Results for 'Barbra R. Clayton'

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  1.  61
    Moral theory in Śāntideva's Śikṣāsamuccaya: cultivating the fruits of virtue.Barbra R. Clayton - 2006 - New York: Routledge. Edited by Śāntideva.
    This book analyses the moral theory of the seventh century Indian Mahayana master, Santideva. Santideva is the author of the well-known religious poem the Bodhicaryavatara (Entering the Path of Enlightenment) , as well as the significant, but relatively overlooked, Siksasamuccaya (Compendium of Teachings) . Both of these works describe the nature and path of the bodhisattva, the altruistic spiritual ideal especially exalted in Mahayana literature. With particular focus on the Siksasamuccaya , this work offers a response to three questions: What (...)
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  2.  54
    Bhopal, india and union carbide: The second tragedy. [REVIEW]R. Clayton Trotter, Susan G. Day & Amy E. Love - 1989 - Journal of Business Ethics 8 (6):439-454.
    The paper examines the legal, ethical, and public policy issues involved in the Union Carbide gas leak in India which caused the deaths of over 3000 people and injury to thousands of people. The paper begins with a historical perspective on the operating environment in Bhopal, the events surrounding the accident, then discusses an international situation audit examining internal strengths and weaknesses, and external opportunities and threats faced by Union Carbide at the time of the accident. There is a discussion (...)
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  3. Technology for Healthy Aging and Wellbeing: Co-producing Solutions.Arlene J. Astell, Jacob A. Andrews, Matthew R. Bennion & David Clayton - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Methods to facilitate co-production in mental health are important for engaging end users. As part of the Technology for Healthy Aging and Wellbeing initiative we organized two interactive co-production workshops, to bring together older adults, health and social care professionals, non-governmental organizations, and researchers. In the first workshop, we used two activities: Technology Interaction and Scavenger Hunt, to explore the potential for different stakeholders to discuss late life mental health and existing technology. In the second workshop, we used Vignettes, Scavenger (...)
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  4.  34
    Client-therapist intimacy: Responses of psychotherapy clients to a consumer-oriented brochure.Beverly E. Thorn, Nancy J. Rubin, Angela J. Holderby & R. Clayton Shealy - 1996 - Ethics and Behavior 6 (1):17 – 28.
    Psychotherapy clients read two consumer-oriented brochures: a general brochure on psychology and a brochure on the topic of client-therapist intimacy. Half of the participants read the general brochure first and the brochure on client-therapist intimacy second, and half the participants did the reverse. Participants reported favorable reactions to the brochures, indicating they thought both should be made available to psychotherapy clients; that neither were too long, too sensitive, or too difficult to read; and that the brochures should be made available (...)
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  5. An introduction, a wager: Long live 1radical philosophy and education!R. Ford Derek, Savannah Jo Wilcek Anneliese Waalkes & Clayton Cooprider - 2019 - In Derek Ford (ed.), Keywords in Radical Philosophy and Education: Common Concepts for Contemporary Movements. Brill.
     
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  6.  30
    From Ventilators to Vaccines: Reframing the Ethics of Resource Allocation.R. Thomas Day, Bradley S. Guidry, Brian C. Drolet & Ellen W. Clayton - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (7):15-16.
    Volume 20, Issue 7, July 2020, Page W15-W16.
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  7. Quantum Mechanics: Scientific Perspectives on Divine Action 5.R. J. Russell, Philip Clayton, Kirk Wegter-McNelly & John Polkinghorne (eds.) - 2002 - Vatican Observatory Publications.
     
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  8.  40
    What Should We Do When Participants Report Dangerous Drinking? The Impact of Personalized Letters Versus General Pamphlets as a Function of Sex and Controlled Orientation.Clayton Neighbors, Eric R. Pedersen, Debra Kaysen, Magdalena Kulesza & Theresa Walter - 2012 - Ethics and Behavior 22 (1):1 - 15.
    Research in which participants report potentially dangerous health-related behaviors raises ethical and professional questions about what to do with that information. Policies and laws regarding reportable behaviors vary across states and Institutional Review Boards (IRB). In alcohol research, IRBs often require researchers to respond to participants who report dangerous drinking practices. Researchers have little guidance regarding how best to respond in such cases. Personalized feedback or general nonpersonalized information may prove differentially effective as a function of gender and/or level of (...)
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  9. We acknowledge with thanks receipt of the following titles. Inclusion in this list neither implies nor precludes subsequent review. Ariarajah, S. Wesley, Axis of Peace: Christian Faith in Times of Violence and War (Geneva: WCC Publications, 2004). 137 pp. no price (pb), ISBN. [REVIEW]R. J. Berry, Michael Brierley, David A. Brondos, Elizabeth M. Bucar, Barbra Barnett & Lisa Sowle Cahill - 2006 - Studies in Christian Ethics 19:273-276.
     
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  10.  8
    Can micropolitan areas bridge the urban-rural divide?Clayton P. Gillette & Sheila R. Foster - 2023 - Theoretical Inquiries in Law 24 (2):93-117.
    In this Article, we explore a subset of the urban-rural divide and propose a mechanism for reducing its economic and political effects within that limited realm. Specifically, we focus on the subset of rural areas that lie within what the Office of Management and Budget defines as micropolitan areas. Micropolitan areas are characterized by an urban area with a population between 10,000 and 50,000, and adjacent rural counties. Data suggest that rural areas within micropolitan regions do better economically than rural (...)
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  11.  27
    The environmental basis of memory.John R. Anderson, Shawn Betts, Michael D. Byrne, Lael J. Schooler & Clayton Stanley - 2023 - Psychological Review 130 (5):1137-1166.
    Memory should make more available things that are more likely to be needed. Across multiple environmental domains, it has been shown that such a system would match qualitatively the memory effects involving repetition, delay, and spacing (Schooler & Anderson, 2017). To obtain data of sufficient size to study how detailed patterns of past appearance predict probability of being needed again, we examined the patterns with which words appear in large two data sets: tweets from popular sources and comments on popular (...)
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  12. Genetic Intervention in Human Subjects.R. Clayton - 1997 - Journal of Medical Ethics 23 (6):385-386.
  13.  62
    Do Undergraduate Student Research Participants Read Psychological Research Consent Forms? Examining Memory Effects, Condition Effects, and Individual Differences.Eric R. Pedersen, Clayton Neighbors, Judy Tidwell & Ty W. Lostutter - 2011 - Ethics and Behavior 21 (4):332 - 350.
    Although research has examined factors influencing understanding of informed consent in biomedical and forensic research, less is known about participants' attention to details in consent documents in psychological survey research. The present study used a randomized experimental design and found the majority of participants were unable to recall information from the consent form in both in-person and online formats. Participants were also relatively poor at recognizing important aspects of the consent form including risks to participants and confidentiality procedures. Memory effects (...)
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  14. Index to Volume 32.John R. Albright, James B. Ashbrook, George G. Brooks, Anna Case-Winters, Michael Cavanaugh, Philip Clayton & Steven D. Crain - 1997 - Zygon 32 (4).
     
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  15.  24
    Reproductive Genetics and the Law.R. M. Clayton - 1988 - Journal of Medical Ethics 14 (2):108-108.
  16.  15
    The Frank J. Malina Collection at the California Institute of Technology: Guide to a Microfiche Edition. Judith R. Goodstein, Carol H. Buge. [REVIEW]Clayton R. Koppes - 1987 - Isis 78 (2):256-257.
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  17.  16
    Consent forms and the therapeutic misconception.Nancy M. P. King, Gail E. Henderson, Larry R. Churchill, Arlene M. Davis, Sara Chandros Hull, Daniel K. Nelson, P. Christy Parham-Vetter, Barbra Bluestone Rothschild, Michele M. Easter & Benjamin S. Wilfond - 2005 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 27 (1):1-7.
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  18. Henry Stapp on quantum mechanics, spirit, mind, and moralitv.Antje JackklEn, Philip Clayton & Gregory R. Peterson - 2006 - Zygon 41 (3-4):776.
     
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  19.  46
    Parents’ attitudes toward consent and data sharing in biobanks: A multisite experimental survey.Armand H. Matheny Antommaria, Kyle B. Brothers, John A. Myers, Yana B. Feygin, Sharon A. Aufox, Murray H. Brilliant, Pat Conway, Stephanie M. Fullerton, Nanibaa’ A. Garrison, Carol R. Horowitz, Gail P. Jarvik, Rongling Li, Evette J. Ludman, Catherine A. McCarty, Jennifer B. McCormick, Nathaniel D. Mercaldo, Melanie F. Myers, Saskia C. Sanderson, Martha J. Shrubsole, Jonathan S. Schildcrout, Janet L. Williams, Maureen E. Smith, Ellen Wright Clayton & Ingrid A. Holm - 2018 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 9 (3):128-142.
  20. D Daehler, MW, 130,131,149,152, 153,155,156,157,172,183 Damasio, A., 88 Dattel, AR, 149,150,152,153,154.P. L. Cannon, H. W. Carmichael, C. S. Casey, R. Catrambone, R. I. Charles, V. M. Chase, P. W. Cheng, M. T. H. Chi, M. Chiu & K. N. Clayton - 1997 - In Lyn D. English (ed.), Mathematical reasoning: analogies, metaphors, and images. Mahwah, N.J.: L. Erlbaum Associates.
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  21.  37
    The “God Module” and the Complexifying Brain.Carol Rausch Albright, John R. Albright, Jensine Andresen, Robert W. Bertram, David M. Byers, Anna Case-Winters, Michael Cavanaugh, Philip Clayton, Gerald A. Cory Jr & Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi - 2000 - Zygon 35 (4):735-744.
    Recent reports of the discovery of a “God module” in the human brain derive from the fact that epileptic seizures in the left temporal lobe are associated with ecstatic feelings sometimes described as an experience of the presence of God. The brain area involved has been described as either (a) the seat of an innate human faculty for experiencing the divine or (b) the seat of religious delusions.In fact, religious experience is extremely various and involves many parts of the brain, (...)
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  22.  39
    The Ethical Health Lawyer: An Empirical Assessment of Moral Decision Making.Joshua E. Perry, Ilene N. Moore, Bruce Barry, Ellen Wright Clayton & Amanda R. Carrico - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (3):461-475.
    Writing in 1999, legal ethics scholar Brad Wendel noted that “[v]ery little empirical work has been done on the moral decision making of lawyers.” Indeed, since the mid-1990s, few empirical studies have attempted to explore how attorneys deliberate about ethical dilemmas they encounter in their practice. Moreover, while past research has explored some of the ethical issues confronting lawyers practicing in certain specific areas of practice, no published data exists probing the moral mind of health care lawyers. As signaled by (...)
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  23.  42
    The Ethical Health Lawyer: An Empirical Assessment of Moral Decision Making.Joshua E. Perry, Ilene N. Moore, Bruce Barry, Ellen Wright Clayton & Amanda R. Carrico - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (3):461-475.
    The empirical literature exploring lawyers and their moral decision making is limited despite the “crisis” of unethical and unprofessional behavior in the bar that has been well documented for over a decade. In particular we are unaware of any empirical studies that investigate the moral landscape of the health lawyer’s practice. In an effort to address this gap in the literature, an interdisciplinary team of researchers at Vanderbilt University designed an empirical study to gather preliminary evidence regarding the moral reasoning (...)
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  24.  22
    John Clayton Feaver 1911-1995.Kenneth R. Merrill - 1997 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 70 (5):153 -.
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  25.  39
    Emergence and Supervenience.Gregory R. Peterson - 2002 - Tradition and Discovery 29 (3):23-27.
    Philip Clayton has put forth a clear and important position regarding the mind-body relationship in terms of supervenient and emergent realities. While I agree with Clayton on many points, I argue that there are important problems with current literature on supervenience and emergence. In particular, I distinguish between closed system emergence and open system emergence, suggesting that Clayton’s position is closer to the latter than the former.
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  26.  61
    Maintaining respectability: Response to nicholaos Jones.Gregory R. Peterson - 2008 - Zygon 43 (3):593-598.
    Nicholaos Jones argues that theology is not a respectable discipline because of its inability to meet the standards of contemporary science. Although Jones makes a bold claim, I suggest that he has not made his case by focusing on the question of defining science and metaphysics appropriately, the analysis of the literature he cites, and his central claim that theology presupposes the absolute certainty of God.
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  27.  24
    Review of Crockett Clayton, Derrida and the End of Writing: Political Theology and New Materialism: New York: Fordham University Press, 2018, ISBN:978-0-8232-7784-1, pb, 183 pp. [REVIEW]Nathan R. B. Loewen - 2019 - Sophia 58 (1):99-101.
  28.  22
    History of Technology Clayton R. Koppes, JPL and the American Space Programme: A History of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1982. Pp. viii+ 320. £16.95/$19.95. Joan Lisa Bromberg, Fusion: Science, Politics and the Invention of a New Energy Source. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press, 1982. Pp. xxvi + 343. £24/$30. [REVIEW]S. T. Keith - 1984 - British Journal for the History of Science 17 (3):325-326.
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  29.  77
    Regarding Philip Clayton.Philip Rolnick - 2002 - Tradition and Discovery 29 (3):5-6.
    This brief opening for a special issue of Tradition and Discovery: The Polanyi Society Periodical on Philip Clayton’s thought and its connection with that of Michael Polany introduces Clayton’s essay and the responses by Martinez Hewlett, Gregory R. Peterson, Andy F. Sanders and Waler B. Gulick.
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  30.  36
    JPL and the American Space Program: A History of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Clayton R. Koppes.Loyd Swenson Jr - 1983 - Isis 74 (4):623-624.
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  31.  47
    Addressing the Ethical Challenges in Genetic Testing and Sequencing of Children.Ellen Wright Clayton, Laurence B. McCullough, Leslie G. Biesecker, Steven Joffe, Lainie Friedman Ross, Susan M. Wolf & For the Clinical Sequencing Exploratory Research Group - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (3):3-9.
    American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and American College of Medical Genetics (ACMG) recently provided two recommendations about predictive genetic testing of children. The Clinical Sequencing Exploratory Research Consortium's Pediatrics Working Group compared these recommendations, focusing on operational and ethical issues specific to decision making for children. Content analysis of the statements addresses two issues: (1) how these recommendations characterize and analyze locus of decision making, as well as the risks and benefits of testing, and (2) whether the guidelines conflict or (...)
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  32. Are There Counterexamples to the Consistency Principle?Clayton Littlejohn - 2023 - Episteme 20 (4):852-869.
    Must rational thinkers have consistent sets of beliefs? I shall argue that it can be rational for a thinker to believe a set of propositions known to be inconsistent. If this is right, an important test for a theory of rational belief is that it allows for the right kinds of inconsistency. One problem we face in trying to resolve disagreements about putative rational requirements is that parties to the disagreement might be working with different conceptions of the relevant attitudes. (...)
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  33. Justification, knowledge, and normality.Clayton Littlejohn & Julien Dutant - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 177 (6):1593-1609.
    There is much to like about the idea that justification should be understood in terms of normality or normic support (Smith 2016, Goodman and Salow 2018). The view does a nice job explaining why we should think that lottery beliefs differ in justificatory status from mundane perceptual or testimonial beliefs. And it seems to do that in a way that is friendly to a broadly internalist approach to justification. In spite of its attractions, we think that the normic support view (...)
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  34. The re-emergence of emergence: the emergentist hypothesis from science to religion.Philip Clayton & Paul Davies (eds.) - 2006 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This volume introduces readers to emergence theory, outlines the major arguments in its defence, and summarizes the most powerful objections against it. It provides the clearest explication yet of this exciting new theory of science, which challenges the reductionist approach by proposing the continuous emergence of novel phenomena.
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  35. Being More Realistic About Reasons: On Rationality and Reasons Perspectivism.Clayton Littlejohn - 2018 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 99 (3):605-627.
    This paper looks at whether it is possible to unify the requirements of rationality with the demands of normative reasons. It might seem impossible to do because one depends upon the agent’s perspective and the other upon features of the situation. Enter Reasons Perspectivism. Reasons perspectivists think they can show that rationality does consist in responding correctly to reasons by placing epistemic constraints on these reasons. They think that if normative reasons are subject to the right epistemic constraints, rational requirements (...)
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  36. What is Rational Belief?Clayton Littlejohn & Julien Dutant - forthcoming - Noûs.
    A theory of rational belief should get the cases right. It should also reach its verdicts using the right theoretical assumptions. Leading theories seem to predict the wrong things. With only one exception, they don't accommodate principles that we should use to explain these verdicts. We offer a theory of rational belief that combines an attractive picture of epistemic desirability with plausible principles connecting desirability to rationality. On our view, it's rational to believe when it's sufficiently likely that you'd know (...)
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  37. This is Epistemology: An Introduction.Clayton Littlejohn & J. Adam Carter - 2021 - Hoboken: Wiley-Blackwell. Edited by Clayton Littlejohn.
    What is knowledge? Why is it valuable? How much of it do we have, and what ways of thinking are good ways to use to get more of it? These are just a few questions that are asked in epistemology, roughly, the philosophical theory of knowledge. This is Epistemology is a comprehensive introduction to the philosophical study of the nature, origin, and scope of human knowledge. Exploring both classic debates and contemporary issues in epistemology, this rigorous yet accessible textbook provides (...)
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  38. Conceptual Foundations of Emergence Theory.Philip Clayton - 2006 - In Philip Clayton & Paul Davies (eds.), The re-emergence of emergence: the emergentist hypothesis from science to religion. New York: Oxford University Press.
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  39. On what we should believe (and when (and why) we should believe what we know we should not believe).Clayton Littlejohn - 2020 - In Kevin McCain & Scott Stapleford (eds.), Epistemic Duties: New Arguments, New Angles. Routledge.
    A theory of what we should believe should include a theory of what we should believe when we are uncertain about what we should believe and/or uncertain about the factors that determine what we should believe. In this paper, I present a novel theory of what we should believe that gives normative externalists a way of responding to a suite of objections having to do with various kinds of error, ignorance, and uncertainty. This theory is inspired by recent work in (...)
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  40.  16
    Deleuze Beyond Badiou: Ontology, Multiplicity, and Event.Clayton Crockett - 2013 - Columbia University Press.
    First published in 1997, Alain Badiou's _Deleuze: The Clamor of Being_ cast Gilles Deleuze as a secret philosopher of the One. In this work, Clayton Crockett rehabilitates Deleuze's position within contemporary political and philosophical thought, advancing an original reading of the thinker's major works and a constructive conception of his philosophical ontology. Through close readings of Deleuze's _Difference and Repetition_, _Capitalism and Schizophrenia_ (with Felix Guattari), and _Cinema 2_, Crockett argues that Deleuze is anything but the austere, quietistic, and (...)
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  41. Сутність та значення рейтингової оцінки страхових компаній.С.О Смирнов, R. Pavlov & В.М Горьова - 2010 - Економічний Простір: Зб. Наук. Праць 36:100-108.
    Розкрито сутність поняття «рейтинг». Доведено значущість рейтингової оцінки для суб’єктів фінансового ринку, зокрема для страхових компаній, потенційних страхувальників, інвесторів та кредиторів.
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  42. Reasons and belief's justification.Clayton Littlejohn - 2011 - In Andrew Reisner & Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen (eds.), Reasons for Belief. New York: Cambridge University Press.
    There has been a considerable amount of debate about the norms of belief, but little discussion to date about what the reasons associated with these norms demand from us. By working out an account of what reasons demand, we can better understand the nature of justification.
     
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  43. Conceptual foundations of emergence theory.Philip Clayton - 2006 - In Philip Clayton & Paul Davies (eds.), The re-emergence of emergence: the emergentist hypothesis from science to religion. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 1--31.
     
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  44.  90
    Oxford Handbook of Religion and Science.Philip Clayton (ed.) - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    In addition to treatments of questions of methodology and implications for life and practice, the Handbook includes sections devoted to the major scientific ...
  45. Neither/Nor.Clayton Littlejohn - 2019 - In Casey Doyle, Joe Milburn & Duncan Pritchard (eds.), New Issues in Epistemological Disjunctivism. Routledge.
    Abstract: On one formulation, epistemological disjunctivism is the view that our perceptual beliefs constitute knowledge when they are based on reasons that provide them with factive support. Some would argue that it is impossible to understand how perceptual knowledge is possible unless we assume that we have such reasons to support our perceptual beliefs. Some would argue that it is impossible to understand how perceptual experience could furnish us with these reasons unless we assume that the traditional view of experience (...)
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  46.  10
    Radical Political Theology: Religion and Politics After Liberalism.Clayton Crockett - 2011 - Columbia University Press.
    In the 1960s, the strict opposition between the religious and the secular began to break down, blurring the distinction between political philosophy and political theology. This collapse contributed to the decline of modern liberalism, which supported a neutral, value-free space for capitalism. It also deeply unsettled political, religious, and philosophical realms, forced to confront the conceptual stakes of a return to religion. Gamely intervening in a contest that defies simple resolutions, Clayton Crockett conceives of the postmodern convergence of the (...)
  47. Knowledge and Prizes.Clayton Littlejohn & Julien Dutant - forthcoming - In Artūrs Logins & Jacques-Henri Vollet (eds.), Putting Knowledge to Work: New Directions for Knowledge-First Epistemology. Oxford University Press.
    We examine two leading theories of rational belief, the Lockean view and the explanationist view. The first is appealing because it fits with some independently plausible claims about the ways that rational persons pursue their aims. The second is appealing because it seems to account for intuitions that cause trouble for the Lockean view. While fitting the intuitive data is desirable, we are troubled that the explanationist view seems to clash with our theoretical beliefs about what rationality must be like. (...)
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  48. Emergence from quantum physics to religion: A critical appraisal.Philip Clayton - 2006 - In Philip Clayton & Paul Davies (eds.), The re-emergence of emergence: the emergentist hypothesis from science to religion. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 303.
     
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  49.  7
    Conflict, Emotion, and Abreaction: Resolution of Conflict among the Semai Senoi.Clayton A. Robarchek - 1979 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 7 (2):104-123.
  50. The inhibition of unwanted actions.Clayton E. Curtis & Mark D'Esposito - 2008 - In Ezequiel Morsella, John A. Bargh & Peter M. Gollwitzer (eds.), Oxford handbook of human action. New York: Oxford University Press.
     
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