21. Philosophy of Experimental Biology.Jacob Stegenga - 2009 - Erkenntnis 71 (3):431-436.
    Philosophers have committed sins while studying science, it is said – philosophy of science focused on physics to the detriment of biology, reconstructed idealizations of scientific episodes rather than attending to historical details, and focused on theories and concepts to the detriment of experiments. Recent generations of philosophers of science have tried to atone for these sins, and by the 1980s the exculpation was in full swing. Marcel Weber’s Philosophy of Experimental Biology is a zenith mea (...)
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  22.  16
    Philosophy of Biology.Sergio Sismondo - 1995 - Philosophical Review 104 (1):164.
  23.  35
    Philosophy of Biology: A Contemporary Introduction.Alexander Rosenberg - 2007 - Routledge.
    EM Music Education /EM is a collection of thematically organized essays that present an historical background of the picture of education first in Greece and Rome, the Middle Ages, then Early-Modern Europe. The bulk of the book focuses on American education up to the present. This third edition includes readings by Orff, Kodály, Sinichi Suzuki, William Channing Woodbridge, Allan Britton, and Charles Leonhard. In addition, essays include timely topics on feminism, diversity, cognitive psych, testing (the Praxis exam) and the No (...)
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  24.  8
    Processes of Life: Essays in the Philosophy of Biology.John Dupré - 2011 - Oxford University Press UK.
    John Dupré explores recent revolutionary developments in biology and considers their relevance for our understanding of human nature and human society. Epigenetics and related areas of molecular biology have eroded the exceptional status of the gene and presented the genome as fully interactive with the rest of the cell. Developmental systems theory provides a space for a vision of evolution that takes full account of the fundamental importance of developmental processes. Dupré shows the importance of microbiology for a (...)
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  25.  48
    Philosophy of Biology.Peter Godfrey-Smith - 2013 - Princeton University Press.
    • "Conditions for Evolution by Natural Selection " (2007) . Evolution by natural selection is usually said to require three ingredients: variation, heredity, and fitness differences. But things are not so simple. Here I discuss various problem cases and their consequences.
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  26.  25
    The Philosophy of Biology: An Episodic History.Marjorie Grene & David Depew - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    Is life different from the non-living? If so, how? And how, in that case, does biology as the study of living things differ from other sciences? These questions are traced through an exploration of episodes in the history of biology and philosophy. The book begins with Aristotle, then moves on to Descartes, comparing his position with that of Harvey. In the eighteenth century the authors consider Buffon and Kant. In the nineteenth century the authors examine the Cuvier-Geoffroy (...)
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  27.  38
    Feeling the Signs: The Origins of Meaning in the Biological Philosophy of Susanne K. Langer and Hans Jonas.Andreas Weber - 2002 - Sign Systems Studies 30 (1):183-199.
    This paper describes the semiotic approach to organism in two proto-biosemiotic thinkers, Susanne K. Langer and Hans Jonas. Both authors develop ideas that have become central terms of biosemiotics: the organism as subject, the realisation of the living as a closed circular self, the value concept, and, in the case of Langer, the concept of symbol. Langer tries to develop a theory of cultural symbolism based on a theory of organism as a self-realising entity creating meaning and value. This paper (...)
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  28.  20
    Philosophy of Biology: A Very Short Introduction.Samir Okasha - 2019 - Oxford University Press.
    Covering some of science's most divisive topics, such as philosophical issues in genetics and evolution, the philosophy of biology also encompasses more traditional philosophical questions, such as free will, essentialism, and nature vs nurture. Here, Samir Okasha outlines the core issues with which contemporary philosophy of biology is engaged.
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  29.  39
    Philosophy of Biology.Michael Ruse (ed.) - 1998 - Prometheus Books.
    Biologists study life in its various physical forms, while philosophers of biology seek answers to questions about the nature, purpose, and impact of this research. What permits us to distinguish between living and nonliving things even though both are made of the same minerals? Is the complex structure of organisms proof that a creative force is working its will in the physical universe, or are existing life-forms the random result of an evolutionary process working itself out over eons of (...)
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  30.  11
    Philosophy of Biology.Brian Garvey - 2006 - Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
    This major new series in the philosophy of science aims to provide a new generation of textbooks for the subject. The series will not only offer fresh treatments of core topics in the theory and methodology of scientific knowledge, but also introductions to newer areas of the discipline. Furthermore, the series will cover topics in current science that raise significant foundational issues both for scientific theory and for philosophy more generally. Biology raises distinct questions of its own (...)
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  31.  9
    Philosophy of Biology Today: On the Outside of Europe Looking In.Michael Ruse - 1988 - State University of New York Press.
    This short and highly accessible volume opens up the subject of the philosophy of biology to professionals and to students in both disciplines. The text covers briefly and clearly all of the pertinent topics in the subject, dealing with both human and non-human issues, and quite uniquely surveying not only scholars in the English-speaking world but others elsewhere, including the Eastern block. As molecular biologists peer ever more deeply into life’s mysteries, there are those who fear that such (...)
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  32.  2
    Aristotle’s Philosophy of Biology: Studies in the Origins of Life Science.James G. Lennox - 2000 - Cambridge University Press.
    In addition to being one of the world's most influential philosophers, Aristotle can also be credited with the creation of both the science of biology and the philosophy of biology. He was the first thinker to treat the investigations of the living world as a distinct inquiry with its own special concepts and principles. This book focuses on a seminal event in the history of biology - Aristotle's delineation of a special branch of theoretical knowledge devoted (...)
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  33.  1
    Philosophy of Biology.Elliott Sober & Pénel Jean-Dominique - 1995 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 185 (3):382-383.
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  34. Philosophy, Biology and Life.Anthony O'Hear (ed.) - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    It has been claimed that following the decline of Marxism and Freudianism, Darwinism has become the dominant intellectual paradigm of our day. In the mass media there are many bitter disputes between today's new Darwinians and their opponents, often over religion. But the 'neo-Darwinian paradigm' is not as simple or as seamless as either its advocates or its opponents would sometimes have us believe. Biology is in a state of development which defies the standard stereotypes. The papers in this (...)
     
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  35.  13
    Bringing Biology to Life: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Biology.Mahesh Ananth - 2018 - Broadview Press.
    _Bringing Biology to Life _is a guided tour of the philosophy of biology, canvassing three broad areas: the early history of biology, from Aristotle to Darwin; traditional debates regarding species, function, and units of selection; and recent efforts to better understand the human condition in light of evolutionary biology. Topics are addressed using no more technical jargon than necessary, and without presupposing any advanced knowledge of biology or the philosophy of science on the (...)
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  36.  77
    The Philosophy of Biology: A Companion for Educators.Kostas Kampourakis (ed.) - 2013 - Springer.
    This book presents analyses of philosophical topics of importance to biology education. It is intended foremost for biology educators and teachers, and aims to show how philosophy of science in general, and philosophy of biology in particular, ...
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  37. Helmut Müller-Sievers, Self-Generation: Biology, Philosophy, and Literature Around 1800. [REVIEW]Karen Detlefsen - 1998 - Philosophy in Review 18 (4):285-287.
  38.  48
    Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Biology.Francisco José Ayala & Robert Arp (eds.) - 2009 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    This collection of specially commissioned essays puts top scholars head to head to debate the central issues in the lively and fast growing field of philosophy ...
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  39. The Wonders of Life a Popular Study of Biological Philosophy. Supplementary Volume to "the Riddle of the Universe".Ernst Heinrich Philipp August Haeckel & Joseph Mccabe - 1904 - Watts.
     
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  40.  3
    Micro and Macro Philosophy: Organicism in Biology, Philosophy, and Politics.Thorsten Botz-Bornstein - 2020 - New York: Brill | Rodopi.
    What role can philosophy play in a world dominated by neoliberalism and globalization? Must it join universalist ideologies as it has in past centuries? Or might it turn to ethnophilosophy and postmodern fragmentation? Universalist cosmopolitanism and egocentric culturalism are not the only alternatives.
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  41.  42
    Andrea Gambarotto, Vital Forces, Teleology and Organization: Philosophy of Nature and the Rise of Biology in Germany, Cham: Springer 2018. xxii, 137 S., € 90,94. ISBN 978‐3‐319‐65414‐0. John H. Zammito, The Gestation of German Biology: Philosophy and Physiology from Stahl to Schelling, Chicago/London: University of Chicago Press 2018. 523 S., $ 45,00. ISBN 978‐0‐226‐52079‐7. [REVIEW]Kai Torsten Kanz - 2018 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 41 (3):302-304.
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  42.  44
    Feeling the Signs: The Origins of Meaning in the Biological Philosophy of Susanne K. Langer and Hans Jonas.Andreas Weber - 2002 - Σημιοτκή-Sign Systems Studies 1 (1):183-200.
    This paper describes the semiotic approach to organism in two proto-biosemiotic thinkers, Susanne K. Langer and Hans Jonas. Both authors develop ideas that have become central terms of biosemiotics: the organism as subject, the realisation of the living as a closed circular self, the value concept, and, in the case of Langer, the concept of symbol. Langer tries to develop a theory of cultural symbolism based on a theory of organism as a self-realising entity creating meaning and value. This paper (...)
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  43.  38
    Philosophy of Biology Before Biology.Cécilia Bognon-Küss & Charles T. Wolfe (eds.) - 2019 - London: Routledge.
    Philosophy of biology before biology -/- Edited by Cécilia Bognon-Küss & Charles T. Wolfe -/- Table of contents -/- Cécilia Bognon-Küss & Charles T. Wolfe. Introduction -/- 1. Cécilia Bognon-Küss & Charles T. Wolfe. The idea of “philosophy of biology before biology”: a methodological provocation -/- Part I. FORM AND DEVELOPMENT -/- 2. Stéphane Schmitt. Buffon’s theories of generation and the changing dialectics of molds and molecules 3. Phillip Sloan. Metaphysics and “Vital” Materialism: The (...)
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  44.  3
    The Philosophy and History of Molecular Biology: New Perspectives.Sahotra Sarkar (ed.) - 1996 - Kluwer Academic.
    This book is a collection of papers which reflect the recent trends in the philosophy and history of molecular biology. It brings together historians, philosophers, and molecular biologists who reflect on the discipline's emergence in the 1950's, its explosive growth, and the directions in which it is going. Questions addressed include: (i) what are the limits of molecular biology? (ii) What is the relation of molecular biology to older subdisciplines of biology, especially biochemistry? (iii) Are (...)
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  45.  18
    John H. Zammito. The Gestation of German Biology: Philosophy and Physiology From Stahl to Schelling. 523 Pp., Notes, Index. Chicago/London: University of Chicago Press, 2017. $45 . ISBN 9780226520797. [REVIEW]Tamás Demeter & Gábor Áron Zemplén - 2019 - Isis 110 (2):413-414.
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  46.  19
    John H. Zammito, The Gestation of German Biology: Philosophy and Physiology from Stahl to Schelling , 523 pp., $45.00 Cloth, ISBN: 9780226520797. [REVIEW]Lynn Nyhart - 2018 - Journal of the History of Biology 51 (3):593-595.
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  47.  86
    Philosophy of Biology in Britain. [REVIEW]Paul Griffiths - 2007 - Metascience 16:535-537.
    The Royal Institute of Philosophy’s London lecture series for 2004–2005 offers a useful snapshot of the current state of philosophy of biology in Britain. With one or two exceptions the papers are not simply current research articles. The authors map out questions they feel need more research, analyse ongoing debates, or outline the program of their own previously published work. This presumably reflects the fact that the papers are based closely on public lectures. It also makes for (...)
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  48.  22
    John H. Zammito. The Gestation of German Biology: Philosophy and Physiology From Stahl to Schelling. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2017. Pp. 523. $45.00. [REVIEW]Joan Steigerwald - 2019 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 9 (1):205-208.
  49.  23
    John H. Zammito, The Gestation of German Biology: Philosophy and Physiology From Stahl to Schelling. [REVIEW]Joan Steigerwald - forthcoming - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science.
  50. Whence Philosophy of Biology?Jason M. Byron - 2007 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 58 (3):409-422.
    A consensus exists among contemporary philosophers of biology about the history of their field. According to the received view, mainstream philosophy of science in the 1930s, 40s, and 50s focused on physics and general epistemology, neglecting analyses of the 'special sciences', including biology. The subdiscipline of philosophy of biology emerged (and could only have emerged) after the decline of logical positivism in the 1960s and 70s. In this article, I present bibliometric data from four major (...)
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