Results for 'B Philosophy (General)'

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  1.  32
    Hidden Dimensions: The Unification of Physics and Consciousness.B. Alan Wallace - 2007 - Columbia University Press.
    Bridging the gap between the world of science and the realm of the spiritual, B. Alan Wallace introduces a natural theory of human consciousness that has its roots in contemporary physics and Buddhism. Wallace's "special theory of ontological relativity" suggests that mental phenomena are _conditioned_ by the brain, but do not _emerge_ from it. Rather, the entire natural world of mind and matter, subjects and objects, arises from a unitary dimension of reality that is more fundamental than these dualities, as (...)
  2.  5
    Hidden Dimensions: The Unification of Physics and Consciousness.B. Alan Wallace - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    Bridging the gap between the world of science and the realm of the spiritual, B. Alan Wallace introduces a natural theory of human consciousness that has its roots in contemporary physics and Buddhism. Wallace's "special theory of ontological relativity" suggests that mental phenomena are _conditioned_ by the brain, but do not _emerge_ from it. Rather, the entire natural world of mind and matter, subjects and objects, arises from a unitary dimension of reality that is more fundamental than these dualities, as (...)
  3.  7
    Plato’s Trilogy. [REVIEW]B. A. W. - 1979 - Review of Metaphysics 32 (3):553-554.
    The late Jacob Klein’s important book is, remarkably, a lucid presentation of esoteric argument. Dealing with the famed Platonic triad, Theaetetus, Sophist, and Statesman, Klein settles the dispute about the missing dialogue, "The Philosopher," by first denying that it is missing and second showing that it is unnecessary. He argues, in short, that the triad is a dyad. That argument is reinforced by the distinction Klein strongly implies between the Socratic Theaetetus and the Eleatic Sophist and Statesman. "We can now (...)
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  4.  20
    Ammianus Marcellinus and the Lies of Metrodorus.B. H. Warmington - 1981 - Classical Quarterly 31 (02):464-.
    The eleventh-century Byzantine compiler Cedrenus includes a unique story in the midst of his otherwise traditional and hagiographic material on the emperor Constantine. Mentioning the outbreak of war between the Roman and Persian empires, he describes the cause of the breakdown of peace somewhat as follows. A certain Metrodorus, who was of Persian origin, went to visit the Brahmins in India to study philosophy and won the reputation of being a holy man through his asceticism. He also built water (...)
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  5.  17
    Philosophy as a General Science.B. M. Kedrov - 1962 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 1 (2):3-24.
    In Alfred Ayer's article, philosophy is sharply counterposed to science, is denied the status of a science. This is the leitmotif of his entire paper. Moreover, the defense of this conception is characteristic of many representatives of neopositivism who go along with Ayer. However, Ayer has certain distinctive ideas of his own, which require critical analysis. Fundamental among them is his acknowledgment of the extremely general character of the concepts and principles with which philosophy, as distinct from (...)
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  6.  61
    Can psychoanalysis be refuted?B. A. Farrell - 1961 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 4 (1-4):16 – 36.
    This paper examines the challenge that psychoanalytic theory cannot be refuted. It does so by considering the theory in its orthodox Freudian form, and in the main branches into which it can be divided ? the theory of Instincts, of Development, of Psychic Structure, of Mental Economics or Defence, and of Symptom Formation. The essential character of the generalizations and concepts of these branches will just be indicated; and we shall ask of each branch whether it is possible to refute (...)
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  7.  26
    Plato's Philosophy of Mathematics.B. F. McGuinness - 1959 - Philosophical Review 68 (3):389.
  8. Internalism and Externalism.B. J. C. Madison - 2017 - In Sven Bernecker & Kourken Michaelian (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Memory. Routledge. pp. 283-295.
    This chapter first surveys general issues in the epistemic internalism / externalism debate: what is the distinction, what motivates it, and what arguments can be given on both sides. -/- The second part of the chapter will examine the internalism / externalism debate as regards to the specific case of the epistemology of memory belief.
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  9.  49
    Newton and stoicism.B. J. T. Dobbs - 1985 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 23 (S1):109-123.
  10. The mysticism of the tractatus.B. F. McGuinness - 1966 - Philosophical Review 75 (3):305-328.
    Mcguiness finds in the early wittgenstein a metaphysics similar to\nthat of nature mysticism. he discusses the relation between this\nkind of mysticism and wittgenstein's views on logic, ethics, aesthetics,\noptimism, solipsism, and 'living in the present.' he suggests that\nwittgenstein may have had some kind of mystical experience which\ninfluenced his early philosophy. (staff).
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  11.  9
    Newton and Stoicism.B. J. T. Dobbs - 1985 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 23 (S1):109-123.
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  12.  29
    Man on His Nature.H. B. Adelmann - 1942 - Philosophical Review 51 (2):227.
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  13. Instruments and rules: R. B. Woodward and the tools of twentieth-century organic chemistry.B. L. - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 33 (1):1-32.
    The paper illustrates how organic chemists dramatically altered their practices in the middle part of the twentieth century through the adoption of analytical instrumentation - such as ultraviolet and infrared absorption spectroscopy and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy - through which the difficult process of structure determination for small molecules became routine. Changes in practice were manifested in two ways: in the use of these instruments in the development of 'rule-based' theories; and in an increased focus on synthesis, at the expense (...)
     
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  14.  92
    From the state of nature to the juridical state of states.B. Sharon Byrd & Joachim Hruschka - 2008 - Law and Philosophy 27 (6):599 - 641.
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  15. Philosophy of medicine in scandinavia.B. Ingemar B. Lindahl - 1985 - Theoretical Medicine 6 (1).
    This article presents a brief general view of the recent literature and the scholarly activity in the field of philosophy of medicine in Scandinavia. The focus of attention is not on medical ethics, but on studies on topics like decision theory, medical classification, causality, causal explanations, concept formation, and on analyses of different ideals of medical science and clinical practice. A few principal works on medical ethics are mentioned by way of introduction and a brief account of a (...)
     
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  16.  20
    Agents of change: political philosophy in practice.B. V. E. Hyde - forthcoming - Contemporary Political Theory:1-4.
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  17.  18
    Philosophy by Way of the Sciences; What Philosophy Is.B. C. Holtzclaw, Ray H. Dotterer & Harold A. Larrabee - 1931 - Philosophical Review 40 (1):96.
  18.  36
    Psychology as Behaviorism.B. Muscio - 1921 - The Monist 31 (2):182-202.
  19.  15
    Types of Philosophy.B. C. Holtzclaw - 1932 - Philosophical Review 41 (5):532.
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  20.  21
    Hermeneutical Backlash.B. R. George & Stacey Goguen - 2021 - Feminist Philosophy Quarterly 7 (4).
    In this paper we use the contemporary example of trans youth panics to introduce the notion of hermeneutical backlash, in which defenders of an established, unjust hermeneutical regime actively work to undermine and discredit hermeneutical liberation. We argue that the strategies and tropes of the trans youth panic illustrate a general propaganda vulnerability of epistemic liberation movements, and so are troubling for reasons that go beyond their application to trans youth. This exploration of a few specific cases of hermeneutical (...)
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  21.  16
    The Grounds of Moral Judgement.B. J. Diggs - 1969 - Philosophical Review 78 (4):543.
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  22.  17
    Philosophy, medicine and its technologies.B. Almond - 1988 - Journal of Medical Ethics 14 (4):173-178.
    There is a need to bring ethics and medical practice closer together, despite the risk and problems this may involve. Deontological ethics may promote sanctity of life considerations against the quality of life considerations favoured by consequentialists or utilitarians; while talk of respect for life and the value of life may point to more qualified ethical positions. This paper argues for a respect-for-life position, dismissing a utilitarian cost-benefit outlook as too simplistic; but an unqualified fixed principles approach is also ruled (...)
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  23. Explaining individual differences.Zina B. Ward - 2023 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 101 (C):61-70.
    Most psychological research aims to uncover generalizations about the mind that hold across subjects. Philosophical discussions of scientific explanation have focused on such generalizations, but in doing so, have often overlooked an important phenomenon: variation. Variation is ubiquitous in psychology and many other domains, and an important target of explanation in its own right. Here I characterize explananda that concern individual differences and formulate an account of what it takes to explain them. I argue that the notion of actual difference (...)
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  24.  32
    On the Anatomy of Health-related Actions for Which People Could Reasonably be Held Responsible: A Framework.Kristine Bærøe, Andreas Albertsen & Cornelius Cappelen - 2023 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 48 (4):384-399.
    Should we let personal responsibility for health-related behavior influence the allocation of healthcare resources? In this paper, we clarify what it means to be responsible for an action. We rely on a crucial conceptual distinction between being responsible and holding someone responsible, and show that even though we might be considered responsible and blameworthy for our health-related actions, there could still be well-justified reasons for not considering it reasonable to hold us responsible by giving us lower priority. We transform these (...)
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  25.  23
    E-Type Pronouns and varepsilon -Terms.B. H. Slater - 1986 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 16 (1):27-38.
    Speaking of Professor Geach's belief that pronouns in natural language function like the bound variables in quantification theory, Gareth Evans, in ‘Pronouns, Quantifiers, and Relative Clauses - I’ says :I want to try to show that there are pronouns with quantifier antecedents that function in a quite different way. Such pronouns typically stand in a different grammatical relation to their antecedents, and; in contrast with bound pronouns, must be assigned a reference, so that their most immediate sentential contexts can always (...)
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  26.  13
    Neuroscience and Generalized Empirical Method.B. Anderson - 2017 - Dialogues in Philosophy, Mental and Neuro Sciences 10 (1).
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  27.  37
    E-Type Pronouns And E-Terms.B. H. Slater - 1986 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 16 (March):27-38.
    Speaking of Professor Geach's belief that pronouns in natural language function like the bound variables in quantification theory, Gareth Evans, in ‘Pronouns, Quantifiers, and Relative Clauses - I’ says :I want to try to show that there are pronouns with quantifier antecedents that function in a quite different way. Such pronouns typically stand in a different grammatical relation to their antecedents, and; in contrast with bound pronouns, must be assigned a reference, so that their most immediate sentential contexts can always (...)
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  28.  28
    Natural science and the philosophy of nature.B. C. Burt - 1892 - Philosophical Review 1 (3):284-291.
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  29.  18
    Thinking and Perceiving: A Study in the Philosophy of Mind.B. J. Diggs - 1963 - Philosophical Review 72 (4):535.
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  30.  24
    A History of Greek Philosophy, Volume II.D. J. B. - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 19 (4):811-811.
  31.  26
    Creating a Culture of Academic Integrity: A Toolkit for Secondary Schools.David B. Wangaard & Jason M. Stephens - 2011 - Search Institute Press. Edited by Jason M. Stephens.
    "Responding to the growing epidemic of academic dishonesty, this authoritative text lays the groundwork for a positive school makeover. This guide--which culled research from six high schools in Connecticut that indicated that more than 90 percent of students participate in some form of cheating during the average school year--provides teachers, school administrators, and parents with a toolkit of resources and strategies needed to engender a culture of scholastic honesty. With reproducible handouts and instruction on establishing an Academic Integrity Committee, this (...)
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  32.  19
    Effective Altruism: Philosophical Issues Edited by Hilary Greaves and Theron Pummer.B. V. E. Hyde - forthcoming - Journal of Value Inquiry:1-5.
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  33.  61
    A Partial Application Procedure for Ross’s Ethical Theory.B. C. Postow - 2006 - Journal of Philosophical Research 31:239-248.
    W. D. Ross’s ethical theory requires us somehow to compare the metaphorical “weights” of different prima facie duties, but it leaves mysterious how this might be done. The formulation of a procedure to achieve such a comparison would be desirable on practical, theoretical, and pedagogical grounds. I formulate a procedure that is congenial to Ross’s theory. Central to my procedure are instructions to characterize the weight of each prima facie duty with respect to (a) the general stringency of this (...)
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  34.  23
    L'evolution Creatrice.B. H. Bode & Henri Bergson - 1908 - Philosophical Review 17 (1):84.
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  35.  24
    Is There a Case for the General Will?B. Mayo - 1950 - Philosophy 25 (94):247 - 252.
    It is fashionable nowadays to discredit the theory of the general will, and an attempt to rehabilitate it is not likely to receive much sympathy. Nevertheless, I propose to give some reasons for adopting a more lenient attitude towards the theory, and to indicate some possible lines along which a rehabilitation might be conducted.
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  36.  7
    Obstacles to environmental progress: a valuable resource for real-world problems.B. V. E. Hyde - forthcoming - Metascience:1-4.
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  37.  5
    Eludes de Philosophie antique.B. Rochot - 1956 - Revue de Synthèse 77 (1):107-121.
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  38.  28
    Tempels' Philosophical Racialism.B. Matolino - 2011 - South African Journal of Philosophy 30 (3):330-342.
    Placide Tempels’ Bantu Philosophy has largely been met with hostility from African philosophers. Whilst Tempels intended to show that the Bantu were not only capable of thinking, but also that they had a distinct and coherent philosophy of their own, his project seems to have achieved exactly the opposite. Temples’ project sought to expose the racism of thinkers such as Lucien Levy-Bruhl, thereby raising the African to the same status as the Westerner. However, his efforts have been rejected (...)
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  39.  48
    Knowledge and meaning in the philosophy of mind.B. A. O. Williams - 1968 - Philosophical Review 77 (2):216-228.
  40.  23
    Aspects of the Eighteenth Century. [REVIEW]B. K. W. - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 20 (2):383-384.
    These essays were originally presented at the first of an annual series of seminars in the humanities at John Hopkins. To avoid imposing an artificial unity on the subject, the contributors were deliberately left unguided in their choice of subject and method. The result of this policy is a rich and stimulating collection ranging from gardens to musicology. Reproductions of paintings and copious printings of musical scores show that no expense was spared to make the book as useful as possible. (...)
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  41.  12
    Habit and creativity in judges’ definition and framing of legal questions.B. Robert Owens & Ben Merriman - 2021 - Theory and Society 50 (5):741-767.
    The dominant social scientific approach to studying judicial behavior treats judges as strategic actors pursuing their political preferences under institutional constraint. The intellectual roots of this rational choice approach are in American law’s long but sporadic engagement with pragmatist ideas. This article challenges that approach: a fully pragmatist account of judicial action provides a better description of the intellectual and social work of judging, and better explains how judges reach a decision in difficult cases that most affect the development of (...)
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  42.  36
    Amerikanische philosophie von den Puritanern bis zu Herbert Marcuse. [REVIEW]B. W. A. - 1978 - Review of Metaphysics 32 (2):370-371.
    With this work, the author terminates his trilogy on nationally prominent philosophers in Germany, France, and the United States, respectively. In all three works a deliberate attempt is made to counter the current trend towards linguistic analysis and deal with philosophy in its classical meaning as a body of general truths about the universe as a whole, which the author believes leads to some important consequences of present day relevance. The style of the work, to say the least, (...)
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  43.  24
    The theory of God in book λ of Aristotle's metaphysics.B. A. G. Fuller - 1907 - Philosophical Review 16 (2):170-183.
  44.  9
    Engelhardt’s Diagnosis and Prescription: Persuasive or Problematic?B. Andrew Lustig - 2018 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 43 (6):631-649.
    In a spirit of critical appreciation, this essay challenges several core aspects of the critique of secular morality and the defense of Orthodox Christianity offered by H. Tristram Engelhardt in After God. First, I argue that his procedurally driven approach to a binding morality based solely on a principle of permission leaves morality without any substantive definition in general terms, in ways that are both conceptually problematic and also at odds with Engelhardt’s long-standing distinction between non-malevolence and beneficence. Second, (...)
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  45.  15
    A Partial Application Procedure for Ross’s Ethical Theory.B. C. Postow - 2006 - Journal of Philosophical Research 31:239-248.
    W. D. Ross’s ethical theory requires us somehow to compare the metaphorical “weights” of different prima facie duties, but it leaves mysterious how this might be done. The formulation of a procedure to achieve such a comparison would be desirable on practical, theoretical, and pedagogical grounds. I formulate a procedure that is congenial to Ross’s theory. Central to my procedure are instructions to characterize the weight of each prima facie duty with respect to (a) the general stringency of this (...)
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  46.  6
    The idea of equality in English political thought.B. C. Parekh - 1966 - Dissertation, London School of Economics and Political Science
    An attempt is made here to examine the analysis three political thinkers - Thomas Paine, William Godwin, and Jeremy Bentham have offered of the idea of equality. The inquiry underrtaken is philosophical and not historical in character, since no attempt is made either at tracing the influence ht the biographical-cum-intellectual level of one of them upon the other or at treating their ideas on equality as born out of their preoccupation with the same problem to which they give various answers (...)
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  47.  63
    The Philosophy of Mr. B*rtr*nd R*ss*ll.Philip E. B. Jourdain - 1911 - The Monist 21 (4):481-508.
  48. Pragmatist and idealist ethics. A reply.B. M. Laing & James Seth - 1923 - Philosophical Review 32 (5):526-531.
  49.  2
    Lents progrès de la technique.B. Gille - 1953 - Revue de Synthèse 73 (1):69-88.
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  50.  20
    The Philosophical Impact of Contemporary Physics.B. J. H. - 1961 - Review of Metaphysics 15 (2):340-340.
    A clear presentation and exploration of the philosophical implications of the classical picture of the physical world and the ways in which contemporary physics has changed it. Capek argues that physics has now moved from a universe governed by a "timeless world formula" toward a world which is irreversible and incomplete, where "becoming has been re-instated." The author's careful attention to the differences between the special and general theories of relativity helps to clear up important misconceptions about the space-time (...)
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