Results for 'Arthur C. Caplan'

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  1.  32
    Historical development and current status of organ procurement from death-row prisoners in China.Kirk C. Allison, Arthur Caplan, Michael E. Shapiro, Charl Els, Norbert W. Paul & Huige Li - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):1-7.
    BackgroundIn December 2014, China announced that only voluntarily donated organs from citizens would be used for transplantation after January 1, 2015. Many medical professionals worldwide believe that China has stopped using organs from death-row prisoners.DiscussionIn the present article, we briefly review the historical development of organ procurement from death-row prisoners in China and comprehensively analyze the social-political background and the legal basis of the announcement. The announcement was not accompanied by any change in organ sourcing legislations or regulations. As a (...)
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  2.  20
    Have species become declasse?Arthur C. Caplan - 1980 - Psa 1980:71-82.
    Traditionally, species have been treated as classes or kinds in philosophical discussions of systematics and evolutionary biology. Recently a number of biologists and philosophers have proposed a drastic revision of this traditional ontological categorization. They have argued that species ought be viewed as individuals rather than as classes or natural kinds. In this paper an attempt is made to show that (a) the reasons advanced in support of this new view of species are not persuasive, (b) a reasonable explication can (...)
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  3.  3
    The Ethics of Psychosocial Assessment in Vascularized Composite Allotransplantation: A Call for Transparency of Process to Support the Equitable Selection of Patients.Nomi C. Levy-Carrick, Arthur L. Caplan, Michelle W. McQuinn & Laura L. Kimberly - 2019 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 30 (4):318-330.
    As the field of vascularized composite allotransplantation (VCA) continues to evolve and technological approaches improve, VCA programs must focus on promoting greater consistency in psychosocial assessment across programs to support the equitable selection of patients. Based on a summary of published reports of VCA, we address the ethical considerations raised by the present heterogeneity of approaches to psychosocial assessment, including weighing risks and benefits, informed consent and the role of decisional capacity, and potential or perceived bias in the assessment process. (...)
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  4.  27
    Human rights violations in organ procurement practice in China.Norbert W. Paul, Arthur Caplan, Michael E. Shapiro, Charl Els, Kirk C. Allison & Huige Li - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):11.
    Over 90% of the organs transplanted in China before 2010 were procured from prisoners. Although Chinese officials announced in December 2014 that the country would completely cease using organs harvested from prisoners, no regulatory adjustments or changes in China’s organ donation laws followed. As a result, the use of prisoner organs remains legal in China if consent is obtained. We have collected and analysed available evidence on human rights violations in the organ procurement practice in China. We demonstrate that the (...)
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  5.  7
    Determination of Death in Execution by Lethal Injection in China.Norbert W. Paul, Arthur Caplan, Michael E. Shapiro, Charl Els, Kirk C. Allison & Huige Li - 2018 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 27 (3):459-466.
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  6.  7
    Have Species Become Déclassé?Arthur L. Caplan - 1980 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:71 - 82.
    Traditionally, species have been treated as classes or kinds in philosophical discussions of systematics and evolutionary biology. Recently a number of biologists and philosophers have proposed a drastic revision of this traditional ontological categorization. They have argued that species ought be viewed as individuals rather than as classes or natural kinds. In this paper an attempt is made to show that (a) the reasons advanced in support of this new view of species are not persuasive, (b) a reasonable explication can (...)
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  7.  31
    Book Reviews Section 2.Paul H. Mattingly, Paul C. Violas, Joseph N. Rathnau, Philip Reed Rulon, Robert Gallacher, Michael B. Campbell, Clara P. Mcmahon, Gerald L. Caplan, Arthur Brown, Nathaniel L. Champlin, Carlton H. Bowyer & William A. Proefriedt - 1972 - Educational Studies 3 (3):155-163.
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  8.  3
    Mrs. X and the Bone Marrow Transplant.Charles W. Lidz, Alan Meisel, Loren H. Roth, Arthur Caplan, David Zimmerman & C. L. - 1983 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 5 (4):6.
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  9.  15
    Review of Charles C. Camosy, Beyond the Abortion Wars1. [REVIEW]Arthur L. Caplan - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (1):3-4.
  10. G. John M. Abbarno, The Ethics of Homelessness. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1999, 258 pp.(Indexed). ISBN 90-420-0777-X, $22.00 (Pb). Robert B. Baker, Arthur L. Caplan, Linda L. Emanuel and Stephen R. Latham, eds., The American Medical Ethics Revolution. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999, 396 pp.(Indexed). ISBN 0-8018-6170. [REVIEW]James Bohman, Thomas C. Brickhouse, Nicholas D. Smith, Alan Brinkley, Tex Waco, James M. Buchanan, Richard A. Musgrave, John D. Caputo, Michael J. Scanlon & Christopher Cox - 2001 - Journal of Value Inquiry 35:285-289.
     
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  11.  38
    Contemporary Debates in Bioethics, edited by Arthur L. Caplan and Robert Arp. [REVIEW]Robert C. Robinson - 2016 - Teaching Philosophy 39 (2):250-253.
  12.  18
    Replacement Parts: The Ethics of Procuring and Replacing Organs in Humans. Edited by Arthur L.Caplan, James J.McCarthy, Daniel P.Reid. Pp, 360, Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press, 2015, $28.00. [REVIEW]Gerard Magill - 2019 - Heythrop Journal 60 (4):660-661.
  13. Arthur C Danto 1u.Arthur C. Danto - 2007 - In Diarmuid Costello & Jonathan Vickery (eds.), Art: Key Contemporary Thinkers. Berg. pp. 113.
     
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  14.  6
    The Philosophy of Arthur C. Danto.Arthur C. Danto, Ewa D. Bogusz-Boltuc, David Reed, Sean Scully, Thomas Rose & Gerard Vilar - 2013 - Library of Living Philosophers.
    Arthur Danto is the Johnsonian Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at Columbia University and the most influential philosopher of art in the last half century. As an art critic for The Nation for 25 years and frequent contributor to other widely read outlets such as the New York Review of Books, Danto also has become one of the most respected public intellectuals of his generation. He is the author of some two dozen important books, along with hundreds of articles and (...)
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  15. Basic Actions.Arthur C. Danto - 1965 - American Philosophical Quarterly 2 (2):141 - 148.
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  16.  30
    What Art Is.Arthur C. Danto - 2013 - New Haven: Yale University Press.
    What is it to be a work of art? Renowned author and critic Arthur C. Danto addresses this fundamental, complex question. Part philosophical monograph and part memoiristic meditation, _What Art Is _challenges the popular interpretation that art is an indefinable concept, instead bringing to light the properties that constitute universal meaning. Danto argues that despite varied approaches, a work of art is always defined by two essential criteria: meaning and embodiment, as well as one additional criterion contributed by the (...)
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  17.  25
    The Abuse of Beauty: Aesthetics and the Concept of Art.Arthur C. Danto - 2003 - Open Court Publishing.
    Leading art critic and philosopher Arthur Danto here explains how the anti-beauty revolution was hatched, and how the modernist avant-garde dislodged beauty from its throne. Danto argues not only that the modernists were right to deny that beauty is vital to art, but also that beauty is essential to human life and need not always be excluded from art.
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  18. Analytical Philosophy of History.Arthur C. Danto - 1965 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  19. Analytical Philosophy of Action.Arthur C. Danto - 1973 - Cambridge, [Eng.]: Cambridge University Press.
    A study of the philosophical problems associated with the concept of action. Professor Danto is concerned to isolate logically the notion of a 'basic action' and to examine the way in which context and intention, for example, can convert physiological movements into significant actions. He finds many suggestive parallels between the concepts - the logical architecture - of action and cognition and in developing this theme he becomes involved in and proposes new approaches to various long-standing problems connected with causality, (...)
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  20.  37
    Arthur C. Danto, Beyond The Brillo Box: The Visual Arts in A Post-Historical Perspective, Mark Tansey: Visions and Revisions.David Carrier & Arthur C. Danto - 1993 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 51 (3):513.
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  21. Analytical Philosophy of Action.Arthur C. Danto - 1973 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 7 (1):187-191.
     
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  22. Nietzsche as Philosopher.Arthur C. Danto - 1965 - Science and Society 32 (1):89-91.
     
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  23.  2
    What Art Is.Arthur C. Danto - 2013 - New Haven: Yale University Press.
    _A lively meditation on the nature of art by one of America's most celebrated art critics_ What is it to be a work of art? Renowned author and critic Arthur C. Danto addresses this fundamental, complex question. Part philosophical monograph and part memoiristic meditation, _What Art Is _challenges the popular interpretation that art is an indefinable concept, instead bringing to light the properties that constitute universal meaning. Danto argues that despite varied approaches, a work of art is always defined (...)
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  24.  13
    Nietzsche as Philosopher.Arthur C. Danto - 1965 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Few philosophers are as widely read or as widely misunderstood as Friedrich Nietzsche. When Danto's classic study was first published in 1965, many regarded Nietzsche as a brilliant but somewhat erratic thinker. Danto, however, presented a radically different picture, arguing that Nietzsche offered a systematic and coherent philosophy that anticipated many of the questions that define contemporary philosophy. Danto's clear and insightful commentaries helped canonize Nietzsche as a philosopher and continue to illuminate subtleties in Nietzsche's work as well as his (...)
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  25.  22
    Comment on Gewirth Constructing an Epistemology of Human Rights: a Pseudo Problem?: ARTHUR C. DANTO.Arthur C. Danto - 1984 - Social Philosophy and Policy 1 (2):25-30.
    Those rights are human rights which, in Professor Gewirth's phrase, “all persons equally have simply insofar as they are human.” His task is to demonstrate that there are human rights, and to demonstrate that such demonstration is necessary to the very existence of these rights. “That human rights exist…is a proposition whose truth depends upon the possibility, in principle, of constructing a body of moral justificatory argument from which that proposition follows as a logical consequence.” As philosophers we should no (...)
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  26. After the End of Art: Contemporary Art and the Pale of History.Arthur C. Danto - 2001 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 59 (2):214-215.
     
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  27. Analytical Philosophy of History.Arthur C. Danto - 1965 - Philosophy 45 (172):163-164.
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  28. Analytical Philosophy of History.Arthur C. Danto - 1965 - Foundations of Language 4 (2):188-191.
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  29.  16
    Constructing inferences during narrative text comprehension.Arthur C. Graesser, Murray Singer & Tom Trabasso - 1994 - Psychological Review 101 (3):371-395.
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  30. Naturalism.Arthur C. Danto - 1967 - In Paul Edwards (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Philosophy. New York: Macmillan. pp. 5--448.
     
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  31. Analytical Philosophy of History.Arthur C. Danto - 1966 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 17 (4):328-331.
     
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  32. The transfiguration of the commonplace.Arthur C. Danto - 1974 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 33 (2):139-148.
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  33.  47
    The impact of a schema on comprehension and memory.Arthur C. Graesser & Glenn V. Nakamura - 1984 - In Gordon H. Bower (ed.), The Psychology of Learning and Motivation. Academic Press. pp. 16--59.
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  34. Narration and Knowledge.Arthur C. Danto - 1982 - Philosophy and Literature 6 (1-2):17-32.
    Now in its third edition, _Narration and Knowledge_ is a classic work exploring the nature of historical knowledge and its reliance on narrative. Analytical philosopher Arthur C. Danto introduces the concept of "narrative sentences," in which an event is described with reference to later events and discusses why such sentences cannot be understood until the later event happens. Danto compares narrative and scientific explanation and explores the legitimacy of historical laws. He also argues that history is an autonomous and (...)
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  35.  90
    Basic Actions and Basic Concepts.Arthur C. Danto - 1979 - Review of Metaphysics 32 (3):471 - 485.
    THE CONCEPT of basic action rests upon a not especially controversial observation and a standard sort of philosophical argument. The observation is that there occur a great many actions in which what is said to be done—say a—is not done directly but rather through the agent doing something b, distinct from a, which causes a to happen. Thus I move a stone by pushing against it, and the pushing, itself an action, causes the locomotion of the stone when all relevant (...)
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  36. On consciousness in machines.Arthur C. Danto - 1960 - In Sidney Hook (ed.), Dimensions of Mind. New York University Press.
     
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  37. Body and symbol in AutoTutor: conversations that are responsive to the learners' cognitive and emotional states.Arthur C. Graesser & Jackson & G. Tanner - 2008 - In Manuel de Vega, Arthur Glenberg & Arthur Graesser (eds.), Symbols and Embodiment: Debates on Meaning and Cognition. Oxford University Press.
  38. Automatic analyses of language, discourse, and situation models.Arthur C. Graesser, Moongee Jeon, Zhiqiang Cai, Danielle S. McNamara, J. Auracher & W. van Peer - 2008 - In Jan Auracher & Willie van Peer (eds.), New Beginnings in Literary Studies. Cambridge Scholars Press.
     
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  39. Body and symbol in AutoTutor: Conversations that are responsive to the learners' cognitive and emotional states.Arthur C. Graesser & G. Tanner Jackson - 2008 - In Manuel de Vega, Arthur M. Glenberg & Arthur C. Graesser (eds.), Symbols and Embodiment: Debates on Meaning and Cognition. Oxford University Press. pp. 33.
  40.  7
    Creativity and the psychology of science.Arthur C. Graesser - 1989 - In Barry Gholson (ed.), Psychology of Science: Contributions to Metascience. Cambridge University Press. pp. 165.
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  41.  23
    The Philosophising Machine – a Specification of the Turing Test.Arthur C. Schwaninger - 2022 - Philosophia 50 (3):1437-1453.
    Block’s, 5–43 1981) anti-behaviourist attack of the Turing Test not only illustrates that the test is a non-sufficient criterion for attributing thought; I suggest that it also exemplifies the limiting case of the more general concern that a machine which has access to enormous amounts of data can pass the Turing Test by simple symbol-manipulation techniques. If the answers to a human interrogator are entailed by the machines’ data, the Turing Test offers no clear criterion to distinguish between a thinking (...)
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  42. What we can do.Arthur C. Danto - 1963 - Journal of Philosophy 60 (15):435-445.
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  43. Analytical Philosophy of Knowledge.Arthur C. Danto - 1968 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 26 (4):650-651.
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  44. The Madonna of the Future: Essays in a Pluralistic Art World.Arthur C. Danto - 2003 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 61 (2):198-201.
     
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  45.  19
    Science as an international system.Arthur C. Danto - 1983 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (3):359.
  46. Analytical Philosophy of Knowledge.Arthur C. Danto - 1969 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 20 (4):364-366.
     
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  47. Responses and replies.Arthur C. Danto - 1993 - In Mark Rollins (ed.), Danto and His Critics. Blackwell. pp. 193--216.
     
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  48.  24
    Consciousness and motor control.Arthur C. Danto - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (4):540-541.
  49.  69
    The Death of Art.Arthur C. Danto - 1984 - Haven Publications.
    The lead essay by Arthur Danto "addresses the possibility that art as it has been enshrined in the museums, galleries, and other canonizing institutions of modern culture has reached an end, that it has nothing more to do or say." The other essays in the book are reactions to the lead essay.
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  50. Methodological Individualism and Methodological Socialism.Arthur C. Danto - 1962 - Filosofia 13 (4 Supplemento):626.
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