Results for 'Berent En��'

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  1.  29
    Review of Berent En, How We Act: Causes, Reasons and Intentions[REVIEW]John Bishop - 2004 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2004 (9).
  2.  1
    Erratum For: Can the Mind Command the Body, by Iris Berent, in Cognitive Science 45.Iris Berent - 2022 - Cognitive Science 46 (3):e13120.
    Cognitive Science, Volume 46, Issue 3, March 2022.
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  3. How We Act: Causes, Reasons, and Intentions.Berent Enç - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    Talking about action comes easily to us. We quickly make distinctions between voluntary and non-voluntary actions; we think we can tell what intentions are; we are confident about evaluating reasons offered in rational justification of action. Berent Enc provides a philosopher's sustained examination of these issues: he portrays action as belonging to the causal order of events in nature, a theory from which new and surprising accounts of intention and voluntary action emerge. Philosophers and cognitive scientists alike will find (...)
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  4.  38
    Beyond Size: Predicting Engagement in Environmental Management Practices of Dutch SMEs.Lorraine M. Uhlaner, Marta M. Berent-Braun, Ronald J. M. Jeurissen & Gerrit de Wit - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 109 (4):411-429.
    This study focuses on the prediction of the engagement of small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in environmental management practices, based on a random sample of 689 SMEs. The study finds that several endogenous factors, including tangibility of sector, firm size, innovative orientation, family influence and perceived financial benefits from energy conservation, predict an SME’s level of engagement in selected environmental management practices. For family influence, this effect is found only in interaction with the number of owners. In addition to empirical (...)
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  5. On Berent Enc's 'How We Act'. [REVIEW]Constantine Sandis - 2005 - Philosophical Books 46 (2):170-174.
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  6. Iris Berent: The Blind Storyteller: How We Reason About Human Nature.David F. Bjorklund - 2021 - Evolutionary Studies in Imaginative Culture 5 (1):73-76.
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  7. In Defense of the Identity Theory.Berent Enç - 1983 - Journal of Philosophy 80 (May):279-98.
  8.  80
    Reference of Theoretical Terms.Berent Enç - 1976 - Noûs 10 (3):261-282.
  9.  81
    Functions and Goal Directedness.Berent Enç & Fred Adams - 1992 - Philosophy of Science 59 (4):635-654.
    We examine two approaches to functions: etiological and forward-looking. In the context of functions, we raise the question, familiar to philosophers of mind, about the explanatory role of properties that are not supervenient on the mere dispositional features of a system. We first argue that the question has no easy answer in either of the two approaches. We then draw a parallel between functions and goal directedness. We conclude by proposing an answer to the question: The explanatory importance of nonsupervenient (...)
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  10. Function Attributions and Functional Explanations.Berent Enç - 1979 - Philosophy of Science 46 (3):343-365.
    A series of explanatory hypotheses are examined under the assumption that the logical structure of function attributions is dependent on the methodological constraints which these hypotheses conform to. Two theses are argued for: (1) Given these methodological constraints, if something has the function of doing Y, then normally it is the only kind of thing that can do Y in that kind of system. (2) What distinguishes function attributions from causal attribution is not that function attributions explain the etiology of (...)
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  11.  54
    Causal Theories of Knowledge1.Fred Dretske & Berent Enç - 1984 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 9 (1):517-528.
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  12.  38
    The Phonological Mind.Iris Berent - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (7):319-327.
  13. Intentional States of Mechanical Devices.Berent Enc - 1982 - Mind 91 (April):161-182.
  14.  12
    What We Know About What We Have Never Heard: Evidence From Perceptual Illusions☆.I. Berent, D. SteriaDe, T. LennerTz & V. Vaknin - 2007 - Cognition 104 (3):591-630.
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  15.  68
    Indeterminacy of Function Attributions.Berent Enc - 2002 - In Andre Ariew, Robert Cummins & Mark Perlman (eds.), Functions: New Essays in the Philosophy of Psychology and Biology. Oxford University Press. pp. 291.
  16.  62
    Identity Statements and Microreductions.Berent Enc - 1976 - Journal of Philosophy 73 (June):285-306.
    The view that scientific reduction succeeds by establishing property identities is challenged. it is argued that, instead of identity statements making reductions successful, the fact that a reduction is successful makes the identity statements possible. the argument proceeds first by showing that an explanatory asymmetry is generated by statements expressing property identities, second by locating the source of the asymmetry in a "generative relation" that obtains between the two properties. it is then argued that reduction succeeds only if the reducing (...)
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  17.  50
    Units of Behavior.Berent Enç - 1995 - Philosophy of Science 62 (4):523-542.
    1. Introduction. One major concern in cognitive psychology is explaining cognitively motivated behavior. However, attempts to specify the nature of the behavior that psychology is to explain have proved to be somewhat controversial. The aim of this paper is to conduct a preliminary investigation into the kinds of behavior psychology is concerned with.
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  18.  4
    Essentialist Biases Toward Psychiatric Disorders: Brain Disorders Are Presumed Innate.Iris Berent & Melanie Platt - 2021 - Cognitive Science 45 (4):e12970.
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  19.  11
    A Rose is a REEZ: The Two-Cycles Model of Phonology Assembly in Reading English.Iris Berent & Charles A. Perfetti - 1995 - Psychological Review 102 (1):146-184.
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  20.  6
    On the Matter of Essence.Iris Berent - forthcoming - Cognition:104701.
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  21.  49
    Essentialism Without Individual Essences: Causation, Kinds, Supervenience, and Restricted Identities.Berent Enç - 1986 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 11 (1):403-426.
  22.  3
    Essentialist Biases in Reasoning About Emotions.Iris Berent, Lisa Feldman Barrett & Melanie Platt - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  23.  40
    Spiral Dependence Between Theories and Taxonomy.Berent Enç - 1976 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 19 (1-4):41 – 71.
    This paper analyses the traditionally recognized dependence between observation statements and theories. The analysis proceeds by working out the interrelationship between classification systems and theoretical frameworks. Cuvier's and Darwin's theories are used as examples to illustrate this issue. The second part of the paper develops a model designed to give an account of the historical development of this interrelationship. It is argued that the interdependence is not circular and that it is an integral part of scientific research. It is suggested (...)
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  24.  37
    Stasis, or the Greek Invention of Politics.M. Berent - 1998 - History of Political Thought 19 (3):331-362.
    The Greek word stasis meant ‘faction’, ‘civil war’ but also ‘political standing’. This seems a strange contradiction, particularly since we credit the Greeks with having invented politics. This strange contradiction is partly explained by the nature of the Greek polis, which was not a State, but rather what anthropologists call a stateless community. The latter is a relatively unstratified egalitarian community characterized by the absence of public coercive apparatuses. However, though stateless, the Greek polis was also different from stateless communities (...)
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  25.  11
    Phonological Reduplication in Sign Language: Rules Rule.Iris Berent, Amanda Dupuis & Diane Brentari - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  26.  35
    Default Nominal Inflection in Hebrew: Evidence for Mental Variables.Joseph Shimron, Iris Berent & Stephen Pinker - 1999 - Cognition 72 (1):1-44.
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  27.  25
    The Representation of Hebrew Words: Evidence From the Obligatory Contour Principle.Iris Berent & Joseph Shimron - 1997 - Cognition 64 (1):39-72.
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  28.  25
    The Scope of Linguistic Generalizations: Evidence From Hebrew Word Formation.Iris Berent, Gary F. Marcus, Joseph Shimron & Adamantios I. Gafos - 2002 - Cognition 83 (2):113-139.
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  29.  51
    Necessary Properties and Linnaean Essentialism.Berent Enç - 1975 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 5 (1):83 - 102.
    Quine's arguments against the attribution of essential properties de re to individuals have been the motivation for attempts at reinstating essentialism as a respectable metaphysical thesis and at defending the coherence of modal logic in general.I shall argue here along somewhat different lines, that the particular version of essentialism Quine objects to is in fact untenable but that this conclusion is far from entailing a commitment to some version of conventionalism, and in particular that it does not entail the view (...)
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  30. Numerical Identity and Objecthood.Berent Enç - 1975 - Mind 84 (333):10-26.
    There is a category of objects such that for any two occurrences of an object in that category, Establishing the highest degree of their qualitative identity will not be sufficient to establish that the object involved is one and the same. It is first argued that objects in this category occupy positions in a spatio-Temporal continuum and obey certain principles of conservation. And then two criteria for the numerical identity of these objects are developed: (a) that there are scientific laws (...)
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  31.  14
    Phonological Universals Constrain the Processing of Nonspeech Stimuli.Iris Berent, Evan Balaban, Tracy Lennertz & Vered Vaknin-Nusbaum - 2010 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 139 (3):418-435.
  32.  22
    Spiral Dependence Between Theories and Taxonomy1.Berent Enç - 1976 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 19 (1-4):41-71.
    This paper analyses the traditionally recognized dependence between observation statements and theories. The analysis proceeds by working out the interrelationship between classification systems and theoretical frameworks. Cuvier's and Darwin's theories are used as examples to illustrate this issue. The second part of the paper develops a model designed to give an account of the historical development of this interrelationship. It is argued that the interdependence is not circular and that it is an integral part of scientific research. It is suggested (...)
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  33. Causal Theories of Intentional Behavior and Wayward Causal Chains.Berent Enç - 2004 - Behavior and Philosophy 32 (1):149 - 166.
    On a causal theory of rational behavior, behavior is just a causal consequence of the reasons an actor has. One of the difficulties with this theory has been the possibility of the "wayward causal chains," according to which reasons can cause the expected output, but in such an unusual way that the output is clearly not intentional. The inability to find a general way of excluding these wayward chains without implicitly appealing to elements incompatible with a pure causal account (like (...)
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  34.  14
    Empiricist Intuitions Arise from an Ontological Dissonance: Reply to Carruthers.I. Berent - 2020 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 27 (7-8):220-229.
    People are systematically biased against the possibility that ideas are innate. Berent (2020) traces these attitudes to an ontological dissonance, arising from the collision of two fundamental principles of human cognition -- dualism and essentialism. Carruthers (this issue) challenges this hypothesis and attributes our empiricist bias primarily to mindreading intuitions. Here, I counter Carruthers' concerns and show that mindreading cannot be the sole source of the empiricist bias. Specifically, mindreading fails to explain why our empiricist intuitions depend on the (...)
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  35.  24
    Roots, Stems, and the Universality of Lexical Representations: Evidence From Hebrew.Iris Berent, Vered Vaknin & Gary F. Marcus - 2007 - Cognition 104 (2):254-286.
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  36.  34
    Not Quite By Accident.Frederick Adams & Berent Enc - 1988 - Dialogue 27 (2):287-.
    In the etiology of teleological functions, what role can be played by accidental occurrences? Douglas Ehring's essay “Accidental Functions” constructs a theory of ideological functions which makes it possible for objects to have functions even when their causal origins are due entirely to accident—be they natural functions or artifact functions. Ehring constructs this view on the basis of a set of putative counterexamples aimed largely at the theories of Enc and Adams. Both of these theories block the attribution of ideological (...)
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  37.  9
    In Search of the Greek State: A Rejoinder to M.H. Hansen.Moshe Berent - 2004 - Polis: The Journal for Ancient Greek Political Thought 21 (1-2):107-146.
    In a collection of articles based on my Cambridge doctoral thesis I have argued that, contrary to what has been traditionally assumed, the Greek polis was not a State but rather what anthropologists call ‘a stateless society’. The latter is characterized by the absence of ‘government’, that is, an agency which has separated itself out from the rest of social life and which monopolizes the use of violence. In a recent article Mogens Herman Hansen discusses and rejects my notion of (...)
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  38.  11
    Hobbes and the ‘Greek Tongues’.M. Berent - 1996 - History of Political Thought 17 (1):36-59.
    In this paper I wish to illuminate the Hobbesian-Aristotelian controversy from a new angle. I suggest that contrary to what has been assumed from Hobbes's time down to this day, the Greek polis was not a State, or what Hobbes called a Common-wealth, but rather what anthropologists call a stateless community. The latter is characterized by the absence of coercive apparatuses, which means that the ability to apply force is more or less evenly distributed among the armed, or potentially armed, (...)
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  39.  4
    Sovereignty: Ancient and Modern.Moshe Berent - 2000 - Polis: The Journal for Ancient Greek Political Thought 17 (1-2):2-34.
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  40.  33
    Necessary Propertes and Linnaean Essentialism.Berent Enç - 1975 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 5 (1):83-102.
    Quine's arguments against the attribution of essential properties de re to individuals have been the motivation for attempts at reinstating essentialism as a respectable metaphysical thesis and at defending the coherence of modal logic in general.I shall argue here along somewhat different lines, that the particular version of essentialism Quine objects to is in fact untenable but that this conclusion is far from entailing a commitment to some version of conventionalism, and in particular that it does not entail the view (...)
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  41.  32
    Anthropology and the Classics: War, Violence, and the Stateless Polis1.Moshe Berent - 2000 - Classical Quarterly 50 (01):257-.
    I. INTRODUCTION It has become a commonplace in contemporary historiography to note the frequency of war in ancient Greece. Yvon Garlan says that, during the century and a half from the Persian wars to the battle of Chaeronea , Athens was at war, on average, more than two years out of every three, and never enjoyed a period of peace for as long as ten consecutive years. ‘Given these conditions’, says Garlan, ‘one would expect them to consider war as a (...)
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  42.  9
    Theoretical Terms in Infinite Theories.Paul Berent - 1973 - Philosophy of Science 40 (1):129.
  43.  19
    Nonreducible Supervenient Causation.Berent Enç - 1995 - In Elias E. Savellos & Ümit D. Yalçin (eds.), Supervenience: New Essays. Needham Heights: Cambridge. pp. 169--86.
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  44.  2
    Commentary: “An Evaluation of Universal Grammar and the Phonological Mind”—UG Is Still a Viable Hypothesis.Iris Berent - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  45. Problems of Classification and Individuation with Examples From Nineteenth Century Biology.Berent Enç - 1967
     
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  46.  17
    Explaining the Empiricist Bias: Reply to Berent.P. Carruthers - 2020 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 27 (7-8):230-235.
    Berent (this issue) critiques one of the three main proposals put forward by Carruthers (this issue), who suggests that cognitive scientists are biased against innateness-claims by the tacit assumptions of the mentalizing faculty. Berent proposes, instead, that the bias results from dissonance produced by a conflict between our innate dualism and our innate essentialism. The present response raises a number of difficulties for her argument.
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  47.  31
    Hume on Causal Necessity: A Study From the Perspective of Hume's Theory of Passions.Berent Enç - 1985 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 2 (3):235 - 256.
  48.  31
    Redundancy, Degeneracy and Deviance in Action.Berent Enc - 1985 - Philosophical Studies 48 (3):353 - 374.
  49.  82
    Causal Theories and Unusual Causal Pathways.Berent Enç - 1989 - Philosophical Studies 55 (3):231 - 261.
  50.  37
    Is Realism Really the Best Hypothesis?Berent Enç - 1990 - Journal of Philosophy 87 (11):667-668.
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