Results for 'Aur��lien Allard'

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  1. The irreducibility of collective obligations.Allard Tamminga & Frank Hindriks - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 177 (4):1085-1109.
    Individualists claim that collective obligations are reducible to the individual obligations of the collective’s members. Collectivists deny this. We set out to discover who is right by way of a deontic logic of collective action that models collective actions, abilities, obligations, and their interrelations. On the basis of our formal analysis, we argue that when assessing the obligations of an individual agent, we need to distinguish individual obligations from member obligations. If a collective has a collective obligation to bring about (...)
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  2.  54
    Correspondence Analysis for Strong Three-Valued Logic.Allard Tamminga - 2014 - Logical Investigations 20:255-268.
    I apply Kooi and Tamminga's (2012) idea of correspondence analysis for many-valued logics to strong three-valued logic (K3). First, I characterize each possible single entry in the truth-table of a unary or a binary truth-functional operator that could be added to K3 by a basic inference scheme. Second, I define a class of natural deduction systems on the basis of these characterizing basic inference schemes and a natural deduction system for K3. Third, I show that each of the resulting natural (...)
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  3.  57
    Collective Obligations, Group Plans and Individual Actions.Allard Tamminga & Hein Duijf - 2017 - Economics and Philosophy 33 (2):187-214.
    If group members aim to fulfill a collective obligation, they must act in such a way that the composition of their individual actions amounts to a group action that fulfills the collective obligation. We study a strong sense of joint action in which the members of a group design and then publicly adopt a group plan that coordinates the individual actions of the group members. We characterize the conditions under which a group plan successfully coordinates the group members' individual actions, (...)
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  4.  78
    Deontic Logic for Strategic Games.Allard Tamminga - 2013 - Erkenntnis 78 (1):183-200.
    We develop a multi-agent deontic action logic to study the logical behaviour of two types of deontic conditionals: (1) conditional obligations, having the form "If group H were to perform action aH, then, in group F's interest, group G ought to perform action aG" and (2) conditional permissions, having the form "If group H were to perform action aH, then, in group F's interest, group G may perform action aG". First, we define a formal language for multi-agent deontic action logic (...)
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  5.  17
    From Extreme Emotions to Extreme Actions: Explaining Non-Normative Collective Action and Reconciliation.Allard R. Feddes, Liesbeth Mann & Bertjan Doosje - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (6):432-433.
    A key argument of Dixon et al. in the target article is that prejudice reduction through intergroup contact and collective action work in opposite ways. We argue for a complementary approach focusing on extreme emotions to understand why people turn to non-normative collective action and to understand when and under what conditions extreme emotions may influence positive effects of contact on reconciliation.
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  6.  32
    Expressivity Results for Deontic Logics of Collective Agency.Allard Tamminga, Hein Duijf & Frederik Van De Putte - 2020 - Synthese 198 (9):8733-8753.
    We use a deontic logic of collective agency to study reducibility questions about collective agency and collective obligations. The logic that is at the basis of our study is a multi-modal logic in the tradition of *stit* logics of agency. Our full formal language has constants for collective and individual deontic admissibility, modalities for collective and individual agency, and modalities for collective and individual obligations. We classify its twenty-seven sublanguages in terms of their expressive power. This classification enables us to (...)
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  7. Armed Intervention and Democratic Dreams : Small Western Liberal Democracies and Multinational Intervention.Allard Wagemaker - 2009 - In Ted van Baarda & Désirée Verweij (eds.), The Moral Dimension of Asymmetrical Warfare: Counter-Terrorism, Democratic Values and Military Ethics. Martinus Nijhoff.
  8. Katz’s Revisability Paradox Dissolved.Allard Tamminga & Sander Verhaegh - 2013 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 91 (4):771-784.
    Quine's holistic empiricist account of scientific inquiry can be characterized by three constitutive principles: *noncontradiction*, *universal revisability* and *pragmatic ordering*. We show that these constitutive principles cannot be regarded as statements within a holistic empiricist's scientific theory of the world. This claim is a corollary of our refutation of Katz's [1998, 2002] argument that holistic empiricism suffers from what he calls the Revisability Paradox. According to Katz, Quine's empiricism is incoherent because its constitutive principles cannot themselves be rationally revised. Using (...)
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  9. Economische eenzijdigheid.Allard Plate - forthcoming - Idee.
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  10. Logics of Rejection: Two Systems of Natural Deduction.Allard Tamminga - 1994 - Logique Et Analyse 146:169-208.
    This paper presents two systems of natural deduction for the rejection of non-tautologies of classical propositional logic. The first system is sound and complete with respect to the body of all non-tautologies, the second system is sound and complete with respect to the body of all contradictions. The second system is a subsystem of the first. Starting with Jan Łukasiewicz's work, we describe the historical development of theories of rejection for classical propositional logic. Subsequently, we present the two systems of (...)
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  11.  15
    What Information is Necessary for Speech Categorization? Harnessing Variability in the Speech Signal by Integrating Cues Computed Relative to Expectations.Bob McMurray & Allard Jongman - 2011 - Psychological Review 118 (2):219-246.
  12.  85
    Expansion and Contraction of Finite States.Allard Tamminga - 2004 - Studia Logica 76 (3):427-442.
    We present a theory that copes with the dynamics of inconsistent information. A method is set forth to represent possibly inconsistent information by a finite state. Next, finite operations for expansion and contraction of finite states are given. No extra-logical element — a choice function or an ordering over (sets of) sentences — is presupposed in the definition of contraction. Moreover, expansion and contraction are each other's duals. AGM-style characterizations of these operations follow.
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  13.  94
    Completeness Via Correspondence for Extensions of the Logic of Paradox.Barteld Kooi & Allard Tamminga - 2012 - Review of Symbolic Logic 5 (4):720-730.
    Taking our inspiration from modal correspondence theory, we present the idea of correspondence analysis for many-valued logics. As a benchmark case, we study truth-functional extensions of the Logic of Paradox (LP). First, we characterize each of the possible truth table entries for unary and binary operators that could be added to LP by an inference scheme. Second, we define a class of natural deduction systems on the basis of these characterizing inference schemes and a natural deduction system for LP. Third, (...)
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  14.  51
    The Arabic Origins and Development of Latin Algorisms in the Twelfth Century.André Allard - 1991 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 1 (2):233.
    In the absence of the Arabic text of al-Khw's Arithmetic, which has not yet been found, the oldest Latin adaptations from the twelfth century are the only evidence documenting the genesis and the first spreading of a decimal arithmetic that uses nine figures and zero, i.e. the Indian reckoning known in the Middle Ages as algorismus. This paper studies these texts, their content, their sources, and identifies their authors and the milieus in which they were written.
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  15.  49
    Virtue in Aristotle's Rhetoric: A Metaphysical and Ethical Capacity.Susan K. Allard-Nelson - 2001 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 34 (3):245 - 259.
  16.  76
    Moral Conflicts Between Groups of Agents.Barteld Kooi & Allard Tamminga - 2008 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 37 (1):1-21.
    Two groups of agents, G1 and G2, face a *moral conflict* if G1 has a moral obligation and G2 has a moral obligation, such that these obligations cannot both be fulfilled. We study moral conflicts using a multi-agent deontic logic devised to represent reasoning about sentences like "In the interest of group F of agents, group G of agents ought to see to it that phi". We provide a formal language and a consequentialist semantics. An illustration of our semantics with (...)
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  17.  33
    Brokers and Bricoleurs: Entrepreneurship in Wales' Online Music Scene. [REVIEW]Gillian Allard - 2003 - AI and Society 17 (1):12-24.
    The power of some new entrants to the music industry derives from their position as brokers in computer-mediated environments. Brokers act instrumentally to exploit their position within a network which, in turn, depends on their ability to build and sustain links (and, in computer-mediated environments, hyperlinks). Bricolage in computer-mediated entrepreneurship refers to the intuitive manipulation of resources in order to achieve (perhaps tacit) goals. Without careful stewardship of the new intellectual wealth thus created, bricolage may profit neither the individual nor (...)
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  18.  1
    ALLARD'S Art and Analysis. [REVIEW]Myers Myers - 1958 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 19:264.
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  19. Ethical Issues Relating to the Health Effects of Long Working Hours.Allard E. Dembe - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 84 (S2):195-208.
    Considerable research evidence has accumulated indicating that there is an increased likelihood for illness and injury among employees working in long-hour schedules and schedules involving unconventional shift work. In addition, studies show that fatigue-related errors made by employees working in these kind of demanding schedules can have serious and adverse repercussions for public safety. As the result of these concerns, new protective legislation is being advocated in the United States, for instance, to restrict the hours of work among nurses and (...)
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  20. Iqbāl Aur Maghribī Mufakkirīn.Jagan Nāth Āzād - 1975
  21. Estimating the Reproducibility of Experimental Philosophy.Florian Cova, Brent Strickland, Angela Abatista, Aurélien Allard, James Andow, Mario Attie, James Beebe, Renatas Berniūnas, Jordane Boudesseul, Matteo Colombo, Fiery Cushman, Rodrigo Diaz, Noah N’Djaye Nikolai van Dongen, Vilius Dranseika, Brian D. Earp, Antonio Gaitán Torres, Ivar Hannikainen, José V. Hernández-Conde, Wenjia Hu, François Jaquet, Kareem Khalifa, Hanna Kim, Markus Kneer, Joshua Knobe, Miklos Kurthy, Anthony Lantian, Shen-yi Liao, Edouard Machery, Tania Moerenhout, Christian Mott, Mark Phelan, Jonathan Phillips, Navin Rambharose, Kevin Reuter, Felipe Romero, Paulo Sousa, Jan Sprenger, Emile Thalabard, Kevin Tobia, Hugo Viciana, Daniel Wilkenfeld & Xiang Zhou - 2018 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology (1):1-36.
    Responding to recent concerns about the reliability of the published literature in psychology and other disciplines, we formed the X-Phi Replicability Project to estimate the reproducibility of experimental philosophy. Drawing on a representative sample of 40 x-phi studies published between 2003 and 2015, we enlisted 20 research teams across 8 countries to conduct a high-quality replication of each study in order to compare the results to the original published findings. We found that x-phi studies – as represented in our sample (...)
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  22.  5
    Mānatuṅgācārya aur unke StotraAnusandhānManatungacarya aur unke StotraAnusandhan.John E. Cort, Madhusūdan Ḍhāṅkī Dhaky), Jitendra Śāh Shah), Ācārya Vijay Śīlcandrasūri, Harivallabh Bhāyāṇī [H. C. Bhayani], Madhusudan Dhanki Dhaky), Jitendra Sah Shah), Acarya Vijay Silcandrasuri & Harivallabh Bhayani [H. C. Bhayani] - 2000 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 120 (2):293.
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  23. Belief Dynamics: (Epistemo)Logical Investigations.Allard Tamminga - 2001 - Dissertation, University of Amsterdam
    C.S. Peirce's and Isaac Levi's accounts of the belief-doubt-belief model are discussed and evaluated. It is argued that the contemporary study of belief change has metamorphosed into a branch of philosophical logic where empirical considerations have become obsolete. A case is made for reformulations of belief change systems that do allow for empirical tests. Last, a belief change system is presented that (1) uses finite representations of information, (2) can adequately deal with inconsistencies, (3) has finite operations of change, (4) (...)
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  24.  5
    Are Locus Equations Sufficient or Necessary for Obstruent Perception?Allard Jongman - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (2):271-272.
    Two issues are addressed in this commentary: the universality and the “psychological reality” of locus equations as cues to place of articulation. Preliminary data collected in our laboratory suggest that locus equations do not reliably distinguish place of articulation for fricatives. Additionally, perception studies show that listeners can identify place of articulation based on much less temporal information than that required for deriving locus equations.
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  25.  6
    New Sincerity and Frances Ha in Light of Sartre: A Proposal for an Existentialist Conceptual Framework.Allard den Dulk - 2020 - Film-Philosophy 24 (2):140-161.
    There is a growing discourse on “new sincerity,” and related terms like “quirky” and “metamodernism,” as a movement or sensibility in contemporary cinema developing from the late 1990s onward, exemplified by the work of filmmakers such as Wes Anderson and Charlie Kaufman. However, what this new concept means in the context of cinema has so far remained under-defined and requires further philosophical analysis. This article provides such an analysis by offering a reconceptualization of Jean-Paul Sartre's existentialist-phenomenological notions of good faith (...)
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  26.  11
    Withdraw or Affiliate? The Role of Humiliation During Initiation Rituals.Liesbeth Mann, Allard R. Feddes, Bertjan Doosje & Agneta H. Fischer - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (1):80-100.
  27.  92
    Three-Valued Logics in Modal Logic.Barteld Kooi & Allard Tamminga - 2013 - Studia Logica 101 (5):1061-1072.
    Every truth-functional three-valued propositional logic can be conservatively translated into the modal logic S5. We prove this claim constructively in two steps. First, we define a Translation Manual that converts any propositional formula of any three-valued logic into a modal formula. Second, we show that for every S5-model there is an equivalent three-valued valuation and vice versa. In general, our Translation Manual gives rise to translations that are exponentially longer than their originals. This fact raises the question whether there are (...)
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  28.  13
    André Allard 1937–2014.Anne-Marie Doyen & Paul Pietquin - 2015 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 25 (2):299-303.
  29.  26
    S. Aureli Augustini Confessionum libri tredecim: post Pium Knoell iteratis curis edidit Martinus Skutella. Pp. xxxii + 381. Leipzig: Teubner, 1934. Cloth, RM. 6.80 (paper, 5.40). [REVIEW]A. Souter - 1935 - The Classical Review 49 (04):156-.
  30.  24
    Behavioral and Facial Thermal Variations in 3-to 4-Month-Old Infants During the Still-Face Paradigm.Tiziana Aureli, Annalisa Grazia, Daniela Cardone & Arcangelo Merla - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  31.  10
    S. Aureli Augustini Hipponiensis episcopi De Catechizandis Rudibus liber unus. J. P. Christopher.A. Souter - 1927 - Speculum 2 (2):214-216.
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  32.  5
    ALLARD, Gérald, éd., Rousseau : sur les sciences et les arts. Premier discours. Préface au Narcisse. Fiction ALLARD, Gérald, éd., Rousseau : sur les sciences et les arts. Premier discours. Préface au Narcisse. Fiction. [REVIEW]Philip Knee - 1988 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 44 (3):398-401.
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  33.  17
    Accès aux Médicaments : Quelle Responsabilité Pour les Compagnies Pharmaceutiques?Caroline Allard - 2004 - Dialogue 43 (4):645-670.
    RÉSUMÉ: On invoque souvent la responsabilité morale des compagnies pharmaceutiques lorsqu’il s’agit de réfléchir aux difficultés qu’affrontent les pays en voie de développement en matière d’acces aux médicaments. Dans cet article, je désire faire la critique d’une stratégie d’attribution de la responsabilité morale aux compagnies pharmaceutiques selon laquelle cette responsabilité proviendrait de leur statut similaire à celui d’agents moraux individuels. Je proposerai ensuite une autre stratégie qui lie la responsabilité des entreprises à leurs fonctions en utilisant une distinction entre fonctions (...)
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  34.  29
    Le lien social entre lien fonctionnel et lien civil.Patrick Pharo - 2002 - Cahiers Internationaux de Sociologie 2 (2):307-330.
    Cet article explicite une distinction entre deux sens du lien social : un sens de lien fonctionnel, qui ne s’applique qu’à ses aspects physiques ou biologiques, et un sens de lien civil, qui s’applique à la capacité des sujets sociaux de concevoir et évaluer leur propre vie matérielle et biologique du point de vue sémantique et moral. Partant du problème du lien et de la coopération sociale tel qu’il est posé dans l’ouvrage de Durkheim, La division du travail social, l’article (...)
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  35.  4
    MUÑOZ PÁEZ, Adela Sabias. La Cara Oculta de la Ciencia. Barcelona: Debate.Aure Daza - forthcoming - Daimon: Revista Internacional de Filosofía:153.
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  36. A Critical Exposition of Isaac Levi's Epistemology.Allard Tamminga - 2003 - Logique Et Analyse 183:447-478.
    The branch of philosophical logic which has become known as “belief change” has, in the course of its development, become alienated from its epistemological origins. However, as formal criteria do not suffice to defend a principled choice between competing systems for belief change, we do need to take their epistemological embedding into account. Here, on the basis of a detailed examination of Isaac Levi's epistemology, we argue for a new direction of belief change research and propose to construct systems for (...)
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  37.  6
    Heavenly Clockwork, the Great Astronomical Clocks of Medieval China.Lien-Sheng Yang, Joseph Needham, Wang Ling & Derek J. de Solla Price - 1960 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 80 (4):371.
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  38.  6
    Videoconferencing Psychotherapy for Panic Disorder and Agoraphobia: Outcome and Treatment Processes From a Non-Randomized Non-Inferiority Trial.Stéphane Bouchard, Micheline Allard, Geneviève Robillard, Stéphanie Dumoulin, Tanya Guitard, Claudie Loranger, Isabelle Green-Demers, André Marchand, Patrice Renaud, Louis-Georges Cournoyer & Giulia Corno - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  39. S. Aur. Augustini Hipponensis Episcopi Liber de Catechizandis Rudibus Praecedit Ejusdem Vita. Augustine & Possidius - 1869 - Libraria Academica Wagneriana Apud David Nutt.
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  40. Isaac Levi's kenleer: een kritische beschouwing.Allard Tamminga - 2002 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 94 (2):124-145.
    Levi, setting out to formalize Peirce's and Dewey's *belief-doubt-belief*-model, took the lead in defining the field of philosophical logic that has become known as *belief change*. First, Levi's theory of knowledge is placed within the context of American pragmatism. A discussion follows of Levi's criteria under which a change of belief must be judged an improvement. In the final section, a critical evaluation of Levi's logical epistemology opens new venues for logical and epistemological inquiry.
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  41.  36
    Het logische behaviorisme van Rudolf Carnap.Allard Tamminga - 2003 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 65 (3):541 - 565.
    In the 1930s, several members of the Vienna Circle set out to incorporate psychology in the unity of science, by showing that all cognitively significant sentences of psychology can be translated into the language of physics. This epistemological analysis of psychology has become known as logical behaviourism. Carnap was the first logical empiricist to expound this programme in considerable detail. Relying on his particular notion of protocol languages, Carnap develops a view on the philosophy of psychology that not only is (...)
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  42.  36
    In de ban van de metafysica: de identiteitstheorieën van Place, Smart en Armstrong.Allard Tamminga - 2009 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 71 (3):553-575.
    We investigate the genesis of metaphysical physicalism and its influence on the development of Place's, Smart's, and Armstrong's ideas on the relation between the mental and the physical. We first reconstruct the considerations that led Armstrong and Smart to a 'scientific' world view. We call 'metaphysical physicalism' the comprehensive theory on reality, truth, and meaning which ensued from this world view. Against the background of this metaphysical physicalism we study Armstrong's and Smart's analyses of secondary properties and the genesis of (...)
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  43.  56
    Empathy as a Special Case of Emotional Mediation of Social Behavior.Filippo Aureli & Colleen M. Schaffner - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):23-24.
    Empathy can be viewed as an intervening variable to explain complex webs of causation between multiple factors and the resulting responses. The mediating role of emotion, implicit in the concept of an intervening variable, can be at the basis of the flexibility of empathic responses. Knowledge of the underlying neurophysiological mechanisms is needed for empathy to be considered as a biologically functional intervening variable.
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  44.  57
    Introspection and Change in Carnap’s Logical Behaviourism.Allard Tamminga - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 36 (4):650-667.
    In the 1930s, Carnap set out to incorporate psychology into the unity of science, by showing that all cognitively meaningful sentences of psychology can be translated into the language of physics. I will argue that Carnap, relying on his notion of protocol languages, defends a physicalistic philosophy of psychology that shows due appreciation to 'introspection' as a strictly subjective, but reliable way to verify sentences about one’s own mind. Second, I will point out that Carnap’s philosophy of psychology not only (...)
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  45. A Natural Deduction System for First Degree Entailment.Allard M. Tamminga & Koji Tanaka - 1999 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 40 (2):258-272.
    This paper is concerned with a natural deduction system for First Degree Entailment (FDE). First, we exhibit a brief history of FDE and of combined systems whose underlying idea is used in developing the natural deduction system. Then, after presenting the language and a semantics of FDE, we develop a natural deduction system for FDE. We then prove soundness and completeness of the system with respect to the semantics. The system neatly represents the four-valued semantics for FDE.
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  46.  57
    What's in a Name for Memory Errors? Implications and Ethical Issues Arising From the Use of the Term "False Memory" for Errors in Memory for Details.Anne P. DePrince, Carolyn B. Allard, Hannah Oh & Jennifer J. Freyd - 2004 - Ethics and Behavior 14 (3):201 – 233.
    The term "false memories" has been used to refer to suggestibility experiments in which whole events are apparently confabulated and in media accounts of contested memories of childhood abuse. Since 1992 psychologists have increasingly used the term "false memory" when discussing memory errors for details, such as specific words within word lists. Use of the term to refer to errors in details is a shift in language away from other terms used historically (e.g., "memory intrusions"). We empirically examine this shift (...)
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  47.  25
    Why so Complex? Emotional Mediation of Revenge, Forgiveness, and Reconciliation.Filippo Aureli & Colleen M. Schaffner - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (1):15-16.
  48.  22
    Waarheid als limiet van onderzoek: de ontoereikendheid van Charles Sanders Peirce' waarheidsopvatting.Allard Tamminga - 2001 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 93 (2):73-92.
    In order to come to grips with Peirce's definition of truth as the ideal limit of inquiry, I give a succinct exposition of Peirce's theory of inquiry and his philosophical logic, paying attention to several types of reasoning and their interrelations. Subsequently, the arguments of a contemporary apologist of Peirce's notion of truth, C.J. Misak, are subjected to a scrutiny and found to be insufficient, as the principle of bivalence is defended improperly and, as a Peircean definition of truth, turns (...)
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  49.  20
    Lien social et religion positiviste chez les penseurs de la Troisième République.Laurent Fedi - 2003 - Revue des Sciences Philosophiques Et Théologiques 1:127-151.
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  50.  3
    Forced Social Isolation and Mental Health: A Study on 1,006 Italians Under COVID-19 Lockdown.Luca Pancani, Marco Marinucci, Nicolas Aureli & Paolo Riva - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Most countries have been struggling with the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic imposing social isolation on their citizens. However, this measure carried risks for people's mental health. This study evaluated the psychological repercussions of objective isolation in 1,006 Italians during the first, especially strict, lockdown in spring 2020. Although varying for the regional spread-rate of the contagion, results showed that the longer the isolation and the less adequate the physical space where people were isolated, the worse the mental health. Offline (...)
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