Results for 'Artificial intelligence'

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  1. Part II. A walk around the emerging new world. Russia in an emerging world / excerpt: from "Russia and the solecism of power" by David Holloway ; China in an emerging world.Constraints Excerpt: From "China'S. Demographic Prospects Toopportunities, Excerpt: From "China'S. Rise in Artificial Intelligence: Ingredientsand Economic Implications" by Kai-Fu Lee, Matt Sheehan, Latin America in an Emerging Worldsidebar: Governance Lessons From the Emerging New World: India, Excerpt: From "Latin America: Opportunities, Challenges for the Governance of A. Fragile Continent" by Ernesto Silva, Excerpt: From "Digital Transformation in Central America: Marginalization or Empowerment?" by Richard Aitkenhead, Benjamin Sywulka, the Middle East in an Emerging World Excerpt: From "the Islamic Republic of Iran in an Age of Global Transitions: Challenges for A. Theocratic Iran" by Abbas Milani, Roya Pakzad, Europe in an Emerging World Sidebar: Governance Lessons From the Emerging New World: Japan, Excerpt: From "Europe in the Global Race for Technological Leadership" by Jens Suedekum & Africa in an Emerging World Sidebar: Governance Lessons From the Emerging New Wo Bangladesh - 2020 - In George P. Shultz (ed.), A hinge of history: governance in an emerging new world. Stanford, California: Hoover Institution Press, Stanford University.
     
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  2.  31
    Decision Theory and Artificial Intelligence II: The Hungry Monkey.Jerome A. Feldman & Robert F. Sproull - 1977 - Cognitive Science 1 (2):158-192.
    First paper introducing probabilisitic decision theory methods to AI problem solving.
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  3.  60
    The "Artificial Life" Route to "Artificial Intelligence": Building Situated Embodied Agents.Luc Steels & Rodney Brooks (eds.) - 1995 - Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
    This volume is the direct result of a conference in which a number of leading researchers from the fields of artificial intelligence and biology gathered to ...
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  4.  31
    Gunderson and Searle: A common error about artificial intelligence.Glenn C. Joy - 1989 - Southwest Philosophical Studies 28:28-34.
  5. The Future Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Humans and Human Rights.Steven Livingston & Mathias Risse - 2019 - Ethics and International Affairs 33 (2):141-158.
  6.  19
    The influential role of artificial intelligence (AI) adoption in digital value creation for small and medium enterprises (SMEs): does technological orientation mediate this relationship?Muhammad Farhan Jalil, Patrick Lynch, Dayang Affizzah Binti Awang Marikan & Abu Hassan Bin Md Isa - forthcoming - AI and Society.
  7.  15
    Towards a reintegration of artificial intelligence research.John F. Sowa - 1991 - In P. A. Flach (ed.), Future Directions in Artificial Intelligence. New York: Elsevier Science.
  8.  21
    The age of the algorithmic society a Girardian analysis of mimesis, rivalry, and identity in the age of artificial intelligence.Lucas Freund - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-10.
    This paper explores the intersection of René Girard's mimetic theory and the algorithmic society, particularly in the context of the potential advent of Artificial General Intelligence (AGI). Girard's theory, which elucidates the dynamics of desire, rivalry, scapegoating, and the sacrificial crisis, provides a unique lens through which to examine the complexities of our relationship with AI and its role in the creation of the sacred. As individuals increasingly rely on AI recommendations, the distinction between personal choice and algorithmic (...)
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  9.  15
    Hard choices in artificial intelligence.Roel Dobbe, Thomas Krendl Gilbert & Yonatan Mintz - 2021 - Artificial Intelligence 300 (C):103555.
  10.  39
    Misplaced Trust and Distrust: How Not to Engage with Medical Artificial Intelligence.Georg Starke & Marcello Ienca - forthcoming - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics:1-10.
    Artificial intelligence (AI) plays a rapidly increasing role in clinical care. Many of these systems, for instance, deep learning-based applications using multilayered Artificial Neural Nets, exhibit epistemic opacity in the sense that they preclude comprehensive human understanding. In consequence, voices from industry, policymakers, and research have suggested trust as an attitude for engaging with clinical AI systems. Yet, in the philosophical and ethical literature on medical AI, the notion of trust remains fiercely debated. Trust skeptics hold that (...)
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  11.  15
    A New Argument for No-Fault Compensation in Health Care: The Introduction of Artificial Intelligence Systems.Søren Holm, Catherine Stanton & Benjamin Bartlett - 2021 - Health Care Analysis 29 (3):171-188.
    Artificial intelligence systems advising healthcare professionals will be widely introduced into healthcare settings within the next 5–10 years. This paper considers how this will sit with tort/negligence based legal approaches to compensation for medical error. It argues that the introduction of AI systems will provide an additional argument pointing towards no-fault compensation as the better legal solution to compensation for medical error in modern health care systems. The paper falls into four parts. The first part rehearses the main (...)
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  12. From posthumanism to ethics of artificial intelligence.Rajakishore Nath & Riya Manna - 2021 - AI and Society:1-12.
    Posthumanism is one of the well-known and significant concepts in the present day. It impacted numerous contemporary fields like philosophy, literary theories, art, and culture for the last few decades. The movement has been concentrated around the technological development of present days due to industrial advancement in society and the current proliferated daily usage of technology. Posthumanism indicated a deconstruction of our radical conception of ‘human’, and it further shifts our societal value alignment system to a novel dimension. The majority (...)
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  13.  23
    The system of autono‑mobility: computer vision and urban complexity—reflections on artificial intelligence at urban scale.Fabio Iapaolo - 2023 - AI and Society 38 (3):1111-1122.
    Focused on city-scale automation, and using self-driving cars (SDCs) as a case study, this article reflects on the role of AI—and in particular, computer vision systems used for mapping and navigation—as a catalyst for urban transformation. Urban research commonly presents AI and cities as having a one-way cause-and-effect relationship, giving undue weight to AI’s impact on cities and overlooking the role of cities in shaping AI. Working at the intersection of data science and social research, this paper aims to counter (...)
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  14.  61
    Association of Internet Researchers (AoIR) Roundtable Summary: Artificial Intelligence and the Good Society Workshop Proceedings.Corinne Cath, Michael Zimmer, Stine Lomborg & Ben Zevenbergen - 2018 - Philosophy and Technology 31 (1):155-162.
    This article is based on a roundtable held at the Association of Internet Researchers annual conference in 2017, in Tartu, Estonia. The roundtable was organized by the Oxford Internet Institute’s Digital Ethics Lab. It was entitled “Artificial Intelligence and the Good Society”. It brought together four scholars—Michael Zimmer, Stine Lomborg, Ben Zevenbergen, and Corinne Cath—to discuss the promises and perils of artificial intelligence, in particular what ethical frameworks are needed to guide AI’s rapid development and increased (...)
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  15.  21
    A developmental pattern of artificial intelligence based on the blend of man and machine.Gong Yingfu - 1988 - AI and Society 2 (4):356-360.
  16.  2
    Erratum: How to Use Artificial Intelligence to Improve Entrepreneurial Attitude in Business Simulation Games: Implications From a Quasi-Experiment.Frontiers Production Office - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
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  17.  16
    The Analysis and Reexamination of Functionalism from the Perspective of Artificial Intelligence.Strahinja Đorđević & Goran Ružić - 2024 - Philosophia 52 (1):141-160.
    This paper examines the role of machine functionalism, as one of the most popular positions within the philosophy of mind, in the context of the development of artificial intelligence. Our analysis starts from the idea that machine functionalism is a theory that is largely consistent with the principles behind the strong AI thesis. However, we will see that there is a convincing counter-argument against such claims, and we will problematize this issue. Also, by testing ChatGPT, as the most (...)
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  18.  17
    A Historical Interaction between Artificial Intelligence and Philosophy.Youheng Zhang - forthcoming - Teorie Vědy / Theory of Science.
    This paper delves into AI development’s historical and philosophical dimensions while highlighting the symbiotic relationship between philosophy and AI from a technological perspective: philosophy furnishes foundational concepts, and AI supplies practical tools. The paper posits neurosymbolic AI as a solution to present challenges, sparking discussions encompassing both technical and philosophical considerations. Advocating a multidisciplinary approach calls for merging empirical AI insights with philosophy and cognition science to enrich our comprehension of intelligence and propel AI forward.
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  19.  47
    Acting, intending, and artificial intelligence.L. Hauser - 1994 - Behavior and Philosophy 22 (1):22-28.
    Hauser considers John Searle's attempt to distinguish acts from movements. On Searle's account, the difference between me raising my arm and my arm's just going up (e.g., if you forcibly raise it), is the causal involvement of my intention to raise my arm in the former, but not the latter, case. Yet, we distinguish a similar difference between a robot's raising its arm and its robot arm just going up (e.g., if you manually raise it). Either robots are rightly credited (...)
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  20.  18
    Imitation or Efficiency? Aesthetics of Artificial Intelligence.Zheng Chen & Yu He - 2020 - Foundations of Science 26 (3):475-486.
    Artificial intelligence is regarded in the context of the tasks that are delegated to it during the development of technical projects and the features of the implementation of tasks that must be performed in real time without the possibility of interruption. The relevance of the study is determined by the fact that artificial intelligence sees as its main task the formalisation of decision-making with little or no human involvement. The basis of the methodological search are biological (...)
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  21. Reasoning with conditionals in artificial intelligence.Bob Kowalski - 2010 - In Mike Oaksford & Nick Chater (eds.), Cognition and Conditionals: Probability and Logic in Human Thought. Oxford University Press.
  22.  5
    Two Questions Concerning Ontological Status of Artificial Intelligence. 고인석 - 2018 - Cheolhak-Korean Journal of Philosophy 136:161-183.
    이 논문은 인공지능의 존재론적 지위를 평가하기 위한 두 개의 물음을 던진다. 하나는 인공지능이 개념을 가질 수 있는가 하는 물음이고, 다른 하나는 인공지능이 행위의 능력을 가졌는가 하는 물음이다. 개념 능력은 인공지능이 통상적인 언어의 형태로 주어지는 명령이나 정보를 능동적으로 이해하고 그것의 작동에 반영할 수 있기 위한 필요조건이다. 최근 인공지능 기술은 영상자료에서 비지도 학습의 방식으로 특정 범주의 사물을 식별해내는 성과를 거뒀지만, 이런 식별의 능력은 개념 능력의 필요조건도 충분조건도 아니다. 인공지능이 우리와 같은 개념을 가지도록 하는 것은 인간 사회의 언어 관행을 고스란히 학습시키는 방식으로 가능할 (...)
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  23.  18
    Introduction: Understanding the Ethics of Artificial Intelligence for the Sustainable Development Goals.Francesca Mazzi & Luciano Floridi - 2023 - In Francesca Mazzi & Luciano Floridi (eds.), The Ethics of Artificial Intelligence for the Sustainable Development Goals. Springer Verlag. pp. 3-7.
    Artificial intelligence (AI) as a general-purpose technology has great potential for advancing the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). However, the AI×SDGs phenomenon is still in its infancy in terms of diffusion, analysis, and empirical evidence. Moreover, a scalable adoption of AI solutions to advance the achievement of the SDGs requires private and public actors to engage in coordinated actions that have been analysed only partially so far. This volume provides the first overview of the AI×SDGs phenomenon and (...)
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  24.  31
    Prediction Promises: Towards a Metaphorology of Artificial Intelligence.Leonie A. Möck - 2023 - Journal of Aesthetics and Phenomenology 9 (2):119-139.
    1. Artificial Intelligence is an ambiguous umbrella term. Until today there is no uniform definition of AI and the term carries several meanings. As exemplary, I will give two definitions of AI tha...
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  25.  16
    Pragmatism and purism in artificial intelligence and legal reasoning.Richard Susskind - 1989 - AI and Society 3 (1):28-38.
  26.  88
    The ethics of artificial intelligence: superintelligence, life 3.0 and robot rights.Kati Tusinski Berg - 2018 - Journal of Media Ethics 33 (3):151-153.
  27.  50
    Frankenstein's children: Artificial intelligence and human value.Dan Lloyd - 1985 - Metaphilosophy 16 (4):307-318.
  28.  34
    Natural intelligence and artificial intelligence: bridging the gap between neurons and neuro-imaging to understand intelligent behaviour.Stan Gielen - 2007 - In Wlodzislaw Duch & Jacek Mandziuk (eds.), Challenges for Computational Intelligence. Springer. pp. 145--161.
  29. Ethical problems of artificial-intelligence.P. Hajek - 1986 - Filosoficky Casopis 34 (3):467-471.
  30.  20
    Natural and artificial intelligence.Elmar Holenstein - 1983 - Kagaku Tetsugaku 16:63-84.
  31.  8
    Natural and artificial intelligence (conceptual approach) — materials of the Fourth International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence.Yefim Schukin - 1977 - Artificial Intelligence 8 (2):233-238.
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  32.  53
    Plato, Wittgenstein and Artificial Intelligence.Asher Seidel - 1991 - Metaphilosophy 22 (4):292-306.
  33.  10
    Predicting Patient Preferences with Artificial Intelligence: The Problem of the Data Source.Lukas J. Meier - 2024 - American Journal of Bioethics 24 (7):48-50.
    The concept of a Patient Preference Predictor—an algorithm that supplements or replaces the process of surrogate decision-making for incapacitated patients—was first suggested a decade ago (Rid and...
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  34.  13
    Do Men Have No Need for “Feminist” Artificial Intelligence? Agentic and Gendered Voice Assistants in the Light of Basic Psychological Needs.Laura Moradbakhti, Simon Schreibelmayr & Martina Mara - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Artificial Intelligence is supposed to perform tasks autonomously, make competent decisions, and interact socially with people. From a psychological perspective, AI can thus be expected to impact users’ three Basic Psychological Needs, namely autonomy, competence, and relatedness to others. While research highlights the fulfillment of these needs as central to human motivation and well-being, their role in the acceptance of AI applications has hitherto received little consideration. Addressing this research gap, our study examined the influence of BPN Satisfaction (...)
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  35. Present and foreseeable future of artificial intelligence.Luciano Floridi - 2015 - In Fiammetta Sabba (ed.), Noetica versus informatica: Le nuove strutture della comunicazione scientifica Atti del convegno internazionale (Roma 19-20 novembre 2013). pp. 131–136.
    We increasingly rely on AI-related applications (smart technologies) to perform tasks that would be simply impossible by un-aided or un-augmented human intelligence. This is possible because the world is becoming an infosphere increasingly well adapted to AI’s limited capacities. Being able to imagine what adaptive demands this process will place on humanity may help to devise technological solutions that can lower their anthropological costs.
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  36.  54
    Body, thought, being-human and artificial intelligence: Merleau-Ponty and Lyotard.Bert Olivier - 2002 - South African Journal of Philosophy 21 (1):45-62.
    This article focuses in a comparative manner on the thought of Merleau-Ponty and Lyotard with a view to lending sup port to Busch's claim, that 'existentialism' preceded poststructuralism and postmodernism as far as criticism of certain features of modern philosophy are concerned. Attention is first given to Lyotard's critique of artificial intelligence, especially in so far as it displays a dependence on and development of insights on the part of Merleau-Ponty's phenomenological-existential understanding of human embodiment and the specificity (...)
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  37.  6
    Machine learning: An artificial intelligence approach.Kurt VanLehn - 1985 - Artificial Intelligence 25 (2):233-236.
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  38.  5
    The Fourth Industrial Revolution: Its Impact on Artificial Intelligence and Medicine in Developing Countries.Thalia Arawi, Joseph El Bachour & Tala El Khansa - 2024 - Asian Bioethics Review 16 (3):513-526.
    Artificial intelligence (AI) is the ability of a digital computer or computer-controlled robot to perform tasks commonly associated with intelligent beings. Artificial intelligence can be both a blessing and a curse, and potentially a double-edged sword if not carefully wielded. While it holds massive potential benefits to humans—particularly in healthcare by assisting in treatment of diseases, surgeries, record keeping, and easing the lives of both patients and doctors, its misuse has potential for harm through impact of (...)
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  39. Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence 9405.Carlo Penco (ed.) - 2015
     
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  40. Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence.P. Brezillon & P. Bouquet (eds.) - 1999 - Springer.
  41.  22
    Abduction and Induction in Artificial Intelligence.Antonis Kakas & Peter Flach - 2009 - Journal of Applied Logic 7 (3):251.
  42.  2
    Changes in the Artificial intelligence journal.Daniel G. Bobrow - 1984 - Artificial Intelligence 22 (1):91-92.
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  43. The Devefopment of Contemporary Logic From the Perspective of Artificial Intelligence.Bo Chen - 2001 - Philosophy and Culture 28 (10):897-907.
    Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence will be the twenty-first century logic development of the main power source, and in the twenty-first century will largely determine the face of logic. At least in the early twenty-first century, logic will focus on the following topics: how to deal with common sense reasoning in the logic of Eph coordination, non-monotonic and fault tolerance factors? how to make robots with human intelligence and creativity, as established from the empirical evidence used to (...)
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  44.  5
    Logical foundations of artificial intelligence.John F. Sowa - 1989 - Artificial Intelligence 38 (1):125-131.
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  45.  7
    Research on reform and breakthrough of news, film, and television media based on artificial intelligence.Xiaojing Li - 2022 - Journal of Intelligent Systems 31 (1):992-1001.
    With the development of technology, news media and film and television media are spreading faster and faster, and at the same time, the spread of rumors is also accelerated. This article briefly describes the application of artificial intelligence in news media and film and television media using a back-propagation neural network algorithm to reform refutation of rumors in news media and film and television media, and compared it with K-means and support vector machine algorithms in simulation experiments. The (...)
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  46.  14
    Dennett and Artificial Intelligence: On the Same Side, and If So, Of What?Yorick Wilks - 2002 - In Andrew Brook & Don Ross (eds.), Daniel Dennett. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 249.
  47.  12
    Natural intelligence in a counterattack against artificial intelligence (a polemical response to “How to Create a Mind” by Ray Kurzweil).А. Н Фатенков - 2022 - Philosophy Journal 15 (3):172-183.
    By turning to geometric metaphors, the author defends the naturally based intelligence and – in the context of analysing Ray Kurzweil’s conception – criticises the artificial in­telligence. The focus is on the ability of man and machine to solve the so-called unsolv­able problems. This issue is discussed in conjunction with the issues of hierarchy, homo­geneity and heterogeneity, contradiction and analogy, meaning and information. Argu­ments are given to support the following ideas: 1) digital technologies do not overcome the fundamental (...)
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  48.  27
    Philosophical logic and artificial intelligence.Richmond Thomason - 1988 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 17 (4):321 - 327.
  49.  46
    Fundamental Issues in Artificial Intelligence.Yoav Yigael - 2011 - World Futures 67 (8):564 - 568.
  50. The Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence, « Oxford Readings in philosophy ».Margaret Boden - 1992 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 182 (1):94-95.
     
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