Results for 'Barbara J. Ballard'

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  1.  62
    Frederick Douglass and the Ideology of Resistance.Barbara J. Ballard - 2004 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 7 (4):51-75.
    Frederick Douglass (1818?1895) was the most significant African?American leader of the nineteenth century. Secretly acquiring literacy as a slave, he grew into a brilliant speaker whose essential genius was to articulate and impeach the ideologies of the day. Douglass was one of the foremost defenders of black emancipation and women?s rights. He developed a dual philosophy of resistance and integration. He taxed blacks with the need for self?reliance; he recalled whites to the justice of racial equality. Freedom would be won (...)
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  2.  92
    Primates and Religion: A Biological Anthropologist's Response to J. Wentzel Van Huyssteen's Alone in the World?Barbara J. King - 2008 - Zygon 43 (2):451-466.
    For a biological anthropologist interested in the prehistory of religion, J. Wentzel van Huyssteen's book is welcome and resonant. Van Huyssteen's central thesis is that humans' capacity for spirituality emerges from a transformation of cognition and emotions that takes place in the symbolic realm, within Homo sapiens and apart from biology. To his thesis I bring to bear three areas of response: the abundant cognitive and emotional capacities of living apes and extinct hominids; the role of symbolic ritual in the (...)
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  3.  17
    Gender As a Social Structure: Theory Wrestling with Activism.Barbara J. Risman - 2004 - Gender and Society 18 (4):429-450.
    In this article, the author argues that we need to conceptualize gender as a social structure, and by doing so, we can better analyze the ways in which gender is embedded in the individual, interactional, and institutional dimensions of our society. To conceptualize gender as a structure situates gender at the same level of general social significance as the economy and the polity. The author also argues that while concern with intersectionality must continue to be paramount, different structures of inequality (...)
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  4.  6
    How Can Law and Policy Advance Quality in Genomic Analysis and Interpretation for Clinical Care?Barbara J. Evans, Gail Javitt, Ralph Hall, Megan Robertson, Pilar Ossorio, Susan M. Wolf, Thomas Morgan & Ellen Wright Clayton - 2020 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 48 (1):44-68.
    Delivering high quality genomics-informed care to patients requires accurate test results whose clinical implications are understood. While other actors, including state agencies, professional organizations, and clinicians, are involved, this article focuses on the extent to which the federal agencies that play the most prominent roles — the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services enforcing CLIA and the FDA — effectively ensure that these elements are met and concludes by suggesting possible ways to improve their oversight of genomic testing.
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  5. A Neurocomputational System for Relational Reasoning.Barbara J. Knowlton, Robert G. Morrison, John E. Hummel & Keith J. Holyoak - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (7):373-381.
  6.  7
    The Perils of Parity: Should Citizen Science and Traditional Research Follow the Same Ethical and Privacy Principles?Barbara J. Evans - 2020 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 48 (S1):74-81.
    The individual right of access to one’s own data is a crucial privacy protection long recognized in U.S. federal privacy laws. Mobile health devices and research software used in citizen science often fall outside the HIPAA Privacy Rule, leaving participants without HIPAA’s right of access to one’s own data. Absent state laws requiring access, the law of contract, as reflected in end-user agreements and terms of service, governs individuals’ ability to find out how much data is being stored and how (...)
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  7.  2
    From Doing To Undoing: Gender as We Know It.Barbara J. Risman - 2009 - Gender and Society 23 (1):81-84.
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  8.  3
    The Streetlight Effect: Regulating Genomics Where the Light Is.Barbara J. Evans - 2020 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 48 (1):105-118.
    Regulatory policy for genomic testing may be subject to biases that favor reliance on existing regulatory frameworks even when those frameworks carry unintended legal consequences or may be poorly tailored to the challenges genomic testing presents. This article explores three examples drawn from genetic privacy regulation, oversight of clinical uses of genomic information, and regulation of genomic software. Overreliance on expedient regulatory approaches has a potential to undercut complete and durable solutions.
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  9. In Defense of Advertising: A Social Perspective. [REVIEW]Barbara J. Phillips - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (2):109-118.
    Many critics have questioned the ethics of advertising as an institution in current American society. The purpose of this paper is to critically examine three negative social trends that have been attributed to advertising: (a) the elevation of consumption over other social values, (b) the increasing use of goods to satisfy social needs, and (c) the increasing dissatisfaction of individual consumers. This explanation yields a defense of advertising which argues that the underlying cause of these negative trends is not advertising, (...)
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  10.  1
    Collaborative Plans for Complex Group Action.Barbara J. Grosz & Sarit Kraus - 1996 - Artificial Intelligence 86 (2):269-357.
  11.  15
    The Right to Belong and Immigration: A Feminist Pragmatist Analysis.Barbara J. Lowe - 2019 - Contemporary Pragmatism 16 (2-3):268-285.
    The “right to belong” is a human right in two ways. First, there is the right to belong in a limited sense, i.e., to the extent necessary for individuals to secure all other human rights, such as those recognized by the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Second, there is a deeper aspect of the right to belong, that which is necessary to flourish as a human being. To establish, first, that the right to belong in a limited sense (...)
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  12.  53
    Testimony in Seventeenth-Century English Natural Philosophy: Legal Origins and Early Development.Barbara J. Shapiro - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 33 (2):243-263.
    This essay argues that techniques for assessing testimonial credibility were well established in English legal contexts before they appeared in English natural philosophy. ‘Matters of fact’ supported by testimony referred to human actions and events before the concept was applied to natural phenomena. The article surveys English legal views about testimony and argues that the criteria for credible testimony in both legal and scientific venues were not limited to those of gentle status. Natural philosophers became concerned with testimony when they (...)
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  13.  6
    Parsing the Line Between Professional and Citizen Science.Barbara J. Evans - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (8):15-17.
    Volume 19, Issue 8, August 2019, Page 15-17.
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  14.  61
    Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics.Judy Illes & Barbara J. Sahakian (eds.) - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    The handbook contains more than 50 chapters by leaders from around the world and a broad range of sectors of academia and clinical practice spanning the ...
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  15.  4
    MindWorks: Making Scientific Concepts Come Alive.Barbara J. Becker - 2000 - Science & Education 9 (3):269-278.
  16.  43
    On Epistemic Luck.Barbara J. Hall - 1994 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 32 (1):79-84.
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  17.  7
    Constructing the Erotic: Sexual Ethics and Adolescent Girls.Barbara J. Blodgett - 2002 - Pilgrim Press.
    Barbara J. Blodgett proposes a practical sexual ethic for adolescent girls based on a discourse of vulnerability and trust rather than one of erotic liberation. Her work directly challenges feminist theologies of the erotic, which seek to establish the erotic as unquestionably freeing and empowering.Blodgett declares that inconsistent worlds of meaning surround girls' moral deliberation about sexual activity despite their sincere yearning for guidance.This ground-breaking book: -- Critiques feminist theologies of the erotic-- Draws upon actual narratives of adolescent girls (...)
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  18.  2
    Intimate Relationships From a Microstructural Perspective:: Men Who Mother.Barbara J. Risman - 1987 - Gender and Society 1 (1):6-32.
    This article argues that individuals paradigms have predominated social scientific explanations for gendered behavior in intimate relationships but that a microstructural paradigm adds necessary additional information. The results of a study designed to test the relative strengths of individualist and microstructural explanations for “mothering behavior” are presented. The microstructural hypothesis is that single fathers will adopt parental behavior that more closely resembles that of women who mother than that of married fathers. Parenting behaviors of single fathers, single mothers, married parents (...)
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  19.  25
    Early Modern Intellectual Life: Humanism, Religion and Science in Seventeenth Century England.Barbara J. Shapiro - 1991 - History of Science 29 (1):45-71.
  20.  14
    Ideas, Principles, and Lateral Progress in Jane Addams’s Evolutionary Theorizing.Barbara J. Lowe - 2021 - The Pluralist 16 (1):107-112.
    my comments focus on jane addams's methode of ethical deliberation, as understood through Dr. Fischer's detailed explication, especially as offered in chapter 2, "An Evolutionary Method of Ethical Deliberation." As Fischer points out, this explication is of one iteration of Jane Addams's method, a particularized response to how Jane Addams believed the settlement residents should respond to the many labor strikes in Chicago during the 1890s. I offer my comments from the perspective of both a scholar, seeking to better apply (...)
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  21.  10
    Ethics Consultation: Continuing its Analysis.Barbara J. Russell & Deborah A. Pape - 2007 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 18 (3):235.
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  22.  8
    Economic Regulation of Next-Generation Sequencing.Barbara J. Evans - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (s1):51-66.
    The genetic testing industry is in a period of potentially major structural change driven by several factors. These include weaker patent protections after Association for Molecular Pathology v. Myriad Genetics and Mayo Collaborative Services v. Prometheus Laboratories, Inc.; a continuing shift from single-gene tests to genome-scale sequencing; and a set of February 2014 amendments to the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments of 1988 regulations and the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act Privacy Rule. This article explores the nature of these changes (...)
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  23.  4
    TEAM: An Experiment in the Design of Transportable Natural-Language Interfaces.Barbara J. Grosz, Douglas E. Appelt, Paul A. Martin & Fernando C. N. Pereira - 1987 - Artificial Intelligence 32 (2):173-243.
  24.  92
    Primates, Hominids, and Humans—From Species Specificity to Human Uniqueness? A Response to Barbara J. King, Gregory R. Peterson, Wesley J. Wildman, and Nancy R. Howell. [REVIEW]J. Wentzel van Huyssteen - 2008 - Zygon 43 (2):505-525.
    In this response to essays by Barbara J. King, Gregory R. Peterson, Wesley J. Wildman, and Nancy R. Howell, I present arguments to counter some of the exciting and challenging questions from my colleagues. I take the opportunity to restate my argument for an interdisciplinary public theology, and by further developing the notion of transversality I argue for the specificity of the emerging theological dialogue with paleoanthropology and primatology. By arguing for a hermeneutics of the body, I respond to (...)
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  25.  31
    Professional Values, Self-Esteem, and Ethical Confidence of Baccalaureate Nursing Students.Trisha A. Iacobucci, Barbara J. Daly, Debbie Lindell & Mary Quinn Griffin - 2013 - Nursing Ethics 20 (4):479-490.
    Professional identity and competent ethical behaviors of nursing students are commonly developed through curricular inclusion of professional nursing values education. Despite the enactment of this approach, nursing students continue to express difficulty in managing ethical conflicts encountered in their practice. This descriptive correlational study explores the relationships between professional nursing values, self-esteem, and ethical decision making among senior baccalaureate nursing students. A convenience sample of 47 senior nursing students from the United States were surveyed for their level of internalized professional (...)
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  26. Barbara J. Culliton.Surprisingly Favorable - 1978 - In John E. Thomas (ed.), Matters of Life and Death: Crises in Bio-Medical Ethics. S. Stevens. pp. 254.
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  27.  22
    Pronouns, Names, and the Centering of Attention in Discourse.Peter C. Gordon, Barbara J. Grosz & Laura A. Gilliom - 1993 - Cognitive Science 17 (3):311-347.
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  28.  12
    Sex Differences in Mathematics: Differences in Basic Logical Skills?Barbara J. Kaplan & Barbara S. Plake - 1982 - Educational Studies 8 (1):31-36.
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  29.  21
    A Generalisation of Slupecki's Criterion for Functional Completeness.Barbara J. Lowesmith & Alan Rose - 1984 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 30 (9-11):173-175.
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  30. Shapiro, Barbara J., Probability and Certainty in Seventeenth-Century England. [REVIEW]Patricia De Martelaere - 1986 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 48:327.
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  31.  1
    Multicultural Literacy: Mirroring the Reality of the Classroom.Barbara J. Diamond & Margaret A. Moore - 1995 - Longman Publishing Group.
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  32. On Teacher Knowledge: A Return to Shulman.Barbara J. Duncan - forthcoming - Philosophy of Education.
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  33.  25
    Barbara J. Shapiro, "Probability and Certainty in Seventeenth-Century England: A Study of the Relationships Between Natural Science, Religion, History, Law and Literature". [REVIEW]Richard H. Popkin - 1986 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 24 (3):416.
  34.  56
    Apes, Humans, and M. C. Escher: Uniqueness and Continuity in the Evolution of Language.Barbara J. King - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (3):289-290.
    Ontogeny, specifically the role of language in the human family now and in prehistory, is central to Locke & Bogin's (L&B's) thesis in a compelling way. The unique life-history stages of childhood and adolescence, however, must be interpreted not only against an exceptionally “high quality” human infancy but also in light of the evolution of co-constructed, emotionally based communication in ape, hominid, and human infancy.
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  35.  20
    Nancy Berlinger, Ph. D., M. Div., is Deputy Director and Associate for Religious Studies at The Hastings Center, Garrison, New York. Michael A. DeVita, MD, is Associate Professor of Critical Care Medicine and Internal Medicine and Chair of the UPMC Ethics Committee, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. [REVIEW]Barbara J. Evans, Sven Ove Hansson, Steve Heilig, Ana Smith Iltis, Kenneth V. Iserson, Anita F. Khayat, Greg Loeben, Jerry Menikoff & Rebecca D. Pentz - 2004 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 13:313-314.
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  36. Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics.Judy Illes & Barbara J. Sahakian (eds.) - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    A landmark in the scientific literature, the Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics presents a pioneering review of a topic central to the biosciences. It breaks new ground in bringing together leading neuroscientists, philosophers, and lawyers to tackle some of the most significant ethical issues that face us now and will continue to do so.
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  37.  13
    A Generalisation of Slupecki's Criterion for Functional Completeness.Barbara J. Lowesmith & Alan Rose - 1984 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 30 (9‐11):173-175.
  38. His Word Was His Bond: The Role of the Oath in Thomas More’s Trial.Barbara J. Panza - 2009 - Moreana 46 (1):97-132.
    More refused to take the oath in support of the Act of Succession because the oath included a repudiation of papal supremacy. While the purpose of that oath and More’s refusal to take it were central to his trial, that oath was not the only oath that determined his fate. The oaths taken by the lawyers, witnesses, jurors, judges, and the King’s coronation oath were all involved in More’s trial. Were these oaths kept? More believed his oath was an affirmation (...)
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  39.  30
    The Devil is in the Details: Confidentiality Challenges in the Age of Genetics.Barbara J. Daly, Ashley Rosko, Shulin Zhang & Hillard M. Lazarus - 2015 - HEC Forum 27 (1):79-86.
    This clinical case report illustrates the potential dilemmas that can arise from knowledge gained through genetic analysis. These conflicts require careful ethical analysis of presumed duties to protect patient privacy and maintain confidentiality, the duty to warn a second party of a health risk, and the duty of veracity. While the questions raised by genetic testing of one individual for disease that reveals potentially important information about relatives, such as risk for Huntington chorea or breast cancer, have been discussed, the (...)
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  40.  10
    Barbara J. Shapiro. A Culture of Fact: England, 1550–1720. Xii+284 Pp., Index. Ithaca, N.Y./London: Cornell University Press, 2000. $42.50. [REVIEW]Matthew L. Jones - 2003 - Isis 94 (4):712-713.
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  41.  17
    Barbara J. Harris, English Aristocratic Women, 1450–1550: Marriage and Family, Property and Careers. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2002. Pp. Xiv, 346; Black-and-White Frontispiece and Black-and-White Figures.Ruth Mazo Karras - 2004 - Speculum 79 (1):194-196.
  42.  24
    Exploring Accountability of Clinical Ethics Consultants: Practice and Training Implications.Kathryn L. Weise & Barbara J. Daly - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (6):34-41.
    Clinical ethics consultants represent a multidisciplinary group of scholars and practitioners with varied training backgrounds, who are integrated into a medical environment to assist in the provision of ethically supportable care. Little has been written about the degree to which such consultants are accountable for the patient care outcome of the advice given. We propose a model for examining degrees of internally motivated accountability that range from restricted to unbounded accountability, and support balanced accountability as a goal for practice. Finally, (...)
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  43.  20
    Are Apes and Elephants Persons?Barbara J. King - 2011 - In J. Wentzel Van Huyssteen & Erik P. Wiebe (eds.), In Search of Self: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Personhood. William B. Eerdmans Pub. Co.. pp. 70.
  44.  31
    Beyond Prosody and Infant-Directed Speech: Affective, Social Construction of Meaning in the Origins of Language.Barbara J. King & Stuart Shanker - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (4):515-515.
    Our starting point for the origins of language goes beyond prosody or infant-directed speech to highlight the affective, multimodal, and co-constructed nature of meaning-making that was likely present before the split between African great apes and hominins. Analysis of vocal and gestural caregiving practices in hominins, and of meaning-making via gestural interaction in African great apes, supports our thesis.
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  45.  15
    John B. Hearnshaw. The Analysis of Starlight: Two Centuries of Astronomical Spectroscopy. Xvi + 367 Pp., Illus., Tables, Apps., Bibls., Index. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014. $120. [REVIEW]Barbara J. Becker - 2015 - Isis 106 (4):953-954.
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  46.  21
    Retention Systems of the Brain: Evidence From Neuropsychological Patients.Barbara J. Knowlton & Indre V. Viskontas - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):743-744.
    Studies of neuropsychological patients are relevant to models of how long-term memories are stored. If amnesia is considered a binding deficit and not a difficulty in transferring information from short-term to long-term memory, it is unclear why context-free semantic learning is impaired. Also the model should account for the reverse temporal gradient seen in patients with semantic dementia.
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  47.  52
    Caring and its Relationship to Critical Thinking.Barbara J. Thayer-Bacon - 1993 - Educational Theory 43 (3):323-340.
  48.  6
    ATP, Not Glucose, is Energy Currency.Barbara J. Collins - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (4):579-580.
  49.  15
    Effects of Free Association Training, Retraining, and Information on Creativity.Barbara J. Miller, Darlene Russ, Carol Gibson & Alfred E. Hall - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 84 (2):226.
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  50.  28
    Essays on the Philosophy of George Berkeley. Edited by Ernest Sosa.Barbara J. MacKinnon - 1989 - Modern Schoolman 66 (4):305-306.
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