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  1.  33
    Chemistry is pluralistic.Klaus Ruthenberg & Ave Mets - 2020 - Foundations of Chemistry 22 (3):403-419.
    Recently, philosophers have come forth with approaches to chemistry based on its actual practice, imparting to it a proper aim and character of its own. These approaches add to the currently growing movement of pluralist philosophies of science. We draw on recent pluralist accounts from chemistry and analyse three notions from modern chemical practice and theory in terms of these accounts, in order to complement the so far more general pluralist approaches with specific evidence. Our survey reveals that the concept (...)
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  2.  12
    A Philosophical Critique of the Distinction of Representational and Pragmatic Measurements on the Example of the Periodic System of Chemical Elements.Ave Mets - 2019 - Foundations of Science 24 (1):73-93.
    Measurement theory in (Hand in The world through quantification. Oxford University Press, 2004; Suppes and Zinnes in Basic measurement theory. Psychology Series, 1962) is concerned with the assignment of number to objects of phenomena. Representational aspect of measurement is the extent to which the assigned numbers and arithmetics truthfully represent the underlying objects and their relations, and is characteristic to natural sciences; pragmatic aspect is the extent to which the assigned numbers serve purposes other than representing the underlying phenomena, and (...)
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  3. Measurement Theory, Nomological Machine And Measurement Uncertainties (In Classical Physics).Ave Mets - 2012 - Studia Philosophica Estonica 5 (2):167-186.
    Measurement is said to be the basis of exact sciences as the process of assigning numbers to matter (things or their attributes), thus making it possible to apply the mathematically formulated laws of nature to the empirical world. Mathematics and empiria are best accorded to each other in laboratory experiments which function as what Nancy Cartwright calls nomological machine: an arrangement generating (mathematical) regularities. On the basis of accounts of measurement errors and uncertainties, I will argue for two claims: 1) (...)
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  4.  16
    Normativity of Scientific Laws : Aspects of Implicit Normativity.Ave Mets - 2018 - Problemos 94:49.
    [full article, abstract in English; only abstract in Lithuanian] In Normativity of Scientific Laws explicit and implicit normativities were discerned and it was shown, following Joseph Rouse, that scientific laws implicitly harbour what Alchourrón and Bulygin imply to be the core of normativity. Here I develop this claim by discerning six aspects of implicit normativity in scientific laws: general and special conceptual normativity, concerning analytical thinking and special scientific terminologies; theoretical and material epistemic normativity, concerning mathematical and experimental accountability of (...)
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  5. Foreword.Ave Mets, Peeter Müüsepp & Endla Lõhkivi - 2024 - Acta Baltica Historiae Et Philosophiae Scientiarum 12 (1):3-5.
    The current issue, titled The Philosophical Legacy of Rein Vihalemm: Reflections and Expansions, is a sequel to previous publications that have paid tribute to the work and legacy of Rein Vihalemm (1938–2015), all supported by the Estonian Research Council (grant PRG462). In 2019, Vihalemm’s 1981 philosophically informed history of chemistry was translated from Estonian and published as a special summer issue of Acta Baltica Historiae et Philosophiae Scientiarum (Vihalemm, 2019).
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  6. What Does ‘φ-Scientificity’ Mean? I. Models and Measurement: Galileo.Ave Mets - 2024 - Acta Baltica Historiae Et Philosophiae Scientiarum 12 (1):6-36.
    Rein Vihalemm has defined the concept of φ-sciences primarily through scientific models, while emphasising that they are empirical sciences. His specification of such sciences includes references to Galileo, Kant, and Heidegger, but lacks in detail and, most notably, fails to explicate how the models of these sciences are linked to the material world they aim to describe. I first analyse Galileo’s theoretical proceedings in terms of preplanning, the essence of phaenomena, and mathematicity, which can either explicitly or implicitly be viewed (...)
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  7. The Constructive Realist Account of Science and Its Application to Ilya Prigogine’s Conception of Laws of Nature.Ave Mets & Piret Kuusk - 2009 - Foundations of Science 14 (3):239-248.
    Sciences are often regarded as providing the best, or, ideally, exact, knowledge of the world, especially in providing laws of nature. Ilya Prigogine, who was awarded the Nobel Prize for his theory of non-equilibrium chemical processes—this being also an important attempt to bridge the gap between exact and non-exact sciences [mentioned in the Presentation Speech by Professor Stig Claesson (nobelprize.org, The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1977)]—has had this ideal in mind when trying to formulate a new kind of science. Philosophers (...)
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  8.  13
    A Measurement-Theoretic View on the Early Evolution of the Ordering of Chemical Elements.Ave Mets - 2020 - Acta Baltica Historiae Et Philosophiae Scientiarum 8 (1):5-32.
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  9.  12
    Female Mountain, Masculine Mining: an Interpretation of Entbergen.Ave Mets - 2018 - Eidos: Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad Del Norte 29:119-149.
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  10.  9
    Mokslo dėsnių normatyvumas : dvi normatyvumo rūšys.Ave Mets - 2018 - Problemos 93:60.
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  11.  19
    Mountain, masculine mining: An interpretation of entbergen.Ave Mets - 2018 - Eidos: Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad Del Norte 29:119-149.
    ABSTRACT Unverborgenheit is truth in Heidegger's Greek-inspired view that happens in Entbergen, or bringing forth. Technology is a way of bringing forth and the truths brought forth in ancient and contemporary science-based technologies are essentially different, the latter being destined by enframing or Gestell that is the essence of contemporary science and technology. Here I give an etymological-ecological-feminist interpretation to the essences of ancient and contemporary technologies as ontogeneses and their unconcealments. A turning point is also identified, on the basis (...)
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  12. Practical realist philosophy of science: reflecting on Rein Vihalemm's ideas.Ave Mets, Endla Lõhkivi, Peeter Müürsepp & Jaana Eigi-Watkin (eds.) - 2024 - Lanham: Lexington Books.
    Rein Vihalemm's philosophy of science left two prominent philosophical legacies: a methodological distinction of scientific disciplines and the practical realist philosophy of science. The diverse perspectives in this book explore some of the ideas that have sprung from Vihalemm's philosophy of science, and the applications of these approaches.
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  13.  38
    Sotsiaalteaduste teaduslikkusest. Rein Taagepera, Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models.Ave Mets - 2009 - Studia Philosophica Estonica 2 (1):112-134.
    Physics has for a long time been regarded as the most mature of all sciences due to strict mathematically formulated laws of physics and success of theories in applications, for which it has been taken as the example of scientificity which other sciences should strive towards. Just what aspect of physics it is that is regarded as the cause of its success and hence the yardstick of scientificity – this question has given rise to differing opinions. In his book Making (...)
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