Results for 'Benjamin Sherman'

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  1. Questionable Peers and Spinelessness.Sherman Benjamin - 2015 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 45 (4):425-444.
    The Equal Weight View holds that, when we discover we disagree with an epistemic peer, we should give our peer’s judgment as much weight as our own. But how should we respond when we cannot tell whether those who disagree with us are our epistemic peers? I argue for a position I will call the Earn-a-Spine View. According to this view, parties to a disagreement can remain confdent, at least in some situations, by fnding justifable reasons to think their opponents (...)
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  2.  71
    Moral Disagreement and Epistemic Advantages: A Challenge to McGrath.Sherman Benjamin - 2014 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 8 (3):1-18.
    Sarah McGrath (2008; 2011) argues that, when it comes to our controversial moral views, we have no reason to think we are less likely to be in error than those who disagree with us. I refer to this position as the Moral Peer View (MPV). Under pressure from Nathan King (2011a; 2011b), McGrath admits that the Moral Peer View need not always have been true, though she maintains it is true now. Although King seems to think there should be current (...)
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  3. There’s No Justice: Why Pursuit of a Virtue is Not the Solution to Epistemic Injustice.Benjamin R. Sherman - 2016 - Social Epistemology 30 (3):229-250.
    Miranda Fricker’s book Epistemic Injustice calls attention to an important sort of moral and intellectual wrongdoing, that of failing to give others their intellectual due. When we fail to recognize others’ knowledge, or undervalue their beliefs and judgments, we fail in two important respects. First, we miss out on the opportunity to improve and refine our own sets of beliefs and judgments. Second—and more relevant to the term “injustice”—we can deny people the intellectual respect they deserve. Along with describing the (...)
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  4. Overcoming Epistemic Injustice: Social and Psychological Perspectives.Benjamin R. Sherman & Stacey Goguen (eds.) - 2019 - London: Rowman & Littlefield International.
    The papers collected in this book share a common motivation: All respond to certain kinds of injustice that unfairly and unreasonably prevent the insights and intellectual abilities of vulnerable and stigmatized groups from being given their due recognition. Most people are opposed to injustice in principle, and do not want to have mistaken views about others. But research in the social sciences reveals a disturbing truth: Even people who intend to be fair-minded and unprejudiced are influenced by unconscious biases and (...)
  5. Epistemology of Disagreement and the Moral Non-Conformist.Benjamin Sherman - manuscript
    When people disagree about what is moral, we face an epistemological challenge—when the answer to a moral question is not obvious, how do we determine who is right? What if, under the circumstances, we do not have the means to show one party or the other is right? In recent years, a number of epistemologists have turned their attention to the general epistemic problem of how to respond reasonably to disagreement, and we can look to their work for guidance. While (...)
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  6.  24
    Adrienne M. Martin , How We Hope: A Moral Psychology . Reviewed by.Benjamin Sherman - 2014 - Philosophy in Review 34 (5):254-256.
    Martin's book develops and defends a theory of hope. My review gives details and critiques her argument.
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  7.  45
    Vaccine Law 101.Eric Hargan, Daniel O'Brien, Susan Sherman & Georges Benjamin - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (s4):72-76.
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  8.  33
    Vaccine Law 101.Eric Hargan, Daniel O'Brien, Susan Sherman & Georges Benjamin - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (S4):72-76.
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  9.  28
    Prior expectations facilitate metacognition for perceptual decision.M. T. Sherman, A. K. Seth, A. B. Barrett & R. Kanai - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 35 (C):53-65.
  10. Capital Punishment.Benjamin S. Yost - 2023 - In Mortimer Sellars & Stephan Kirste (eds.), Encyclopedia of the Philosophy of Law and Social Philosophy. Dordrecht: Springer. pp. 1-9.
    Capital punishment—the legally authorized killing of a criminal offender by an agent of the state for the commission of a crime—stands in special need of moral justification. This is because execution is a particularly severe punishment. Execution is different in kind from monetary and custodial penalties in an obvious way: execution causes the death of an offender. While fines and incarceration set back some of one’s interests, death eliminates the possibility of setting and pursuing ends. While fines and incarceration narrow (...)
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  11. Perceiving Smellscapes.Benjamin D. Young - 2020 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 101 (2):203-223.
    We perceive smells as perduring complex entities within a distal array that might be conceived of as smellscapes. However, the philosophical orthodoxy of Odor Theories has been to deny that smells are perceived as having a distal location. Recent challenges have been mounted to Odor Theories’ veracity in handling the timescale of olfactory perception, how it individuates odors as a distal entities, and their claim that olfactory perception is not spatial. The paper does not aim to dispute these criticisms. Rather, (...)
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  12. Epistemic Normativity Without Epistemic Teleology.Benjamin Kiesewetter - forthcoming - Philosophical Issues.
    This article is concerned with a puzzle that arises from three initially plausible assumptions that form an inconsistent triad: (1) Epistemic reasons are normative reasons (normativism); (2) reasons are normative only if conformity with them is good (the reasons/value-link); (3) conformity with epistemic reasons need not be good (the nihilist assumption). I start by defending the reasons/value-link, arguing that normativists need to reject the nihilist assumption. I then argue that the most familiar view that denies the nihilist assumption – epistemic (...)
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  13. Odors: from chemical structures to gaseous plumes.Benjamin D. Young, James A. Escalon & Dennis Mathew - 2020 - Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews 111:19-29.
    We are immersed within an odorous sea of chemical currents that we parse into individual odors with complex structures. Odors have been posited as determined by the structural relation between the molecules that compose the chemical compounds and their interactions with the receptor site. But, naturally occurring smells are parsed from gaseous odor plumes. To give a comprehensive account of the nature of odors the chemosciences must account for these large distributed entities as well. We offer a focused review of (...)
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  14. Inheritance and Originality: Wittgenstein, Heidegger, Kierkegaard.David Sherman - 2003 - Mind 112 (445):166-171.
  15. Free will and the Asymmetrical Justifiability of Holding Morally Responsible.Benjamin Vilhauer - 2015 - Philosophical Quarterly 65 (261):772-789.
    This paper is about an asymmetry in the justification of praising and blaming behaviour which free will theorists should acknowledge even if they do not follow Wolf and Nelkin in holding that praise and blame have different control conditions. That is, even if praise and blame have the same control condition, we must have stronger reasons for believing that it is satisfied to treat someone as blameworthy than we require to treat someone as praiseworthy. Blaming behaviour which involves serious harm (...)
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  16.  51
    Constructing signs: Place as a symbolic structure in signed languages.Sherman Wilcox & Corrine Occhino - 2016 - Cognitive Linguistics 27 (3):371-404.
    Journal Name: Cognitive Linguistics Issue: Ahead of print.
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  17. The Marxian theory of the state.Sherman Hsiao-Ming Chang - 1931 - New York: Russell & Russell.
  18.  14
    Cognitive iconicity: Conceptual spaces, meaning, and gesture in signed language.Sherman Wilcox - 2004 - Cognitive Linguistics 15 (2).
  19. In Those Terrible Days: Notes from the Lodz Ghetto. By Josef Zelkowicz.R. Omer-Sherman - 2005 - The European Legacy 10 (6):664.
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  20.  31
    The virtues of common pursuit.Nancy Sherman - 1993 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 53 (2):277-299.
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  21.  80
    Unconfirmed peers and spinelessness.Ben Sherman - 2015 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 45 (4):425-444.
    The Equal Weight View holds that, when we discover we disagree with an epistemic peer, we should give our peer’s judgment as much weight as our own. But how should we respond when we cannot tell whether those who disagree with us are our epistemic peers? I argue for a position I will call the Earn-a-Spine View. According to this view, parties to a disagreement can remain confident, at least in some situations, by finding justifiable reasons to think their opponents (...)
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  22.  91
    Empathy and Imagination.Nancy Sherman - 1998 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 22 (1):82-119.
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  23. Paradigms. Bantu wisdom as transcendent development : establish African philsophical bedrock / Andani Thakhathi ; The storytelling science paradigm : evoking the transformative power of indigenous ontological antenarratives in curious conversation / David M. Boje and Grace Ann Rosile ; Towards a constructor theory conception for wicked social externalities : delineating the limits and possibilities of impactful pathways to a better world.Sherman Indhul - 2022 - In Andani Thakhathi (ed.), Transcendent development: the ethics of universal dignity. Bingley, UK: Emerald Publishing.
     
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  24. 25 Excuses Answered.Sherman A. Nagel - 1942
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  25.  13
    Précis of Upheavals of Thought.Nancy Sherman - 2004 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 68 (2):443-449.
    Upheavals of Thought is Martha Nussbaum’s most recent, sweeping and masterful study of the human life lived through the emotions. The book’s scope is expansive by any measurement, covering in the first part an historical and contemporary analysis of emotions, their sociality, developmental features, and cultivation; and in the second and third parts an in depth analysis of the specific emotions of compassion and love respectively, with chapter length discussions on love that take up Augustine, Dante, Mahler, Brontë, Whitman, Joyce (...)
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  26.  5
    Dionysian economics: making economics a scientific social science.Benjamin Ward - 2016 - New York, NY: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Nietzsche distinguished between two forces in art: Apollonian, which represents order and reason, and Dionysian, which represents chaos and energy. Economists, Ward argues, have operated for too long under the assumption that their work reflects the scientific, Apollonian principals that inform physics when they simply do not apply to economics: 'constants' in economics stand in for variables, and the core scientific principles of prediction and replication are all but ignored by economists. Ward encourages economists to reintegrate the standard rigor of (...)
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  27. Philosophy of Private Law.Benjamin Zipursky - 2002 - In Jules Coleman & Scott J. Shapiro (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Jurisprudence and Philosophy of Law. Oxford University Press.
     
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  28. Wisdom and Action Guidance in the Agent-Based Virtue Ethics of Aristotle.S. Thomas Sherman - 2006 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 80 (4):481-506.
    While Aristotle in the Nicomachean Ethics does not provide a guide for action in the form of rules for a decision process as deontological or consequentialistethical theories purport to do, he does present a description of the virtuous agent and the virtues that this agent exercises in his choices of action. In this paper Iargue that Aristotle’s mature virtuous agent characteristically exercises the virtue of wisdom (sophia) as well as the practical virtues of character and intelligence in his choices of (...)
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  29. Willensschwäche.Benjamin Kiesewetter - 2011 - In Christof Rapp & Klaus Corcilius (eds.), Aristoteles-Handbuch: Leben – Werk – Wirkung. Stuttgart: Metzler. pp. 453-457.
    Akrasia bezeichnet bei Aristoteles die tadelnswerte charakterliche Disposition, trotz einer richtigen Auffassung des Guten aufgrund körperlicher Begierden das Schlechte zu tun. Den Typus des Unbeherrschten greift Aristoteles in seinen Schriften wiederholt auf. Kleinere Abhandlungen finden sich in Magna moralia II 4–6 und Problemata XXVIII, wobei die ausführlichste Erörterung in der Nikomachischen Ethik VII 1–11 stets im Zentrum der Rezeption stand.
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  30.  12
    Exerting control: the grammatical meaning of facial displays in signed languages.Sherman Wilcox & Sara Siyavoshi - 2021 - Cognitive Linguistics 32 (4):609-639.
    Signed languages employ finely articulated facial and head displays to express grammatical meanings such as mood and modality, complex propositions, information structure, assertions, content and yes/no questions, imperatives, and miratives. In this paper we examine two facial displays: an upper face display in which the eyebrows are pulled together called brow furrow, and a lower face display in which the corners of the mouth are turned down into a distinctive configuration that resembles a frown or upside-down U-shape. Our analysis employs (...)
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  31.  7
    Introduction: Cognitive dimensions of signed languages.Sherman Wilcox & Terry Janzen - 2004 - Cognitive Linguistics 15 (2).
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  32. CAFOs uncovered: the untold costs of confined animal feeding operations.Doug Gurian-Sherman - 2008 - Cambridge, MA: Union of Concerned Scientists.
     
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  33.  2
    The Virtues of Common Pursuit.Nancy Sherman - 1993 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 53 (2):277-299.
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  34.  9
    Der Begriff der Kunstkritik in der deutschen Romantik.Walter Benjamin - 1920 - Frankfurt: Suhrkamp. Edited by Uwe Steiner.
    Diese Hardcover-Ausgabe ist Teil der TREDITION CLASSICS. Der Verlag tredition aus Hamburg veroffentlicht in der Buchreihe TREDITION CLASSICS Werke aus mehr als zwei Jahrtausenden. Diese waren zu einem Grossteil vergriffen oder nur noch antiquarisch erhaltlich. Mit TREDITION CLASSICS verfolgt tredition das Ziel, tausende Klassiker der Weltliteratur verschiedener Sprachen wieder als gedruckte Bucher zu verlegen - und das weltweit! Die Buchreihe dient zur Bewahrung der Literatur und Forderung der Kultur. Sie tragt so dazu bei, dass viele tausend Werke nicht in Vergessenheit (...)
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  35.  22
    The Soul of Development: Biblical Christianity and Economic Transformation in Guatemala.Amy L. Sherman - 1996 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Ever since Max Weber started an argument about the role of Protestantism in jump-starting northern Europe's economic development, scholars have clashed over the influence of religion and culture on a society's economic prospects. Today, many wonder whether the "explosion" of Protestantism in Latin America will effect a similar wave of growth and democratization. In this book, Sherman compiles the results of her field study and national survey of 1000 rural Guatemalan households. She offers persuasive evidence that, in Guatemala and (...)
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  36.  7
    The Conceptualization of Space: Places in Signed Language Discourse.Sherman Wilcox & Rocío Martínez - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  37.  12
    The Arcades: Contemporary Art and Walter Benjamin.Jens Hoffmann (ed.) - 2017 - Jewish Museum.
    _The Arcades Project_, the monumental unfinished work of cultural criticism by Walter Benjamin, is the German philosopher’s effort to comprehend urban modernity through the 19th-century Parisian shopping arcade. _The Arcades: Contemporary Art and Walter Benjamin_ combines artworks with archival materials and poetic interventions to form an original, multifaceted response to this collagelike cultural text. Jens Hoffmann astutely pairs works by thirty-six well-known and emerging artists, including Lee Friedlander, Andreas Gursky, Pierre Huyghe, and Cindy Sherman, with the thirty-six “Convolutes,” (...)
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  38.  48
    Discrimination and Disrespect.Benjamin Eidelson - 2015 - Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press UK.
    Hardly anyone disputes that discrimination can be a grave moral wrong. Yet this consensus masks fundamental disagreements about what makes something discrimination, as well as precisely why acts of discrimination are wrong. Benjamin Eidelson develops systematic answers to those two questions. He claims that discrimination is a form of differential treatment distinguished by its special connection to the differential ascription of some property to different people, and goes on to argue that what makes some cases of discrimination intrinsically wrongful (...)
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  39.  13
    'The little commonwealth of man': the Trinitarian origins of the ethical and political philosophy of Ralph Cudworth.Benjamin Carter - 2011 - Walpole, MA: Peeters.
    This book presents a contextual study of the life and work of the Cambridge Platonist Ralph Cudworth (1617-1688). Focusing on the theological basis of Cudworth's ethical philosophy, this book unlocks the hitherto ignored political aspect to Cudworth's ethical philosophy. Through a detailed examination of Cudworth's published works - particularly his voluminous "True intellectual system of the Universe" -, his posthumously published writings, and his 'freewill' manuscripts Benjamin Carter argues that the ethical and political arguments in Cudworth's philosophy develop out (...)
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  40.  10
    The dementia dilemma.Sherman Frankel - 1999 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 42 (2):174-178.
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  41.  41
    Common Sense and Uncommon Virtue.Nancy Sherman - 1988 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 13 (1):97-114.
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  42.  80
    Learning police ethics.Lawrence Sherman - 1982 - Criminal Justice Ethics 1 (1):10-19.
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  43.  21
    The Arts of the Ming Dynasty. An Exhibition Organised by the Arts Council of Great Britain and the Oriental Ceramic Society.Sherman E. Lee & L. Audemard - 1959 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 79 (3):208.
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  44.  4
    Teaching College Algebra: Reversing the Effects of Social Promotion.Sherman N. Miller - 2005 - R&L Education.
    This user-friendly guide offers pragmatic recommendations on teaching various elements of algebra, including trigonometry, finite mathematics, and statistics to nontraditional students.
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  45.  16
    The effect of an amount-set on a repetitive motor task.Sherman Ross & P. D. Bricker - 1951 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 42 (1):39.
  46.  9
    Understanding literary theory.Sherman Sutherland - 2016 - Tucson, Arizona: Sabino Falls Publishing.
    The essential guide to understanding what literary theory is and why it matters.
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  47.  6
    Understanding literary theory: an introduction.Sherman Sutherland - 2014 - Tucson, Ohio: Sabino Falls Publishing.
    Understanding Literary Theory is the essential guide for every reader looking to understand what literary theory is and why it matters. This concise and accessible text introduces today's foremost schools of literary theory, offering historical background and outlining the important ideas of each. The theories are then applied to a variety of classic short stories, demonstrating how the different theoretical approaches can yield diverse interpretations of the same literary works. This volume separates itself from similar texts by providing clear and (...)
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  48. Introduction.Benjamin Hill - 2012 - In Benjamin Hill & Henrik Lagerlund (eds.), The Philosophy of Francisco Suárez. Oxford University Press.
     
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  49.  21
    Islam and the Promotion of Human Rights.Sherman A. Jackson - 2023 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 2023 (203):59-77.
    ExcerptIn his insightful book Human Rights as Politics and Idolatry, Michael Ignatieff observes that “[t]he challenge of Islam has been there from the beginning.”1 Ignatieff is not alone among Western observers. And in this context, I would like to begin by stating up front that I am neither an opponent of human rights per se nor among those tradition-bound Muslims—though that I am–who abstain from either endorsing the construct or rejecting it outright, presumably as an exercise of sorts in “passive (...)
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  50. Do we have free will?Benjamin W. Libet - 1999 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (8-9):47-57.
    I have taken an experimental approach to this question. Freely voluntary acts are preceded by a specific electrical change in the brain that begins 550 ms before the act. Human subjects became aware of intention to act 350-400 ms after RP starts, but 200 ms. before the motor act. The volitional process is therefore initiated unconsciously. But the conscious function could still control the outcome; it can veto the act. Free will is therefore not excluded. These findings put constraints on (...)
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