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  1.  49
    Genomic Inheritances: Disclosing Individual Research Results From Whole-Exome Sequencing to Deceased Participants' Relatives.Ben Chan, Flavia M. Facio, Haley Eidem, Sara Chandros Hull, Leslie G. Biesecker & Benjamin E. Berkman - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (10):1-8.
    Whole-genome analysis and whole-exome analysis generate many more clinically actionable findings than traditional targeted genetic analysis. These findings may be relevant to research participants themselves as well as for members of their families. Though researchers performing genomic analyses are likely to find medically significant genetic variations for nearly every research participant, what they will find for any given participant is unpredictable. The ubiquity and diversity of these findings complicate questions about disclosing individual genetic test results. We outline an approach for (...)
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  2.  79
    What information and the extent of information research participants need in informed consent forms: a multi-country survey.Juntra Karbwang, Nut Koonrungsesomboon, Cristina E. Torres, Edlyn B. Jimenez, Gurpreet Kaur, Roli Mathur, Eti N. Sholikhah, Chandanie Wanigatunge, Chih-Shung Wong, Kwanchanok Yimtae, Murnilina Abdul Malek, Liyana Ahamad Fouzi, Aisyah Ali, Beng Z. Chan, Madawa Chandratilake, Shoen C. Chiew, Melvyn Y. C. Chin, Manori Gamage, Irene Gitek, Mohammad Hakimi, Narwani Hussin, Mohd F. A. Jamil, Pavithra Janarsan, Madarina Julia, Suman Kanungo, Panduka Karunanayake, Sattian Kollanthavelu, Kian K. Kong, Bing-Ling Kueh, Ragini Kulkarni, Paul P. Kumaran, Ranjith Kumarasiri, Wei H. Lim, Xin J. Lim, Fatihah Mahmud, Jacinto B. V. Mantaring, Siti M. Md Ali, Nurain Mohd Noor, Kopalasuntharam Muhunthan, Elanngovan Nagandran, Maisarah Noor, Kim H. Ooi, Jebananthy A. Pradeepan, Ahmad H. Sadewa, Nilakshi Samaranayake, Shalini Sri Ranganathan, Wasanthi Subasingha, Sivasangari Subramaniam, Nadirah Sulaiman, Ju F. Tay, Leh H. Teng, Mei M. Tew, Thipaporn Tharavanij, Peter S. K. Tok, Jayanie Weeratna & T. Wibawa - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):1-11.
    Background The use of lengthy, detailed, and complex informed consent forms is of paramount concern in biomedical research as it may not truly promote the rights and interests of research participants. The extent of information in ICFs has been the subject of debates for decades; however, no clear guidance is given. Thus, the objective of this study was to determine the perspectives of research participants about the type and extent of information they need when they are invited to participate in (...)
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  3.  16
    A Preliminary Consequential Evaluation of the Roles of Cultures in Human Rights debates.Benedict Shing Bun Chan - 2019 - Filosofia Theoretica: Journal of African Philosophy, Culture and Religions 8 (1):162-181.
    In the debates on the roles of cultures in the ethics of human rights, one of them concerns Confucianism and Ubuntu, two prominent cultures in East Asia and Southern Africa, respectively. Some scholars assert that both cultures have values that are sharply different from the West, and conclude that the West should learn from these cultures. The aim of this paper is to philosophically investigate the roles of cultures in the ethics of human rights. I first introduce the works of (...)
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  4.  23
    The European Union's Adequacy Approach to Privacy and International Data Sharing in Health Research.Jennifer Stoddart, Benny Chan & Yann Joly - 2016 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 44 (1):143-155.
    The European Union approach to data protection consists of assessing the adequacy of the data protection offered by the laws of a particular jurisdiction against a set of principles that includes purpose limitation, transparency, quality, proportionality, security, access, and rectification. The EU's Data Protection Directive sets conditions on the transfer of data to third countries by prohibiting Member States from transferring to such countries as have been deemed inadequate in terms of the data protection regimes. In theory, each jurisdiction is (...)
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  5.  45
    A Human Rights Debate on Physical Security, Political Liberty, and the Confucian Tradition.Benedict S. B. Chan - 2014 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 13 (4):567-588.
    There are many East and West debates on human rights. One of them is whether all civil and political rights are human rights. On one hand, scholars generally agree that rights to physical security are human rights. On the other hand, some scholars argue that rights to political liberty are only Western rights but not human rights because political liberty conflicts with some East Asian cultural factors, especially the Confucian tradition. I argue that physical security also conflicts with some parts (...)
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  6.  23
    Towards Substantive Standardization: Ethical Rules as Ethical Presumptions.Benjamin Chan - 2016 - HEC Forum 28 (2):175-185.
    This paper argues that substantive ethical rules serve a critical ethical function, even in those cases where we should deviate from those rules. Assuming that the rules are valid provides decision-makers with the context essential to reaching a well-justified decision. Recognizing this helps to reconcile two attractive but incompatible positions regarding the evaluation of healthcare ethics consultants. The first position is that ethical rules can validly be used to evaluate the quality of consultants’ advice, ensuring conformity to standards promoted by (...)
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  7. Are International Human Rights Universal? – East-West Philosophical Debates on Human Rights to Liberty and Health.Benedict S. B. Chan - 2019 - In Elisa Grimi & Luca Di Donato (eds.), Metaphysics of Human Rights. 1948-2018. On the Occasion of the 70th Anniversary of the UDHR. Vernon Press. pp. 135-152.
    In philosophical debates on human rights between the East and the West, scholars argue whether rights in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and other international documents (in short, “international human rights”) are universal or culturally relative. Some scholars who emphasize the importance of East Asian cultures (such as the Confucian tradition) have different attitudes toward civil and political rights (CP rights) than toward economic, social, and cultural rights (ESC Rights). They argue that at least some international human rights (...)
     
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  8.  18
    Enhanced Interrogation, Consequential Evaluation, and Human Rights to Health.Benedict S. B. Chan - 2019 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 16 (3):455-461.
    Balfe argues against enhanced interrogation. He particularly focuses on the involvement of U.S. healthcare professionals in enhanced interrogation. He identifies several empirical and normative factors and argues that they are not good reasons to morally justify enhanced interrogation. I argue that his argument can be improved by making two points. First, Balfe considers the reasoning of those healthcare professionals as utilitarian. However, careful consideration of their ideas reveals that their reasoning is consequential rather than utilitarian evaluation. Second, torture is a (...)
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  9. Deafness and Prenatal Testing: A Study Analysis.Marvin J. H. Lee, Benjamin Chan & Peter A. Clark - 2016 - Internet Journal of Family Practice 14 (1).
    The Deaf culture in the United States is a unique culture that is not widely understood. To members of the Deaf community in the United States, deafness is not viewed as a disease or pathology to be treated or cured; instead it is seen as a difference in human experience. Members of this community do not hide their deafness; instead they take great pride in their Deaf identity. The Deaf culture in the United States is very communitarian not individualistic. Mary (...)
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  10.  25
    Privacy and Biobanking in China: A Case of Policy in Transition.Haidan Chen, Benny Chan & Yann Joly - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (4):726-742.
    With a population of over 1.3 billion, China is the most populous country in the world. It is facing an acute aging population problem, with a projected 440 million residents over age 60 and 101 million over age 80 by 2050. Furthermore, rapid industrialization and urbanization in China have resulted in serious air pollution and associated public health problems, including an increase in respiratory diseases and cancers. These and other demographic trends have generated concerns about the cost of health care (...)
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  11.  17
    Privacy and Biobanking in China: A Case of Policy in Transition.Haidan Chen, Benny Chan & Yann Joly - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (4):726-742.
    With a population of over 1.3 billion, China is the most populous country in the world. It is facing an acute aging population problem, with a projected 440 million residents over age 60 and 101 million over age 80 by 2050. Furthermore, rapid industrialization and urbanization in China have resulted in serious air pollution and associated public health problems, including an increase in respiratory diseases and cancers. These and other demographic trends have generated concerns about the cost of health care (...)
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  12.  12
    East-West Dialogues on the Ethics of Sex Robots.Benedict S. B. Chan - forthcoming - HEC Forum:1-9.
    The purpose of this essay is to review and evaluate chapters in Fan and Cherry’s _Sex Robots: Social Impact and the Future of Human Relations_. In this edited volume, the authors of the various chapters present dialogues from the East and West to explore the social and cultural implications of sex robots. They also discuss whether sex robots have a positive, negative, or neutral impact on society and human relationships. This essay examines the key ideas presented in the book’s chapters, (...)
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  13.  25
    Utilitarian Contingent Pacifism and Article 9 of the Japanese Constitution.Benedict S. B. Chan - 2022 - Philosophia 51 (2):635-657.
    For the role of utilitarianism in the ethics of war and peace, Shaw suggests there is a Utilitarian War Principle (UWP) and argues that the principles of the just war theory should be treated as intermediate principles that are subordinated to UWP. He also argues that the state should be the primary legitimate authority to wage war and holder of the right of national defense. I argue that the utilitarian approach should be specifically linked with contingent pacifism, a new understanding (...)
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  14. Why We Should Care About Ebola in West Africa and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome in South Korea: Global Health Ethics and the Moral Insignificance of Proximity.Benedict Shing Bun Chan, Zion Tsz Ho Tse, King-Wa Fu, Chi-Ngai Cheung & Isaac Chun-Hai Fung - 2015 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 12 (4):541-543.
  15.  7
    初探2019冠狀病毒病疫情下的私隱議題: A Preliminary Investigation of Privacy Issues during the COVID-19 Pandemic.Benedict S. B. Chan - 2022 - International Journal of Chinese and Comparative Philosophy of Medicine 20 (1):63-81.
    LANGUAGE NOTE | Document text in Chinese; abstract also in English. 現代科技日新月異,令我們生活更為方便,但亦帶來不少的道德問題。本文的主旨,正是從應用倫理學的角度來討論如何處理在2019冠狀病毒病持續全球大流行下,由此而來的私隱倫理問題。本文會特別聚焦在高等教育與社 會預防及控制疾病政策這兩組例子當中涉及的私隱問題。根據後果評價的道德框架,本文會討論私隱與私隱權利的概念,還有不完整排序下最大化與最優化的分別。之後本文會討論控制論述與讀取論述對失去私隱的意義,然後會 探討親密關係與私隱價值的互動,以此説明若要解決一些私隱的道德議題,討論親密關係的重要性是不可避免的。最後本文會詳細討論如何運用以上的分析,來處理兩組例子所涉及的私隱倫理問題。 Alongside greater convenience, the rapid development of technology in the modern world has also brought about many ethical problems. This article examines privacy issues that emerged during the COVID-19 pandemic from the perspective of applied ethics. It focuses on two specific examples of privacy issues that emerged in higher education and social policy amid attempts to prevent and control the disease. Based on the moral framework of consequential evaluation, (...)
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  16.  20
    Assessing the Quality of the Quality Assessment.Benjamin Chan - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (3):50-52.
  17. Confucianism, Kant, and the pacifist tradition in the constitution of Japan.Benedict S. B. Chan - 2024 - In Sumner B. Twiss, Bingxiang Luo & Benedict S. B. Chan (eds.), Warfare ethics in comparative perspective: China and the West. New York, NY: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
     
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  18.  11
    Interrogating Values of Adult Education Practice in Hong Kong.Benjamin Tak Yuen Chan - 2021 - RUDN Journal of Philosophy 25 (4):613-625.
    The practice of adult learning and education in Hong Kong is lesser known to the wider community of ALE practitioners due to lack of exchanges with international peers. There is a small community of full-time ALE practitioners working mainly in university continuing education schools but a larger body of uncharacterised or alternative practitioners can also be found. Essentially, both types of practitioners are conservative in their outlook and they adopt strategies that align with market needs and priorities set by public (...)
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  19.  15
    Whole Person Education in East Asian Universities: Perspectives from Philosophy and Beyond.Benedict S. B. Chan & Victor C. M. Chan (eds.) - 2022 - Routledge.
    This book provides much new thinking on the phenomenon of whole person education, a phenomenon which features strongly in East Asian universities, and which aims to develop students intellectually, spiritually, and ethically, to master critical thinking skills, to explore ethical challenges in the surrounding community and to acquire a broad based foundation of knowledge in humanities, society and nature. The book considers different approaches to whole person education, including Confucian, Buddhist, and Chinese perspectives, Western philosophy and religion and interdisciplinary approaches. (...)
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  20.  42
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Genomic Inheritances: Disclosing Individual Research Results From Whole-Exome Sequencing to Deceased Participants' Relatives”.Sara Chandros Hull, Ben Chan, Leslie G. Biesecker & Benjamin E. Berkman - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (12):W9-W10.
  21. Introduction.Sumner B. Twiss, Ping-Cheung Lo & Benedict S. B. Chan - 2024 - In Sumner B. Twiss, Bingxiang Luo & Benedict S. B. Chan (eds.), Warfare ethics in comparative perspective: China and the West. New York, NY: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
     
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  22.  23
    Warfare Ethics in Comparative Perspective: China and the West.Sumner B. Twiss, Ping-Cheung Lo & Benedict S. B. Chan (eds.) - 2024 - London: Routledge.
    This volume explores East Asian intellectual traditions and their influence on contemporary discussions of the ethics of war and peace. Through cross-cultural comparison and dialogue between East and West, this work charts a new trajectory in the development of applied ethics. A sequel to the volume Chinese Just War Ethics, it expands the range of the earlier work and includes attention to Japan and other Eastern and Western traditions for contrastive reflection and engages with the full range of Chinese intellectual (...)
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  23.  14
    Warfare Ethics in Comparative Perspective: China and the West.Sumner B. Twiss, Ping-Cheung Lo & Benedict S. B. Chan (eds.) - 2024 - Routledge.
    This volume explores East Asian intellectual traditions and their influence on contemporary discussions of the ethics of war and peace. Through cross-cultural comparison and dialogue between East and West, this work charts a new trajectory in the development of applied ethics. A sequel to the volume Chinese Just War Ethics, it expands the range of the earlier work and includes attention to Japan and other Eastern and Western traditions for contrastive reflection and engages with the full range of Chinese intellectual (...)
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  24.  6
    Warfare ethics in comparative perspective: China and the West.Sumner B. Twiss, Bingxiang Luo & Benedict S. B. Chan (eds.) - 2024 - New York, NY: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
    This volume explores East Asian intellectual traditions and their influence on contemporary discussions of the ethics of war and peace. Through cross-cultural comparison and dialogue between East and West, this work charts a new trajectory in the development of applied ethics. A sequel to the volume Chinese Just War Ethics, it expands the range of the earlier work and includes attention to Japan and other Eastern and Western traditions for contrastive reflection and engages with the full range of Chinese intellectual (...)
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