Results for 'Arseny A. Ryazanov'

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  1.  30
    Intuitive Probabilities and the Limitation of Moral Imagination.Arseny A. Ryazanov, Jonathan Knutzen, Samuel C. Rickless, Nicholas J. S. Christenfeld & Dana Kay Nelkin - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (S1):38-68.
    There is a vast literature that seeks to uncover features underlying moral judgment by eliciting reactions to hypothetical scenarios such as trolley problems. These thought experiments assume that participants accept the outcomes stipulated in the scenarios. Across seven studies, we demonstrate that intuition overrides stipulated outcomes even when participants are explicitly told that an action will result in a particular outcome. Participants instead substitute their own estimates of the probability of outcomes for stipulated outcomes, and these probability estimates in turn (...)
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  2.  22
    Sensitivity to Shifts in Probability of Harm and Benefit in Moral Dilemmas.Arseny A. Ryazanov, Shawn Tinghao Wang, Samuel C. Rickless, Craig R. M. McKenzie & Dana Kay Nelkin - 2021 - Cognition 209:104548.
    Psychologists and philosophers who pose moral dilemmas to understand moral judgment typically specify outcomes as certain to occur in them. This contrasts with real-life moral decision-making, which is almost always infused with probabilities (e.g., the probability of a given outcome if an action is or is not taken). Seven studies examine sensitivity to the size and location of shifts in probabilities of outcomes that would result from action in moral dilemmas. We find that moral judgments differ between actions that result (...)
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  3.  18
    The Cerebellum: Adaptive Prediction for Movement and Cognition.Arseny A. Sokolov, R. Chris Miall & Richard B. Ivry - 2017 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 21 (5):313-332.
  4.  6
    Thermally Assisted Flux Flow in MgB2: Strong Magnetic Field Dependence of the Activation Energy.A. Sidorenko *, V. Zdravkov, V. Ryazanov, S. Horn, S. Klimm, R. Tidecks, A. Wixforth, Th Koch & Th Schimmel - 2005 - Philosophical Magazine 85 (16):1783-1790.
  5. A Puzzle About Belief.Saul A. Kripke - 1979 - In A. Margalit (ed.), Meaning and Use. Reidel. pp. 239--83.
  6. A Completeness Theorem in Modal Logic.Saul A. Kripke - 1959 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 24 (1):1-14.
  7. A Philosophy of Science for the Twenty‐First Century.Janet A. Kourany - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (1):1-14.
    Two major reasons feminists are concerned with science relate to science's social effects: that science can be a powerful ally in the struggle for equality for women; and that all too frequently science has been a generator and perpetuator of inequality. This concern with the social effects of science leads feminists to a different mode of appraising science from the purely epistemic one prized by most contemporary philosophers of science. The upshot, I suggest, is a new program for philosophy of (...)
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  8.  15
    A Completeness Theorem in Modal Logic.Saul A. Kripke - 1966 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 31 (2):276-277.
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  9. A Puzzle About Time and Thought.Saul A. Kripke - 2011 - In Philosophical Troubles. Collected Papers Vol I. Oxford University Press.
  10. Is There a Problem About Substitutional Quantification?Saul A. Kripke - 1976 - In Gareth Evans & John McDowell (eds.), Truth and Meaning. Oxford University Press. pp. 324-419.
  11. Hegel à Iéna. (A propos de publications récentes).A. Koyré - 1934 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 118 (9/10):274 - 283.
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  12.  91
    Cortical Speech Processing Unplugged: A Timely Subcortico-Cortical Framework.Sonja A. Kotz & Michael Schwartze - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (9):392-399.
  13. A One Category Ontology.L. A. Paul - forthcoming - In John A. Keller (ed.), Being, Freedom, and Method: Themes From the Philosophy of Peter van Inwagen. Oxford University Press.
    I defend a one category ontology: an ontology that denies that we need more than one fundamental category to support the ontological structure of the world. Categorical fundamentality is understood in terms of the metaphysically prior, as that in which everything else in the world consists. One category ontologies are deeply appealing, because their ontological simplicity gives them an unmatched elegance and spareness. I’m a fan of a one category ontology that collapses the distinction between particular and property, replacing it (...)
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  14.  27
    Life and Process: Towards a New Biophilosophy.Spyridon A. Koutroufinis (ed.) - 2014 - De Gruyter.
  15.  2
    A History of the Warfare of Science with Theology in Christendom.A. D. White - 1896 - Dover Publications.
    This book contends that the discussions which threatened to disrupt various religious bodies were not between science and religion, but between science and dogmatic theology. It also holds that science, though it has conquered dogmatic theology--so far as this was based on biblical texts and ancient modes of though--will nevertheless hereafter go hand in hand with religion.
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  16. Towards a True Neural Stance on Consciousness.Victor A. F. Lamme - 2006 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (11):494-501.
  17. A Problem in the Theory of Reference: The Linguistic Division of Labor and the Social Character of Naming.Saul A. Kripke - 1986 - In Philosophy and Culture, Proceedings of the XVIIth World Congress of Philosophy. Editions Montmorency.
  18.  5
    Philosophy in a Feminist Voice: Critiques and Reconstructions.Janet A. Kourany (ed.) - 1997 - Princeton University Press.
    Introduction: Philosophy in a Feminist Voice? /​ Janet A. Kourany History of Philosophy: Disappearing Ink: Early Modern Women Philosophers and Their Fate in History /​ Eileen O’Neill Philosophy of Persons: "Human Nature" and Its Role in Feminist Theory /​ Louise M. Antony Ethics: Feminist Reconceptualizations in Ethics /​ Virginia Held Political Philosophy: Feminism and Political Theory /​ Susan Moller Okin Aesthetics: Perceptions, Pleasures, Arts: Considering Aesthetics /​ Carolyn Korsmeyer Philosophy of Religion: Philosophy of Religion in Different Voices /​ Nancy Frankenberry (...)
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  19. Insolubilia, a Logical Study of the Bases of Set Theory (Edition of a Previously Unpublished Dissertation).A. Koyre & P. Zambelli - 1999 - Giornale Critico Della Filosofia Italiana 19 (3):323-354.
     
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  20. A Graph-Theoretic Account of Logics.A. Sernadas, C. Sernadas, J. Rasga & Marcelo E. Coniglio - 2009 - Journal of Logic and Computation 19 (6):1281-1320.
    A graph-theoretic account of logics is explored based on the general notion of m-graph (that is, a graph where each edge can have a finite sequence of nodes as source). Signatures, interpretation structures and deduction systems are seen as m-graphs. After defining a category freely generated by a m-graph, formulas and expressions in general can be seen as morphisms. Moreover, derivations involving rule instantiation are also morphisms. Soundness and completeness theorems are proved. As a consequence of the generality of the (...)
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  21.  61
    A Successor to the Realism/Antirealism Question.Janet A. Kourany - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (3):101.
    The realism/antirealism controversy has gone on for centuries, and gives every indication that it will continue to go on for centuries. Dismayed, I take a closer look at it. I find that the question it poses--very roughly, whether scientific knowledge is true (approximately true, put forward as true, etc.) or only useful (empirically adequate, a convenient method of representation, etc.)--actually suppresses socially critical thought and discussion about science (e.g., concerning whether scientific knowledge is sexist or racist or socially harmful in (...)
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  22.  83
    Epictetus: A Stoic and Socratic Guide to Life.A. A. Long - 2002 - Oxford University Press.
    The philosophy of Epictetus, a freed slave in the Roman Empire, has been profoundly influential on Western thought: it offers not only stimulating ideas but practical guidance in living one's life. A. A. Long, a leading scholar of later ancient philosophy, gives the definitive presentation of the thought of Epictetus for a broad readership. Long's fresh and vivid translations of a selection of the best of Epictetus' discourses show that his ideas are as valuable and striking today as they were (...)
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  23. Situated Action: A Symbolic Interpretation.A. H. Vera & Herbert A. Simon - 1993 - Cognitive Science 17 (1):7-48.
  24.  78
    A Formal Semantic Analysis of Gesture.A. Lascarides & M. Stone - 2009 - Journal of Semantics 26 (4):393-449.
    The gestures that speakers use in tandem with speech include not only conventionalized actions with identifiable meanings (so-called narrow gloss gestures or emblems) but also productive iconic and deictic gestures whose form and meanings seem largely improvised in context. In this paper, we bridge the descriptive tradition with formal models of reference and discourse structure so as to articulate an approach to the interpretation of these productive gestures. Our model captures gestures' partial and incomplete meanings as derived from form and (...)
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  25. A Cautious Welcome: An Introduction and Guide to the Book.A. J. Marcel & E. Bisiach - 1988 - In Anthony J. Marcel & E. Bisiach (eds.), Consciousness in Contemporary Science. Oxford University Press. pp. 1--15.
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  26. The Church-Turing ‘Thesis’ as a Special Corollary of Gödel’s Completeness Theorem.Saul A. Kripke - 2013 - In B. J. Copeland, C. Posy & O. Shagrir (eds.), Computability: Turing, Gödel, Church, and Beyond. MIT Press.
    Traditionally, many writers, following Kleene (1952), thought of the Church-Turing thesis as unprovable by its nature but having various strong arguments in its favor, including Turing’s analysis of human computation. More recently, the beauty, power, and obvious fundamental importance of this analysis, what Turing (1936) calls “argument I,” has led some writers to give an almost exclusive emphasis on this argument as the unique justification for the Church-Turing thesis. In this chapter I advocate an alternative justification, essentially presupposed by Turing (...)
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  27.  49
    Payment for Research Participation: A Coercive Offer?A. Wertheimer & F. G. Miller - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (5):389-392.
    Payment for research participation has raised ethical concerns, especially with respect to its potential for coercion. We argue that characterising payment for research participation as coercive is misguided, because offers of benefit cannot constitute coercion. In this article we analyse the concept of coercion, refute mistaken conceptions of coercion and explain why the offer of payment for research participation is never coercive but in some cases may produce undue inducement.
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  28.  5
    A Persian Myth in the Alethia of Claudius Marius Victor.A. H. Krappe - 1942 - Speculum 17 (2):255-260.
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  29.  6
    H. A. Lorentz's Contributions to Kinetic Gas Theory.A. J. Kox - 1990 - Annals of Science 47 (6):591-606.
  30. Part B: A Brief History of Space.A. Koyre & J. North - unknown
    (I) Aristotle of Stagira (384-322 BC) 0) A closed geocentric spherical cosmology. (Adopted from the great mathematician, Eudoxus, c. 400 to 347 BC; via Calippus; but Aristotle unifies their separate schemes for different heavenly bodies). (Aristotle cites mathematicians as estimating radius of earth: in fact 200% of correct figure. Eratosthenes ca. 250 BC estimates radius of earth as 120% of correct).
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  31.  54
    Towards a Female-Friendly Philosophy of Science.Janet A. Kourany - 1992 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:320-332.
    For some time now feminists have been pointing an accusing finger at science, urging that the relationship between women and science has been far from a beneficial one for women. Indeed, science has generally excluded women from its most important activities, feminists have charged, science has tended to leave women largely invisible in its knowledge and research, and science has often portrayed women, and things feminine, in negative terms when it has considered us. I suggest that the philosophy of science (...)
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  32. A Wise Person Proportions Their Beliefs With Humor.Chris A. Kramer - 2021 - The Philosophy of Humor Yearbook 2 (1):141-143.
    “Just as philosophy begins with doubt, so also a life that may be called human begins with irony” (Kierkegaard The Concept of Irony with Continual Reference to Socrates, pg.6, thesis XV) What has proportion to do with humor or irony? And what do either of these have to do with being human? Jokes, laughter, and funniness connote excess, exaggeration, incongruity, dissonance, etc., the opposite of proportion--balance, symmetry, Aristotle’s golden mean. Yet, The Philosopher maintains, the wit has found the ideal moderate (...)
     
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  33.  26
    Improving Emotional Intelligence: A Systematic Review of Existing Work and Future Challenges.I. Kotsou, M. Mikolajczak, A. Heeren, J. Grégoire & C. Leys - 2019 - Emotion Review 11 (2):151-165.
    Emotional intelligence can be defined as the ability to identify, express, understand, manage, and use emotions. EI has been shown to have an important impact on health, relationships, and wor...
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  34.  6
    Participant Reactions to a Literacy-Focused, Web-Based Informed Consent Approach for a Genomic Implementation Study.Stephanie A. Kraft, Kathryn M. Porter, Devan M. Duenas, Claudia Guerra, Galen Joseph, Sandra Soo-Jin Lee, Kelly J. Shipman, Jake Allen, Donna Eubanks, Tia L. Kauffman, Nangel M. Lindberg, Katherine Anderson, Jamilyn M. Zepp, Marian J. Gilmore, Kathleen F. Mittendorf, Elizabeth Shuster, Kristin R. Muessig, Briana Arnold, Katrina A. B. Goddard & Benjamin S. Wilfond - 2021 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 12 (1):1-11.
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  35.  79
    Philosophy of Science: A Subject with a Great Future.Janet A. Kourany - 2008 - Philosophy of Science 75 (5):767-778.
    Among philosophers of science nearly a century ago the dominant attitude was that (in Rudolph Carnap’s words) philosophy of science was “like science itself, neutral with respect to practical aims, whether they are moral aims for the individual, or political aims for a society.” The dominant attitude today is not much different: our aim is still to articulate scientific rationality, and our understanding of that rationality still excludes the moral and political. I contrast this with the growing entanglements within the (...)
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  36.  8
    A Map of Technopolitics: Deep Convergence, Platform Ontologies, and Cognitive Efficiency.Michael A. Peters - 2020 - Thesis Eleven 158 (1):117-140.
    This paper, based on an invited Thesis Eleven presentation, provides a ‘map of technopolitics’ that springs from an investigation of the theoretical notion of technological convergence adopted by the US National Science Foundation, signaling a new paradigm of ‘nano-bio-info-cogno’ technologies. This integration at the nano-level is expected to drive the next wave of scientific research, technology and knowledge economy. The paper explores the concept of ‘technopolitics’ by investigating the links between Wittgenstein’s anti-scientism and Lyotard’s ‘technoscience’, reviewing the history of the (...)
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  37. Solidarity: A Moral Concept in Need of Clarification (Editorial).A. Dawson & M. Verweij - 2012 - Public Health Ethics 5 (1):1--5.
  38.  79
    A Commentary on Kant’s Critique of Practical Reason.A. R. C. Duncan - 1961 - Philosophical Review 70 (4):560-562.
    When this work was first published in 1960, it immediately filled a void in Kantian scholarship. It was the first study entirely devoted to Kant's _Critique of Practical Reason_ and by far the most substantial commentary on it ever written. This landmark in Western philosophical literature remains an indispensable aid to a complete understanding of Kant's philosophy for students and scholars alike. This _Critique_ is the only writing in which Kant weaves his thoughts on practical reason into a unified argument. (...)
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  39.  33
    Philosophy in a Feminist Voice: Critiques and Reconstructions.Janet A. Kourany (ed.) - 1997 - Princeton University Press.
    In this book, Janet Kourany offers an antidote to the pervasive and pernicious strains in Western philosophy that discount women. Most areas of Western philosophy tend not only to ignore women, but also to perpetuate long-standing antifeminine biases of the society as a whole. It does not have to be this way. Rather than be part of the problem, philosophy can be a powerful force for much needed social change. In this collection of essays by some of the most noted (...)
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  40. Intelligent Machinery, a Heretical Theory.A. M. Turing - 1996 - Philosophia Mathematica 4 (3):256-260.
  41.  16
    Towards a New Philosophical Imaginary.A. W. Moore, Sabina Lovibond & Pamela Sue Anderson - 2020 - Angelaki 25 (1-2):8-22.
    The paper builds on the postulate of “myths we live by,” which shape our imaginative life, but which are also open to reflective study and reinvention. It applies this principle, in particular, to the concepts of love and vulnerability. We are accustomed to think of the condition of vulnerability in an objectifying and distancing way, as something that affects the bearers of specific social identities. Against this picture, which can serve as a pretext for paternalist and controlling attitudes to the (...)
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  42.  13
    A Foucault Primer: Discourse, Power and the Subject.A. W. McHoul - 1993 - University of Otago Press.
    "A consistently clear, comprehensive and accessible introduction which carefully sifts Foucault's work for both its strengths and weaknesses. McHoul and Grace show an intimate familiarity with Foucault's writings and a lively, but critical engagement with the relevance of his work. A model primer." -Tony Bennett, author of Outside Literature In such seminal works as Madness and Civilization, Discipline and Punish , and The History of Sexuality , the late philosopher Michel Foucault explored what our politics, our sexuality, our societal conventions, (...)
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  43.  8
    Towards a Metaphysics for Constructivist Thought.S. A. Koutroufinis - 2015 - Constructivist Foundations 11 (1):163-165.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Towards a PL-Metaphysics of Perception: In Search of the Metaphysical Roots of Constructivism” by Konrad Werner. Upshot: My commentary has three aims. Firstly, to provide additional support to Konrad Werner’s correct insight that radical constructivism is based on a radical distinction between experienced reality and ontological reality. This is a strong metaphysical statement. Secondly, that radical constructivism is implicitly rooted in Cartesian ontological dualism. Thirdly, that Whitehead’s process ontology provides a fruitful foundation for Werner’s (...)
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  44. Toward a History of Scientific Philosophy.A. Richardson - 1997 - Perspectives on Science-Historical Philosophical and Social 5 (3):418--451.
     
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  45.  33
    Mathematical Incompleteness Results in First-Order Peano Arithmetic: A Revisionist View of the Early History.Saul A. Kripke - forthcoming - History and Philosophy of Logic:1-8.
    In the Handbook of Mathematical Logic, the Paris-Harrington variant of Ramsey's theorem is celebrated as the first result of a long ‘search’ for a purely mathematical incompleteness result in first-order Peano arithmetic. This paper questions the existence of any such search and the status of the Paris-Harrington result as the first mathematical incompleteness result. In fact, I argue that Gentzen gave the first such result, and that it was restated by Goodstein in a number-theoretic form.
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  46. A Priori Knowledge, Necessity, and Contingency.Saul A. Kripke - 1987 - In Paul K. Moser (ed.), A Priori Knowledge. Oxford University Press.
     
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  47.  39
    A Diagnostic Reading of Scientifically Based Research for Education.Thomas A. Schwandt - 2005 - Educational Theory 55 (3):285-305.
    This essay offers a diagnosis of what may be at stake in the current preoccupation with defining science‐based educational research. The diagnosis unfolds in several readings: The first is a charitable and considerate appraisal that draws attention to the fact that advocating experimental methods as important to a science of educational research is not an inherently evil thing to do. Subsequent readings are grimmer, suggesting more deleterious consequences of the science‐based research movement for the entire enterprise of educational practice and (...)
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  48.  44
    A New Formulation of Discussive Logic.Jerzy Kotas & N. C. A. Costa - 1979 - Studia Logica 38 (4):429 - 445.
    S. Jakowski introduced the discussive prepositional calculus D 2as a basis for a logic which could be used as underlying logic of inconsistent but nontrivial theories (see, for example, N. C. A. da Costa and L. Dubikajtis, On Jakowski's discussive logic, in Non-Classical Logic, Model Theory and Computability, A. I. Arruda, N. C. A da Costa and R. Chuaqui edts., North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1977, 37–56). D 2has afterwards been extended to a first-order predicate calculus and to a higher-order logic (cf. the (...)
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  49. Teorii͡a I Metodologii͡a Poznanii͡a.A. D. Kosʹmin - 2006 - Ėkonomika.
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  50. A Paradigm in Crisis: A Study of Thomas Kuhn's Theory of Science.Janet A. Kourany - 1977 - Dissertation, Columbia University
     
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