Results for 'Arno B��hler'

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  1.  2
    Universal Recommendations for Some Weaning Practices Do Make Sense.Erik Bøhler - 2002 - Journal of Biosocial Science 34 (3):419-420.
    In the July 2001 issue of the JournalofBiosocialScience Tina Moffat presents an interesting study from Nepal (Moffat, 2001). She refers to several studies, among them our study from Nepal’s neighbouring country Bhutan (Bøhler & Ingstad, 1996), to show that weaning practices are determined by different aspects of the environment, and thus cannot be made universal. However, she goes on to conclude that the recommendation of exclusive breast-feeding for 6 months may not be appropriate for the population she studied. This part (...)
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  2.  1
    Martha C. Nussbaum: Political Emotions. Why Love Matters for Justice.Kjetil Klette Bøhler & Helene Aarseth - 2016 - Agora 34 (1):299-312.
  3.  10
    Subsequent Pregnancy Affects Morbidity of Previous Child.Erik Bøhler & Staffan Bergström - 1995 - Journal of Biosocial Science 27 (4):431-442.
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  4.  2
    A Reply to Bøhler.Tina Moffat - 2002 - Journal of Biosocial Science 34 (3):421-423.
    My response to BøhlerUniversal recommendations for some weaning practices do make senseA Biocultural Investigation of the Weanling (Moffat, 2001), the second on the larger issue of biomedical approaches to maternal–child health education.
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  5. Ricardo E. Felberbaum, Klaus B├╝ hler, Hans van der Ven (Hrsg.)(2007) Das Deutsche IVF-Register 1996ÔÇô2006. 10 Jahre Reproduktionsmedizin in Deutschland. [REVIEW]S. Ben├ Âhr - 2007 - Ethik in der Medizin 19 (4):340.
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  6.  12
    Uruk Architektur IV: Von der Seleukiden- bis zur Sasanidenzeit.Susan B. Downey & Arno Kose - 2003 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 123 (1):188.
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  7.  13
    Texte zur Geschichte der altdeutschen Tierfabel. Arno Schirokauer.Donald B. Sands - 1954 - Speculum 29 (2, Part 1):317-318.
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  8.  13
    “Begriff”, “setzung” und “existenz” bei W.V.O. Quine.Arno Ros - 1989 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 35 (1):103-122.
    Auf die Rede von Begriffen und vergleichbaren Entitäten, so behauptet Quine, könne man verzichten. Mit einer solchen Einstellung handelt Quine sich jedoch Schwierigkeiten ein, die z.B. an seinem Konzept des Setzens von Gegenständen sowie an seinem Verständnis von Existenzaussagen sichtbar werden. Im Hintergrund jener Einstellung steht ein unzureichendes Verständnis der Funktion von Begriffen. Zudem hat Quine bisher nicht zur Kenntnis genommen, daß Wittgenstein in seiner Spätphilosophie Vorschläge zum Verständnis der Rede von Begriffen entwickelt hat, welche es erlauben, zahlreiche Defizite des (...)
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  9.  21
    “Begriff”, “setzung” und “existenz” bei W.V.O. Quine.Arno Ros - 1989 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 35 (1):103-122.
    Auf die Rede von Begriffen und vergleichbaren Entitäten, so behauptet Quine, könne man verzichten. Mit einer solchen Einstellung handelt Quine sich jedoch Schwierigkeiten ein, die z.B. an seinem Konzept des Setzens von Gegenständen sowie an seinem Verständnis von Existenzaussagen sichtbar werden (§ 1 und 2). Im Hintergrund jener Einstellung steht ein unzureichendes Verständnis der Funktion von Begriffen (§ 3). Zudem hat Quine bisher nicht zur Kenntnis genommen, daß Wittgenstein in seiner Spätphilosophie Vorschläge zum Verständnis der Rede von Begriffen entwickelt hat, (...)
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  10.  5
    Film Noir: Fatalismus „im Zeichen des Bösen“.Arno Böhler - 2016 - In Waldemar Zacharasiewicz & Ludwig Nagl (eds.), Ein Filmphilosophie-Symposium Mit Robert B. Pippin: Western, Film Noir Und Das Kino der Brüder Dardenne. De Gruyter. pp. 185-202.
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  11.  32
    Das Integrale Und Das Gebrochene Ganze: Zum 100. Geburtstag von Leo Gabriel.Ivanka B. Rajnova & Susanne Moser (eds.) - 2005 - Peter Lang.
    Dieser Band präsentiert, gemeinsam mit anderen Beiträgen, die anlässlich der Gedenkfeier zum 100. Geburtstag von Leo Gabriel gehaltenen Vorträge am Institut für Philosophie der Universität Wien. Lange vor den gegenwärtigen Bestrebungen zu einer europäischen Integration hat Gabriel die Entwicklung der geistigen Gestalten Europas und das Verhältnis von Einheit und Vielheit integrativ zu erfassen versucht. Die Autorinnen und Autoren erörtern die Quellen sowie die Aktualität des integralen Denkens und vergleichen es mit phänomenologisch-existentialistischen, hermeneutischen, strukturalistischen und postmodernen Theorien. Überdies beinhaltet der Band (...)
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  12. G.B. Phelan Selected Papers.G. B. Phelan, Arthur G. Kirn & Ont Toronto - 1967
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  13. The Function Debate in Philosophy.Arno Wouters - 2005 - Acta Biotheoretica 53 (2):123-151.
    This paper reviews the debate on the notion of biological function and on functional explanation as this takes place in philosophy. It describes the different perspectives, issues, intuitions, theories and arguments that have emerged. The author shows that the debate has been too heavily influenced by the concerns of a naturalistic philosophy of mind and argues that in order to improve our understanding of biology the attention should be shifted from the study of intuitions to the study of the actual (...)
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  14.  61
    Four Notions of Biological Function.Arno G. Wouters - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 34 (4):633-668.
    I argue that there are at least four different ways in which the term ‘function’ is used in connection with the study of living organisms, namely: function as activity, function as biological role, function as biological advantage, and function as selected effect. Notion refers to what an item does by itself; refers to the contribution of an item or activity to a complex activity or capacity of an organism; refers to the value for the organism of an item having a (...)
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  15. Four Notions of Biological Function.Arno G. Wouters - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 34 (4):633-668.
    I argue that there are at least four different ways in which the term ‘function’ is used in connection with the study of living organisms, namely: function as activity, function as biological role, function as biological advantage, and function as selected effect. Notion refers to what an item does by itself; refers to the contribution of an item or activity to a complex activity or capacity of an organism; refers to the value for the organism of an item having a (...)
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  16. Judging Machines: Philosophical Aspects of Deep Learning.Arno Schubbach - forthcoming - Synthese 198 (2):1807-1827.
    Although machine learning has been successful in recent years and is increasingly being deployed in the sciences, enterprises or administrations, it has rarely been discussed in philosophy beyond the philosophy of mathematics and machine learning. The present contribution addresses the resulting lack of conceptual tools for an epistemological discussion of machine learning by conceiving of deep learning networks as ‘judging machines’ and using the Kantian analysis of judgments for specifying the type of judgment they are capable of. At the center (...)
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  17. Last Judgment: The Visionary Biology of J. B. S. Haldane. [REVIEW]Mark B. Adams - 2000 - Journal of the History of Biology 33 (3):457 - 491.
    This paper seeks to reinterpret the life and work of J. B. S. Haldane by focusing on an illuminating but largely ignored essay he published in 1927, "The Last Judgment" -- the sequel to his better known work, "Daedalus" (1924). This astonishing essay expresses a vision of the human future over the next 40,000,000 years, one that revises and updates Wellsian futurism with the long range implications of the "new biology" for human destiny. That vision served as a kind of (...)
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  18. Design Explanation: Determining the Constraints on What Can Be Alive.Arno G. Wouters - 2007 - Erkenntnis 67 (1):65-80.
    This paper is concerned with reasonings that purport to explain why certain organisms have certain traits by showing that their actual design is better than contrasting designs. Biologists call such reasonings 'functional explanations'. To avoid confusion with other uses of that phrase, I call them 'design explanations'. This paper discusses the structure of design explanations and how they contribute to scientific understanding. Design explanations are contrastive and often compare real organisms to hypothetical organisms that cannot possibly exist. They are not (...)
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  19.  1
    New Perspectives on Renaissance Thought Essays in the History of Science, Education and Philosophy ; in Memory of Charles B. Schmitt.Charles B. Schmitt - 1990 - Duckbacks.
  20.  27
    [Letter From B. M. Laing].B. M. Laing - 1932 - Philosophy 7 (27):374-374.
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  21.  15
    On the (Semi)Lattices Induced by Continuous Reducibilities.Arno Pauly - 2010 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 56 (5):488-502.
    Continuous reducibilities are a proven tool in Computable Analysis, and have applications in other fields such as Constructive Mathematics or Reverse Mathematics. We study the order-theoretic properties of several variants of the two most important definitions, and especially introduce suprema for them. The suprema are shown to commutate with several characteristic numbers.
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  22.  30
    Wesen und Wandlung des Humanismus.Arno Carl Coutinho & Horst Rudiger - 1938 - Journal of Philosophy 35 (13):362.
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  23. Human Dignity, and the Transformation of Moral Rights Into Legal Rights.Hans Jörg Sandkühler - 2010 - Iris. European Journal of Philosophy and Public Debate 2 (4):349-362.
    “Human dignity is inviolable. It must be respected and protected.” What is the status of this proposition? Is human dignity inviolable? Statements on human dignity are closely intertwined with philosophical, anthropological and legal issues – and with the obligations, possibilities and limits of philosophy. Why a plea for human dignity? There are two reasons at least: (i) human dignity is violated, (ii) there are heated debates on exactly what “human dignity“ means. Accordingly, the elements of a normative theory of the (...)
     
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  24.  11
    ELLIS, B., "Rational Belief Systems".B. Skyrms - 1980 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 58:66.
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  25.  21
    The Micro-Level Foundations and Dynamics of Political Corporate Social Responsibility: Hegemony and Passive Revolution Through Civil Society.Arno Kourula & Guillaume Delalieux - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 135 (4):769-785.
    Exploration of the political roles firms play in society is a flourishing stream within corporate social responsibility research. However, few empirical studies have examined multiple levels of political CSR at the same time from a critical perspective. We explore both how the motivations of managers and internal organizational practices affect a company’s choice between competing CSR approaches, and how the different CSR programs of corporate and civil society actors compete with each other. We present a qualitative interpretative case study of (...)
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  26.  63
    Viability Explanation.Arno Wouters - 1995 - Biology and Philosophy 10 (4):435-457.
    This article deals with a type of functional explanation, viability explanation, that has been overlooked in recent philosophy of science. Viability explanations relate traits of organisms and their environments in terms of what an individual needs to survive and reproduce. I show that viability explanations are neither causal nor historical and that, therefore, they should be accounted for as a distinct type of explanation.
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  27. HART, B. -The Psychology of Insanity. [REVIEW]B. Muscio - 1913 - Mind 22:410.
     
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  28. ELLIS, B. "Rational Belief Systems". [REVIEW]B. Carr - 1981 - Mind 90:457.
     
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  29.  21
    Malina, B J & Neyrey, J H - Portraits of Paul: An Archaeology of Ancient Personality.B. J. Malina & J. H. Neyrey - 1998 - Hts Theological Studies 54 (1/2).
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  30. B. BAERTSCHI, FR. AZOUVI: "Maine de Biran et la Suisse". [REVIEW]B. Baertschi - 1986 - Revue de Théologie Et de Philosophie 118:106.
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  31.  64
    The Functional Perspective of Organismal Biology.Arno Wouters - 2005 - In Thomas Reydon & Lia Hemerik (eds.), Current Themes in Theoretical Biology. Springer. pp. 33--69.
    Following Mayr (1961) evolutionary biologists often maintain that the hallmark of biology is its evolutionary perspective. In this view, biologists distinguish themselves from other natural scientists by their emphasis on why-questions. Why-questions are legitimate in biology but not in other natural sciences because of the selective character of the process by means of which living objects acquire their characteristics. For that reason, why-questions should be answered in terms of natural selection. Functional biology is seen as a reductionist science that applies (...)
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  32. B. 1 Teleologische Ansätze.B. Ansätze Normativer Ethik - 2006 - In Marcus Düwell, Christoph Hübenthal & Micha H. Werner (eds.), Handbuch Ethik. J.B. Metzler.
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  33. B. Referate Uber Fremdsprachige Neuerscheinungen-Enabling Social Europe.B. V. Maydell, K. Borchardt, K. D. Henke, R. Leitner & Simon Derpmann - 2006 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 59 (3):303.
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  34.  4
    Je ne sais plus ce que je lis: la traduction, le texte, la relation.Arno Renken - 2022 - Studi di Estetica 22.
    The term “translation” has three meanings: the practice of the translator, the textual outcome of this practice, and the relationship it creates between texts and languages. In this article, I would like to draw attention to this third aspect, translation as a relation. To do so, I will first propose a historical overview of the first two meanings, as well as of the normative or descriptive aims associated to them. Secondly, I identify three motives for thinking about translation that are (...)
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  35.  17
    Oleg B. Zaslavskii. The Little in a Non-Euclidean World: On the Artistic Space in Tom Stoppard's Film and Play “Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead”. Abstract. [REVIEW]Oleg B. Zaslavskii - 2005 - Sign Systems Studies 33 (2):343-343.
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  36.  8
    Frank B. Cannonito. Hierarchies of Computable Groups and the Word Problem. The Journal of Symbolic Logic, Vol. 31 , Pp. 376–392.B. H. Mayoh - 1968 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 33 (1):121.
  37. Robert B Brandom, Making It Explicit; John McDowell, Mind and World.B. Harrison - 1996 - Philosophical Investigations 19:345-352.
  38.  7
    Knowing in the Context of Acting: The Task Dynamics of the A-Not-B Error.Linda B. Smith, Esther Thelen, Robert Titzer & Dewey McLin - 1999 - Psychological Review 106 (2):235-260.
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  39. Erdmann, B., , Reflexionen Kants zur kritischen Philosophie. [REVIEW]B. Raymaekers - 1993 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 55 (1):159.
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  40. Spinoza, B. de, Tratado político. [REVIEW]B. Raymaekers - 1987 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 49:542.
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  41. Functional Explanation in Biology.Arno Wouters - 2005 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 84 (1):269-293.
    This paper evaluates Kuipers' account of functional explanation in biology in view of an example of such an explanation taken from real biology. The example is the explanation of why electric fishes swim backwards (Lannoo and Lannoo 1993). Kuipers' account depicts the answer to a request for functional explanation as consisting only of statements that articulate a certain kind of consequence. It is argued that such an account fails to do justice to the main insight provided by the example explanation, (...)
     
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  42.  15
    On the Quantifier Complexity of Definable Canonical Henselian Valuations.Arno Fehm & Franziska Jahnke - 2015 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 61 (4-5):347-361.
  43. Philosophy and Science as Modes of Knowing Selected Essays. Edited by Alden L. Fisher Ànd George B. Murray.Alden L. Fisher & George B. Murray - 1969
  44.  28
    On the Formation of Interstitial Loops in B.C.C. Metals.B. L. Eyre & R. Bullough - 1965 - Philosophical Magazine 12 (115):31-39.
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  45.  8
    Existential ∅-Definability of Henselian Valuation Rings.Arno Fehm - 2015 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 80 (1):301-307.
  46.  10
    Krystal, B., Wie ist Kunstgeschichte als Wissenschaft möglich?B. Wendland - 1911 - Kant Studien 16 (1-3):495.
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  47.  47
    Arthur F. Holmes, Fact, Value and God. (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm. B. Eerdmans, 1997.) Pp. VIII+183.B. A. - 1998 - Religious Studies 34 (4):509-512.
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  48.  82
    Bob B. He: Two-Dimensional X-Ray Diffraction: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2009, Xiv + 426 Pp, ISBN: 978-0-470-22722-0 , $115.00. [REVIEW]George B. Kauffman - 2012 - Foundations of Chemistry 14 (2):187-188.
    Bob B. He: Two-dimensional X-ray diffraction Content Type Journal Article Category Book Review Pages 1-2 DOI 10.1007/s10698-011-9135-8 Authors George B. Kauffman, Department of Chemistry, California State University, Fresno, Fresno, CA 93740-8034, USA Journal Foundations of Chemistry Online ISSN 1572-8463 Print ISSN 1386-4238.
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  49.  11
    The Conjunction of 3102 B.C.B. L. Van der Waerden* - 1980 - Centaurus 24 (1):117-131.
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  50. Retelling Experiments: H. B. D. Kettlewell’s Studies of Industrial Melanism in Peppered Moths. [REVIEW]Joel B. Hagen - 1999 - Biology and Philosophy 14 (1):39-54.
    H. B. D. Kettlewell's field experiments on industrial melanism in the peppered moth, Biston betularia, have become the best known demonstration of natural selection in action. I argue that textbook accounts routinely portray this research as an example of controlled experimentation, even though this is historically misleading. I examine how idealized accounts of Kettlewell's research have been used by professional biologists and biology teachers. I also respond to some criticisms of David Rudge to my earlier discussions of this case study, (...)
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