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Bernd Carsten Stahl [31]Bernd Stahl [4]Bernd C. Stahl [1]
  1. Artificial intelligence ethics guidelines for developers and users: clarifying their content and normative implications.Mark Ryan & Bernd Carsten Stahl - 2021 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 19 (1):61-86.
    Purpose The purpose of this paper is clearly illustrate this convergence and the prescriptive recommendations that such documents entail. There is a significant amount of research into the ethical consequences of artificial intelligence. This is reflected by many outputs across academia, policy and the media. Many of these outputs aim to provide guidance to particular stakeholder groups. It has recently been shown that there is a large degree of convergence in terms of the principles upon which these guidance documents are (...)
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  2.  80
    Organisational responses to the ethical issues of artificial intelligence.Bernd Carsten Stahl, Josephina Antoniou, Mark Ryan, Kevin Macnish & Tilimbe Jiya - 2022 - AI and Society 37 (1):23-37.
    The ethics of artificial intelligence is a widely discussed topic. There are numerous initiatives that aim to develop the principles and guidance to ensure that the development, deployment and use of AI are ethically acceptable. What is generally unclear is how organisations that make use of AI understand and address these ethical issues in practice. While there is an abundance of conceptual work on AI ethics, empirical insights are rare and often anecdotal. This paper fills the gap in our current (...)
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  3.  5
    Ethics and Privacy in AI and Big Data: Implementing Responsible Research and Innovation.Bernd Carsten Stahl & David Wright - 2018 - IEEE Security and Privacy 16 (3):26-33.
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  4.  75
    How to Shape a Better Future? Epistemic Difficulties for Ethical Assessment and Anticipatory Governance of Emerging Technologies.Brent Daniel Mittelstadt, Bernd Carsten Stahl & N. Ben Fairweather - 2015 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 18 (5):1027-1047.
    Empirical research into the ethics of emerging technologies, often involving foresight studies, technology assessment or application of the precautionary principle, raises significant epistemological challenges by failing to explain the relative epistemic status of contentious normative claims about future states. This weakness means that it is unclear why the conclusions reached by these approaches should be considered valid, for example in anticipatory ethical assessment or governance of emerging technologies. This paper explains and responds to this problem by proposing an account of (...)
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  5. Responsible computers? A case for ascribing quasi-responsibility to computers independent of personhood or agency.Bernd Carsten Stahl - 2006 - Ethics and Information Technology 8 (4):205-213.
    There has been much debate whether computers can be responsible. This question is usually discussed in terms of personhood and personal characteristics, which a computer may or may not possess. If a computer fulfils the conditions required for agency or personhood, then it can be responsible; otherwise not. This paper suggests a different approach. An analysis of the concept of responsibility shows that it is a social construct of ascription which is only viable in certain social contexts and which serves (...)
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  6.  60
    Beyond Research Ethics: Dialogues in Neuro-ICT Research.Bernd Carsten Stahl, Simisola Akintoye, B. Tyr Fothergill, Manuel Guerrero, Will Knight & Inga Ulnicane - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13:419547.
    The increasing use of information and communication technologies (ICT) to help facilitate neuroscience adds a new level of complexity to the question of how ethical issues of such research can be identified and addressed. Current research ethics practice, based on ethics reviews by institutional review boards (IRB) and underpinned by ethical principalism, has been widely criticised and even called ‘imperialist’. In this paper, we develop an alternative way of approaching ethics in neuro-ICT research, based on discourse ethics, which implements responsible (...)
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  7.  40
    Research and Practice of AI Ethics: A Case Study Approach Juxtaposing Academic Discourse with Organisational Reality.Bernd Stahl, Kevin Macnish, Tilimbe Jiya, Laurence Brooks, Josephina Antoniou & Mark Ryan - 2021 - Science and Engineering Ethics 27 (2):1-29.
    This study investigates the ethical use of Big Data and Artificial Intelligence (AI) technologies (BD + AI)—using an empirical approach. The paper categorises the current literature and presents a multi-case study of 'on-the-ground' ethical issues that uses qualitative tools to analyse findings from ten targeted case-studies from a range of domains. The analysis coalesces identified singular ethical issues, (from the literature), into clusters to offer a comparison with the proposed classification in the literature. The results show that despite the variety (...)
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  8.  53
    Ethical and Social Aspects of Neurorobotics.Christine Aicardi, Simisola Akintoye, B. Tyr Fothergill, Manuel Guerrero, Gudrun Klinker, William Knight, Lars Klüver, Yannick Morel, Fabrice O. Morin, Bernd Carsten Stahl & Inga Ulnicane - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (5):2533-2546.
    The interdisciplinary field of neurorobotics looks to neuroscience to overcome the limitations of modern robotics technology, to robotics to advance our understanding of the neural system’s inner workings, and to information technology to develop tools that support those complementary endeavours. The development of these technologies is still at an early stage, which makes them an ideal candidate for proactive and anticipatory ethical reflection. This article explains the current state of neurorobotics development within the Human Brain Project, originating from a close (...)
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  9.  21
    Assessing responsible innovation training.Bernd Carsten Stahl, Christine Aicardi, Laurence Brooks, Peter J. Craigon, Mayen Cunden, Saheli Datta Burton, Martin De Heaver, Stevienna De Saille, Serena Dolby, Liz Dowthwaite, Damian Eke, Stephen Hughes, Paul Keene, Vivienne Kuh, Virginia Portillo, Danielle Shanley, Melanie Smallman, Michael Smith, Jack Stilgoe, Inga Ulnicane, Christian Wagner & Helena Webb - 2023 - Journal of Responsible Technology 16 (C):100063.
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  10.  28
    The need for responsible technology.Marina Jirotka & Bernd Carsten Stahl - 2020 - Journal of Responsible Technology 1:100002.
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  11.  64
    Critical Theory as an Approach to the Ethics of Information Security.Bernd Carsten Stahl, Neil F. Doherty, Mark Shaw & Helge Janicke - 2014 - Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (3):675-699.
    Information security can be of high moral value. It can equally be used for immoral purposes and have undesirable consequences. In this paper we suggest that critical theory can facilitate a better understanding of possible ethical issues and can provide support when finding ways of addressing them. The paper argues that critical theory has intrinsic links to ethics and that it is possible to identify concepts frequently used in critical theory to pinpoint ethical concerns. Using the example of UK electronic (...)
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  12.  80
    Identifying the ethics of emerging information and communication technologies: An essay on issues, concepts and method.Bernd Carsten Stahl, Richard Heersmink, Philippe Goujon, Catherine Flick, Jeroen van den Hoven, Kutoma Wakunuma, Veikko Ikonen & Michael Rader - 2010 - International Journal of Technoethics 1 (4):20-38.
    Ethical issues of information and communication technologies (ICTs) are important because they can have significant effects on human liberty, happiness, and people’s ability to lead a good life. They are also of functional interest because they can determine whether technologies are used and whether their positive potential can unfold. For these reasons, policy makers are interested in finding out what these issues are and how they can be addressed. The best way of creating ICT policy that is sensitive to ethical (...)
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  13.  11
    A method for the ethical analysis of brain-inspired AI.Michele Farisco, Gianluca Baldassarre, Emilio Cartoni, Antonia Leach, Mihai A. Petrovici, Achim Rosemann, Arleen Salles, Bernd Stahl & Sacha J. van Albada - unknown
    Despite its successes, to date Artificial Intelligence (AI) is still characterized by a number of shortcomings with regards to different application domains and goals. These limitations are arguably both conceptual (e.g., related to the underlying theoretical models, such as symbolic vs.connectionist), and operational (e.g., related to robustness and ability to generalize). Biologically inspired AI, and more specifically brain-inspired AI, promises to provide further biological aspects beyond those that are already traditionally included in AI, making it possible to assess and possibly (...)
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  14.  49
    Responsibility of/in digital transformation.Markus P. Zimmer, Jonna Järveläinen, Bernd C. Stahl & Benjamin Mueller - 2023 - Journal of Responsible Technology 16 (C):100068.
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  15. Issues, concepts and methods relating to the identification of the ethics of emerging ICTs.Bernd Stahl, Richard Heersmink, Philippe Goujon, Catherine Flick, Jeroen van den Hoven, Kutoma Wakunuma, Veikko Ikonen & Michael Rader - 2010 - Communications of the IIMA 10 (1):33-43.
    Ethical issues of information and communication technologies (ICTs) are important because they can have significant effects on human liberty, happiness, their ability to lead a good life. They are also of functional interest because they can determine whether technologies are used and whether their positive potential can unfold. For these reasons policy makers are interested in finding out what these issues are and how they can be addressed. The best way of creating ICT policy that is sensitive to ethical issues (...)
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  16.  30
    Ethics in corporate research and development: can responsible research and innovation approaches aid sustainability?Bernd Stahl, Kate Chatfield, Carolyn Ten Holter & Alexander Brem - 2019 - Journal of Cleaner Production 239.
    An increase in the number of companies that publish corporate social responsibility (CSR) statements, and a rise in their ‘sustainability’ research, reflects a growing acceptance that broad ethical considerations are key for any type of company. However, little is known about how companies consider moral objectives for their research and development (R&D) activities, or the basis upon which these activities are chosen. This research involves qualitative investigation into Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) in the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) industry, (...)
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  17.  4
    Perceptions on the Ethical and Legal Principles that Influence Global Brain Data Governance.Paschal Ochang, Damian Eke & Bernd Carsten Stahl - 2024 - Neuroethics 17 (2):1-25.
    Advances in neuroscience and other disciplines are producing large-scale brain data consisting of datasets from multiple organisms, disciplines, and jurisdictions in different formats. However, due to the lack of an international data governance framework brain data is currently being produced under various contextual ethical and legal principles which may influence key stakeholders involved in the generation, collection, processing and sharing of brain data thereby raising ethical and legal challenges. In addition, despite the demand for a brain data governance framework that (...)
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  18.  25
    20 years of ETHICOMP: time to celebrate?Bernd Carsten Stahl & Charles M. Ess - 2015 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 13 (3/4):166-175.
    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to give an introduction to the special issue by providing background on the ETHICOMP conference series and a discussion of its role in the academic debate on ethics and computing. It provides the context that influenced the launch of the conference series and highlights its unique features. Finally, it provides an overview of the papers in the special issues. Design/methodology/approach – The paper combines an historical account of ETHICOMP and a review of (...)
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  19.  88
    Intersectional observations of the Human Brain Project’s approach to sex and gender.B. Tyr Fothergill, William Knight, Bernd Carsten Stahl & Inga Ulnicane - 2019 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 17 (2):128-144.
    Purpose This paper aims to critically assess approaches to sex and gender in the Human Brain Project as a large information and communication technology project case study using intersectionality. Design/methodology/approach The strategy of the HBP is contextualised within the wider context of the representation of women in ICT, and critically reflected upon from an intersectional standpoint. Findings The policy underpinning the approach deployed by the HBP in response to these issues parallels Horizon 2020 wording and emphasises economic outcomes, productivity and (...)
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  20.  27
    Identity Politics: Participatory Research and Its Challenges Related to Social and Epistemic Control.Stefan Böschen, Martine Legris, Simon Pfersdorf & Bernd Carsten Stahl - 2020 - Social Epistemology 34 (4):382-394.
    Over the past 20 years, the participation of laypersons or representatives of civil society has become a guiding principle in processes of research and innovation. There is now a significant litera...
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  21.  60
    Drew Khlentzos, Naturalistic Realism and the Antirealist Challenge: Bradford/mit Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts; London, England, 2004, viii+408, $40.00, ISBN 0-262-11285-X.Bernd Carsten Stahl - 2007 - Minds and Machines 17 (3):361-363.
  22.  36
    David Schmidtz & Robert E Goodin, social welfare and individual responsibility.Bernd Carsten Stahl - 2000 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 3 (2):227-228.
  23.  39
    Ethics of Artificial Intelligence: Case Studies and Options for Addressing Ethical Challenges.Bernd Carsten Stahl, Doris Schroeder & Rowena Rodrigues - 2022 - Springer Verlag.
    This open access collection of AI ethics case studies is the first book to present real-life case studies combined with commentaries and strategies for overcoming ethical challenges. Case studies are one of the best ways to learn about ethical dilemmas and to achieve insights into various complexities and stakeholder perspectives. Given the omnipresence of AI ethics in academic, policy and media debates, the book will be suitable for a wide range of audiences, from scholars of different disciplines (e.g. AI science, (...)
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  24.  20
    Emerging technologies as the next pandemic?: Possible consequences of the Covid crisis for the future of responsible research and innovation.Bernd Carsten Stahl - 2020 - Ethics and Information Technology 23 (S1):135-137.
  25.  40
    Reflective Responsibility: Using IS to Ascribe Collective Responsibility.Bernd Carsten Stahl - 2004 - Philosophy of Management 4 (1):13-24.
    While work in modern corporations tends to take place in groups or teams it is not quite clear which status these groups have. Are they genuine agents or are they simply collections of individuals? The question is important because the answer is often held to determine whether collectives can be viewed as subjects of responsibility. This paper raises the question of collective responsibility and focuses on the impact the use of information systems (IS) has on it. Starting with an analysis (...)
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  26.  14
    Understanding the relevance of ethics reviews of ICT research in UK computing departments using dialectical hermeneutics.Damian Okaibedi Eke, Bernd Carsten Stahl & Christine Fidler - 2015 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 13 (1):28-38.
    Purpose– The purpose of this paper is to attempt to investigate how Information and Communications Technology researchers in UK computing departments address ethics in their research. Whilst research and innovation in ICT has blossomed in the last two decades, the ethical, social and legal challenges they present have also increased. However, the increasing attention the technical development receives has not been replicated in the area of developing effective guidelines that can address the moral issues inherent in ICT research.Design/methodology/approach– This research (...)
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  27. Information, Ethics, and Computers: The Problem of Autonomous Moral Agents. [REVIEW]Bernd Carsten Stahl - 2004 - Minds and Machines 14 (1):67-83.
    In modern technical societies computers interact with human beings in ways that can affect moral rights and obligations. This has given rise to the question whether computers can act as autonomous moral agents. The answer to this question depends on many explicit and implicit definitions that touch on different philosophical areas such as anthropology and metaphysics. The approach chosen in this paper centres on the concept of information. Information is a multi-facetted notion which is hard to define comprehensively. However, the (...)
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  28.  97
    Technology, capabilities and critical perspectives: what can critical theory contribute to Sen’s capability approach? [REVIEW]Yingqin Zheng & Bernd Carsten Stahl - 2011 - Ethics and Information Technology 13 (2):69-80.
    This paper explores what insights can be drawn from critical theory to enrich and strengthen Sen’s capability approach in relation to technology and human development. The two theories share some important commonalities: both are concerned with the pursuit of “a good life”; both are normative theories rooted in ethics and meant to make a difference, and both are interested in democracy. The paper provides a brief overview of both schools of thought and their applications to technology and human development. Three (...)
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  29.  79
    Discourses on information ethics: The claim to universality. [REVIEW]Bernd Carsten Stahl - 2008 - Ethics and Information Technology 10 (2-3):97-108.
    An important question one can ask of ethical theories is whether and how they aim to raise claims to universality. This refers to the subject area that they intend to describe or govern and also to the question whether they claim to be binding for all (moral) agents. This paper discusses the question of universality of Luciano Floridi’s information ethics (IE). This is done by introducing the theory and discussing its conceptual foundations and applications. The emphasis will be placed on (...)
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  30.  42
    Emancipation in cross-cultural IS research: The fine line between relativism and dictatorship of the intellectual. [REVIEW]Bernd Carsten Stahl - 2006 - Ethics and Information Technology 8 (3):97-108.
    Critical research is becoming increasingly accepted as a valid approach to research in information systems. It is deemed to be particularly suitable for situations where researchers want to address conspicuous injustice, such as in areas of development or the digital divide. Critical research in information systems (CRIS), I will argue, is a possible approach to some of the ethical problems arising in the context of information and communication technology (ICT). It can be sensitive to the question of culture and therefore (...)
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  31.  82
    Lorenzo Magnani, morality in a technological world: Knowledge as duty. [REVIEW]Bernd Carsten Stahl - 2009 - Minds and Machines 19 (2):297-299.