Results for 'Barbara H. Hanusa'

999 found
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  1.  21
    An Evaluation of Machine-Learning Methods for Predicting Pneumonia Mortality.Gregory F. Cooper, Constantin F. Aliferis, Richard Ambrosino, John Aronis, Bruce G. Buchanon, Richard Caruana, Michael J. Fine, Clark Glymour, Geoffrey Gordon, Barbara H. Hanusa, Janine E. Janosky, Christopher Meek, Tom Mitchell, Thomas Richardson & Peter Spirtes - unknown
    This paper describes the application of eight statistical and machine-learning methods to derive computer models for predicting mortality of hospital patients with pneumonia from their findings at initial presentation. The eight models were each constructed based on 9847 patient cases and they were each evaluated on 4352 additional cases. The primary evaluation metric was the error in predicted survival as a function of the fraction of patients predicted to survive. This metric is useful in assessing a model’s potential to assist (...)
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  2. Can Contractualism Save Us From Aggregation.Barbara H. Fried - 2012 - The Journal of Ethics 16 (1):39-66.
    This paper examines the efforts of contractualists to develop an alternative to aggregation to govern our duty not to harm (duty to rescue) others. I conclude that many of the moral principles articulated in the literature seem to reduce to aggregation by a different name. Those that do not are viable only as long as they are limited to a handful of oddball cases at the margins of social life. If extended to run-of-the-mill conduct that accounts for virtually all unintended (...)
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  3.  21
    Mathematical Methods in Linguistics.Barbara H. Partee, Alice ter Meulen & Robert E. Wall - 1992 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 57 (1):271-272.
  4. Formal Semantics: Origins, Issues, Early Impact.Barbara H. Partee - 2010 - The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 6 (1).
    Formal semantics is an approach to SEMANTICS1, the study of meaning, with roots in logic, the philosophy of language, and linguistics, and since the 1980’s a core area of linguistic theory. Characteristics of formal semantics to be treated in this article include the following: Formal semanticists treat meaning as mind-independent (though abstract), contrasting with the view of meanings as concepts “in the head” (see I-LANGUAGE AND E-LANGUAGE and MEANING EXTERNALISM AND INTERNALISM); formal semanticists distinguish semantics from knowledge of semantics (Lewis (...)
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  5. Formal Semantics: Origins, Issues, Early Impact.Barbara H. Partee - 2011 - The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 6:13.
    Formal semantics and pragmatics as they have developed since the late 1960's have been shaped by fruitful interdisciplinary collaboration among linguists, philosophers, and logicians, among others, and in turn have had noticeable effects on developments in syntax, philosophy of language, computational linguistics, and cognitive science.In this paper I describe the environment in which formal semantics was born and took root, highlighting the differences in ways of thinking about natural language semantics in linguistics and in philosophy and logic. With Montague as (...)
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  6.  16
    Formal Semantics: Origins, Issues, Early Impact.Barbara H. Partee - 2010 - The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 6 (1).
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  7.  3
    Anger: The Conflicted History of an Emotion.Barbara H. Rosenwein - 2020 - Yale University Press.
    _Tracing the story of anger from the Buddha to Twitter, Rosenwein provides a much-needed account of our changing and contradictory understandings of this emotion_ All of us think we know when we are angry, and we are sure we can recognize anger in others as well. But this is only superficially true. We see anger through lenses colored by what we know, experience, and learn. Barbara H. Rosenwein traces our many conflicting ideas about and expressions of anger, taking the (...)
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  8. Nominal and Temporal Anaphora.Barbara H. Partee - 1984 - Linguistics and Philosophy 7 (3):243--286.
  9. What Does Matter? The Case for Killing the Trolley Problem.Barbara H. Fried - 2012 - Philosophical Quarterly 62 (248):505-529.
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  10. Left-Libertarianism: A Review Essay.Barbara H. Fried - 2004 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 32 (1):66-92.
  11.  19
    Montague Grammar.Barbara H. Partee - 1980 - Journal of Philosophy 77 (5):278-312.
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  12.  29
    Quantificational Structures and Compositionality.Barbara H. Partee - 1995 - In Emmon Bach, Eloise Jelinek, Angelika Kratzer & Barbara Partee (eds.), Quantification in Natural Languages. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 541--601.
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  13. Possible Worlds Semantics and Linguistic Theory.Barbara H. Partee - 1977 - The Monist 60 (3):303-326.
    The goal of this paper is to argue for the fruitfulness for linguistic theory of an approach to semantics that has been developed primarily by logicians and philosophers. That the theory of possible worlds semantics has been extremely fruitful for logic and philosophy is widely if not universally accepted, and I will not try to convince remaining skeptics on that score. But the goals of linguistics are sufficiently different from those of philosophy and logic that there are independent and highly (...)
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  14.  87
    Left-Libertarianism, Once More: A Rejoinder to Vallentyne, Steiner, and Otsuka.Barbara H. Fried - 2005 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 33 (2):216-222.
  15. Bound Variables and Other Anaphors.Barbara H. Partee - 1978 - In Compositionality in Formal Semantics - Selected Papers by Barbara H. Partee. Blackwell. pp. 110--121.
     
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  16. The Development of Formal Semantics in Linguistic Theory.Barbara H. Partee - 1996 - In Shalom Lappin (ed.), The Handbook of Contemporary Semantic Theory. Blackwell Reference. pp. 11--38.
     
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  17. Genitives: A Case Study.Barbara H. Partee - 1997 - In Benthem & Meulen (eds.), Handbook of Logic and Language. MIT Press. pp. 464--470.
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  18.  84
    Comments on Jason Stanley's “on the Linguistic Basis for Contextualism”.Barbara H. Partee - 2004 - Philosophical Studies 119 (1-2):147-159.
  19. Anaphora and Semantic Structure.Emmon Bach & Barbara H. Partee - 1980 - In Barbara H. Partee (ed.), Compositionality in Formal Semantics - Selected Papers by Barbara H. Partee. Blackwell. pp. 122--152.
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  20. Montague Semantics.Barbara H. Partee - 1997 - In Benthem & Meulen (eds.), Handbook of Logic and Language. MIT Press. pp. 5--91.
     
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  21.  80
    Semantic Facts and Psychological Facts.Barbara H. Partee - 1988 - Mind and Language 3 (1):43-52.
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  22.  35
    The Limits of a Nonconsequentialist Approach to Torts.Barbara H. Fried - 2012 - Legal Theory 18 (3):231-262.
    The nonconsequentialist revival in tort theory has focused almost exclusively on one issue: showing that the rules governing compensation for acts reflect corrective justice rather than welfarist norms. The literature either is silent on what makes an act wrongful in the first place or suggests criteria that seem indistinguishable from some version of cost/benefit analysis. As a result, cost/benefit analysis is currently the only game in town for determining appropriate standards of conduct for socially useful but risky acts. This is (...)
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  23.  69
    Situations, Worlds and Contexts.Barbara H. Partee - 1985 - Linguistics and Philosophy 8 (1):53--58.
  24. Symmetry and Symmetrical Predicates.Barbara H. Partee - unknown
    “Symmetrical predicates” have distinctive linguistic properties in many languages. But the concept of “symmetry” merits closer examination. Consider the surprising claim by the psychologist Amos Tversky (1977) that the concept ‘similar’, a standard example of a symmetrical predicate, is in fact not symmetrical. Tversky’s evidence includes the fact that experimental subjects generally rate (1a) as holding to a higher degree than (1b). (1) a. North Korea is similar to Red China. b. Red China is similar to North Korea.
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  25. Properties, Types, and Meaning, Volume 1.Gennero Chierchia, Barbara H. Partee & Raymond Turner (eds.) - 1989 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
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  26.  78
    Formal Semantics - the Essential Readings.Paul H. Portner & Barbara H. Partee (eds.) - 2002 - Blackwell.
    This is a collection of papers that helped shape the field of formal semantics in linguistics.
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  27. The Semantics Adventure.Barbara H. Partee - unknown
    For me the adventure began just 50 years ago, here at MIT in 1961. The Chomskian revolution had just begun, and Noam Chomsky and Morris Halle had just opened up a PhD program in Linguistics, and I came in the first class. I want to start by thanking Chomsky and Halle for building that program, and I thank MIT and the Research Laboratory of Electronics for supporting it. I’m indebted to Chomsky for revolutionizing the field of linguistics and making it (...)
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  28. Changing Notions of Linguistic Competence in the History of Formal Semantics.Barbara H. Partee - 2018 - In Derek Ball & Brian Rabern (eds.), The Science of Meaning: Essays on the metatheory of natural language semantics. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. pp. 172-196.
    In the history of formal semantics, the successful joining of linguistic and philosophical work brought with it some difficult foundational questions concerning the nature of meaning and the nature of knowledge of language in the domain of semantics: questions in part about “what’s in the head” of a competent language-user. This paper, part of a project on the history of formal semantics, revisits the central issues of (Partee, 1979) in a historical context, as a clash between two traditions, Fregean and (...)
     
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  29.  27
    Barbara H. Partee, Alice ter Meulen, and Robert E. Wall. Mathematical Methods in Linguistics. Studies in Linguistics and Philosophy, Vol. 30. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Boston, and London, 1990, Xx + 663 Pp. [REVIEW]Lawrence S. Moss - 1992 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 57 (1):271-272.
  30. Value Without Truth-Value.Barbara H. Smith - 1988 - In John Fekete (ed.), Life After Postmodernism: Essays on Value and Culture. Macmillan Education.
  31. Barbara H. Basden, David R. Basden, and Matthew J. Wright. Part-List Reexposure and Release Of.J. P. Maxwell, R. S. W. Masters, F. F. Eves, R. P. Behrendt, Jonathan M. Smallwood, Simona F. Baracaia, Michelle Lowe & Marc Obonsawin - 2003 - Consciousness and Cognition 12:320.
  32.  65
    Begging the Question with Style: Anarchy, State, and Utopia at Thirty Years.Barbara H. Fried - 2005 - Social Philosophy and Policy 22 (1):221-254.
    At 30 years' distance, it is safe to say that Nozick's Anarchy, State and Utopia has achieved the status of a classic. It is not only the central text for all contemporary academic discussions of libertarianism; with Rawls's A Theory of Justice, it arguably frames the landscape of academic political philosophy in second half of 20th century. Many factors, obviously account for the prominence of the book. This paper considers one: the book's use of rhetoric to charm and disarm its (...)
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  33.  29
    Information Structure, Perspectival Structure, Diathesis Alternation, and the Russian Genitive of Negation.Barbara H. Partee - unknown
    The Russian Genitive of Negation construction (Gen Neg) involves case alternation between Genitive and the two structural cases, Nominative and Accusative.1 The factors governing the alternation have been a matter of debate for many decades, and there is a huge literature. Here we focus on one central issue and its theoretical ramifications. The theoretical issue is the following. The same truth-conditional content can often be structured in more than one way; we believe that there is a distinction between choices in (...)
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  34. Barbara H Errnstein Smith and Arkady Plotinsky (Ed.), Mathematics, Science and Postclassical Theory. [REVIEW]A. Palma - 1998 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 5 (2):248-248.
     
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  35.  70
    "If You Don't Like It, Leave It": The Problem of Exit in Social Contractarian Arguments.Barbara H. Fried - 2003 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 31 (1):40-70.
  36. Richard Montague (1930-1971).Barbara H. Partee - 2006 - In Keith Brown (ed.), Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics. Elsevier. pp. 8--255.
     
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  37.  26
    Negation, Intensionality, and Aspect: Interaction with NP Semantics.Barbara H. Partee - 2008 - In Susan Rothstein (ed.), Theoretical and Crosslinguistic Approaches to the Semantics of Aspect. John Benjamins. pp. 110--291.
  38.  51
    Moral Heuristics and the Means/End Distinction.Barbara H. Fried - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (4):549-550.
    A mental heuristic is a shortcut (means) to a desired end. In the moral (as opposed to factual) realm, the means/end distinction is not self-evident: How do we decide whether a given moral intuition is a mere heuristic to achieve some freestanding moral principle, or instead a freestanding moral principle in its own right? I discuss Sunstein's solution to that threshold difficulty in translating “heuristics” to the moral realm.
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  39.  7
    Pausing for Thought: Disrupting the Early Transcription Elongation Checkpoint Leads to Developmental Defects and Tumourigenesis.Barbara H. Jennings - 2013 - Bioessays 35 (6):553-560.
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  40.  22
    Expression of Human Plasma Protein Genes in Ageing Transgenic Mice.Barbara H. Bowman, Funmei Yang & Gwendolyn S. Adrian - 1990 - Bioessays 12 (7):317-322.
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  41. Barbara H. Rosenwein, To Be the Neighbor of Saint Peter: The Social Meaning of Cluny's Property, 909–1049. Ithaca, NY, and London: Cornell University Press, 1989. Pp. Xviii, 258; Frontispiece, 5 Maps, 27 Tables, 4 Black-and-White Illustrations. $32.50. [REVIEW]Robert C. Figueira - 1991 - Speculum 66 (1):230-233.
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  42.  14
    Les émotions des puritains sont-elles genrées?Barbara H. Rosenwein - 2018 - Clio 47:67-91.
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  43.  28
    Theo Kölzer, ed., with Martina Hartmann and Andrea Stieldorf, Die Urkunden der Merowinger. Nach Vorarbeiten Carlrichard Brühl . 2 vols. Hannover: Hahnsche Buchhandlung, 2001. 1: pp. xxxiv, 1–488 plus unnumbered pages; 1 genealogical table. 2: pp. v, 489–965 plus 8 black-and-white figures; tables. €143.16. [REVIEW]Barbara H. Rosenwein - 2003 - Speculum 78 (2):548-550.
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  44.  50
    Proportionate Taxation as a Fair Division of the Social Surplus: The Strange Career of an Idea.Barbara H. Fried - 2003 - Economics and Philosophy 19 (2):211-239.
    The article considers a surprisingly resilient argument, going back to Adam Smith, for the fairness of proportionate taxation: that proportionate taxation represents the fair way to divide the surplus value produced by social cooperation among all of society's members. The article considers two recent variants on that argument, one by Richard Epstein in Takings and one by David Gauthier in Morals by Agreement. It concludes that the normative and empirical assumptions that underlie these, and all other variants, of the argument (...)
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  45. Review: Barbara H. Partee, Alice ter Meulen, Robert E. Wall, Mathematical Methods in Linguistics. [REVIEW]Lawrence S. Moss - 1992 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 57 (1):271-272.
  46.  14
    Die Urkunden Der MerowingerTheo Kölzer Martina Hartmann Andrea Stieldorf.Barbara H. Rosenwein - 2003 - Speculum 78 (2):548-550.
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  47.  26
    Pérégrination En Terre Sainte Et au Proche Orient; Lettres Sur la Chute de Saint-Jean d'Acre. Riccold de Monte Croce, René Kappler.Barbara H. Grant - 2000 - Speculum 75 (4):980-982.
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  48.  13
    Exitus Acta Probat?Barbara H. Rosenberg - 2010 - Hastings Center Report 40 (5):4-4.
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  49.  10
    Pierre le Vénérable et sa vision du Monde: Sa vie, son oeuvre, l'homme et le démon. Jean-Pierre Torrell, Denise Bouthillier.Barbara H. Rosenwein - 1988 - Speculum 63 (4):1004-1006.
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  50.  13
    Monks and Their Enemies: A Comparative Approach.Barbara H. Rosenwein, Thomas Head & Sharon Farmer - 1991 - Speculum 66 (4):764-796.
    In a pioneering study Georges Duby showed how the system of justice that had prevailed in the Carolingian era ceased to function in the Mâconnais of the tenth century. His observations about the breakdown of public institutions opened up a new field of research, for they suggested the development in the tenth century of a unique set of judicial institutions and practices, different in kind from the traditional public order of the Roman and Roman-influenced Carolingian worlds. This was an important (...)
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