Results for 'Arnon Ben-David'

946 found
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  1.  27
    A reading of Bentham’s “Historical Preface to A Fragment on Government – Intended for the second edition.”.Arnon Ben-David - 2014 - Revue D’Études Benthamiennes 13.
    The present note is part of a commentary on the first six chapters of the Historical Preface – the preface intended by Bentham for the second edition of A Fragment on Government As Sir John Bowring, the executor of Jeremy Bentham’s work, testifies, « This preface was first printed in 1828, during Mr. Bentham’s lifetime. ». On this, as on other occasions, Bentham employs the literary convention of the preface to demo...
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  2.  96
    Cut-free ordinary sequent calculi for logics having generalized finite-valued semantics.Arnon Avron, Jonathan Ben-Naim & Beata Konikowska - 2007 - Logica Universalis 1 (1):41-70.
    . The paper presents a method for transforming a given sound and complete n-sequent proof system into an equivalent sound and complete system of ordinary sequents. The method is applicable to a large, central class of (generalized) finite-valued logics with the language satisfying a certain minimal expressiveness condition. The expressiveness condition decrees that the truth-value of any formula φ must be identifiable by determining whether certain formulas uniformly constructed from φ have designated values or not. The transformation preserves the general (...)
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  3.  14
    A German-Jewish Existence: Stéphane Mosès and the Establishment of German Literature Studies at the Hebrew University.Irene Aue-Ben-David & Sharon Livne - 2021 - Naharaim 15 (1):31-40.
    The paper is dealing with the foundation of the Division for German Literature and Language at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem from the point of view of its first head, Prof. Stéphane Mosès.
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  4.  8
    Deutsch-israelische Annäherungen in Geisteswissenschaften und Kulturpolitik.Irene Aue-Ben-David, Michael Brenner & Kärin Nickelsen - 2017 - Naharaim 11 (1-2):5-11.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Naharaim Jahrgang: 11 Heft: 1-2 Seiten: 5-11.
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  5.  31
    Scientific Growth: Essays on the Social Organization and Ethos of Science.Joseph Ben-David & Gad Freudenthal (eds.) - 1991 - University of California Press.
    "Here, for the first time, we have the work of a key pioneer presented in all its depth and range. The pragmatic and prophetic voice of Joseph Ben-David speaks with a power and a clarity that will win the attention of a new generation of scholars."--Arnold Thackray, University of Pennsylvania "A superb collection of brilliant papers by a pioneering mind of international fame, who did much to shape the sociology of science. In organizing this major work, its knowing editor, (...)
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  6. Scientific productivity and academic organization in nineteenth century medicine.Joseph Ben-David - forthcoming - Science and Society.
     
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  7.  10
    Éléments d'une sociologie historique des sciences.Joseph Ben-David, Gad Freudenthal, Michelle De Launay & Jean-Pierre Rothschild - 1997 - Presses Universitaires de France - PUF.
    Joseph Ben-David (1920-1986) fut un des sociologues des sciences les plus innovateurs et les plus en vue des années soixante et soixante-dix. Travaillant dans le cadre des théories sociologiques de Max Weber, Talcott Parsons et Robert Kmerton, il élabora dans ses ouvrages et nombreux articles une théorie sociologique originale du développement scientifique. Par sa démarche diachronique, il se démarque des sociologues des sciences de l'école fonctionnaliste ; par sa perspective sociologique, il définit des nouvelles problématiques qui viennent s'ajouter à (...)
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  8.  28
    The rise and decline of France as a scientific centre.Joseph Ben-David - 1970 - Minerva 8 (1-4):160-179.
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  9. The weak □* is really weaker than the full □.Shai Ben-David & Menachem Magidor - 1986 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 51 (4):1029 - 1033.
  10.  28
    The profession of science and its powers.Joseph Ben-David - 1972 - Minerva 10 (3):362-383.
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  11.  6
    A modal logic for subjective default reasoning.Shai Ben-David & Rachel Ben-Eliyahu-Zohary - 2000 - Artificial Intelligence 116 (1-2):217-236.
  12.  62
    Metacognition, mindreading, and insight in schizophrenia.Ben Wiffen & Anthony David - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (2):161-162.
    Mindreading in schizophrenia has been shown to be impaired in a multitude of studies. Furthermore, there is increasing evidence to suggest that metacognition is damaged as well. Lack of insight, or the inability to recognise one's own disorder, is an example of such a failure. We suggest that mindreading and metacognition are linked, but separable.
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  13. Ekh li-heyot ṭov =.Yair Ben David - 2020 - Ḥevel Modiʻin: Devir ;.
     
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  14. Emergence of.Joseph Ben-David - 1978 - In Jerry Gaston (ed.), Sociology of Science. Jossey-Bass Publishers. pp. 197.
     
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  15. Mavo le-teʼoryot ḳolnoʻiot =.Benny Ben-David - 2016 - Raʻananah: ha-Universiṭah ha-petuḥah. Edited by Sandra Meiri & Anat Zanger.
     
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  16.  23
    The Weak $square^ast$ is Really Weaker than the Full $square$.Shai Ben-David & Menachem Magidor - 1986 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 51 (4):1029-1033.
  17.  24
    Souslin trees and successors of singular cardinals.Shai Ben-David & Saharon Shelah - 1986 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 30 (3):207-217.
  18.  18
    Little Samaritan Brothers: Crowdsourcing Voter Surveillance.Anat Ben-David - 2023 - Law and Ethics of Human Rights 17 (2):127-165.
    Voter surveillance for digital campaigning is perceived as enacted from above. Political parties are “all-seeing actors” combining access to the Voters’ Registry with digital tools to maximize voter turnout. At the same time, new forms of lateral surveillance emerge as citizens voluntarily participate in the data collection process to help political parties achieve their electoral goals. This article examines the reconfiguration of the concepts of crowdsourcing and political participation through the use of voter-surveillance applications. Theoretically, it explores how crowdsourced voter (...)
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  19.  20
    The universities and the growth of science in Germany and the United States.Joseph Ben-David - 1968 - Minerva 7 (1-2):1-35.
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  20.  16
    Scientific policy in the Netherlands.Joseph Ben-David - 1967 - Minerva 6 (1):118-121.
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  21. This index contains all the names referred to in the Editorial introductions, plus those in the main text of the Readings. It does not contain all the names in the notes and references to the Readings, nor those in the Bibliography, which is not indexed. Surnames only used eponymously (eg Delaney Clause; Nobel Prize.H. Alfven, M. Arnold, C. Atwood, K. Baedecker, Baker Jr, A. J. Balfour, A. Baring, A. E. Becquerel, E. T. Bell & J. Ben-David - 1982 - In Barry Barnes & David O. Edge (eds.), Science in context: readings in the sociology of science. Cambridge: MIT Press. pp. 365.
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  22.  7
    Constantin Brunner im Kontext: ein Intellektueller zwischen Kaiserreich und Exil.Irene Aue-Ben-David, Gerhard Lauer & Jürgen Stenzel (eds.) - 2014 - Jerusalem: Magnes.
    Eine Ko-Publikation von The Hebrew University Magnes Press and De Gruyter.
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  23.  12
    Witness Preparation before Trial in Anglo-American Law: Aims, Dangers, and Remedies.Guy Ben-David - 2021 - Criminal Justice Ethics 40 (3):179-213.
    Witness preparation before trial constitutes one of the lawyers’ most important and fundamental tools in the practice of criminal law. It fulfills the lawyer's professional duties both towards thei...
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  24.  12
    One Size Does Not Fit All: Examining the Effects of Working Memory Capacity on Spoken Word Recognition in Older Adults Using Eye Tracking.Gal Nitsan, Karen Banai & Boaz M. Ben-David - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Difficulties understanding speech form one of the most prevalent complaints among older adults. Successful speech perception depends on top-down linguistic and cognitive processes that interact with the bottom-up sensory processing of the incoming acoustic information. The relative roles of these processes in age-related difficulties in speech perception, especially when listening conditions are not ideal, are still unclear. In the current study, we asked whether older adults with a larger working memory capacity process speech more efficiently than peers with lower capacity (...)
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  25.  28
    Scientific growth: A sociological view. [REVIEW]Joseph Ben-David - 1964 - Minerva 2 (4):455-476.
  26. Emunah ramah: perakim mi-tokh "Emunah ramah".Abraham ben David Ibn Daud & Yehudah Aizenberg - 1986 - Yerushalayim: Haśkel. Edited by Yehudah Aizenberg.
     
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  27.  13
    Abraham Ibn Daud's 'The Exalted Faith'.Abraham ben David Ibn Daud & Norbert Max Samuelson - 1985
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  28.  41
    Can reinforcement learning explain variation in early infant crying?Arnon Lotem & David W. Winkler - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (4):468-468.
    We welcome Soltis' use of evolutionary signaling theory, but question his interpretations of colic as a signal of vigor and his explanation of abnormal high-pitched crying as a signal of poor infant quality. Instead, we suggest that these phenomena may be suboptimal by-products of a generally adaptive learning process by which infants adjust their crying levels in relation to parental responsiveness.
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  29.  13
    The scientific role: The conditions of its establishment in Eeurope. [REVIEW]Joseph Ben-David - 1965 - Minerva 4 (1):15-54.
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  30.  23
    Scientific research and agricultural innovation in Israel.Shaul Katz & Joseph Ben-David - 1975 - Minerva 13 (2):152-182.
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  31. Ḳunṭres Ahavat Daṿid.Eleazar ben David Fleckeles - 1799 - Bruḳlin, N.Y.: Aḥim Goldenberg.
     
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  32. Sefer Mile di-shemaya: ṿe-hu ḥeleḳ rishon mi-sefer ʻOlat ha-ḥodesh: devarim u-derushim, amarot ṭehorot ba-nigleh uva-nistar.Eleazar ben David Fleckeles - 1784 - Yerushalayim: [Ḥ. Mo. L.].
     
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  33.  26
    Between the Judge and the Executioner.Joshua Ben David Nichols - 2011 - Idealistic Studies 41 (3):149-160.
    Hegel’s account of international relations in the closing sections of the Grundlinien der Philosophie des Rechts (1820) has been the source of considerable philosophical confusion and anxiety. This is primarily due to the fact that Hegel leaves international law at the stage of abstract right and thus, argues that an international moral order is impossible. In his essay ‘Hegel Contra Hegel in his Philosophy of Right’ (1994) and again in his systematic commentary on the Grundlinien Modern Freedom (2001) Adriaan Peperzack (...)
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  34.  22
    Between the Judge and the Executioner.Joshua Ben David Nichols - 2011 - Idealistic Studies 41 (3):149-160.
    Hegel’s account of international relations in the closing sections of the Grundlinien der Philosophie des Rechts has been the source of considerable philosophical confusion and anxiety. This is primarily due to the fact that Hegel leaves international law at the stage of abstract right and thus, argues that an international moral order is impossible. In his essay ‘Hegel Contra Hegel in his Philosophy of Right’ and again in his systematic commentary on the Grundlinien Modern Freedom Adriaan Peperzack puts forward an (...)
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  35.  18
    The Ab-omination of Desolation Speaking or on the Consequences of Speaking Ab-solutely.Joshua Ben David Nichols - 2006 - International Studies in Philosophy 38 (1):101-118.
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  36.  8
    The End(s) of Community: History, Sovereignty, and the Question of Law.Joshua Ben David Nichols - 2013 - Wilfrid Laurier Press.
    This book stems from an examination of how Western philosophy has accounted for the foundations of law. In this tradition, the character of the “sovereign” or “lawgiver” has provided the solution to this problem. But how does the sovereign acquire the right to found law? As soon as we ask this question we are immediately confronted with a convoluted combination of jurisprudence and theology. The author begins by tracing a lengthy and deeply nuanced exchange between Derrida and Nancy on the (...)
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  37. Shene sefarim niftaḥim.Abraham ben David Abraham bar Hiyya Savasorda & Ibn Daud (eds.) - 2001 - [Israel?: Ḥ. Mo. L..
     
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  38.  28
    The crosslinguistic acquisition of sentence structure: Computational modeling and grammaticality judgments from adult and child speakers of English, Japanese, Hindi, Hebrew and K'iche'.Ben Ambridge, Tomoko Tatsumi, Laura Doherty, Ramya Maitreyee, Colin Bannard, Soumitra Samanta, Stewart McCauley, Inbal Arnon, Shira Zicherman, Dani Bekman, Amir Efrati, Ruth Berman, Bhuvana Narasimhan, Dipti Misra Sharma, Rukmini Bhaya Nair, Kumiko Fukumura, Seth Campbell, Clifton Pye, Pedro Mateo Pedro, Sindy Fabiola Can Pixabaj, Mario Marroquín Pelíz & Margarita Julajuj Mendoza - 2020 - Cognition 202 (C):104310.
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  39. Abrey, CA, 163 Adite, A., 367 Aguirre, WE, 403 Amaro, R., 189.D. A. Arrington, R. Barbieri, T. P. Bassista, G. Baumgartner, E. Bellafronte da Silva, M. A. Benavides, J. Ben-David, M. G. Bennett, A. Bhat & A. Bialetzki - 2005 - In Alan F. Blackwell & David MacKay (eds.), Power. Cambridge University Press. pp. 263.
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  40. Age-related differences in processing of emotions in speech disappear with babble noise in the background.Yehuda I. Dor, Daniel Algom, Vered Shakuf & Boaz M. Ben-David - forthcoming - Cognition and Emotion.
    Older adults process emotional speech differently than young adults, relying less on prosody (tone) relative to semantics (words). This study aimed to elucidate the mechanisms underlying these age-related differences via an emotional speech-in-noise test. A sample of 51 young and 47 older adults rated spoken sentences with emotional content on both prosody and semantics, presented on the background of wideband speech-spectrum noise (sensory interference) or on the background of multi-talker babble (sensory/cognitive interference). The presence of wideband noise eliminated age-related differences (...)
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  41.  88
    Sense of Relationship Entitlement of Aging Parents Toward Their Offspring (SRE-ao)—A New Concept and Measurement Tool.Rami Tolmacz, Lilac Lev-Ari, Rachel Bachner-Melman, Yuval Palgi, Ehud Bodner, Darya Feldman, Ron Chakir & Boaz Ben-David - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Our sense of entitlement influences our interactions and attitudes in a range of specific relational contexts, one of them being aging parents’ relationships with their adult children. This study aimed to examine the factor structure of the Sense of Relational Entitlement—aging parents toward their offspring, an 11-item questionnaire that assesses aging people’s sense of relational entitlement toward their children, and examine the associations of its subscales with related personality and mental health constructs. One thousand and six participants, aged 65–99, with (...)
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  42. Presentism and Truthmaking.Ben Caplan & David Sanson - 2011 - Philosophy Compass 6 (3):196-208.
    Three plausible views—Presentism, Truthmaking, and Independence—form an inconsistent triad. By Presentism, all being is present being. By Truthmaking, all truth supervenes on, and is explained in terms of, being. By Independence, some past truths do not supervene on, or are not explained in terms of, present being. We survey and assess some responses to this.
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  43.  94
    Unconscious influences on decision making: A critical review.Ben R. Newell & David R. Shanks - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (2):1-19.
    To what extent do we know our own minds when making decisions? Variants of this question have preoccupied researchers in a wide range of domains, from mainstream experimental psychology to cognitive neuroscience and behavioral economics. A pervasive view places a heavy explanatory burden on an intelligent cognitive unconscious, with many theories assigning causally effective roles to unconscious influences. This article presents a novel framework for evaluating these claims and reviews evidence from three major bodies of research in which unconscious factors (...)
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  44. The Way Things Were.Ben Caplan & David Sanson - 2010 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 81 (1):24-39.
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  45.  20
    Bayesian or biased? Analytic thinking and political belief updating.Ben M. Tappin, Gordon Pennycook & David G. Rand - 2020 - Cognition 204 (C):104375.
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  46.  19
    Case Study: Pain and Sickle Cell Anemia.David Resnik, Marsha Rehm & Ben A. Rich - 2001 - Hastings Center Report 31 (3):29.
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  47.  46
    Estimating the validity of the guilty knowledge test from simulated experiments: the external validity of mock crime studies.David Carmel, Eran Dayan, Ayelet Naveh, Ori Raveh & Gershon Ben-Shakhar - 2003 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 9 (4):261.
  48.  48
    A Gentle Ethical Defence of Homeopathy.David Levy, Ben Gadd, Ian Kerridge & Paul A. Komesaroff - 2015 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 12 (2):203-209.
    Recent discourses about the legitimacy of homeopathy have focused on its scientific plausibility, mechanism of action, and evidence base. These, frequently, conclude not only that homeopathy is scientifically baseless, but that it is “unethical.” They have also diminished patients’ perspectives, values, and preferences. We contend that these critics confuse epistemic questions with questions of ethics, misconstrue the moral status of homeopaths, and have an impoverished idea of ethics—one that fails to account either for the moral worth of care and of (...)
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  49. Egalitarian Machine Learning.Clinton Castro, David O’Brien & Ben Schwan - 2023 - Res Publica 29 (2):237–264.
    Prediction-based decisions, which are often made by utilizing the tools of machine learning, influence nearly all facets of modern life. Ethical concerns about this widespread practice have given rise to the field of fair machine learning and a number of fairness measures, mathematically precise definitions of fairness that purport to determine whether a given prediction-based decision system is fair. Following Reuben Binns (2017), we take ‘fairness’ in this context to be a placeholder for a variety of normative egalitarian considerations. We (...)
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  50.  24
    Unconscious influences on decision making: A critical review – ERRATUM.Ben R. Newell & David R. Shanks - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (2):23.
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