16 found
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  1.  33
    Interculturalism and Informed Consent: Respecting Cultural Differences without Breaching Human Rights.Perihan Elif Ekmekci & Berna Arda - 2017 - Cultura 14 (2):159-172.
    Interventions in medicine require multicenter clinical trialson a large rather than limited number of subjects from various genetic and cultural backgrounds. International guidelines to protect the rights and well-being of human subjects involved in clinical trialsarecriticizedforthe priority they place on Western cultural values. These discussions become manifest especially with regard to the content and methodology of the informed consent procedure. The ethical dilemma emerges from the argument that there are fundamental differences about the concept of respect for the autonomy of (...)
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  2.  43
    Do Patients Have Responsibilities in a Free-Market System? a Personal Perspective.Murat Civaner & Berna Arda - 2008 - Nursing Ethics 15 (2):263-273.
    The current debate that surrounds the issue of patient rights and the transformation of health care, social insurance, and reimbursement systems has put the topic of patient responsibility on both the public and health care sectors' agenda. This climate of debate and transition provides an ideal time to rethink patient responsibilities, together with their underlying rationale, and to determine if they are properly represented when being called `patient' responsibilities. In this article we analyze the various types of patient responsibilities, identify (...)
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  3. Publication Ethics from the Perspective of PhD Students of Health Sciences: A Limited Experience.Berna Arda - 2012 - Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (2):213-222.
    Publication ethics, an important subtopic of science ethics, deals with determination of the misconducts of science in performing research or in the dissemination of ideas, data and products. Science, the main features of which are secure, reliable and ethically obtained data, plays a major role in shaping the society. As long as science maintains its quality by being based on reliable and ethically obtained data, it will be possible to maintain its role in shaping the society. This article is devoted (...)
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  4.  33
    A critical perspective on guidelines for responsible and trustworthy artificial intelligence.Banu Buruk, Perihan Elif Ekmekci & Berna Arda - 2020 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 23 (3):387-399.
    Artificial intelligence is among the fastest developing areas of advanced technology in medicine. The most important qualia of AI which makes it different from other advanced technology products is its ability to improve its original program and decision-making algorithms via deep learning abilities. This difference is the reason that AI technology stands out from the ethical issues of other advanced technology artifacts. The ethical issues of AI technology vary from privacy and confidentiality of personal data to ethical status and value (...)
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  5.  11
    Leaders in ethics education.Berna Arda - 2019 - International Journal of Ethics Education 4 (1):83-92.
    Prof. Berna Arda, is a graduate of Ankara University Faculty of Medicine 1987, has medical specialty and PhD degrees in History of Medicine and Ethics and, teaches at the Department of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine in Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey. Her main research and publication fields are science ethics, human rights, woman and bioethics, medical law, ethics education and disease concept in history of medicine. She was a visiting scientist at Boston Children’s Hospital and Harvard (...)
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  6.  24
    Cerebral palsy, cesarean sections, and electronic fetal monitoring: All the light we cannot see.Thomas P. Sartwelle, James C. Johnston, Berna Arda & Mehila Zebenigus - 2019 - Clinical Ethics 14 (3):107-114.
    A half century ago electronic fetal monitoring was rushed into clinical use with the promise that the secrets of fetal heart rate decelerations had been discovered and that the newly discovered knowledge would prevent cerebral palsy with just in time cesarean sections preventing babies from experiencing asphyxia, which was thought to be the primary cause of cerebral palsy. In the years since electronic fetal monitoring’s debut, it has been discovered that asphyxia is a rare cause of cerebral palsy. At the (...)
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  7.  11
    Islam and bioethics.Berna Arda & Vardit Rispler-Chaim (eds.) - 2011 - Ankara: Ankara Üniversitesi Basımevi.
    Contains twenty-one of the papers presented at the 3rd Islam and Bioethics International Conference held April 14-16, 2010, in Manavgat, Antalya, Turkey.
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  8. Parents refusing treatment of the child: A discussion about child’s health right and parental paternalism.Cemal Hüseyin Güvercin & Berna Arda - 2013 - Clinical Ethics 8 (2-3):52-60.
    In recent years, decision-making processes related to medical practices have undergone a change from physician paternalism towards patient autonomy. However, it has been put forward that this situation has changed into or strengthened the parent paternalism for children. Parental paternalism might bring along decisions of refusing the child’s treatment, in such a way to occasionally violate the health right of the child. Paternalistic attitude of parents may also cause physicians to direct towards defensive medicine practices and to display a tendency (...)
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  9.  14
    Arda B How should physicians approach a hunger strike?Berna Arda - 2002 - Bulletin of Medical Ethics:13-8.
  10.  9
    An ethical analysis of a prospective new paradigm of life: Nanotechnology‐enabled human beings within the framework of principlism.Banu Buruk, Perihan Elif Ekmekci & Berna Arda - forthcoming - Developing World Bioethics.
    Nanotechnology (NT)‐enabled disease‐free life is a form of reconstruction of the human body that promises a paradigm shift toward a new form of human existence in an imaginable life. However, as human reconstruction may be within the limits of the concept of “human enhancement,” it is not clear to what extent “enhanced humans” will be ethically acceptable or desired. This study discusses the ethical implications of NT‐embedded enhanced humans and this new imaginable life. First, ethical concerns arising from the existence (...)
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  11.  5
    Challenges and practices arising during public health emergencies: A qualitative survey on ethics committees.Perihan Elif Ekmekci, Müberra Devrim Güner, Banu Buruk, Begüm Güneş, Berna Arda & Şefik Görkey - 2022 - Developing World Bioethics 23 (1):23-33.
    The particular dynamics of public health emergencies urge scientists and Ethics Committee (EC) members to change and adapt their operating procedures to function effectively. Despite having previous pandemic experiences, ethics committees were unprepared to adapt to COVID-19 pandemic challenges. This survey aims to learn and thoroughly discuss the most salient issues for ECs during the COVID-19 pandemic. The results indicate that the main problems faced by ECs were lack of/insufficient regulations, lack of data/experience/knowledge, sloppy review, poor research design, and poor (...)
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  12.  8
    Challenges and practices arising during public health emergencies: A qualitative survey on ethics committees.Perihan Elif Ekmekci, Müberra Devrim Güner, Banu Buruk, Begüm Güneş, Berna Arda & Şefik Görkey - 2022 - Developing World Bioethics 23 (1):23-33.
    The particular dynamics of public health emergencies urge scientists and Ethics Committee (EC) members to change and adapt their operating procedures to function effectively. Despite having previous pandemic experiences, ethics committees were unprepared to adapt to COVID-19 pandemic challenges. This survey aims to learn and thoroughly discuss the most salient issues for ECs during the COVID-19 pandemic. The results indicate that the main problems faced by ECs were lack of/insufficient regulations, lack of data/experience/knowledge, sloppy review, poor research design, and poor (...)
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  13.  6
    Challenges and practices arising during public health emergencies: A qualitative survey on ethics committees.Perihan Elif Ekmekci, Müberra Devrim Güner, Banu Buruk, Begüm Güneş, Berna Arda & Şefik Görkey - 2022 - Developing World Bioethics 23 (1):23-33.
    The particular dynamics of public health emergencies urge scientists and Ethics Committee (EC) members to change and adapt their operating procedures to function effectively. Despite having previous pandemic experiences, ethics committees were unprepared to adapt to COVID-19 pandemic challenges. This survey aims to learn and thoroughly discuss the most salient issues for ECs during the COVID-19 pandemic. The results indicate that the main problems faced by ECs were lack of/insufficient regulations, lack of data/experience/knowledge, sloppy review, poor research design, and poor (...)
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  14.  12
    Electronic fetal monitoring in the twenty-first century: Language, logic and Lewis Carroll.Thomas P. Sartwelle, James C. Johnston, Berna Arda & Mehila Zebenigus - 2021 - Clinical Ethics 16 (3):213-221.
    The Alice Books, full of illogical thoughts, words, and contradictions, were unrivaled entertainment until the publication of the medical literature promoting electronic fetal monitoring for every pregnancy. The modern-day EFM advocates acknowledge EFM’s decades long failure but simultaneously recommend EFM use for lawsuit protection and because the profession has used EFM for every pregnancy for fifty years, therefore, it must be efficacious. These self-indulgent, illogical rationalizations ignore the half century of evidence-based scientific research proving that EFM is a complete failure (...)
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  15.  24
    Ethical and legal aspects of stem cell practices in Turkey: where are we?H. Ozturk Turkmen & Berna Arda - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (12):833-837.
    Advances in medical technology and information have facilitated clinical practices that favourably affect the success rates of treatment for diseases. Regenerative medicine has been the focus of the recent medical agenda, to the extent of fundamentally changing treatment paradigms. Stem cell practices, their efficacy, and associated ethical concerns have been debated intensively in many countries. Stem cell research is carried out along with the treatment of patients. Thus, various groups affected by the practices inevitably participate in the discussions. In addition (...)
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  16.  18
    A Review of the Scientific Misconduct Inquiry Process, Ankara Chamber of Medicine, Turkey. [REVIEW]Banu Gökçay & Berna Arda - 2017 - Science and Engineering Ethics 23 (4):1097-1112.
    The aim of this study is to review the inquiry process used in scientific misconduct cases in the Ankara Chamber of Medicine between the years 1998 and 2012. The violations of the “Disciplinary Regulations of the Turkish Medical Association” have been examined by keeping the names of the people, institutions, associations and journals secret. In total, 31 files have been studied and 11 of these files have been identified as related to scientific misconduct. The methods of inquiry, the decisions about (...)
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