Results for 'Behaviorism'

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  1. True Christians and straw behaviorists.Must Behaviorists Be Logical Behaviorists - 1985 - Behaviorism 13 (2):163-170.
     
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  2.  40
    Behaviorism: a conceptual reconstruction.G. E. Zuriff - 1985 - New York: Columbia University Press.
  3. Behaviorism at fifty.B. F. Skinner - 1974 - New York,: J. Norton Publishers.
    Each of us is uniquely subject to certain kinds of stimulation from a small part of the universe within our skins. Mentalistic psychologies insist that other kinds of events, lacking the physical dimensions of stimuli, are accessible to the owner of the skin within which they occur. One solution often regarded as behavioristic, granting the distinction between public and private events and ruling the latter out of consideration, has not been successful. A science of behavior must face the problem of (...)
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  4.  7
    Beyond behaviorism.Vicki L. Lee - 1988 - Hillsdale, N.J.: L. Erlbaum Associates.
    Beyond Behaviorism explores and contrasts means and ends psychology with conventional psychology -- that of stimuli and response. The author develops this comparison by exploring the general nature of psychological phenomena and clarifying many persistent doubts about psychology. Dr. Lee contrasts conventional psychology (stimuli and responses) involving reductionistic, organocentric, and mechanistic metatheory with alternative psychology (means and ends) that is autonomous, contextual, and evolutionary.
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  5. Behaviorism And Logical Positivism: A Reassessment Of The Alliance.Laurence D. Smith - 1986 - Stanford: Stanford University Press.
    ONE Introduction The history of psychology in the twentieth century is a story of the divorce and remarriage of psychology and philosophy. ...
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  6.  8
    Behaviorism and the mind: A call for a return to introspection.David A. Lieberman - 1979 - American Psychologist 34 (4):319-333.
    Comments that perhaps few psychologists would now describe themselves as strict behaviorists; however, a review of the literature suggests that methodological and radical behaviorism continue to exert a powerful influence on current research, even in such nominally cognitive areas as imagery and hypothesis learning. In many ways this influence has been healthy, leading to a productive emphasis on the importance of environmental variables in shaping behavior, but some of its consequences have been rather less benign. After reviewing the historical (...)
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  7. Behaviorism and mentalism: Is there a third alternative?Beth Preston - 1994 - Synthese 100 (2):167-96.
    Behaviorism and mentalism are commonly considered to be mutually exclusive and conjunctively exhaustive options for the psychological explanation of behavior. Behaviorism and mentalism do differ in their characterization of inner causes of behavior. However, I argue that they are not mutually exclusive on the grounds that they share important foundational assumptions, two of which are the notion of an innerouter split and the notion of control. I go on to argue that mentalism and behaviorism are not conjunctively (...)
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  8.  57
    Verbal behaviorism and theoretical mentalism: An assessment of Marras-Sellars dialogue.William A. Rottschaefer - 1983 - Philosophy Research Archives 9:511-534.
    Sellars’ verbal behaviorism demands that linguistic episodes be conceptual in an underivative sense and his theoretical mentalism that thoughts as postulated theoretical entities be modelled on linguistic behaviors. Marras has contended that Sellars’ own methodology requires that semantic categories be theoretical. Thus linguistic behaviors can be conceptual in only a derivative sense. Further he claims that overt linguistic behaviors cannot serve as a model for all thought because thought is primarily symbolic. I support verbal behaviorism by showing that (...)
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  9.  73
    Behaviorism.John B. Watson - 1926 - Journal of Philosophy 23 (12):331-334.
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  10. Why Behaviorism and Anti-Representationalism Are Untenable.Markus E. Schlosser - 2020 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 41:277–292.
    It is widely thought that philosophical behaviorism is an untenable and outdated theory of mind. It is generally agreed, in particular, that the view generates a vicious circularity problem. There is a standard solution to this problem for functionalism, which utilizes the formulation of Ramsey sentences. I will show that this solution is also available for behaviorism if we allow quantification over the causal bases of behavioral dispositions. Then I will suggest that behaviorism differs from functionalism mainly (...)
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  11. Behaviorism.John B. Watson - 1927 - Mind 36 (141):77-83.
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  12. Behaviorism and psychologism: Why Block’s argument against behaviorism is unsound.Hanoch Ben-Yami - 2005 - Philosophical Psychology 18 (2):179-186.
    Ned Block. Psychologism and behaviorism. Philosophical Review, 90, 5-43.) argued that a behaviorist conception of intelligence is mistaken, and that the nature of an agent's internal processes is relevant for determining whether the agent has intelligence. He did that by describing a machine which lacks intelligence, yet can answer questions put to it as an intelligent person would. The nature of his machine's internal processes, he concluded, is relevant for determining that it lacks intelligence. I argue against Block that (...)
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  13. Emergent behaviorism.Peter R. Killeen - 1984 - Behaviorism 12 (2):25-39.
    In this article I examine Skinner's objections to mentalism. I conclude that his only valid objections concern the "specious explanations" that mentalism might afford ? explanations that are incomplete, circular, or faulty in other ways. Unfortunately, the mere adoption of behavioristic terminology does not solve that problem. It camouflages the nature of "private events," while providing no protection from specious explanations. I argue that covert states and events are causally effective, and may be sufficiently different in their nature to deserve (...)
     
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  14.  5
    Verbal Behaviorism and Theoretical Mentalism.William A. Rottschaefer - 1983 - Philosophy Research Archives 9:511-533.
    Sellars’ verbal behaviorism demands that linguistic episodes be conceptual in an underivative sense and his theoretical mentalism that thoughts as postulated theoretical entities be modelled on linguistic behaviors. Marras has contended that Sellars’ own methodology requires that semantic categories be theoretical. Thus linguistic behaviors can be conceptual in only a derivative sense. Further he claims that overt linguistic behaviors cannot serve as a model for all thought because thought is primarily symbolic. I support verbal behaviorism by showing that (...)
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  15. Theoretical behaviorism meets embodied cognition: Two theoretical analyses of behavior.Fred Keijzer - 2005 - Philosophical Psychology 18 (1):123-143.
    This paper aims to do three things: First, to provide a review of John Staddon's book Adaptive dynamics: The theoretical analysis of behavior. Second, to compare Staddon's behaviorist view with current ideas on embodied cognition. Third, to use this comparison to explicate some outlines for a theoretical analysis of behavior that could be useful as a behavioral foundation for cognitive phenomena. Staddon earlier defended a theoretical behaviorism, which allows internal states in its models but keeps these to a minimum (...)
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  16.  55
    Behaviorism as a scientific theory.W. D. Joske - 1961 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 22 (September):61-68.
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  17.  44
    Behaviorism and the philosophy of the act.Laird Addis - 1982 - Noûs 16 (3):399-420.
    Behaviorism and the philosophy of the act are widely believed to be inconsistent with one another. I argue that both are true, Fulfilling the requirements of scientific psychology and the phenomenology of mind, Respectively. The key to understanding their mutual consistency lies in the idea of parallelism and its corresponding requirement that all descriptive features of mental states be analyzed as properties, None as relations (to anything physical). So the intentional link itself must be a 'logical' and not a (...)
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  18.  21
    Radical behaviorism and theoretical entities.G. E. Zuriff - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (4):572.
  19.  24
    A behavioristic theory of ideas.E. C. Tolman - 1926 - Psychological Review 33 (5):352-369.
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  20. Behaviorist John B. Watson and the continuity of the species.A. W. Logue - 1978 - Behaviorism 6 (1):71-81.
     
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  21.  83
    A behaviorist analysis of emotions.V. J. McGill & Livingston Welch - 1946 - Philosophy of Science 13 (April):100-122.
    Since James defined emotion as consciousness of bodily reactions and Cannon and others detailed the nature of these reactions, there has been an increasing tendency among behaviorists to equate emotions with visceral reactions and to neglect some of the genetic and adaptive aspects of emotion which had been discussed by Darwin.
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  22.  25
    Behaviorism, Science, and Human Nature.Terry L. Smith - 1986 - Behaviorism 14 (1):41-44.
  23.  63
    Behaviorism is false.Raymond J. Nelson - 1969 - Journal of Philosophy 66 (14):417-52.
  24. Radical behaviorism and the rest of psychology: A review/precis of Skinner's About Behaviorism.J. C. Malone & Natalie M. Cruchon - 2001 - Behavior and Philosophy 29:31-58.
    Radical behaviorism is fundamentally different from traditional psychology, so it is not surprising that is has been widely misunderstood. It offers an alternative to the traditional treatments of mind that avoids some of the insoluble problems raised by those views. B. F. Skinner attempted many times to describe this alternative with limited success, partially attributable to the opacity of his prose and the excessiveness of his proposed applications. We offer annotated excerpts from one of his books dedicated to this (...)
     
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  25. Behaviorism, constructivism, and socratic pedagogy.Peter Boghossian - 2006 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 38 (6):713–722.
    This paper examines the relationship among behaviorism, constructivism and Socratic pedagogy. Specifically, it asks if a Socratic educator can be a constructivist or a behaviorist. In the first part of the paper, each learning theory, as it relates to the Socratic project, is explained. In the last section, the question of whether or not a Socratic teacher can subscribe to a constructivist or a behaviorist learning theory is addressed. The paper concludes by stating that while Socratic pedagogy shares some (...)
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  26. Behaviorism and Psychology.A. Roback - 1923 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 30 (3):8-9.
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  27.  74
    Behaviorism, finite automata, and stimulus response theory.Raymond J. Nelson - 1975 - Theory and Decision 6 (August):249-67.
    In this paper it is argued that certain stimulus-response learning models which are adequate to represent finite automata (acceptors) are not adequate to represent noninitial state input-output automata (transducers). This circumstance suggests the question whether or not the behavior of animals if satisfactorily modelled by automata is predictive. It is argued in partial answer that there are automata which can be explained in the sense that their transition and output functions can be described (roughly, Hempel-type covering law explanation) while their (...)
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  28.  20
    The behavioristic interpretation of consciousness. I.K. S. Lashley - 1923 - Psychological Review 30 (4):237-272.
  29.  68
    A behavioristic account of the significant symbol.George H. Mead - 1922 - Journal of Philosophy 19 (6):157-163.
  30.  39
    Functional behaviorism: Where the pain is does not matter.A. W. Logue - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (1):66-66.
  31.  24
    Descriptive behaviorism versus cognitive theory in verbal operant conditioning.Charles D. Spielberger & L. Douglas DeNike - 1966 - Psychological Review 73 (4):306-326.
  32. Revaluing the behaviorist ghost in enactivism and embodied cognition.Nikolai Alksnis & Jack Alan Reynolds - 2019 - Synthese 198 (6):5785-5807.
    Despite its short historical moment in the sun, behaviorism has become something akin to a theoria non grata, a position that dare not be explicitly endorsed. The reasons for this are complex, of course, and they include sociological factors which we cannot consider here, but to put it briefly: many have doubted the ambition to establish law-like relationships between mental states and behavior that dispense with any sort of mentalistic or intentional idiom, judging that explanations of intelligent behavior require (...)
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  33. Psychologism and behaviorism.Ned Block - 1981 - Philosophical Review 90 (1):5-43.
    Let psychologism be the doctrine that whether behavior is intelligent behavior depends on the character of the internal information processing that produces it. More specifically, I mean psychologism to involve the doctrine that two systems could have actual and potential behavior _typical_ of familiar intelligent beings, that the two systems could be exactly alike in their actual and potential behavior, and in their behavioral dispositions and capacities and counterfactual behavioral properties (i.e., what behaviors, behavioral dispositions, and behavioral capacities they would (...)
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  34.  28
    Behaviorism at fifty.B. F. Skinner - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (4):615.
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  35.  51
    Physicalism, behaviorism and phenomena.Herbert Hochberg - 1959 - Philosophy of Science 26 (April):93-103.
    The issue of materialism has recently been raised again. Mr. Putnam argues against philosophical behaviorism [4]. Such a position holds, as he construes it, that statements like ‘Jones is angry’ can be analyzed in solely behavioral terms. When one argues against philosophical behaviorism, he might be expected to distinguish this metaphysical position from behavior science. Putnam, however, does not make the distinction. Consequently he argues against both. I shall first state the distinction between these two different things, namely, (...)
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  36.  19
    Mindless behaviorism, bodiless cognitivism, or primatology?E. W. Menzel - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (2):258-259.
  37.  20
    Teleological behaviorism and the intentional scheme.Hugh Lacey - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (1):134-135.
    Teleological behaviorism, unlike Skinnerian behaviorism, recognizes that are needed to account adequately for human behavior, but it rejects the essential role in behavioral explanations of the subjective perspective of the agent. I argue that teleological behaviorism fails because of this rejection.
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  38. The philosophical legacy of behaviorism.Bruce A. Thyer (ed.) - 1999 - Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    The Philosophical Legacy of Behaviorism is the first book to describe the unique contributions of a behavioral perspective to the major issues of philosophy. Leading behavioral philosophers and psychologists have contributed chapters on: the origins of behaviorism as a philosophy of science; the basic principles of behaviorism; ontology; epistemology; values and ethics; free will, determinism and self-control; and language and verbal behavior. A concluding chapter provides an overview of some scholarly criticisms of behavioral philosophy. Far from espousing (...)
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  39.  63
    Poststructuralism, behaviorism and the problem of hate speech.Carrie L. Hull - 2003 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 29 (5):517-535.
    In this paper, I propose that influential arguments of Jacques Derridas's and Judith Butler's rely on behaviorism and relativism, a reliance which has implications for, among other things, the issue of hate speech. I begin with a brief discussion of the philosophy of W. V. O. Quine, a thinker seldom discussed in relationship to continental poststructuralism. Quine is interesting because he explicitly defends an ontological relativism combined with linguistic behaviorism, the latter as influenced by B. F. Skinner and (...)
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  40.  24
    Behaviorism, Constructivism, and Socratic Pedagogy.Peter Boghossian - 2006 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 38 (6):713-722.
    This paper examines the relationship among behaviorism, constructivism and Socratic pedagogy. Specifically, it asks if a Socratic educator can be a constructivist or a behaviorist. In the first part of the paper, each learning theory, as it relates to the Socratic project, is explained. In the last section, the question of whether or not a Socratic teacher can subscribe to a constructivist or a behaviorist learning theory is addressed. The paper concludes by stating that while Socratic pedagogy shares some (...)
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  41. Introduction: behaviorism.Harris Savin - 1980 - In Ned Block (ed.), Readings in Philosophy of Psychology. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. pp. 1--11.
     
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  42.  52
    Behaviorism and Psychology.A. Roback - 1927 - New Scholasticism 1 (2):198-199.
  43. Behaviorism and the psychology of language: An historical reassessment.R. P. Powell & A. W. Still - 1979 - Behaviorism 7 (1):71-89.
  44. Logical behaviorism and the simulation of mental episodes.Dale Jacquette - 1985 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 6 (3):325-332.
     
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  45.  56
    From behaviorism to neobehaviorism.Patrick Suppes - 1975 - Theory and Decision 6 (3):269-285.
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  46. Behaviorism and Logical Positivism: A Reassessment of the Alliance.Laurence D. Smith - 1989 - Synthese 78 (3):345-356.
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  47. DISCUSSION: Behaviorism and Phenomenology.V. J. McGill - 1966 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 26 (4):578.
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  48. A behaviorist account of individuation.Orland Otway Norris - 1927 - Chicago,: Chicago University Press.
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  49. A Behavioristic View of Purpose.Ralph Barton Perry - 1921 - Philosophical Review 30:540.
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  50.  13
    Misrepresenting behaviorism.Marc N. Branch - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (3):372-373.
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