Excerpt from Schopenhauer, Hamlet, Mephistopheles: Drei Aufsatze zur Naturgeschichte des Pessimismus Barmhersigen Siebe, Die Die Seele Des Chriftentums ift, jener Siebe, Die Das Bofe wohl lennt, aber auf Das (ente blicft, Die auch noch in Der Derfommenheit Die menfchliche Seele fieht und fucht; und Dicier mangel an Siebe geht mit Dem mangel an olauben 3ufammen: Die menfchen taugen aus Dem orunde nichts; Darum, feine muhe mit ihnen verlieren! About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and (...) classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works. (shrink)
The encyclopaedia presents ArthurSchopenhauer's work and explains the basic concepts of his philosophy. It offers 200 entries by 76 authors from 18 countries. Beside an overview of works and central concepts, a history of Schopenhauer's influence is given. The Schopenhauer encyclopaedia can be read as a complete introduction or used as a reference work and compendium. ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ Das Lexikon stellt Arthur Schopenhauers Werk vor und erläutert die Grundbegriffe seiner Philosophie. Es bietet 200 Einträge von (...) 76 Autorinnen und Autoren aus 18 Ländern. Der Überblick über Werke und zentrale Begriffe wird durch eine Darstellung der Wirkungsgeschichte abgerundet. Das Schopenhauer-Lexikon kann als vollständige Einführung gelesen oder als Nachschlagewerk verwendet werden. (shrink)
As composer Richard Wagner noted, with Schopenhauer one may finally give voice to the secretly held belief that the world is bad. This blunt honesty was Schopenhauer's trademark. Perhaps no philosopher equaled him in relatinf metaphysical speculation to the seemingly random events of everyday life. This volume includes " On Thinking for Oneself," "On the Affirmation of the Will-to-Live," "On Suicide," "The World as Will: Second Aspect," "On the Fundamental View of Idealism," "On the Metaphysics of Music," "The (...) Foundation of Ethics," and other essential writings. (shrink)
SummaryScholars have tended to overlook the political import of the ideas of ArthurSchopenhauer. This is perhaps unsurprising, since Schopenhauer himself was not a political philosopher and wrote relatively little about political matters. But Schopenhauer's near-silence on political topics should warrant our attention: why would a systematic philosopher, who made lasting contributions in metaphysics, ethics, and aesthetics, devote so little attention to politics? Connecting his political thought with his philosophy of history, I argue that Schopenhauer (...) can best be regarded as a critic of the idea of progress, especially ‘progress’ conceived of as national development or the growth of the state. (shrink)
The purpose of the Cambridge Edition of the Works of Schopenhauer is to offer translations of the best modern German editions of Schopenhauer's work in a uniform format for Schopenhauer scholars, together with philosophical introductions and full editorial apparatus. The World as Will and Representation contains Schopenhauer's entire philosophy, ranging through epistemology, metaphysics, philosophy of mind and action, aesthetics and philosophy of art, to ethics, the meaning of life and the philosophy of religion. This second volume (...) was added to the work in 1844, and revised in 1859. Its chapters are officially 'supplements' to the first volume, but are indispensable for a proper appreciation of Schopenhauer's thought. Here we have his most mature reflections on many topics, including sex, death, conscious and unconscious desires, and the doctrines of salvation and liberation in Christian and Indian thought. Schopenhauer clarifies the nature of his metaphysics of the will, and synthesizes insights from a broad range of literary, scientific and scholarly sources. This new translation reflects the eloquence and power of Schopenhauer's prose, and renders philosophical terms accurately and consistently. It offers an introduction, glossary of names, bibliography, and succinct editorial notes. (shrink)
I cannot here withhold the statement that optimism, where it is not merely the thoughtless talk of those who harbor nothing but words under their shallow foreheads, seems to me to be not merely an absurd, but also a really wicked, way of thinking, a bitter mockery of the unspeakable sufferings of mankind.1I am now, and always shall be, in that very sense no optimist, but a maintainer of the sterner view that life is forever tragic. In so far as (...)Schopenhauer has sought to make this plain, I follow him unhesitatingly, and honor him for his mercilessness.2Josiah Royce’s lifelong battle with the pessimism of ArthurSchopenhauer supplies valuable insight into the development of one of the central concepts of his system... (shrink)
The question of naturalness in logic is widely discussed in today’s research literature. On the one hand, naturalness in the systems of natural deduction is intensively discussed on the basis of Aristotelian syllogistics. On the other hand, research on “natural logic” is concerned with the implicitly existing logical laws of natural language, and is therefore also interested in the naturalness of syllogistics. In both research areas, the question arises what naturalness exactly means, in logic as well as in language. We (...) show, however, that this question is not entirely new: In his Berlin Lectures of the 1820s, ArthurSchopenhauer already discussed in depths what is natural and unnatural in logic. In particular, he anticipates two criteria for the naturalness of deduction that meet current trends in research: (1) Naturalness is what corresponds to the actual practice of argumentation in everyday language or scientific proof; (2) Naturalness of deduction is particularly evident in the form of Euler-type diagrams. (shrink)
Neste artigo examinamos a concepção ﬁlosóﬁca do suicídio em Schopenhauer. Mostramos que a razão fundamental pela qual Schopenhauer rejeita o suicídio está intimamente ligada ao fundamento da sua metafísica. Explicamos suas diferenças face às rejeições tradicionais do suicídio, visto que Schopenhauer considera o suicídio um erro mas não um crime, e quais são os casos nos quais o suicídio pode ser aceito.