Results for 'Asya Al-Riyami'

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  1.  53
    The adequacy of informed consent forms in genetic research in Oman: A pilot study.Asya Al-Riyami, Deepali Jaju, Sanjay Jaju & Henry J. Silverman - 2011 - Developing World Bioethics 11 (2):57-62.
    Genetic research presents ethical challenges to the achievement of valid informed consent, especially in developing countries with areas of low literacy. During the last several years, a number of genetic research proposals involving Omani nationals were submitted to the Department of Research and Studies, Ministry of Health, Oman.The objective of this paper is to report on the results of an internal quality assurance initiative to determine the extent of the information being provided in genetic research informed consent forms. In order (...)
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  2.  11
    al-Naqd al-iʼtimānī lil-anmūdhaj al-dahrānī fī falsafat Ṭaha ʻAbd al-Raḥman.Asyā ʻAqūnī - 2017 - ʻAmmān: Dār al-Ayyām lil-Nashr wa-al-Tawzīʻ.
    Globalization; ethics and religion; ʻAbd al-Raḥmān, Ṭāhā; philosophy.
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  3.  12
    The Indo-European Controversy: Facts and Fallacies in Historical Linguistics.Asya Pereltsvaig & Martin W. Lewis - 2015 - Cambridge University Press.
    Over the past decade, a group of prolific and innovative evolutionary biologists has sought to reinvent historical linguistics through the use of phylogenetic and phylogeographical analysis, treating cognates like genes and conceptualizing the spread of languages in terms of the diffusion of viruses. Using these techniques, researchers claim to have located the origin of the Indo-European language family in Neolithic Anatolia, challenging the near-consensus view that it emerged in the grasslands north of the Black Sea thousands of years later. But (...)
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  4.  14
    Learning about others: Modeling social inference through ambiguity resolution.Asya Achimova, Gregory Scontras, Christian Stegemann-Philipps, Johannes Lohmann & Martin V. Butz - 2022 - Cognition 218 (C):104862.
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  5. Finean Feminist Metaphysics.Asya Passinsky - 2021 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 64 (9):937-954.
    Feminist metaphysicians have recently argued that many of the most influential contemporary meta-metaphysical frameworks are at odds with feminist metaphysics. In this paper I argue that the Finean framework of grounding, essence, and reality evades the main challenges that have been raised for alternative frameworks. The upshot of my discussion is that the Finean framework is an apt one for feminist metaphysics.
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  6. Should Bitcoin Be Classified as Money?Asya Passinsky - 2020 - Journal of Social Ontology 6 (2):281-292.
    The advent of virtual currencies such as bitcoin raises a pressing question for lawmakers, regulators, and judges: should bitcoin and other virtual currencies be classified as money or currency for legal and regulatory purposes? I examine two different approaches to answering this question—a descriptive approach and a normative approach. The descriptive approach says that bitcoin and other virtual currencies should be classified as money or currency just in case they really are money or currency, whereas the normative approach says that (...)
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  7.  18
    Artifacts, Artworks, and Social Objects.Asya Passinsky - 2024 - In Kathrin Koslicki & Michael J. Raven (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Essence in Philosophy. Routledge.
    Artifacts include practical items such as tables, chairs, and screwdrivers, as well as artworks such as paintings, sculptures, and musical works. Social objects include social and institutional things such as dollars, borders, states, corporations, and universities. Although we are all familiar with such entities, it is far from clear what their nature or essence consists in and whether they even have a real nature or essence. The aim of this chapter is to survey and critically examine various positions on these (...)
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  8.  15
    Cryptocurrency: Commodity or Credit?Asya Passinsky - 2024 - In Joakim Sandberg & Lisa Warenski (eds.), The Philosophy of Money and Finance. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
    To this day, many theorists regard the commodity theory and the credit theory as the two main rival accounts of the nature of money. Yet cryptocurrency has revolutionized the institution of money in ways that most commodity and credit theorists could hardly have anticipated. Given that cryptocurrency is a new form of money, the question arises whether the commodity and credit theories can adequately account for it. I argue that they cannot. I first offer an interpretation of the commodity and (...)
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  9. Norm and Object: A Normative Hylomorphic Theory of Social Objects.Asya Passinsky - 2021 - Philosophers' Imprint 21 (25):1-21.
    This paper is an investigation into the metaphysics of social objects such as political borders, states, and organizations. I articulate a metaphysical puzzle concerning such objects and then propose a novel account of social objects that provides a solution to the puzzle. The basic idea behind the puzzle is that under appropriate circumstances, seemingly concrete social objects can apparently be created by acts of agreement, decree, declaration, or the like. Yet there is reason to believe that no concrete object can (...)
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  10. Social Objects, Response-Dependence, and Realism.Asya Passinsky - 2020 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 6 (4):431-443.
    There is a widespread sentiment that social objects such as nation-states, borders, and pieces of money are just figments of our collective imagination and not really ‘out there’ in the world. Call this the ‘antirealist intuition’. Eliminativist, reductive materialist, and immaterialist views of social objects can all make sense of the antirealist intuition, in one way or another. But these views face serious difficulties. A promising alternative view is nonreductive materialism. Yet it is unclear whether and how nonreductive materialists can (...)
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  11.  15
    Event‐Predictive Cognition: A Root for Conceptual Human Thought.Martin V. Butz, Asya Achimova, David Bilkey & Alistair Knott - 2021 - Topics in Cognitive Science 13 (1):10-24.
    Butz, Achimova, Bilkey, and Knott provide a topic overview and discuss whether the special issue contributions may imply that event‐predictive abilities constitute a root for conceptual human thought, because they enable complex, mutually beneficial, but also intricately competitive, social interactions and language communication.
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  12.  8
    Vicious Minds.Asya A. Filatova - 2021 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 58 (4):127-141.
    Virtue Epistemology (VE) offers a specific approach to the problem of knowledge. The condition for the possibility of knowledge is the presence of certain intellectual abilities or traits in the subject – epistemic virtues. The task of VE is to compile a list of epis - temic virtues, the development and cultivation of which should lead individuals to epistemic success with a high degree of probability. The vice epistemology arises as a branch of VE, which focuses not on virtues, but (...)
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  13.  42
    Social Entities.Asya Passinsky - 2020 - In Michael J. Raven (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Metaphysical Grounding. New York: Routledge. pp. 510-520.
    In recent years there has been an increased interest in applying the tools and methods of analytic metaphysics to the study of social phenomena. This essay examines how one such tool—the notion of metaphysical ground—may be used to elucidate some central notions, debates, and positions in the philosophy of race and gender, social ontology, and the philosophy of social science. Three main applications are examined: how the notion of social construction may be analyzed in ground-theoretic terms (§1); how debates over (...)
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  14.  20
    Event‐Predictive Cognition: A Root for Conceptual Human Thought.Martin V. Butz, Asya Achimova, David Bilkey & Alistair Knott - 2021 - Topics in Cognitive Science 13 (1):10-24.
    Butz, Achimova, Bilkey, and Knott provide a topic overview and discuss whether the special issue contributions may imply that event‐predictive abilities constitute a root for conceptual human thought, because they enable complex, mutually beneficial, but also intricately competitive, social interactions and language communication.
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  15. Ḥiwār al-falsafah wa-al-ʻilm wa-al-akhlāq fī maṭāliʻ al-alfīyah al-thālithah.ʻAbd al-Razzāq Duwāy - 2004 - al-Dār al-Bayḍāʼ: Sharikat al-Nashr wa-al-Tawzīʻ al-Madāris.
     
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  16.  4
    Muḥammad ʻAzīz al-Ḥabbābī.ʻAbd al-Razzāq Duwāy (ed.) - 2015 - al-Dawḥah: al-Markaz al-ʻArabī lil-Abḥāt wa-Dirāsat al-Siyāsāt.
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  17. Glued to the Image: A Critical Phenomenology of Racialization through Works of Art.Alia Al-Saji - 2019 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 77 (4):475-488.
    I develop a phenomenological account of racialized encounters with works of art and film, wherein the racialized viewer feels cast as perpetually past, coming “too late” to intervene in the meaning of her own representation. This points to the distinctive role that the colonial past plays in mediating and constructing our self-images. I draw on my experience of three exhibitions that take Muslims and/or Arabs as their subject matter and that ostensibly try to interrupt or subvert racialization while reproducing some (...)
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  18.  80
    Daniel Z. Korman, Objects: Nothing Out of the Ordinary[REVIEW]Asya Passinsky - 2019 - Philosophical Review 128 (2):241-245.
    This is a review of Korman's book. I focus on the argument from counterexamples in favor of conservatism, the debunking response to this argument, and the arbitrariness arguments against conservatism.
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  19. The ambiguity aversion literature: A critical assessment.Nabil I. Al-Najjar - 2009 - Economics and Philosophy 25 (3):249-284.
    We provide a critical assessment of the ambiguity aversion literature, which we characterize in terms of the view that Ellsberg choices are rational responses to ambiguity, to be explained by relaxing Savage's Sure-Thing principle and adding an ambiguity-aversion postulate. First, admitting Ellsberg choices as rational leads to behaviour, such as sensitivity to irrelevant sunk cost, or aversion to information, which most economists would consider absurd or irrational. Second, we argue that the mathematical objects referred to as “beliefs” in the ambiguity (...)
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  20.  20
    A Debilitating Colonial Duration: Reconfiguring Fanon.Alia Al-Saji - 2023 - Research in Phenomenology 53 (3):279-307.
    I argue that the temporality of colonialism is a disabling duration. To elaborate, I focus on a site in Frantz Fanon’s Black Skin, White Masks where disability/debility and racism intertwine – Fanon’s refusal of “amputation” in his experience of cinema. While such disability metaphors have been problematized as ableist, I argue that amputation is more than a metaphor of lack. It extends what racializing debilitation means and makes tangible the prosthetics that colonialism imposes and the phantoms and affects of colonized (...)
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  21. Makārim al-akhlāq.Ibn Abī al-Dunyā & ʻAbd Allāh ibn Muḥammad - 1989 - Bayrūt, Lubnān: Dār al-Kutub al-ʻIlmīyah. Edited by Muḥammad ʻAbd al-Qādir ʻAtā, Aḥmad Shamsuddin & Sulaymān ibn Aḥmad Ṭabarānī.
     
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  22.  27
    A model for scoring and grading willingness of a potential living related donor.A. A. Al-Khader - 2005 - Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (6):338-340.
    There are few examples in the literature of objective measures for the assessment of donor willingness. The author describes the scoring system in use at his own renal transplant unit which has brought objectivity to the process of determining the willingness of living related donors. In this system, a total score to determine the degree of willingness or unwillingness is calculated based on responses to a series of questions. The author believes that with minor modifications this system could be implemented (...)
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  23.  5
    Falsafat al-mashrūʻ al-ḥaḍārī: bayna al-iḥyāʼ al-Islāmī wa-al-taḥdīth al-Gharbī.ʻAbd al-Rāziq & Aḥmad Muḥammad Jād - 1995 - Hīrindun, Fīrjīniyā, al-Wilāyāt al-Muttaḥidah al-Amrīkīyah: al-Maʻhad al-ʻĀlamī lil-Fikr al-Islāmī.
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  24.  18
    Racial Capitalism and the Dialectics of Development: Exposing the Limits and Lies of International Economic Law.Mohsen al Attar & Claire Smith - 2022 - Law and Critique 35 (1):149-171.
    International economic law is peculiar. It claims universal character, yet eschews engagement with many, if not all, the racialised features of the global political economy. Its scholars mostly ignore imperialism, colonialism, and capitalism; they exclude slavery, predation, and racism altogether. In the following article, we draw upon Walter Rodney’s dialectics of development to offer a racial capitalist critique of international economic law. The disciplinary boundaries and operative logic normalised by its denizens corral us in a white, Eurocentric episteme. Ahistoricism, decontextualisation, (...)
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  25. Risālat al-ʻaql.li-Yaʻqūb al-Kindī - 1985 - In Averroës (ed.), Talkhīṣ Kitāb al-nafs. Madrīd: al-Majlis al-Aʻlá lil-Buḥūth al-ʻIlmīyah, Maʻhad Mighayl Asīn, al-Maʻhad al-Isbānī al-ʻArabī lil-Thaqāfah.
     
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  26. Risālat al-ittiṣāl.li-Ibn al-Ṣāyigh - 1985 - In Averroës (ed.), Talkhīṣ Kitāb al-nafs. Madrīd: al-Majlis al-Aʻlá lil-Buḥūth al-ʻIlmīyah, Maʻhad Mighayl Asīn, al-Maʻhad al-Isbānī al-ʻArabī lil-Thaqāfah.
     
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  27.  15
    Kit'b Al-MaṭarKitab Al-Matar.Abu Aus Al-Ansari - 1896 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 16:282.
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  28. On Some NeutroHyperstructures.Madeleine Al-Tahan, Bijan Davvaz, Florentin Smarandache & Osman Anis - 2021 - Symmetry 13 (4):1-12.
    Neutrosophy, the study of neutralities, is a new branch of Philosophy that has applications in many different fields of science. Inspired by the idea of Neutrosophy, Smarandache introduced NeutroAlgebraicStructures (or NeutroAlgebras) by allowing the partiality and indeterminacy to be included in the structures’ operations and/or axioms.
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  29.  69
    The Degree of Administrative Transparency in the Palestinian HEI.Mazen J. Al-Shobaki, Samy S. Abu-Naser & Tarek M. Ammar - 2017 - International Journal of Engineering and Information Systems (IJEAIS) 1 (2):35-52.
    Abstract - The aim of the study is to identify the degree of administrative transparency in the Palestinian higher educational institutions in the Gaza Strip. In the study, the researchers adopted a descriptive and analytical method. The research population consisted of administrative staff, whether academic or administrative, except for those in senior management or the university council. The study population reached 392 employees. A random sample was selected (197). The number of questionnaires recovered was (160) with a recovery rate of (...)
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  30.  3
    Felsefenin neresindeyiz.Aziz Çalışlar - 1989 - [Istanbul, Turkey]: Cem Yayınevi.
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  31.  3
    Touching the wounds of colonial duration: Fanon's anticolonial critical phenomenology.Alia Al-Saji - 2024 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 62 (1):2-23.
    I counter a tendency in critical phenomenology to read Frantz Fanon as derivative upon, indeed reducible to, other (European) phenomenologies, eliding the originality and contemporaneity of his method. I propose it is time to read phenomenology through Fanon, instead of centering analysis on his assumed debt to Maurice Merleau‐Ponty's body schema. Fanon reconfigures and ungrounds phenomenology in Peau noire, masques blancs (Black Skin, White Masks). I show how he creates his own method through an anticolonial phenomenology of touch and affect (...)
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  32.  9
    Top-down versus bottom-up processes in the formation of positive and negative retrospective affect.Yoav Ganzach, Ben Bulmash & Asya Pazy - 2023 - Cognition and Emotion 37 (1):86-97.
    On the basis of two large scale diary studies (n = 2022, n = 762) We study differences in the effects of dispositions and situations in the formation of positive and negative retrospective affect (retrospective-PA and retrospective-NA, respectively), the affect associated with extended (e.g. daily) experiences, as opposed to very short (episodic) experiences. We suggest that the differences between retrospective-PA and retrospective-NA is due to the fact that positive retrospective evaluation (i.e. the evaluation of positive retrospective affect) involves primarily top-down (...)
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  33.  6
    al-Wāqiʻīyah al-siyāsīyah ʻinda Mākyāfillī.al-Ḥabīb ʻIzz al-Dīn - 2016 - Tūnis: al-Dār al-Tūnisīyah lil-Kitāb.
    Machiavelli, Niccolò, 1469-1527; political views; political science; international relations; philosophy.
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  34. Gîndirea Revolutionara Din Rom'nia Despre Religie. --.C. Al & L. P. - 1983 - Editura Politica.
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  35.  10
    ‘Drawing aside the curtain’: natural childbirth on screen in 1950s Britain.Salim Al-Gailani - 2017 - British Journal for the History of Science 50 (3):473-493.
    This article recovers the importance of film, and its relations to other media, in communicating the philosophies and methods of ‘natural childbirth’ in the post-war period. It focuses on an educational film made in South Africa around 1950 by controversial British physician Grantly Dick-Read, who had achieved international fame with bestselling books arguing that relaxation and education, not drugs, were the keys to freeing women from pain in childbirth. But he soon came to regard the ‘vivid’ medium of film as (...)
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  36.  47
    Magic, science and masculinity: marketing toy chemistry sets.Salim Al-Gailani - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 40 (4):372-381.
    At least since the late nineteenth century, toy chemistry sets have featured in standard scripts of the achievement of eminence in science, and they remain important in constructions of scientific identity. Using a selection of these toys manufactured in Britain and the United States, and with particular reference to the two dominant American brands, Gilbert and Chemcraft, this paper suggests that early twentieth-century chemistry sets were rooted in overlapping Victorian traditions of entertainment magic and scientific recreations. As chemistry set marketing (...)
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  37.  15
    Glued to the Image: A Critical Phenomenology of Radicalization through Works of Art.Alia Al-Saji - 2019 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 77 (4):475-488.
    I develop a phenomenological account of racialized encounters with works of art and film, wherein the racialized viewer feels cast as perpetually past, coming “too late” to intervene in the meaning of her own representation. This points to the distinctive role that the colonial past plays in mediating and constructing our self‐images. I draw on my experience of three exhibitions that take Muslims and/or Arabs as their subject matter and that ostensibly try to interrupt or subvert racialization while reproducing some (...)
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  38.  4
    Reconstructing Subjects: A Philosophical Critique of Psychotherapy.Hakam H. Al-Shawi (ed.) - 2011 - New York: BRILL.
    This work is about the deceptive nature of psychotherapy. In particular, it is about those therapies that claim to provide the client with insight and self-knowledge when in practice they are a means of social control absorbing clients into socially acceptable norms. Through a philosophical analysis of key concepts such as knowledge, insight, and subjectivity, and through an examination of mechanisms intrinsic to psychotherapeutic practice, such as power, interpretation, and suggestion, this monograph unveils how psychotherapy deludes clients into believing they (...)
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  39.  10
    al-Imām Ḥumaydān ibn Ḥumaydān wa-ārāʼuhu al-kalāmīyah wa-al-falsafīyah.ʻAbd al-Raḥmān & al-Sayyid Muḥammad - 2003 - al-Iskandarīyah: Dār al-Wafāʼ li-Dunyā al-Ṭibāʻah wa-al-Nashr.
    ʻAyyānī, Yaḥyá ibn Ḥumaydān, ca. 12th century; Muslim scholars; Yemen; views on Islamic philosophy.
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  40.  6
    Ibn Khaldūn et ses lecteurs.Aḥmad ʻAbd al-Salām - 1983 - Paris: Presses universitaires de France.
  41. Premises that Are Not Certain and Are Unusable in Demonstrations.Al-Ghazali Al-Ghazali - 1969 - Philosophical Forum 1 (3):399-403.
     
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  42.  71
    Rejoinder: The “ambiguity aversion literature: A critical assessment”.Nabil I. Al-Najjar - 2009 - Economics and Philosophy 25 (3):357-369.
    The pioneering contributions of Bewley, Gilboa and Schmeidler highlighted important weaknesses in the foundations of economics and game theory. The Bayesian methodology on which these fields are based does not answer such basic questions as what makes beliefs reasonable, or how agents should form beliefs and expectations. Providing the initial impetus for debating these issues is a contribution that will have the lasting value it deserves.
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  43. v. 4. Escritos sociales. Escritos políticos.edición crítica Y. Notas por Rafael González Cañal & Hipólito B. Riesco Álvarez - 1983 - In Rolando Chuaqui (ed.), Review: Kurt Godel, Jesus Mosterin, Obras Completas. Association for Symbolic Logic.
  44. The racialization of Muslim veils: A philosophical analysis.Alia Al-Saji - 2010 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 36 (8):875-902.
    This article goes behind stereotypes of Muslim veiling to ask after the representational structure underlying these images. I examine the public debate leading to the 2004 French law banning conspicuous religious signs in schools and French colonial attitudes to veiling in Algeria, in conjunction with discourses on the veil that have arisen in other western contexts. My argument is that western perceptions and representations of veiled Muslim women are not simply about Muslim women themselves. Rather than representing Muslim women, these (...)
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  45.  4
    Problems and prospects for the development of strategic management of regions in the Russian Federation.Viktoriya Alekseyevna Vasyukova, Artur Samvelovich Karibdzhanyan & Asya Chagbanovna Ionova - 2021 - Kant 39 (2):30-35.
    The purpose of the study is to reveal the main determinants for improving quantitative criteria in the future of improving the strategic management of a regional territory, based on the developed mechanism of a structured approach in a strategic plan for each participant in the construction of territorial indicators. The work highlights the problems of strategic management in a regional context, special attention is paid to research in the field of evaluation criteria in strategic planning. In particular, the problems of (...)
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  46.  89
    An eighth century arabic treatise on the colouring of glass: Kitāb al-durra al-maknūna of jābir Ibn ḥayyān : Ahmad Y. al-Hassan.Ahmad Y. Al-Hassan - 2009 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 19 (1):121-156.
    This paper examines the history of glass colouring. It reviews Kitāb al-Durra al-maknūna of Jābir ibn Ḥayyān, which deals with the subject. The manuscript of this practical treatise was discovered recently. Part one of the paper deals with Jābir as a philosopher and chemist. The art of lustre-painting on glass originated in Syria during the Umayyad Caliphate in the eighth century and was soon practised in the neighbouring area. The paper reviews Arabic literature that deals with the colouring of glass (...)
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  47.  21
    Determining and explaining the components of the justice-oriented Islamic community based on the teachings of Nahj al-Balaghah.Sulieman Ibraheem Shelash Al-Hawary, Hamid Mukhlis, Ola Abdallah Mahdi, Susilo Surahman, Samar Adnan, Mohammed Abdulkreem Salim & A. Heri Iswanto - 2022 - HTS Theological Studies 78 (4):6.
    As emphasised in Islamic sources, justice is one of the most important issues covered in the religion of Islam. In fact, justice is a central theme in Islam and has a special value in this regard. Conversation about justice and its nature, as well as its realisation in human communities, has been thus far a necessity in human life. Actually, the establishment and implementation of justice in all areas are crucial for the utopia. Given the importance of this subject, the (...)
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  48.  17
    Do ethical leaders enhance employee ethical behaviors?: Organizational justice and ethical climate as dual mediators and leader moral attentiveness as a moderator--Evidence from Iraq's emerging market.Hussam Al Halbusi, Thomas Li-Ping Tang, Kent A. Williams & T. Ramayah - 2022 - Asian Journal of Business Ethics 11 (1):105-135.
    Corruption devours profits, people, and the planet. Ethical leaders promote ethical behaviors. We develop a first-stage moderated mediation theoretical model, explore the intricate relationships between ethical leadership and employee ethical behaviors, and treat ethical climate and organizational justice as dual mediators and leaders’ moral attentiveness as a moderator. We investigate leadership from two perspectives—leaders’ self-evaluation of moral attentiveness and members’ perceptions of ethical leadership. We theorize: These dual mediation mechanisms are more robust for high moral leaders than low moral leaders. (...)
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  49.  48
    A methodology for designing systems to reason with legal cases using Abstract Dialectical Frameworks.Latifa Al-Abdulkarim, Katie Atkinson & Trevor Bench-Capon - 2016 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 24 (1):1-49.
    This paper presents a methodology to design and implement programs intended to decide cases, described as sets of factors, according to a theory of a particular domain based on a set of precedent cases relating to that domain. We useDialectical Frameworks, a recent development in AI knowledge representation, as the central feature of our design method. ADFs will play a role akin to that played by Entity–Relationship models in the design of database systems. First, we explain how the factor hierarchy (...)
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  50. The Decoherent Arrow of Time and the Entanglement Past Hypothesis.Jim Al-Khalili & Eddy Keming Chen - manuscript
    If an asymmetry in time does not arise from the fundamental dynamical laws of physics, it may be found in special boundary conditions. The argument normally goes that since thermodynamic entropy in the past is lower than in the future according to the Second Law of Thermodynamics, then tracing this back to the time around the Big Bang means the universe must have started off in a state of very low thermodynamic entropy: the Thermodynamic Past Hypothesis. In this paper, we (...)
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