Results for 'Bahram Moghaddas'

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  1. The Anatomy of Corporate Fraud: A Comparative Analysis of High Profile American and European Corporate Scandals.Bahram Soltani - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 120 (2):251-274.
    This paper presents a comparative analysis of three American and three European corporate failures. The first part of the analysis is based on a theoretical framework including six areas of ethical climate; tone at the top; bubble economy and market pressure; fraudulent financial reporting; accountability, control, auditing, and governance; and management compensation. The second and third parts consider the analysis of these cases from fraud perspective and in terms of firm-specific characteristics and environmental context. The research analyses shed light on (...)
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  2. The Semantic Plights of the Ante-Rem Structuralist.Bahram Assadian - 2018 - Philosophical Studies 175 (12):1-20.
    A version of the permutation argument in the philosophy of mathematics leads to the thesis that mathematical terms, contrary to appearances, are not genuine singular terms referring to individual objects; they are purely schematic or variables. By postulating ‘ante-rem structures’, the ante-rem structuralist aims to defuse the permutation argument and retain the referentiality of mathematical terms. This paper presents two semantic problems for the ante- rem view: (1) ante-rem structures are themselves subject to the permutation argument; (2) the ante-rem structuralist (...)
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  3.  43
    Abstractionism and Mathematical Singular Reference.Bahram Assadian - 2019 - Philosophia Mathematica 27 (2):177-198.
    ABSTRACT Is it possible to effect singular reference to mathematical objects in the abstractionist framework? I will argue that even if mathematical expressions pass the relevant syntactic and inferential tests to qualify as singular terms, that does not mean that their semantic function is to refer to a particular object. I will defend two arguments leading to this claim: the permutation argument for the referential indeterminacy of mathematical terms, and the argument from the semantic idleness of the terms introduced by (...)
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  4.  76
    Are the Natural Numbers Fundamentally Ordinals?Bahram Assadian & Stefan Buijsman - 2019 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 99 (3):564-580.
    There are two ways of thinking about the natural numbers: as ordinal numbers or as cardinal numbers. It is, moreover, well‐known that the cardinal numbers can be defined in terms of the ordinal numbers. Some philosophies of mathematics have taken this as a reason to hold the ordinal numbers as fundamental. By discussing structuralism and neo‐logicism we argue that one can empirically distinguish between accounts that endorse this fundamentality claim and those that do not. In particular, we argue that if (...)
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  5.  10
    Lack of Evidence That Neural Empathic Responses Are Blunted in Excessive Users of Violent Video Games: An fMRI Study.Gregor R. Szycik, Bahram Mohammadi, Thomas F. Münte & Bert T. te Wildt - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
  6.  39
    General Covariance and Quantum Theory.Bahram Mashhoon - 1986 - Foundations of Physics 16 (7):619-635.
    The extension of the principle of relativity to general coordinate systems is based on the hypothesis that an accelerated observer is locally equivalent to a hypothetical inertial observer with the same velocity as the noninertial observer. This hypothesis of locality is expected to be valid for classical particle phenomena as well as for classical wave phenomena but only in the short-wavelength approximation. The generally covariant theory is therefore expected to be in conflict with the quantum theory which is based on (...)
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  7.  26
    Gravitational Effects of Rotating Masses.Bahram Mashhoon - 1985 - Foundations of Physics 15 (4):497-515.
    A gyroscope in orbit about a central rotating mass undergoes relativistic nutational oscillations in addition to the well-known precessional motions. The amplitude of the oscillation is proportional to the angular momentum of the rotating mass and its period is the Fokker period of geodetic precession. The amplitude is maximum for a polar orbit and vanishes if the orbit is equatorial. This nodding effect is due to a small divisor phenomenon involving the Fokker frequency, and its existence implies that the applicability (...)
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  8.  16
    Mathematical Structures, Universals, and Singular Terms.Bahram Assadian - forthcoming - In B. Assadian N. Kürbis (ed.), Knowledge, Number, and Reality; Encounters with the Work of Keith Hossack. London, UK: pp. 203-216.
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  9.  91
    Indeterminacy and Failure of Grounding.Bahram Assadian & Jonathan Nassim - 2019 - Theoria (4):1.
    Cases of grounding failure present a puzzle for fundamental metaphysics. Typically, solutions are thought to lie either in adding ontology such as haecceities or in re‐describing the cases by means of the ideology of metaphysical indeterminacy. The controversial status of haecceities has led some to favour metaphysical indeterminacy as the way to solve the puzzle. We consider two further treatments of grounding failure each of which, we argue, is a more plausible alternative. As such, the initial dichotomy is a false (...)
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  10.  38
    Abstractionism: Essays in Philosophy of MathematicsBy Philip A. Ebert and Marcus Rossberg.Bahram Assadian - 2018 - Analysis 78 (1):188-191.
    © The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Analysis Trust. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: [email protected] in the philosophy of mathematics is the thesis that the basic laws of the foundational theories of mathematics, such as arithmetic, real analysis, and even perhaps set theory, can be derived from suitable abstraction principles, with the aid of logic and definitions.This volume is a most welcome and comprehensive addition to the scholarship in abstractionism. The 16 papers (...)
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  11.  36
    A Note on the Permutationally Convex Games.Bahram Alidaee - 1991 - Theory and Decision 30 (2):109-111.
  12.  59
    In Defence of Utterly Indiscernible Entities.Bahram Assadian - 2019 - Philosophical Studies 176 (10):2551-2561.
    Are there entities which are just distinct, with no discerning property or relation? Although the existence of such utterly indiscernible entities is ensured by mathematical and scientific practice, their legitimacy faces important philosophical challenges. I will discuss the most fundamental objections that have been levelled against utter indiscernibles, argue for the inadequacy of the extant arguments to allay perplexity about them, and put forward a novel defence of these entities against those objections.
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  13. The Research Assessment Exercise and its Intellectual Consequences.Bahram Bekhradnia - 1999 - History of the Human Sciences 12 (4):113-116.
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  14.  63
    The Metaphysics of Relations.Bahram Assadian - 2017 - Philosophical Quarterly 67 (269):871-874.
    © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Scots Philosophical Association and the University of St Andrews. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: [email protected] loves Juliet. What is the relation that relates one individual to the other? Juliet does not love Romeo. What explains the fact that some individuals are arranged thus-and-so as opposed to so-and-thus? Is the amatory relation nothing over and above the intrinsic properties of the lover and the beloved, or not? (...)
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  15.  12
    Correction To: The Semantic Plights of the Ante-Rem Structuralist.Bahram Assadian - 2018 - Philosophical Studies 175 (12):3237-3237.
    In the original publication of the article, footnote 17 was incorrectly published. The corrected footnote is given below.
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  16.  2
    Deflationary Reference and Referential Indeterminacy.Bahram Assadian - 2021 - In Mojtaba Mojtahedi, Shahid Rahman & MohammadSaleh Zarepour (eds.), Mathematics, Logic, and Their Philosophies: Essays in Honour of Mohammad Ardeshir. Springer. pp. 365-377.
    Indeterminacy of reference appears to be incompatible with the deflationist conceptions of reference: in deflationismDeflationism, the singular term ‘a’ refers to a, if it exists, and to nothing else, whereas if the term is referentially indeterminate, it has a variety of equally permissible reference-candidates: referential indeterminacyReferential indeterminacy and deflationismDeflationism cannot both be maintained. In this paper, I discuss the incompatibility thesis, critically examine the arguments leading to it, and thereby point towards ways in which the deflationist can explain referential indeterminacyReferential (...)
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  17.  34
    The Attribution of Unity of Consciousness Over Time.Seyyed Bahram Borgheai - 2019 - Open Journal of Philosophy 9 (1):1-14.
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  18.  5
    A Novel Neural Network Based on NCP Function for Solving Constrained Nonconvex Optimization Problems.Sohrab Effati & Mohammad Moghaddas - 2016 - Complexity 21 (6):130-141.
  19.  43
    Knowledge, Number and Reality: Encounters with the Work of Keith Hossack.Nils Kürbis, Bahram Assadian & Jonathan Nassim (eds.) - 2022 - London: Bloomsbury.
    Throughout his career, Keith Hossack has made outstanding contributions to the theory of knowledge, metaphysics and the philosophy of mathematics. -/- This collection of previously unpublished papers begins with a focus on Hossack's conception of the nature of knowledge, his metaphysics of facts and his account of the relations between knowledge, agents and facts. Attention moves to Hossack's philosophy of mind and the nature of consciousness, before turning to the notion of necessity and its interaction with a priori knowledge. Hossack's (...)
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  20.  10
    Measuring the Childbearing Motivation of Couples Referred to the Shiraz Health Center for Premarital Examinations.Mohammad Z. Pezeshki, Bahram Zeighami & Warren B. Miller - 2005 - Journal of Biosocial Science 37 (1):37-53.
    Millions of children who were born during the first decade after the Islamic revolution in Iran are now reaching the age of marriage and childbearing. Short spacing between marriage and the birth of the first child has the potential to cause an excessive and costly increase in the growth of population in Iran. Research into the motivations for the birth of first child among newly married couples can create a knowledge base that will enable health centres to help these couples (...)
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  21.  61
    Introduction to Knowledge, Number and Reality. Encounters with the Work of Keith Hossack.Nils Kürbis, Jonathan Nassim & Bahram Assadian - 2022 - In Nils Kürbis, Jonathan Nassim & Bahram Assadian (eds.), Knowledge, Number and Reality. Encounters with the Work of Keith Hossack. London: Bloomsbury Academic. pp. 1-30.
    The Introduction to "Knowledge, Number and Reality. Encounters with the Work of Keith Hossack" provides an overview over Hossack's work and the contributions to the volume.
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  22.  16
    Hamartia and Catharsis in Shakespeare’s King Lear and Bahram Beyzaie’s Death of Yazdgerd.Mahshid Mirmasoomi - 2016 - International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences 74:16-25.
    Publication date: 30 November 2016 Source: Author: Mahshid Mirmasoomi King Lear is one of the political tragedies of Shakespeare in which the playwright censures Lear's hamartia wrecking havoc not only upon people's lives but bringing devastation on his own kindred. Shakespeare castigates Lear's wrath, sense of superiority, and misjudgments which lead to catastrophic consequences. In Death of Yazdgerd, an anti-authoritarian play, Bahram Beyzayie, the well-known Persiaian tragedian, also depicts the hamartia of King Yazdgerd III whose pride and unjust treatment (...)
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  23. Overall Efficiency of Four-Stage Structure with Undesirable Outputs: A New SBM Network DEA Model.Nasim Roudabr, Seyyed Esmaeil Najafi, Zohreh Moghaddas & Farzad Movahedi Sobhani - 2022 - Complexity 2022:1-16.
    Benchmarking is the major reason for the widespread use of DEA models for efficiency analysis. Determining the closest targets for DMUs, DEA models play a key role in benchmarking their best performance. In fact, these models help develop certain performance enhancement plans that need fewer attempts made by DMUs. Therefore, this study proposes a novel method based on the network DEA to determine the most appropriate target for every stage in addition to benchmarking the DMUs. The proposed model differs from (...)
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  24.  15
    Glossary of Pahlavi BundahishDraxt AsūrīgPahlavi-Persian dictionaryDraxt Asurig.M. J. Dresden, M. Bahar, Mahyār Nawwābī, Bahram Faravashi & Mahyar Nawwabi - 1969 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 89 (4):828.
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  25.  39
    Means-End Relations and a Measure of Efficacy.Jesse Hughes, Albert Esterline & Bahram Kimiaghalam - 2006 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 15 (1-2):83-108.
    Propositional dynamic logic (PDL) provides a natural setting for semantics of means-end relations involving non-determinism, but such models do not include probabilistic features common to much practical reasoning involving means and ends. We alter the semantics for PDL by adding probabilities to the transition systems and interpreting dynamic formulas 〈α〉 ϕ as fuzzy predicates about the reliability of α as a means to ϕ. This gives our semantics a measure of efficacy for means-end relations.
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  26.  38
    Ethical Theories Used by Neurosurgery Residents to Make Decisions in Challenging Cases of Medical Ethics.Sahar Sobhani, Anoosheh Ghasemian, Farshad Farzadfar, Hosein Mashhadinejad & Bahram Hejrani - 2016 - Neuroethics 9 (3):253-261.
    Neurosurgeons have an especially high rate of exposure to serious ethical challenges in their line of work. The aim of this study was to assess the type and frequency of ethical theories used by neurosurgery residents to make extra- ethical decisions in challenging situations and their relation with the level of residency, and curricular training about medical ethics. A total of 12 neurosurgery residents in Mashhad University of Medical Sciences were interviewed; all the participants were male and aged 29–40 years (...)
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  27.  46
    Suppression of Scientific Research: Bahramdipity and Nulltiple Scientific Discoveries.Toby J. Sommer - 2001 - Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (1):77-104.
    The fairy tale The Three Princes of Serendip can be taken to be allegorical of not only chance discovery (serendipity) but of other aspects of scientific discovery as well. Just as Horace Walpole coined serendipity, so can the term bahramdipity be derived from the tale and defined as the cruel suppression of a serendipitous discovery. Suppressed, unpublished discoveries are designated nulltiples. Several examples are presented to make the case that bahramdipity is an existent aspect of scientific discovery. Other examples of (...)
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  28.  39
    Philosophy in the Renaissance of Islam: Abū Sulaymān Al-Sijistānī and His Circle.Joel L. Kraemer - 1986 - E.J. Brill.
    ... the turn of the fourth/tenth century, in the province of Sijistan, Muhammad b. Tahir b. Bahram was born, known in the fullness of time as Abu Sulayman ...
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  29. The Death of Mani in Retrospect.Matthew O’Farrell - 2021 - Millennium 18 (1):29-52.
    The execution of the prophet Mani by the Sasanian king Bahram I received sharply different treatments in the historiography of three of the confessional groups of the Sasanian empire. Variously a persecuted prophet, a blasphemous lunatic or a sinister heresiarch the representations of this moment sought to establish its meaning in the context of communal narratives predicated on the claims of sacred history. Despite this, it is notable that Manichean, Christian and Perso-Arabic accounts clearly share features. This indicates not (...)
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