Results for 'Arthur B. LaFrance'

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  1. In Defense of Representation.Arthur B. Markman & Eric Dietrich - 2000 - Cognitive Psychology 40 (2):138--171.
    The computational paradigm, which has dominated psychology and artificial intelligence since the cognitive revolution, has been a source of intense debate. Recently, several cognitive scientists have argued against this paradigm, not by objecting to computation, but rather by objecting to the notion of representation. Our analysis of these objections reveals that it is not the notion of representation per se that is causing the problem, but rather specific properties of representations as they are used in various psychological theories. Our analysis (...)
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  2. Extending the Classical View of Representation.Arthur B. Markman & Eric Dietrich - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (12):470-475.
    Representation is a central part of models in cognitive science, but recently this idea has come under attack. Researchers advocating perceptual symbol systems, situated action, embodied cognition, and dynamical systems have argued against central assumptions of the classical representational approach to mind. We review the core assumptions of the dominant view of representation and the four suggested alternatives. We argue that representation should remain a core part of cognitive science, but that the insights from these alternative approaches must be incorporated (...)
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  3. Knowledge Representation.Arthur B. Markman - 2002 - In J. Wixted & H. Pashler (eds.), Stevens' Handbook of Experimental Psychology. Wiley.
  4.  8
    Constraints on Analogical Inference.Arthur B. Markman - 1997 - Cognitive Science 21 (4):373-418.
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  5.  9
    Referential Communication and Category Acquisition.Arthur B. Markman & Valerie S. Makin - 1998 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 127 (4):331-354.
  6.  46
    Nonintentional Similarity Processing.Arthur B. Markman & Dedre Gentner - 2005 - In Ran R. Hassin, James S. Uleman & John A. Bargh (eds.), The New Unconscious. Oxford Series in Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience. Oxford University Press. pp. 107--137.
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  7. Inference Using Categories.Takashi Yamauchi & Arthur B. Markman - 2000 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 26:776-795.
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  8. Discrete Thoughts: Why Cognition Must Use Discrete Representations.Eric Dietrich & Arthur B. Markman - 2003 - Mind and Language 18 (1):95-119.
    Advocates of dynamic systems have suggested that higher mental processes are based on continuous representations. In order to evaluate this claim, we first define the concept of representation, and rigorously distinguish between discrete representations and continuous representations. We also explore two important bases of representational content. Then, we present seven arguments that discrete representations are necessary for any system that must discriminate between two or more states. It follows that higher mental processes require discrete representations. We also argue that discrete (...)
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  9.  6
    LMS Rules and the Inverse Base-Rate Effect: Comment on Gluck and Bower.Arthur B. Markman - 1989 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 118 (4):417-421.
  10.  29
    Are Dynamical Systems the Answer?Arthur B. Markman - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):50-51.
    The proposed model is put forward as a template for the dynamical systems approach to embodied cognition. In order to extend this view to cognitive processing in general, however, two limitations must be overcome. First, it must be demonstrated that sensorimotor coordination of the type evident in the A-not-B error is typical of other aspects of cognition. Second, the explanatory utility of dynamical systems models must be clarified.
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  11.  8
    Retrospective Revaluation in Sequential Decision Making: A Tale of Two Systems.Samuel J. Gershman, Arthur B. Markman & A. Ross Otto - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (1):182-194.
  12. Whither Structured Representation?Arthur B. Markman & Eric Dietrich - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (4):626-627.
    The perceptual symbol system view assumes that perceptual representations have a role-argument structure. A role-argument structure is often incorporated into amodal symbol systems in order to explain conceptual functions like abstraction and rule use. The power of perceptual symbol systems to support conceptual functions is likewise rooted in its use of structure. On Barsalou's account, this capacity to use structure (in the form of frames) must be innate.
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  13.  65
    Digging Beneath Rules and Similarity.Arthur B. Markman, Sergey Blok, Kyungil Kim, Levi Larkey, Lisa R. Narvaez, C. Hunt Stilwell & Eric Taylor - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (1):29-30.
    Pothos suggests dispensing with the distinction between rules and similarity, without defining what is meant by either term. We agree that there are problems with the distinction between rules and similarity, but believe these will be solved only by exploring the representations and processes underlying cases purported to involve rules and similarity.
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  14.  3
    Darwin's Use of Analogical Reasoning in Theory Construction.Arthur B. Millman & Carol L. Smith - 1997 - Metaphor and Symbol 12 (3):159-187.
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  15.  26
    Critical Thinking Attitudes: A Framework for the Issues.Arthur B. Millman - 1988 - Informal Logic 10 (1).
  16.  31
    Enthymemes: Body and Soul.Arthur B. Miller & John D. Bee - 1972 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 5 (4):201 - 214.
    This essay argues that the affective component inherent in the enthymeme is the essence of aristotle's concept of the enthymeme as practical reasoning. 'affective component' refers to emotions and feelings. The three proofs of the thesis are the etymology of 'enthymeme', Aristotle's works on human action and practical wisdom, And aristotle's rhetoric. These sources show the inherent relation between enthymemes and phronesis, Or practical reasoning, Not nous, Or abstract intellect.
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  17.  6
    A Direct Inverse Method for Subsurface Properties: The Conceptual and Practical Benefit and Added Value in Comparison with All Current Indirect Methods, for Example, Amplitude-Variation-with-Offset and Full-Waveform Inversion.Arthur B. Weglein - 2017 - Interpretation: SEG 5 (3):SL89-SL107.
    Direct inverse methods solve the problem of interest; in addition, they communicate whether the problem of interest is the problem that we need to be interested in. When a direct solution does not result in an improved drill success rate, we know that the problem we have chosen to solve is not the right problem — because the solution is direct and cannot be the issue. On the other hand, with an indirect method, if the result is not an improved (...)
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  18.  30
    Can Developmental Psychology Provide a Blueprint for the Study of Adult Cognition?Arthur B. Markman - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (3):140-141.
    In order to develop sophisticated models of the core domains of knowledge that support complex cognitive processing in infants and children, developmental psychologists have mapped out the content of these knowledge domains. This research strategy may provide a blueprint for advancing research on adult cognitive processing. I illustrate this suggestion with examples from analogical reasoning and decision making.
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  19.  13
    The Plausibility of Research Programs.Arthur B. Millman - 1976 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1976:140 - 148.
    Although, when first introduced, Copernicus's theory considered as a whole was not superior to the Ptolemaic theory according to any of the usual criteria for comparing theories and determining their acceptability, it did have features which provided the early Copernicans with good reasons for entertaining it and trying to develop it further. These features are discussed and then three plausibility considerations which seem to be operative in this case are formulated.
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  20. Something Old, Something New: Extending the Classical View of Representation.Arthur B. Markman & Eric Dietrich - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (12):470-475.
    Representation is a central part of models in cognitive science, but recently this idea has come under attack. Researchers advocating perceptual symbol systems, situated action, embodied cognition, and dynamical systems have argued against central assumptions of the classical representational approach to mind. We review the core assumptions of the dominant view of representation and the four suggested alternatives. We argue that representation should remain a core part of cognitive science, but that the insights from these alternative approaches must be incorporated (...)
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  21.  3
    I Was a Doctor in Auschwitz.Arthur B. Shostak - forthcoming - The European Legacy:1-2.
    Thanks to Phyllis Lassner and Danny M. Cohen, this 2019 edition of an out-of-print 1948 memoir by Dr. Gisella Perl, a Rumanian Holocaust survivor, offers much to learn from. Artfully written when a...
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  22.  13
    Cognitive Systems Optimize Energy Rather Than Information.Arthur B. Markman & A. Ross Otto - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (4):207-207.
  23. From Goal-Activation to Action: How Does Preference and Use of Knowledge Intervene?Arthur B. Markman, C. Miguel Brendl & Kyungil Kim - 2009 - In Ezequiel Morsella, John A. Bargh & Peter M. Gollwitzer (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Human Action. Oxford University Press.
     
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  24. The bRaIn.Arthur B. Markman - 2009 - In John Symons Paco Calvo (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Psychology. Routledge. pp. 373.
     
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  25.  11
    The Empirical Case for Role-Governed Categories.Micah B. Goldwater, Arthur B. Markman & C. Hunt Stilwell - 2011 - Cognition 118 (3):359-376.
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  26.  48
    Culture and Individual Differences.Arthur B. Markman, Serge Blok, John Dennis, Micah Goldwater, Kyungil Kim, Jeff Laux, Lisa Narvaez & Eric Taylor - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6):831-831.
    Tests of economic theory often focus on choice outcomes and find significant individual differences in these outcomes. This variability may mask universal psychological processes that lead to different choices because of differences across cultures in the information people have available when making decisions. On this view, decision making research within and across cultures must focus on the processes underlying choice.
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  27.  52
    Falsification and Grünbaum's Duhemian Theses.Arthur B. Millman - 1990 - Synthese 82 (1):23 - 52.
    This paper is a detailed critical study of Adolf Grünbaum's work on the Duhemian thesis. I show that (a) Grünbaum's geometrical counterexample to the (D1) subthesis is unsuccessful, even with minimal claims made for what the counterexample is supposed to show, and (b) the (D2) subthesis is not a reasonable one (and cannot correctly be attributed to Duhem). The paper concludes with an argument about the relation between the Duhemian thesis, concerning component hypotheses of a scientific theory, and the view (...)
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  28.  38
    Money and Motivational Activation.Arthur B. Markman, Serge Blok, John Dennis, Micah Goldwater, Kyungil Kim, Jeff Laux, Lisa Narvaez & Jon Rein - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (2):190-190.
    Different aspects of people's interactions with money are best conceptualized using the drug and tool theories. The key question is when these models of money are most likely to guide behavior. We suggest that the Drug Theory characterizes motivationally active uses of money and that the Tool Theory characterizes behavior in motivationally cool situations. (Published Online April 5 2006).
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  29. Thinking in Language.Arthur B. Cody - 1967 - Torino, Edizioni Di Filosofia.
     
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  30. Thinking in Language.Arthur B. Cody - 1966 - Filosofia 17 (4):606.
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  31. Platnauer, Maurice: The Life and Reign of the Emperor Lucius Septimius Severus.Arthur B. Boak - 1919 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 13:79-80.
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  32. Platnauer, Maurice: The Life and Reign of the Emperor Lucius Septimius Severus.Arthur B. Boak - 1919 - Classical Weekly 13:79-80.
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  33. Anticipate the School You Want: Futurizing K-12 Education.Arthur B. Shostak - 2008 - R&L Education.
    Across America, especially in the aftermath of 9/11, parents rely on K12 schooling to prepare their children for the shocks, the perils, and especially the bright possibilities that are part of our warp-speed future. A new generation of school staffers is forging a fresh learning partnership with youngsters for whom creative computer-based schooling is as natural as breathing.
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  34. Hope and Education: The Role of the Utopian Imagination.Arthur B. Shostak - 2006 - Utopian Studies 17 (3):541-543.
  35. Hiding, Sheltering, and Borrowing Identities: Avenues of Rescue During the Holocaust: Edited by Dan Michman, Jerusalem, Yad Vashem, 2018, 408 Pp., $43.50. [REVIEW]Arthur B. Shostak - 2020 - The European Legacy 26 (3-4):449-451.
    From 1945 to date Holocaust research has concentrated on complex matters such as militant Jewish resistance, convoluted Nazi strategies, ambivalent bystander behavior, controversial ghetto leadersh...
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  36. Private Sociology: Unsparing Reflections, Uncommon Gains.Arthur B. Shostak (ed.) - 1996 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Each contributor to this book has used personal experience as the basis from which to frame his individual sociological perspectives. Because they have personalized their work, their accounts are real, and recognizable as having come from 'real' persons, about 'real' experiences. There are no objectively-distanced disembodied third person entities in these accounts. These writers are actual people whose stories will make you laugh, cry, think, and want to know more.
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  37.  15
    W. E. Hocking on Man's Knowledge of God.Arthur B. Luther - 1967 - Philosophy Today 11 (2):131-141.
  38.  15
    Where Are Nature's Joints? Finding the Mechanisms Underlying Categorization.Arthur B. Markman - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (2-3):220-221.
    Machery argues that concepts are too heterogeneous to be a natural kind. I argue that the book does not go far enough. Theories of concepts assume that the task of categorizing warrants a unique set of cognitive constructs. Instead, cognitive science must look across tasks to find a fundamental set of cognitive mechanisms.
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  39.  32
    Gaming the World: How Sports and Politics Are Reshaping Global Politics and Culture. By Andrei S. Markovits and Lars Rensmann.Arthur B. Shostak - 2012 - The European Legacy 17 (6):850-851.
  40.  47
    Words, You, and Me.Arthur B. Cody - 2002 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 45 (3):277 – 293.
    It is tempting to explicate the mastery of language, as many philosophers have, with how we come to learn language. Interpreting how we come to learn a language necessarily involves saying what the mind's relevant capacities are. Too long we have been told that those capacities are adaptive to, as well as within, a social context; it seemed plausible to argue that we learn to have (propositional) thoughts as we learn and use the language conatively. This essay tries to persuade (...)
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  41.  41
    Informational Darwinism.Arthur B. Cody - 2000 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 43 (2):167 – 179.
    The Theory of Evolution has, since Darwin, been sustained by contributions from many sciences, most especially from molecular biology. Philosophers, like biologists and the man in the street, have accepted the idea that the contemporary form of evolutionary theory has arrived at a convincing and final structure. As it now stands, natural selection is thought to work through the information-handling mechanism of the DNA molecule. Variation in the genome?s constructive message is achieved through random errors of processing called mutations. How (...)
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  42.  11
    A Tribute to Larry Erlbaum.Arthur B. Markman - 2007 - Cognitive Science 31 (1):1-1.
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  43.  20
    An Amicus for the Defense: Relational Reasoning Magnifies the Behavioral Differences Between Humans and Nonhumans.Arthur B. Markman & C. Hunt Stilwell - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (2):142-142.
    Relational representation abilities are a crucial cognitive difference between human and nonhuman animals. We argue that relational reasoning and representation supports the development of culture that increases in complexity. Thus, these abilities are a force that magnifies the apparent difference in cognitive abilities between humans and nonhumans.
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  44.  31
    Century of Genocide: Critical Essays and Eyewitness Accounts. Edited by Samuel Totten and William S. Parsons.Arthur B. Shostak - 2012 - The European Legacy 17 (4):561 - 562.
    The European Legacy, Volume 17, Issue 4, Page 561-562, July 2012.
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  45.  21
    New Reflections on Primo Levi: Before and After Auschwitz.Arthur B. Shostak - 2015 - The European Legacy 20 (6):684-685.
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  46.  20
    Contemporary Capitalism and Its Crises. Edited by Terrence McDonough, Michael Reich, and David M. Kotz.Arthur B. Shostak - 2013 - The European Legacy 18 (1):114-115.
  47.  19
    Physics and Technology for Future Presidents: An Introduction to the Essential Physics Every World Leader Needs to Know.Arthur B. Shostak - 2014 - The European Legacy 19 (4):525-525.
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    Screen Epiphanies: Filmmakers on the Films That Inspired Them.Arthur B. Shostak - 2014 - The European Legacy 19 (7):944-945.
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  49. Subject Index to Volume 30.Arthur B. Markman, Thomas T. Hills, Michael P. Kaschak, Jenny R. Saffran, Jarrod Moss, Kenneth Kotovsky, Jonathan Cagan, Louise Connell, Mark T. Keane & Joyca Pw Lacroix - 2006 - Cognitive Science 30:1129-1132.
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  50.  20
    Hannay's Consciousness.Arthur B. Cody - 1994 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 37 (1):117-132.
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