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  1.  68
    The "Virtues" of Positive Psychology.Barbara S. Held - 2005 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 25 (1):1-34.
    How have spokespersons for the positive psychology movement presented the movement to the public and to the profession of psychology? Moreover, what are the consequences for psychology of that presentation? These questions inform my assessment of the "virtues" of positive psychology, which I interpret in two ways. First, there are the ways in which the movement implicitly presents itself as virtuous, not least by constituting itself as a corrective to "negative psychology." Second, there are the ways in which Martin Seligman, (...)
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  2.  10
    Realism, Reification, and Monism.Barbara S. Held - 2014 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 34 (3):187-194.
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  3.  17
    Why There is Universality in Rationality.Barbara S. Held - 2010 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 30 (1):1-16.
    Rationality or reason, traditionally conceived as a universal, essential human faculty, is out of favor these days. Its defenders are few, compared to its many challengers. The challengers are not those who lament the decline of reason but rather those who express an egalitarian impulse, in their determination to refute universal, essential ideals of reason. These challengers are a diverse lot and sometimes prefer to speak instead of “rationalities” , or what Shweder called “divergent rationalities.” This paper considers the question (...)
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  4.  36
    The Many Truths of Postmodernist Discourse.Barbara S. Held - 1998 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 18 (2):193-217.
    The discourse of postmodernism proclaims with a unified voice the context-dependence or knower-dependence, the relativity or subjectivity, of all truth claims. But the discourse of postmodernism also proclaims universal truths upon which this antirealist epistemology itself rests. These constitute the very foundational claims that the postmodernist campaign, in all of its alleged antifoundationalism, strives to subvert. In this article, the author considers 3 universal truth claims of PM discourse. And because the antirealism that defines much of PM discourse is often (...)
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  5.  28
    Critique and Metacritique in Psychology: Whence and Whither.Barbara S. Held - 2011 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 31 (3):184-192.
    Do mainstream psychologists think critically? And are the many critiques of the mainstream made by its critics “on target”? Answering both questions requires consensus about what critical thinking consists in, and there seems to be little consensus in sight. I begin by accepting Slife, Yanchar, and Reber's claim that “rigorous thinking” itself is insufficient for critical thinking in and about psychology, and I then consider various suggestions made by critics of the mainstream about thematic assumptions that should be included in (...)
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