Results for 'Benjamin T. Cocanougher'

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  1. Hidden Concepts in the History of Origins-of-Life Studies.Carlos Mariscal, Ana Barahona, Nathanael Aubert-Kato, Arsev Umur Aydinoglu, Stuart Bartlett, María Luz Cárdenas, Kuhan Chandru, Carol E. Cleland, Benjamin T. Cocanougher, Nathaniel Comfort, Athel Cornish-Boden, Terrence W. Deacon, Tom Froese, Donato Giovanelli, John Hernlund, Piet Hut, Jun Kimura, Marie-Christine Maurel, Nancy Merino, Alvaro Julian Moreno Bergareche, Mayuko Nakagawa, Juli Pereto, Nathaniel Virgo, Olaf Witkowski & H. James Cleaves Ii - 2019 - Origins of Life and Evolution of Biospheres 1.
    In this review, we describe some of the central philosophical issues facing origins-of-life research and provide a targeted history of the developments that have led to the multidisciplinary field of origins-of-life studies. We outline these issues and developments to guide researchers and students from all fields. With respect to philosophy, we provide brief summaries of debates with respect to (1) definitions (or theories) of life, what life is and how research should be conducted in the absence of an accepted theory (...)
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  2. Is the Humean Defeated by Induction?Benjamin T. H. Smart - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 162 (2):319-332.
    Many necessitarians about cause and law (Armstrong 1983; Mumford 2004; Bird 2007) have argued that Humeans are unable to justify their inductive inferences, as Humean laws are nothing but the sum of their instances. In this paper I argue against these necessitarian claims. I show that Armstrong is committed to the explanatory value of Humean laws (in the form of universally quantified statements), and that contra Armstrong, brute regularities often do have genuine explanatory value. I finish with a Humean attempt (...)
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  3. Dispositions and the Principle of Least Action Revisited.Benjamin T. H. Smart & Karim P. Y. Thébault - 2015 - Analysis 75 (3):386-395.
    Some time ago, Joel Katzav and Brian Ellis debated the compatibility of dispositional essentialism with the principle of least action. Surprisingly, very little has been said on the matter since, even by the most naturalistically inclined metaphysicians. Here, we revisit the Katzav–Ellis arguments of 2004–05. We outline the two problems for the dispositionalist identified Katzav in his 2004 , and claim they are not as problematic for the dispositional essentialist at it first seems – but not for the reasons espoused (...)
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  4.  92
    Better Understanding Through Falsehood.Benjamin T. Rancourt - 2017 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 98 (3):382-405.
    Can understanding be based on false beliefs? I argue that it can. I first argue that the best way to understand the question is that it is whether one can increase one's degree of understanding by adopting an overall less accurate body of beliefs. I identify three sufficient conditions for one body of beliefs to be more accurate than another. Next, I appeal to two widely used methods of comparing degrees of understanding. With these methods, I show that understanding can (...)
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  5.  11
    Is “Chronic Kidney Disease” a Disease?Benjamin T. H. Smart, Richard J. Stevens & Jan Y. Verbakel - 2018 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 24 (5):1033-1040.
  6.  50
    Concepts and Causes in the Philosophy of Disease.Benjamin T. H. Smart - 2016 - London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
    Disease is everywhere. Everyone experiences disease, everyone knows somebody who is, or has been diseased, and disease-related stories hit the headlines on a regular basis. Many important issues in the philosophy of disease, however, have received remarkably little attention from philosophical thinkers. -/- This book examines a number of important debates in the philosophy of medicine, including 'what is disease?', and the roles and viability of concepts of causation, in clinical medicine and epidemiology. Where much of the existing literature targets (...)
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  7.  6
    Prevention Focus Relates to Performance on a Loss-Framed Inhibitory Control Task.Benjamin T. Files, Kimberly A. Pollard, Ashley H. Oiknine, Antony D. Passaro & Peter Khooshabeh - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  8.  8
    The Visual Mismatch Negativity Elicited with Visual Speech Stimuli.Benjamin T. Files, Edward T. Auer & Lynne E. Bernstein - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  9.  56
    Epistemic Relativism and Semantic Blindness.Benjamin T. Rancourt - 2015 - Synthese 192 (3):859-876.
    Semantic blindness is the inability to recognize semantic features of terms one can competently use. A theory that implies semantic blindness incurs a burden to explain how one can competently use a term without realizing how the term works. An argument advanced in favor of epistemic relativism is that its main competitors, contextualism and subject-sensitive invariantism, imply that speakers suffer from semantic blindness regarding ‘knows’ while relativism has no such implication. However, there is evidence that relativism also implies semantic blindness (...)
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  10. Book Review: The New Shape of World Christianity: How American Experience Reflects Global FaithThe New Shape of World Christianity: How American Experience Reflects Global FaithbyNollMark A.Intervarsity, Downers Grove, Ill., 2009. 212 Pp. $25.00. ISBN 978-0-8308-2847-0. [REVIEW]Benjamin T. Conner - 2010 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 64 (3):325-325.
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  11.  5
    The Dark Side of Eureka: Artificially Induced Aha Moments Make Facts Feel True.Ruben E. Laukkonen, Benjamin T. Kaveladze, Jason M. Tangen & Jonathan W. Schooler - 2020 - Cognition 196:104122.
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  12.  11
    Practicing Afrocentric Ethical Teaching.Benjamin T. H. Smart - 2020 - Teaching Philosophy 43 (2):179-199.
    Slowly, we are gaining a deeper understanding of the persisting psychological trauma experienced by students at colonial universities, and beginning to recognize that the Eurocentric curricula and pedagogies must change if students such as the “born-frees” in post-Apartheid South Africa are to flourish. In this article, I present a sub-Saharan African concept of “the ethical teacher,” and use this to ground a “ubiquitous action-reaction” teaching model. I use these concepts to develop a decolonized pedagogy – a teaching methodology that avoids (...)
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  13.  69
    Egoism or the Problem of Evil: A Dilemma for Sceptical Theism.Benjamin T. Rancourt - 2013 - Religious Studies 49 (3):313-325.
    Sceptical theists undermine the argument from evil by claiming that our ability to distinguish between justified and unjustified evil is weak enough that we must take seriously the possibility that all evil is justified. However, I argue that this claim leads to a dilemma: either our judgements regarding unjustified evil are reliable enough that the problem of evil remains a problem, or our judgements regarding unjustified evil are so unreliable that it would be misguided to use them in our decision-making. (...)
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  14.  12
    From Querulous to Suicidal: Self-Immolation in Public Places as a Symbolic Response to the Feeling of Injustice.Benjamin T. Lévy, Cécile Prudent, Florian Liétard & Renaud Evrard - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  15.  18
    Untangling the Epidemiologist's Potential Outcomes Approach to Causation.Benjamin T. H. Smart - unknown
    In this paper I untangle a recent debate in the philosophy of epidemiology, focusing in particular on the Potential Outcomes Approach to causation. As the POA strategy includes the quantification of ‘contrary-to-fact’ outcomes, it is unsurprising that it has been likened to the counterfactual analysis of causation briefly proposed by David Hume, and later developed by David Lewis. However, I contend that this has led to much confusion. Miguel Hernan and Sarah Taubman have recently argued that meaningful causal inferences cannot (...)
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  16.  28
    Understanding and Its Role in Inquiry.Benjamin T. Rancourt - unknown
    In this dissertation, I argue that understanding possesses unique epistemic value. I propose and defend a novel account of understanding that I call the management account of understanding, which is the view that an agent A understands a subject matter S just in case A has the ability to extract the relevant information and exploit it with the relevant cognitive capacities to answer questions in S. Since inquiry is the process of raising and answering questions, I argue that without understanding, (...)
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  17.  2
    God is “Color-Blind”: The Problem of Race in a Diverse Christian Fraternity.Benjamin T. Gurrentz - 2014 - Critical Research on Religion 2 (3):246-264.
    The following case study utilizes in-depth qualitative interviews and participant observation data in order to examine how color-blindness operates in a diverse Christian fraternity. The color-blind ideology functions in two distinct ways: to authenticate the fraternity’s collective religious identity as an inclusive Christian community and to obscure within-group racial inequalities reproduced through tokenizing racist jokes aimed at its non-white members. Color-blind statements allow members to attribute their organization’s racial diversity to their accepting religious doctrine, while also making problems of race (...)
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  18.  12
    Who Wants Long-Term Care Insurance? A Stated Preference Survey of Attitudes, Beliefs, and Characteristics.Benjamin T. Allaire, Derek S. Brown & Joshua M. Wiener - 2016 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 53:004695801666372.
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  19.  2
    The Case of Muddled Units in Temporal Discounting.Benjamin T. Vincent & Neil Stewart - 2020 - Cognition 198:104203.
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  20.  7
    Quantifying Organization of Care in a Complex Healthcare Environment.Gregory M. Garrison & Benjamin T. Dilger - 2020 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 26 (5):1548-1551.
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  21.  5
    Melvin L. Rogers. The Undiscovered Dewey: Religion, Morality, and the Ethos of Democracy. New York, NY, Columbia University Press, 2009. Pp. Xxi + 333. Hardback ISBN: 0-2311-4486-5. [REVIEW]Benjamin T. Craig - 2011 - Contemporary Pragmatism 8 (1):211-215.
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  22. Music Student’s Approach to the Forced Use of Remote Performance Assessments.Laura Ritchie & Benjamin T. Sharpe - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Music students at the University of Chichester Conservatoire completed questionnaires about their experience of the forced use of remote teaching and learning due to Lockdown, as imposed in the United Kingdom from March to June 2020, and how this impacted their self-beliefs, decision making processes, and methods of preparation for their performance assessments. Students had the choice to either have musical performance assessed in line with originally published deadlines via self-recorded video or defer the assessment until the following academic year. (...)
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  23.  1
    Isaiah 35.Benjamin T. Conner - 2019 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 73 (4):389-391.
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  24.  5
    Visual Speech Discrimination and Identification of Natural and Synthetic Consonant Stimuli.Benjamin T. Files, Bosco S. Tjan, Jintao Jiang & Lynne E. Bernstein - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  25. Combining Neural and Behavioral Measures Enhances Adaptive Training.Md Lutfor Rahman, Benjamin T. Files, Ashley H. Oiknine, Kimberly A. Pollard, Peter Khooshabeh, Chengyu Song & Antony D. Passaro - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Adaptive training adjusts a training task with the goal of improving learning outcomes. Adaptive training has been shown to improve human performance in attention, working memory capacity, and motor control tasks. Additionally, correlations have been observed between neural EEG spectral features and the performance of some cognitive tasks. This relationship suggests some EEG features may be useful in adaptive training regimens. Here, we anticipated that adding a neural measure into a behavioral-based adaptive training system would improve human performance on a (...)
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  26.  16
    Kings of Celtic Scotland.Benjamin T. Hudson.Robin Stacey - 1995 - Speculum 70 (4):917-918.
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  27.  14
    Waiting in Intertemporal Choice Tasks Affects Discounting and Subjective Time Perception.Ping Xu, Claudia González-Vallejo & Benjamin T. Vincent - 2020 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 149 (12):2289-2313.
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  28.  6
    Sequential Processes and the Shapes of Reaction Time Distributions.Saul Sternberg & Benjamin T. Backus - 2015 - Psychological Review 122 (4):830-837.
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  29.  2
    Goals and Self-Efficacy Beliefs During the Initial COVID-19 Lockdown: A Mixed Methods Analysis.Laura Ritchie, Daniel Cervone & Benjamin T. Sharpe - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    This study aimed to capture how the coronavirus disease 2019 crisis disrupted and affected individuals’ goal pursuits and self-efficacy beliefs early during the lockdown phase of COVID-19. Participants impacted by lockdown regulations accessed an online questionnaire during a 10-day window from the end of March to early April 2020 and reported a significant personal goal toward which they had been working, and then completed quantitative and qualitative survey items tapping self-efficacy beliefs for goal achievement, subjective caring about the goal during (...)
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  30.  20
    Increased Functional Connectivity During Emotional Face Processing in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder.Kristina Safar, Simeon M. Wong, Rachel C. Leung, Benjamin T. Dunkley & Margot J. Taylor - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  31.  24
    Prophecy of Berchán: Irish and Scottish High-Kings of the Early Middle Ages.Benjamin T. Hudson.Robin Stacey - 1998 - Speculum 73 (1):190-192.
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  32.  12
    Addressing the Language Binding Problem With Dynamic Functional Connectivity During Meaningful Spoken Language Comprehension.Erin J. White, Candace Nayman, Benjamin T. Dunkley, Anne E. Keller, Taufik A. Valiante & Elizabeth W. Pang - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  33.  15
    Domain-Specific Enhancement of Metacognitive Ability Following Meditation Training.Benjamin Baird, Michael D. Mrazek, Dawa T. Phillips & Jonathan W. Schooler - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (5):1972-1979.
  34. Why Ethical Consumers Don’T Walk Their Talk: Towards a Framework for Understanding the Gap Between the Ethical Purchase Intentions and Actual Buying Behaviour of Ethically Minded Consumers.Michal J. Carrington, Benjamin A. Neville & Gregory J. Whitwell - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 97 (1):139-158.
    Despite their ethical intentions, ethically minded consumers rarely purchase ethical products (Auger and Devinney: 2007, Journal of Business Ethics 76, 361-383). This intentions-behaviour gap is important to researchers and industry, yet poorly understood (Belk et al.: 2005, Consumption, Markets and Culture 8(3), 275-289). In order to push the understanding of ethical consumption forward, we draw on what is known about the intention— behaviour gap from the social psychology and consumer behaviour literatures and apply these insights to ethical consumerism. We bring (...)
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  35. Norms of Intentionality: Norms That Don’T Guide.Benjamin Jarvis - 2012 - Philosophical Studies 157 (1):1-25.
    More than ever, it is in vogue to argue that no norms either play a role in or directly follow from the theory of mental content. In this paper, I present an intuitive theory of intentionality (including a theory of mental content) on which norms are constitutive of the intentional properties of attitude and content in order to show that this trend is misguided. Although this theory of intentionality—the teleological theory of intentional representation—does involve a commitment to representational norms, these (...)
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  36. Benjamin Franklin and the League of the Haudenosaunee.John T. Sanders - 2006 - In St Petersburg Center for the History of Ideas (ed.), The Philosophical Age, Almanac 32: Benjamin Franklin and Russia, to the Tercentenary of His Birth. St. Petersburg Center for the History of Ideas.
    Benjamin Franklin's social and political thought was shaped by contacts with and knowledge of ancient aboriginal traditions. Indeed, a strong case can be made that key features of the social structure eventually outlined in the United States Constitution arose not from European sources, and not full-grown from the foreheads of European-American "founding fathers", but from aboriginal sources, communicated to the authors of the Constitution to a significant extent through Franklin. A brief sketch of the main argument to this effect (...)
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  37.  1
    Higher-Order Derivative Constraints in Qualitative Simulation.Benjamin J. Kuipers, Charles Chiu, David T. Dalle Molle & D. R. Throop - 1991 - Artificial Intelligence 51 (1-3):343-379.
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  38.  7
    Book Review:The Theory of Knowledge and Existence. W. T. Stace. [REVIEW]A. Cornelius Benjamin - 1933 - Ethics 43 (4):455-.
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  39.  15
    Mark T. Finney Resurrection, Hell and the Afterlife: Body and Soul in Antiquity, Judaism and Early Christianity. . Pp. Vii + 203. $140.00 . ISBN 978 1 138 64765 7. [REVIEW]Benjamin C. F. Shaw - forthcoming - Religious Studies:1-5.
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  40.  20
    Lisa T. Sarasohn. The Natural Philosophy of Margaret Cavendish: Reason and Fancy During the Scientific Revolution. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010. Pp. Xi+251. $75.00. [REVIEW]Benjamin Goldberg - 2011 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 1 (1):169-172.
  41.  28
    Ludy T. Benjamin, Jr.;, David B. Baker. From Séance to Science: A History of the Profession of Psychology in America. Xvi + 266 Pp., Illus., Notes, Index. Belmont, Calif.: Thomson/Wadsworth, 2003. $34.95 .Jeroen Jansz;, Peter van Drunen . A Social History of Psychology. Vxi + 262 Pp., Illus., Figs., Bibl., Index. Malden, Mass./Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2004. $39.95. [REVIEW]Jill G. Morawski - 2006 - Isis 97 (2):337-339.
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  42.  25
    Motivated Recall in the Service of the Economic System: The Case of Anthropogenic Climate Change.Erin P. Hennes, Benjamin C. Ruisch, Irina Feygina, Christopher A. Monteiro & John T. Jost - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 145 (6):755-771.
  43. Basso, KH 160 Bauer, J. 169 Becker, AL 133, 137 Beeman, W. 67.J. Benjamin, Ahmed Al-Shahi, P. C. Almond, R. Alter, Idi49 Amin, Samir Amin, Rabbi Yehudah Amital, N. T. Ammerman, R. M. Anderson & A. Appadurai - 1995 - In Wendy James (ed.), The Pursuit of Certainty: Religious and Cultural Formulations. Routledge.
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  44. Promoting Young Learners’ NOS Views Through Place-Based SSI Instruction.Benjamin C. Herman, Sarah V. Poor, Robert T. Oertli & Kristen Schulte - forthcoming - Science & Education.
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  45.  7
    T. S. Eliot and the Use of Memory. By Grover Smith.Benjamin G. Lockerd - 1997 - Modern Schoolman 75 (1):79-82.
  46.  10
    Exploring the Complexity of Students’ Scientific Explanations and Associated Nature of Science Views Within a Place-Based Socioscientific Issue Context.Benjamin C. Herman, David C. Owens, Robert T. Oertli, Laura A. Zangori & Mark H. Newton - 2019 - Science & Education 28 (3-5):329-366.
    In addition to considering sociocultural, political, economic, and ethical factors, effectively engaging socioscientific issues requires that students understand and apply scientific explanations and the nature of science. Promoting such understandings can be achieved through immersing students in authentic real-world contexts where the SSI impacts occur and teaching those students about how scientists comprehend, research, and debate those SSI. This triangulated mixed-methods investigation explored how 60 secondary students’ trophic cascade explanations changed through their experiencing place-based SSI instruction focused on the Yellowstone (...)
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  47.  1
    Bucher, T. (2018). If … Then: Algorithmic Power and Politics. New York: Oxford University Press. 216 Pp.If … Then: Algorithmic Power and Politics. [REVIEW]Benjamin Jacobsen - 2019 - Communications 44 (2):251-253.
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  48.  2
    T. S. Eliot and the Use of Memory. By Grover Smith.Benjamin G. Lockerd - 1997 - Modern Schoolman 75 (1):79-81.
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  49.  9
    Benjamin C. Jantzen An Introduction to Design Arguments. . Pp. Xvi+335. $29.99 . ISBN 978 0 521 18303-1.T. J. Mawson - 2014 - Religious Studies 50 (4):535-535.
  50.  70
    Mark T. Conard, Ed. (2009) The Philosophy of the Coen Brothers.Taylor Benjamin Worley - 2011 - Film-Philosophy 15 (1):240-246.
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