Results for 'Bengt Br��lde'

588 found
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  1.  34
    There Are No Ceteris Paribus Laws Bengt Hansson.Bengt Hansson - 2013 - In Christer Svennerlind, Jan Almäng & Rögnvaldur Ingthorsson (eds.), Johanssonian Investigations. Essays in Honour of Ingvar Johansson on His Seventieth Birthday. Ontos Verlag. pp. 5--231.
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  2. Programming in Martin-Löf’s Type Theory: An Introduction.Bengt Nordström, Kent Petersson & Jan M. Smith - 1990 - Clarendon Press.
    In recent years, several formalisms for program construction have appeared. One such formalism is the type theory developed by Per Martin-L f. Well suited as a theory for program construction, it makes possible the expression of both specifications and programs within the same formalism. Furthermore, the proof rules can be used to derive a correct program from a specification as well as to verify that a given program has a certain property. This book contains a thorough introduction to type theory, (...)
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  3. Current Anti-Doping Policy: A Critical Appraisal. [REVIEW]Bengt Kayser, Alexandre Mauron & Andy Miah - 2007 - BMC Medical Ethics 8 (1):2.
    Current anti-doping in competitive sports is advocated for reasons of fair-play and concern for the athlete's health. With the inception of the World Anti Doping Agency (WADA), anti-doping effort has been considerably intensified. Resources invested in anti-doping are rising steeply and increasingly involve public funding. Most of the effort concerns elite athletes with much less impact on amateur sports and the general public.
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  4.  41
    On How to Define the Concept of Health: A Loose Comparative Approach.Bengt Brülde - 2000 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 3 (3):303-306.
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  5.  9
    Ethics of a Relaxed Antidoping Rule Accompanied by Harm-Reduction Measures.Bengt Kayser & Jan Tolleneer - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (5):282-286.
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  6.  58
    An Analysis of Some Deontic Logics.Bengt Hansson - 1969 - Noûs 3 (4):373-398.
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  7.  56
    Dostoevsky Reads Hegel in Siberia and Bursts Into Tears.László F. Földényi - 2004 - Common Knowledge 10 (1):93-104.
  8.  52
    What Is a Quantum-Mechanical “Weak Value” the Value Of?Bengt E. Y. Svensson - 2013 - Foundations of Physics 43 (10):1193-1205.
    A so called “weak value” of an observable in quantum mechanics (QM) may be obtained in a weak measurement + post-selection procedure on the QM system under study. Applied to number operators, it has been invoked in revisiting some QM paradoxes (e.g., the so called Three-Box Paradox and Hardy’s Paradox). This requires the weak value to be interpreted as a bona fide property of the system considered, a par with entities like operator mean values and eigenvalues. I question such an (...)
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  9.  58
    Corporate Motives for Social Initiative: Legitimacy, Sustainability, or the Bottom Line? [REVIEW]Peggy Simcic Brønn & Deborah Vidaver-Cohen - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 87 (1):91 - 109.
    This article presents results of exploratory research conducted with managers from over 500 Norwegian companies to examine corporate motives for engaging in social initiatives. Three key questions were addressed. First, what do managers in this sample see as the primary reasons their companies engage in activities that benefit society? Second, do motives for such social initiative vary across the industries represented? Third, can further empirical support be provided for the theoretical classifications of social initiative motives outlined in the literature? Previous (...)
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  10.  28
    Bayesian Convergence and the Fair-Balance Paradox.Bengt Autzen - 2018 - Erkenntnis 83 (2):253-263.
    The paper discusses Bayesian convergence when the truth is excluded from the analysis by means of a simple coin-tossing example. In the fair-balance paradox a fair coin is tossed repeatedly. A Bayesian agent, however, holds the a priori view that the coin is either biased towards heads or towards tails. As a result the truth is ignored by the agent. In this scenario the Bayesian approach tends to confirm a false model as the data size goes to infinity. I argue (...)
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  11.  24
    Quantum Weak Values and Logic: An Uneasy Couple.Bengt E. Y. Svensson - 2017 - Foundations of Physics 47 (3):430-452.
    Quantum mechanical weak values of projection operators have been used to answer which-way questions, e.g. to trace which arms in a multiple Mach–Zehnder setup a particle may have traversed from a given initial to a prescribed final state. I show that this procedure might lead to logical inconsistencies in the sense that different methods used to answer composite questions, like “Has the particle traversed the way X or the way Y?”, may result in different answers depending on which methods are (...)
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  12.  89
    Significance Testing, P-Values and the Principle of Total Evidence.Bengt Autzen - 2016 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 6 (2):281-295.
    The paper examines the claim that significance testing violates the Principle of Total Evidence. I argue that p-values violate PTE for two-sided tests but satisfy PTE for one-sided tests invoking a sufficient test statistic independent of the preferred theory of evidence. While the focus of the paper is to evaluate a particular claim about the relationship of significance testing and PTE, I clarify the reading of this methodological principle along the way.
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  13.  39
    The Goals of Medicine. Towards a Unified Theory.Bengt Brülde - 2001 - Health Care Analysis 9 (1):1-13.
    The purpose of this article is to present a normative theory of the goals of medicine (a theory that tells us in what respects medicine should benefit the patient) that is both comprehensive and unified. A review of the relevant literature suggests that there are at least seven plausible goals that are irreducible to each other, namely to promote functioning, to maintain or restore normal structure and function, to promote quality of life, to save and prolong life, to help the (...)
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  14.  70
    Choice Structures and Preference Relations.Bengt Hansson - 1968 - Synthese 18 (4):443 - 458.
  15. Normative Responsibilities: Structure and Sources.Gunnar Björnsson & Bengt Brülde - 2017 - In Kristien Hens, Dorothee Horstkötter & Daniela Cutas (eds.), Parental Responsibility in the Context of Neuroscience and Genetics. Springer. pp. 13–33.
    Attributions of what we shall call normative responsibilities play a central role in everyday moral thinking. It is commonly thought, for example, that parents are responsible for the wellbeing of their children, and that this has important normative consequences. Depending on context, it might mean that parents are morally required to bring their children to the doctor, feed them well, attend to their emotional needs, or to see to it that someone else does. Similarly, it is sometimes argued that countries (...)
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  16.  1
    Is the replication crisis a base-rate fallacy?Bengt Autzen - 2021 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 42 (5):233-243.
    Is science in the midst of a crisis of replicability and false discoveries? In a recent article, Alexander Bird offers an explanation for the apparent lack of replicability in the biomedical sciences. Bird argues that the surprise at the failure to replicate biomedical research is a result of the fallacy of neglecting the base rate. The base-rate fallacy arises in situations in which one ignores the base rate—or prior probability—of an event when assessing the probability of this event in the (...)
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  17.  12
    Bengt Löfstedt, Ed., Ars Ambrosiana: Commentum Anonymum in Donati “Paries Maiores.” E Codice Mediolan. Bibl. Ambros. L.22.Sup. Turnhout: Brepols, 1982. Paper. Pp. Xxv, 231. [REVIEW]John J. Contreni - 1984 - Speculum 59 (2):480-481.
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  18. Sociology and the New Testament: An Appraisal.Bengt Holmberg - 1990
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  19.  14
    Self-Perception and Value System as Possible Predictors of Stress.Bengt Sivberg - 1998 - Nursing Ethics 5 (2):103-121.
    This study was directed towards personality-related, value system and sociodemographic variables of nursing students in a situation of change, using a longitudinal perspective to measure their improvement in principle-based moral judgement (Kohlberg; Rest) as possible predictors of stress. Three subgroups of students were included from the commencement of the first three-year academic nursing programme in 1993. The students came from the colleges of health at Jönköping, Växjö and Kristianstad in the south of Sweden. A principal component factor analysis (varimax) was (...)
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  20.  7
    “Genre” Problem In Abdülhak Şinasi Hisar’s Fictive Works.Özgür İldeş - 2012 - Journal of Turkish Studies 7:1993-2002.
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  21.  68
    Constraining Prior Probabilities of Phylogenetic Trees.Bengt Autzen - 2011 - Biology and Philosophy 26 (4):567-581.
    Although Bayesian methods are widely used in phylogenetic systematics today, the foundations of this methodology are still debated among both biologists and philosophers. The Bayesian approach to phylogenetic inference requires the assignment of prior probabilities to phylogenetic trees. As in other applications of Bayesian epistemology, the question of whether there is an objective way to assign these prior probabilities is a contested issue. This paper discusses the strategy of constraining the prior probabilities of phylogenetic trees by means of the Principal (...)
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  22. On Defining “Mental Disorder”: Purposes and Conditions of Adequacy.Bengt Brülde - 2010 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 31 (1):19-33.
    All definitions of mental disorder are backed up by arguments that rely on general criteria (e.g., that a definition should be consistent with ordinary language). These desiderata are rarely explicitly stated, and there has been no systematic discussion of how different definitions should be assessed. To arrive at a well-founded list of desiderata, we need to know the purpose of a definition. I argue that this purpose must be practical; it should, for example, help us determine who is entitled to (...)
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  23. Studier I Filosofi.Carsten Bengt-Pedersen - 1981
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  24. Mental Disorder and Values.Bengt Brülde - 2007 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 14 (2):pp. 93-102.
    It is now generally agreed that we have to rely on value judgments to distinguish mental disorders from other conditions, but it is not quite clear how. To clarify this, we need to know more than to what extent attributions of disorder are dependent on values. We also have to know (1) what kind of evaluations we have to rely on to identify the class of mental disorder; (2) whether attributions of disorder contain any implicit reference to some specific evaluative (...)
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  25.  50
    Fundamental Axioms for Preference Relations.Bengt Hansson - 1968 - Synthese 18 (4):423 - 442.
    The basic theory of preference relations contains a trivial part reflected by axioms A1 and A2, which say that preference relations are preorders. The next step is to find other axims which carry the theory beyond the level of the trivial. This paper is to a great part a critical survey of such suggested axioms. The results are much in the negative — many proposed axioms imply too strange theorems to be acceptable as axioms in a general theory of preference. (...)
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  26.  8
    Explanations - of What?Bengt Hansson - unknown
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  27. The Order There is and the Order We Make: An Investigation Into the Concept of Causation.Bengt Molander - 1982 - Dept. Of Philosophy, University of Uppsala, Sweden.
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  28.  11
    More on the Looser Comparative Approach to Defining “Health”: A Reply to Nordenfelt's Reply.Bengt Brülde - 2000 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 3 (3):311-313.
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  29.  37
    The Independence Condition in the Theory of Social Choice.Bengt Hansson - 1973 - Theory and Decision 4 (1):25-49.
  30. Carsten Bengt-Pedersen and Niels Thomassen, Eds., Nature and Lifeworld: Theoretical and Practical Metaphysics Reviewed By.Philip Cafaro - 1999 - Philosophy in Review 19 (3):163-165.
  31. Health, Disease and the Goal of Public Health.Bengt Brülde & Angus Dawson - forthcoming - Public Health Ethics: Key Concepts and Issues in Policy and Practice:20--47.
     
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  32.  27
    Dissolving the Star-Tree Paradox.Bengt Autzen - 2016 - Biology and Philosophy 31 (3):409-419.
    While Bayesian methods have become very popular in phylogenetic systematics, the foundations of this approach remain controversial. The star-tree paradox in Bayesian phylogenetics refers to the phenomenon that a particular binary phylogenetic tree sometimes has a very high posterior probability even though a star tree generates the data. I argue that this phenomenon reveals an unattractive feature of the Bayesian approach to scientific inference and discuss two proposals for how to address the star-tree paradox. In particular, I defend the polytomy (...)
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  33.  8
    Justifying the Evidential Use of Linguistic Intuitions.Karen Brøcker - 2020 - Synthese 198 (9):8167-8189.
    Linguistic intuitive judgements are the de facto data source of choice within generative linguistics. But why we are justified in relying on intuitive judgements as evidence for grammars? In the philosophy of linguistics, this question has been hotly debated. I argue that the three most prominent views of that debate all have their problems. Devitt’s Modest Explanation accounts for the wrong kind of intuitive judgements. The Voice of Competence view and Rey’s account both lack independent evidence. I introduce and defend (...)
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  34. „En sociologisk visionär. Anteckningar kring Pierre Bourdieu “, i.Bengt Gesser - 1987 - Res Publica (Misc) 9:273-85.
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  35.  43
    Legati Bengt E. Thomasson: Legatus: Beiträge zur römischen Verwaltungsgeschichte. (Skrifter Utgivna av Svenska Institutet i Rom, 8.18.) Pp. 173. Stockholm: Paul Åstroms, 1991. Sw. Kr. 200. [REVIEW]Richard J. A. Talbert - 1993 - The Classical Review 43 (02):346-347.
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  36. What is Mental About Mental Disorder?Bengt Brülde & Filip Radovic - 2006 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 13 (2):99-116.
    The recent discussion of the concept of mental disorder has focused on what makes a mental disorder a disorder. A question that has received less attention is what makes a mental disorder mental rather than somatic. We examine three views on this issue -- namely, the internal cause view, the symptom view, and the pluralist view -- and assess to what extent these accounts are plausible. Three strategies used to pinpoint the mental in psychiatry are identified, namely negative characterizations, exemplification (...)
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  37.  6
    Would Relaxation of the Anti-Doping Rule Lead to Red Queen Effects?Bengt Kayser & Andreas De Block - 2020 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 15 (3):1-15.
    One of the claims sometimes advanced in favour of anti-doping is that allowing doping would lead to a uniform increase in performance in comparison to no doping. The idea is that if all athletes wo...
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  38.  14
    The Concept of Mental Disorder.Bengt Brülde - unknown
  39.  2
    The Effects of Hormonal Contraceptives on the Brain: A Systematic Review of Neuroimaging Studies.Marita Kallesten Brønnick, Inger Økland, Christian Graugaard & Kolbjørn Kallesten Brønnick - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  40. A Guide to Intensional Semantics.Bengt Hansson & Peter Gärdenfors - 1973 - In Sören Halldén (ed.), Modality, Morality and Other Problems of Sense and Nonsense. Lund, Gleerup. pp. 151--167.
     
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  41. Bengt Flyvbjerg Rationality and Power.E. Berglund - 2000 - Environmental Values 9 (2):250-251.
     
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  42.  35
    Experimenting with Phenomenology.Shaun Gallagher & Jesper Brøsted Sørensen - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (1):119-134.
  43.  8
    High Altitude Cachexia: Adaptation Instead of Deterioration?Bengt Kayser - 2014 - Bioessays 36 (8):720-720.
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  44.  33
    De Genesi contra Manichaeos.Alexanderson Bengt - 1998 - Augustinianum 38 (2):497-501.
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  45.  15
    Book Reviews : A. De Riencourt, The Soul of India. Delhi: Sterling Publishers, 1986. H.S.R. Kao, D. Sinha and Ng Sek-Hong , Effective Organizations and Social Values. New Delhi: Sage, 1995. C.G. Krishna, Corporate Social Responsibility in India—A Study of Management Atti Tudes. Delhi: Mittal Publications, 1992. [REVIEW]Bengt Gustavsson - 1996 - Journal of Human Values 2 (1):88-91.
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  46.  22
    Promote the General Welfare to Ourselves and Our Posterity: The Founding Documents of the United States and the Nation’s Health Care Debate. [REVIEW]Bengt-Ola S. Bengtsson - 2011 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 14 (3):249-255.
    A recent on-line discussion asked whether healthcare for Americans is a constitutional right or a privilege. One can debate whether one can extract a legal right to healthcare from the Declaration of Independence depending on whether one sees it is a philosophical or as a legal document. The Constitution of the United States of America lists “promote the general welfare” and protect “ourselves and our posterity” as some of its aims. Perhaps this would demand the inclusion of certain basic health (...)
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  47. Paul and Power: The Structure of Authority in the Primitive Church as Reflected in the Pauline Epistles.Bengt Holmberg - 1980
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  48.  11
    Human Values in Swedish Management.Bengt Gustavsson - 1995 - Journal of Human Values 1 (2):153-171.
    This paper tries to evolve a distinctive model of Swedish management from the standpoint of human values. The author attempts to understand the deeper and subtle aspects of the Scandinavian manage ment style and discusses ways to understand different management styles in different cultural contexts and how they can be sustained in an information age where culture-specific values face extinction. His analysis draws on several sources including personal experiences and mythological references. The paper explores the 'deep structure' of the Swedish (...)
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  49.  40
    Politics for Learning or Learning for Politics?Bengt Molander - 2002 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 21 (4/5):361-376.
    It is argued that political democracyand citizenship should not be taken as primarygoals within university education. Instead theauthor argues for a notion of ``academicdemocracy'' with the overall goal or ethos oflearning together. Moreover it is argued that``learning'' then should be understood accordingto ``practical traditions of knowledge'', whichmeans that truth is not the ultimate goal. Theultimate goal is practices that lead to thegood of men and women.
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  50. grandesertão.br, de Willi Bolle.Sandra S. F. Erickson - 2006 - Princípios 13 (19):204-215.
    Resenha do livro de Willi Bolle. grandesertáo.br . Sáo Paulo: Duas Cidades/Editora 34, 2004, 478 páginas. [Coleçáo Espírito Crítico].
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