Results for 'Barbara Borroni'

1000+ found
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  1.  94
    Identification of common variants influencing risk of the tauopathy progressive supranuclear palsy.Günter U. Höglinger, Nadine M. Melhem, Dennis W. Dickson, Patrick M. A. Sleiman, Li-San Wang, Lambertus Klei, Rosa Rademakers, Rohan de Silva, Irene Litvan, David E. Riley, John C. van Swieten, Peter Heutink, Zbigniew K. Wszolek, Ryan J. Uitti, Jana Vandrovcova, Howard I. Hurtig, Rachel G. Gross, Walter Maetzler, Stefano Goldwurm, Eduardo Tolosa, Barbara Borroni, Pau Pastor, P. S. P. Genetics Study Group, Laura B. Cantwell, Mi Ryung Han, Allissa Dillman, Marcel P. van der Brug, J. Raphael Gibbs, Mark R. Cookson, Dena G. Hernandez, Andrew B. Singleton, Matthew J. Farrer, Chang-En Yu, Lawrence I. Golbe, Tamas Revesz, John Hardy, Andrew J. Lees, Bernie Devlin, Hakon Hakonarson, Ulrich Müller & Gerard D. Schellenberg - unknown
    Progressive supranuclear palsy is a movement disorder with prominent tau neuropathology. Brain diseases with abnormal tau deposits are called tauopathies, the most common of which is Alzheimer's disease. Environmental causes of tauopathies include repetitive head trauma associated with some sports. To identify common genetic variation contributing to risk for tauopathies, we carried out a genome-wide association study of 1,114 individuals with PSP and 3,247 controls followed by a second stage in which we genotyped 1,051 cases and 3,560 controls for the (...)
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  2.  7
    Cortical Inhibitory Imbalance in Functional Paralysis.Alberto Benussi, Enrico Premi, Valentina Cantoni, Silvia Compostella, Eugenio Magni, Nicola Gilberti, Veronica Vergani, Ilenia Delrio, Massimo Gamba, Raffaella Spezi, Angelo Costa, Michele Tinazzi, Alessandro Padovani, Barbara Borroni & Mauro Magoni - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  3. Health locus of control scales.Kenneth A. Wallston & Barbara Strudler Wallston - 1981 - In Herbert M. Lefcourt (ed.), Research with the locus of control construct. New York: Academic Press. pp. 189-243.
     
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  4.  23
    The body problem.Barbara Montero - 1999 - Noûs 33 (2):183-200.
  5.  27
    Solidarity in Biomedicine and Beyond.Barbara Prainsack & Alena Buyx - 2016 - Cambridge University Press.
    In times of global economic and political crises, the notion of solidarity is gaining new currency. This book argues that a solidarity-based perspective can help us to find new ways to address pressing problems. Exemplified by three case studies from the field of biomedicine: databases for health and disease research, personalised healthcare, and organ donation, it explores how solidarity can make a difference in how we frame problems, and in the policy solutions that we can offer.
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  6.  25
    A defense of the via negativa argument for physicalism.Barbara Montero & David Papineau - 2005 - Analysis 65 (3):233-237.
  7.  67
    Making Room for a This-Worldly Physicalism.Barbara Gail Montero & Chris Brown - 2018 - Topoi 37 (3):523-532.
    Physicalism is thought to entail that mental properties supervene on microphysical properties, or in other words that all God had to do was to create the fundamental physical properties and the rest came along for free. In this paper, we question the all-god-had-to-do reflex.
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  8. The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions.Barbara L. Fredrickson - 2005 - In Felicia A. Huppert, Nick Baylis & Barry Keverne (eds.), The Science of Well-Being. Oxford University Press.
  9.  65
    Making Room for a This-Worldly Physicalism.Barbara Gail Montero & Christopher Devlin Brown - 2018 - Topoi 37 (3):523-532.
    Physicalism is thought to entail that mental properties supervene on microphysical properties, or in other words that all God had to do was to create the fundamental physical properties and the rest came along for free. In this paper, we question the all-god-had-to-do reflex.
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  10.  25
    The “We” in the “Me”: Solidarity and Health Care in the Era of Personalized Medicine.Barbara Prainsack - 2018 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 43 (1):21-44.
    This article challenges a key tacit assumption underpinning legal and ethical instruments in health care, namely, that people are ideally bounded, independent, and often also strategically rational individuals. Such an understanding of personhood has been criticized within feminist and other critical scholarship as being unfit to capture the deeply relational nature of human beings. In the field of medicine, however, it also causes tangible problems. I propose that a solidarity-based perspective entails a relational approach and as such helps to formulate (...)
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  11.  66
    Mathematical platonism and the causal relevance of abstracta.Barbara Gail Montero - 2022 - Synthese 200 (6):1-18.
    Many mathematicians are platonists: they believe that the axioms of mathematics are true because they express the structure of a nonspatiotemporal, mind independent, realm. But platonism is plagued by a philosophical worry: it is unclear how we could have knowledge of an abstract, realm, unclear how nonspatiotemporal objects could causally affect our spatiotemporal cognitive faculties. Here I aim to make room in our metaphysical picture of the world for the causal relevance of abstracta.
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  12.  27
    Meditation-related activations are modulated by the practices needed to obtain it and by the expertise: an ALE meta-analysis study.Barbara Tomasino, Sara Fregona, Miran Skrap & Franco Fabbro - 2012 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.
  13.  6
    Music and Language Perception: Expectations, Structural Integration, and Cognitive Sequencing.Barbara Tillmann - 2012 - Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (4):568-584.
    Music can be described as sequences of events that are structured in pitch and time. Studying music processing provides insight into how complex event sequences are learned, perceived, and represented by the brain. Given the temporal nature of sound, expectations, structural integration, and cognitive sequencing are central in music perception (i.e., which sounds are most likely to come next and at what moment should they occur?). This paper focuses on similarities in music and language cognition research, showing that music cognition (...)
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  14.  22
    Naturalism and Physicalism.Barbara Gail Montero & David Papineau - 2016 - In Kelly James Clark (ed.), The Blackwell Companion to Naturalism. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. pp. 182–195.
    This chapter is concerned with materialistic views of the mind and the natural world in general. It examines the scientific evidence for the claim that everything within the spatiotemporal realm is physically constituted, and considers whether this evidence leaves room for any alternatives to this physicalist thesis.
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  15.  10
    Pathological Altruism.Barbara Oakley, Ariel Knafo, Guruprasad Madhavan & David Sloan Wilson (eds.) - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
  16.  63
    Thinking in the Zone: The Expert Mind in Action.Barbara Gail Montero - 2015 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 53 (S1):126-140.
    Athletes sometimes describe “being in the zone,” as a time when their actions flow effortlessly and flawlessly without the guidance of thought. But is it true that athletes don't think when performing at their best? Numerous studies (such as Beilock et al. 2004, 2007 Ford et al 2005, Baumeister 1984, Masters 1992, Wulf & Prinz 2001, Beilock & DeCaro, 2007). However, I aim to argue that because even highly‐practiced skills can remain in part under an expert athlete's conscious control, thinking (...)
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  17.  7
    Truth and Justification.Barbara Fultner (ed.) - 2005 - MIT Press.
    Essays by Jurgen Habermas on truth, objectivity, normativity, naturalism, and realism after the linguistic turn.
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  18.  5
    III. Die Verzauberung.Barbara Mahlmann-Bauer - 2013 - In Paul Michael Lützeler & Michael Kessler (eds.), Hermann-Broch-Handbuch. De Gruyter. pp. 127-166.
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  19.  15
    6. Die Sorge als Sein des Daseins.Barbara Merker - 2003 - In Thomas Rentsch (ed.), Martin Heidegger. Sein und Zeit. Peeters Press. pp. 109-124.
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  20.  72
    Irreverent Physicalism.Barbara Gail Montero - 2012 - Philosophical Topics 40 (2):91-102.
    Imagine that our world were such that the entities, properties, laws, and relations of fundamental physics did not determine what goes on at the mental level; imagine that duplicating our fundamental physics would fail to duplicate the pleasures, feelings of joy, and experiences of wonder that we know and love; in other words, imagine that the mental realm did not supervene on the physical realm. Would our world, then, be a world in which physicalism is false? A good number of (...)
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  21.  16
    Thinking Tools: Gestures Change Thought About Time.Barbara Tversky & Azadeh Jamalian - 2021 - Topics in Cognitive Science 13 (4):750-776.
    Our earliest tools are our bodies. Our hands raise and turn and toss and carry and push and pull, our legs walk and climb and kick allowing us to move and act in the world and to create the multitude of artifacts that improve our lives. The list of actions made by our hands and feet and other parts of our bodies is long. What is more remarkable is we turn those actions in the world into actions on thought through (...)
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  22.  8
    MindWorks: Making scientific concepts come alive.Barbara J. Becker - 2000 - Science & Education 9 (3):269-278.
  23. On willing selves: neoliberal politics vis-à-vis the neuroscientific challenge.Sabine Maasen & Barbara Sutter (eds.) - 2007 - New York: Plagrave Macmiilan.
    Currently, the neurosciences challenge the concept of will to be scientifically untenable, specifying that it is our brain rather than our "self" that decides what we want to do. At the same time, we seem to be confronted with increasing possibilities and necessities of free choice in all areas of social life. Based on up-to-date (empirical) research in the social sciences and philosophy, the authors convened in this book address this seeming contradiction: By differentiating the physical, the psychic, and the (...)
     
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  24.  14
    Visuospatial reasoning.Barbara Tversky - 2005 - In K. Holyoak & B. Morrison (eds.), The Cambridge handbook of thinking and reasoning. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. pp. 209--240.
  25.  48
    The value of work: Addressing the future of work through the lens of solidarity.Barbara Prainsack & Alena Buyx - 2018 - Bioethics 32 (9):585-592.
    Designing the future of work is crucial to the health and well‐being of people and societies. Experts predict that developments such as the advancement of digital technologies, automation, and the movement of manufacturing jobs to low‐wage countries will lead to major transformations in the labour market, and some foresee significant job losses. Due to the close relationship between employment and health, major job losses would have significant negative impacts on the health and well‐being of individuals and societies. Job losses would (...)
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  26.  29
    The Semantics of 'Spirituality' and Related Self-Identifications: A Comparative Study in Germany and the USA.Barbara Keller, Constantin Klein, Anne Swhajor-Biesemann, Christopher F. Silver, Ralph Hood & Heinz Streib - 2013 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 35 (1):71-100.
    Culturally different connotations of basic concepts challenge the comparative study of religion. Do persons in Germany or in the United States refer to the same concepts when talking about ‘spirituality’ and ‘religion’? Does it make a difference how they identify themselves? The Bielefeld-Chattanooga Cross-Cultural Study on ‘Spirituality’ includes a semantic differential approach for the comparison of self-identified “neither religious nor spiritual”, “religious”, and “spiritual” persons regarding semantic attributes attached to the concepts ‘religion’ and ‘spirituality’ in each research context. Results show (...)
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  27.  14
    Response: A commentary on: “Neural overlap in processing music and speech”.Barbara Tillmann & Emmanuel Bigand - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  28.  17
    The Neuropsychology of Feature Binding and Conscious Perception.Barbara Treccani - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9:427944.
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  29.  3
    On the notion of pre-request.Barbara Fox - 2015 - Discourse Studies 17 (1):41-63.
    In early work within Conversation Analysis, utterances within a request sequence which inquire regarding some of the preconditions of granting the request are analyzed as pre-requests. Levinson, in an extended discussion of the organization of pre-requests and request sequences, treats utterances such as ‘do you have X?’, ‘can I have X?’ or ‘can you X for me?’ as inquiring about preconditions that could prevent the recipient from granting the request. By checking on preconditions, the requester works to avoid producing a (...)
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  30.  6
    Jurgen Habermas: Key Concepts.Barbara Fultner - 2011 - Routledge.
    A rare systematic thinker, Habermas has furthered our understanding of modernity, social interaction and linguistic practice, societal institutions, rationality, morality, the law, globalization, and the role of religion in multicultural societies. He has helped shape discussions of truth, objectivity, normativity, and the relationship between the human and the natural sciences. This volume provides an accessible and comprehensive conceptual map of Habermas' theoretical framework and its key concepts, including the theory of communicative action, discourse ethics, his social-political philosophy and their applications (...)
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  31.  26
    The Sacralization of Memory.Barbara A. Misztal - 2004 - European Journal of Social Theory 7 (1):67-84.
    This article argues that today’s search for identity, in the context of the rise of a new spirituality and the decline of authoritative memories, facilitates the forging of a new connection between soul and memory and enhances the importance of traumatic memories. Consequently, we witness the sacralization of memory which in unsettled times, when memories tend to become fixed and frozen, can undermine intergroup cooperation. The article asserts that an ethical burden, prompted by viewing memory as the surrogate of the (...)
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  32.  42
    The roles of empathy, anger, and gender in predicting attitudes toward punitive, reparative, and preventative public policies.Barbara A. Gault & John Sabini - 2000 - Cognition and Emotion 14 (4):495-520.
  33.  11
    Twelve-month-olds disambiguate new words using mutual-exclusivity inferences.Barbara Pomiechowska, Gábor Bródy, Gergely Csibra & Teodora Gliga - 2021 - Cognition 213 (C):104691.
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  34. Social robots-emotional agents: Some remarks on naturalizing man-machine interaction.Barbara Becker - 2006 - International Review of Information Ethics 6:37-45.
    The construction of embodied conversational agents - robots as well as avatars - seem to be a new challenge in the field of both cognitive AI and human-computer-interface development. On the one hand, one aims at gaining new insights in the development of cognition and communication by constructing intelligent, physical instantiated artefacts. On the other hand people are driven by the idea, that humanlike mechanical dialog-partners will have a positive effect on human-machine-communication. In this contribution I put for discussion whether (...)
     
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  35.  17
    Meaning making in long‐term care: what do certified nursing assistants think?Michelle Gray, Barbara Shadden, Jean Henry, Ro Di Brezzo, Alishia Ferguson & Inza Fort - 2016 - Nursing Inquiry 23 (3):244-252.
    Certified nursing assistants (CNAs) provide up to 80% of the direct care to older adults in long‐term care facilities.CNAs are perceived as being at the bottom of the hierarchy among healthcare professionals often negatively affecting their job satisfaction. However, manyCNAs persevere in providing quality care and even reporting high levels of job satisfaction. The aim of the present investigation was to identify primary themes that may helpCNAs make meaning of their chosen career; thus potentially partially explaining increases in job satisfaction (...)
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  36. Rethinking the Rhetorical Situation from within the Thematic of Difference.Biesecker Barbara - 1989 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 22:110-30.
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  37.  18
    Interesting Experiences.Barbara Montero - 2023 - Journal of Philosophical Research 48:253-258.
    Lorraine Besser argues that interesting experiences confer prudential value on those who have them. After summing up what Besser means by this, I question whether interesting experiences always confer such value and whether the experience of the interesting has its own distinctive phenomenal feel. Beyond this, I ponder the contours of Besser’s discussion of how people with Alzheimer’s might experience the interesting, agreeing with her that it seems likely that they can but questioning her suggestion that they may even be (...)
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  38.  3
    Jurgen Habermas: Key Concepts.Barbara Fultner - 2011 - Routledge.
    A rare systematic thinker, Habermas has furthered our understanding of modernity, social interaction and linguistic practice, societal institutions, rationality, morality, the law, globalization, and the role of religion in multicultural societies. He has helped shape discussions of truth, objectivity, normativity, and the relationship between the human and the natural sciences. This volume provides an accessible and comprehensive conceptual map of Habermas' theoretical framework and its key concepts, including the theory of communicative action, discourse ethics, his social-political philosophy and their applications (...)
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  39.  2
    The Possibility of a Duty to Love.Barbara P. Solheim - 1999 - Journal of Social Philosophy 30 (1):1-17.
  40.  34
    Framing the ultimatum game: the contribution of simulation.Barbara Tomasino, Lorella Lotto, Michela Sarlo, Claudia Civai, Rino Rumiati & Raffaella I. Rumiati - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  41. The Crucible of Anorexia Nervosa.Barbara Russell - 2009 - Journal of Ethics in Mental Health 2 (2):5.
    Anorexia nervosa is a very serious condition because of the suffering and loss of life that it causes. However, the wishes of the people directly involved can be strongly opposed. The person with severe AN may not want treatment, yet her family beseeches professionals to unilaterally intervene and clinical teams are divided over the defensibility of involuntary hospitalization and treatment. The metaphor of a crucible is used in this paper to help identify how much is at stake and how much (...)
     
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  42.  47
    Willful Hermeneutical Ignorance and the “Critical Race Theory” Controversy.Barbara Applebaum - 2023 - Educational Theory 72 (6):689-702.
    In this article, Barbara Applebaum examines “the inability to disagree claim” as it arises in objections made by those who want to ban “critical race theory” from being taught in schools and universities. Employing insights from the recent scholarship around willful hermeneutical ignorance, she discerns the important role that marginalized conceptual resources play in conditions of just and constructive dialogue. When such resources are misinterpreted and denied uptake, the resulting harm impedes the epistemic agency of marginally situated knowers. Applebaum (...)
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  43.  57
    Is monitoring one’s actions causally relevant to choking under pressure?Barbara Gail Montero - 2015 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14 (2):379-395.
    I have a painfully vivid memory of performing the Venezuelan choreographer Vincente Nebrada’s ballet Pentimento.After graduating from high school at age 15 and before entering college, I spent a number of years working as a professional ballet dancer with North Carolina Dance Theatre , among other companies. I was a new member of North Carolina Dance Theatre, and although the company had presented the piece on a number of occasions, this was the first time the director was watching from the (...)
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  44.  10
    Allostasis and the human brain: Integrating models of stress from the social and life sciences.Barbara L. Ganzel, Pamela A. Morris & Elaine Wethington - 2010 - Psychological Review 117 (1):134-174.
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  45.  9
    The new importance of the relationship between formality and informality.Barbara A. Misztal - 2005 - Feminist Theory 6 (2):173-194.
    Arguing that the fruitful approach to a reworking of the social depends upon forging an alliance between sociological theory and feminist theory, the paper analyses strands in sociological thinking which are responsible for renewed interest in the ‘social’. The first perspective, as developed by Touraine, Urry, Bauman and Castells, formulates a new agenda for ‘sociology beyond the social’ and emphasizes the limitations of the concept of ‘the social as society’. The second orientation, represented here by Richard Sennett, tracks the shifting (...)
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  46. Bargaining For Life. A Social History of Tuberculosis, 1876-1938.Barbara Bates & Paul Weindling - 1995 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 17 (2):337.
     
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  47. The Exhaustion and Transformation of State Socialism.Barbara A. Misztal - 1990 - Thesis Eleven 27 (1):63-81.
  48.  15
    Jurgen Habermas: Key Concepts.Barbara Fultner - 2011 - Routledge.
    A rare systematic thinker, Habermas has furthered our understanding of modernity, social interaction and linguistic practice, societal institutions, rationality, morality, the law, globalization, and the role of religion in multicultural societies. He has helped shape discussions of truth, objectivity, normativity, and the relationship between the human and the natural sciences. This volume provides an accessible and comprehensive conceptual map of Habermas' theoretical framework and its key concepts, including the theory of communicative action, discourse ethics, his social-political philosophy and their applications (...)
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  49.  11
    On the Pragmatics of Social Interaction: Preliminary Studies in the Theory of Communicative Action.Barbara Fultner (ed.) - 2002 - MIT Press.
    In 1971 Jürgen Habermas delivered the Gauss Lectures at Princeton University. These pivotal lectures, entitled "Reflections on the Linguistic Foundation of Sociology," anticipate The Theory of Communicative Action and offer an excellent introduction to it. They show why Habermas considers the linguistic turn in social philosophy to be necessary and contain the first formulation of formal pragmatics, including an important discussion of truth.In these lectures and two additional essays, Habermas outlines an intersubjective approach to social theory that takes the concepts (...)
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  50.  10
    Medial orbital gyrus modulation during spatial perspective changes: Pre- vs. post-8weeks mindfulness meditation.Barbara Tomasino, Fabio Campanella & Franco Fabbro - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 40:147-158.
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