Results for 'Ariadne A. Nichol'

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  1.  11
    Moral Engagement and Disengagement in Health Care AI Development.Ariadne A. Nichol, Meghan Halley, Carole Federico, Mildred K. Cho & Pamela L. Sankar - forthcoming - AJOB Empirical Bioethics.
    Background Machine learning (ML) is utilized increasingly in health care, and can pose harms to patients, clinicians, health systems, and the public. In response, regulators have proposed an approach that would shift more responsibility to ML developers for mitigating potential harms. To be effective, this approach requires ML developers to recognize, accept, and act on responsibility for mitigating harms. However, little is known regarding the perspectives of developers themselves regarding their obligations to mitigate harms.Methods We conducted 40 semi-structured interviews with (...)
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  2.  13
    Potential Implications of Testing an Experimental mRNA-Based Vaccine During an Emerging Infectious Disease Pandemic.Ariadne A. Nichol - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (7):W2-W3.
    Volume 20, Issue 7, July 2020, Page W2-W3.
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  3. Supporting Solidarity.Claire Moore, Ariadne Nichol & Holly Taylor - 2023 - Voices in Bioethics 9.
    Photo ID 72893750 © Rawpixelimages|Dreamstime.com ABSTRACT Solidarity is a concept increasingly employed in bioethics whose application merits further clarity and explanation. Given how vital cooperation and community-level care are to mitigating communicable disease transmission, we use lessons from the COVID-19 pandemic to reveal how solidarity is a useful descriptive and analytical tool for public health scholars, practitioners, and policymakers. Drawing upon an influential framework of solidarity that highlights how solidarity arises from the ground up, we reveal how structural forces can (...)
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  4.  38
    Evolutionary psychology: Ultimate explanations and panglossian predictions.Todd A. Grantham & Shaun Nichols - 1999 - In Valerie Gray Hardcastle (ed.), Where Biology Meets Psychology. MIT Press. pp. 47--66.
  5.  38
    Virtuous Leadership: Exploring the Effects of Leader Courage and Behavioral Integrity on Leader Performance and Image.Michael E. Palanski, Kristin L. Cullen, William A. Gentry & Chelsea M. Nichols - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 132 (2):297-310.
    We examined the relationship between leader behavioral integrity and leader behavioral courage using data from two studies. Results from Study 1, an online experiment, indicated that behavioral manifestations of leader behavioral integrity and situational adversity both have direct main effects on behavioral manifestations of leader courage. Results from Study 2, a multisource field study with practicing executives, indicated that leader behavioral courage fully mediates the effects of leader behavioral integrity on leader performance and leader executive image. Implications of these findings (...)
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  6. Moral Psychology: Historical and Contemporary Readings.Thomas Nadelhoffer, Eddy A. Nahmias & Shaun Nichols (eds.) - 2010 - Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
    _Moral Psychology: Historical and Contemporary Readings_ is the first book to bring together the most significant contemporary and historical works on the topic from both philosophy and psychology. Provides a comprehensive introduction to moral psychology, which is the study of psychological mechanisms and processes underlying ethics and morality Unique in bringing together contemporary texts by philosophers, psychologists and other cognitive scientists with foundational works from both philosophy and psychology Approaches moral psychology from an empirically informed perspective Explores a wide range (...)
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  7.  30
    End of the line: Line bisection, an unreliable measure of approach and avoidance motivation.Nathan C. Leggett, Nicole A. Thomas & Michael E. R. Nicholls - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (6).
  8.  17
    The One Health Approach to Zoonotic Emerging Infectious Diseases.Ariadne Nichol & David Magnus - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (10):1-2.
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  9.  34
    Full Collection of Personal Narratives.Ian Faulkner Soutar, Michael Bear, Hillary Savoie, Lauren Farmer, Jean-Christophe Bélisle-Pipon, Claudio Del Grande, Geneviève Rouleau, Shreya Thiagarajan, Stephanie Wacha, Allison M. Lee, David W. Bressler, John K. Jackson, Matthew J. Ehrhart, David B. Arscott, Kevin A. Nguyen, Pietro Michelucci, Jaden J. A. Hastings, Mary Nichols, Paloma Nuñez-Farias, Salvador Velásquez-Contreras, Viviana Ríos-Carmona, Jorge Velásquez-Contreras, María Ester Velásquez-Contreras, José Luis Rojas-Rojas, Bastián Riveros-Flores, Joey Hulbert & Christopher Santos-Lang - 2019 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 9 (1):4-34.
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  10.  92
    Early development of shared intentionality with Peers.A. Brownell Celia, Nichols Sara & Svetlova Margarita - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (5):693-694.
    In their account of the origins of human collaborative abilities, Tomasello et al. rely heavily on reasoning and evidence from adult–child collaborations. Peer collaborations are not discussed, but early peer collaborations differ from early adult–child collaborations. Describing and explaining the similarities and differences in shared intentionality with peers and adults will bring us closer to understanding the developmental mechanisms.
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  11.  25
    The Role of Auditory Feedback at Vocalization Onset and Mid-Utterance.Nichole E. Scheerer & Jeffery A. Jones - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  12.  81
    “False positive” emotions, responsibility, and moral character.Rajen A. Anderson, Rachana Kamtekar, Shaun Nichols & David A. Pizarro - 2021 - Cognition 214 (C):104770.
  13. Neo-Marxist Origins: The History and Class Consciousness of Gyorgy Lukacs.A. Mc Nicholl - 1978 - Aquinas 21 (2-3):183-211.
     
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  14. Sentimental rules: on the natural foundations of moral judgment.Shaun Nichols - 2004 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Sentimental Rules is an ambitious and highly interdisciplinary work, which proposes and defends a new theory about the nature and evolution of moral judgment. In it, philosopher Shaun Nichols develops the theory that emotions play a critical role in both the psychological and the cultural underpinnings of basic moral judgment. Nichols argues that our norms prohibiting the harming of others are fundamentally associated with our emotional responses to those harms, and that such 'sentimental rules' enjoy an advantage in cultural evolution, (...)
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  15.  16
    Informed consent in pragmatic trials: results from a survey of trials published 2014–2019.Jennifer Zhe Zhang, Stuart G. Nicholls, Kelly Carroll, Hayden Peter Nix, Cory E. Goldstein, Spencer Phillips Hey, Jamie C. Brehaut, Paul C. McLean, Charles Weijer, Dean A. Fergusson & Monica Taljaard - 2022 - Journal of Medical Ethics 49 (1):34-40.
    ObjectivesTo describe reporting of informed consent in pragmatic trials, justifications for waivers of consent and reporting of alternative approaches to standard written consent. To identify factors associated with (1) not reporting and (2) not obtaining consent.MethodsSurvey of primary trial reports, published 2014–2019, identified using an electronic search filter for pragmatic trials implemented in MEDLINE, and registered in ClinicalTrials.gov.ResultsAmong 1988 trials, 132 (6.6%) did not include a statement about participant consent, 1691 (85.0%) reported consent had been obtained, 139 (7.0%) reported a (...)
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  16.  38
    Dewey's Democracy and Education Revisited: Contemporary Discourses for Democratic Education and Leadership.Clay Baulch, Nichole E. Bourgeois, Peter Hlebowitsh, Raymond A. Horn, Karen Embry-Jenlink, Patrick M. Jenlink, Timothy B. Jones, Andrew Kaplan, Jarod Lambert, John Leonard, Reitumetse Obakeng Mabokela, Jean A. Madsen, Kathy Sernak, Robert J. Starratt, Lee Stewart, Duncan Waite & Susan Field Waite (eds.) - 2009 - R&L Education.
    This book presents a collection of contemporary discourses that reconsider the relationship of democracy as a political ideology and American ideal and education as the foundation of preparing democratic citizens in America.
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  17.  74
    Thomas Reid's theory of perception.Ryan Nichols - 2007 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Nichols offers the first comprehensive interpretation of the eighteenth-century Scottish philosopher Thomas Reid's theory of perception - by far the most important feature of his philosophical system. Nichols's consummate knowledge of Reid's texts, lively examples, and plainspoken style make this book especially readable. It will be the definitive analysis for a long time to come.
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  18. Preschoolers Benefit Equally From Video Chat, Pseudo-Contingent Video, and Live Book Reading: Implications for Storytime During the Coronavirus Pandemic and Beyond.Caroline Gaudreau, Yemimah A. King, Rebecca A. Dore, Hannah Puttre, Deborah Nichols, Kathy Hirsh-Pasek & Roberta Michnick Golinkoff - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  19.  22
    A Cross Sectional Survey of Recruitment Practices, Supports, and Perceived Roles for Unaffiliated and Non-scientist Members of IRBs.Stuart G. Nicholls, Holly A. Taylor, Richard James, Emily E. Anderson, Phoebe Friesen, Toby Schonfeld & Elyse I. Summers - 2023 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 14 (3):174-184.
    Background Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) are federally mandated to include both nonscientific and unaffiliated representatives in their membership. Despite this, there is no guidance or policy on the selection of unaffiliated or non-scientist members and reports indicate a lack of clarity regarding members’ roles. In the present study we sought to explore processes of recruitment, training, and the perceived roles for unaffiliated and non-scientist members of IRBs.Methods We distributed a self-administered REDCap survey of members of the Association for the Accreditation (...)
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  20.  18
    Say it is Pentecost: a guide through Balthasar's logic.Aidan Nichols - 2001 - Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press.
    Say It Is Pentecost completes Aidan Nichols's presentation of the great theological trilogy of Hans Urs von Balthasar.
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  21. Intuitions about personal identity: An empirical study.Shaun Nichols & Michael Bruno - 2010 - Philosophical Psychology 23 (3):293-312.
    Williams (1970) argues that our intuitions about personal identity vary depending on how a given thought experiment is framed. Some frames lead us to think that persistence of self requires persistence of one's psychological characteristics; other frames lead us to think that the self persists even after the loss of one's distinctive psychological characteristics. The current paper takes an empirical approach to these issues. We find that framing does affect whether or not people judge that persistence of psychological characteristics is (...)
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  22.  26
    Foucault, the subject and the research interview: a critique of methods.Joanna K. Fadyl & David A. Nicholls - 2013 - Nursing Inquiry 20 (1):23-29.
    FADYL JK and NICHOLLS DA. Nursing Inquiry 2013; 20: 23–29 Foucault, the subject and the research interview: a critique of methodsResearch interviews are a widely used method in qualitative health research and have been adapted to suit a range of methodologies. Just as it is valuable that new approaches are explored, it is also important to continue to examine their appropriate use. In this article, we question the suitability of research interviews for ‘history of the present’ studies informed by the (...)
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  23.  28
    Winnicott e o Middle Group: a diferença que faz diferença.Ariadne Alvarenga de Rezende Engelberg de Moraes - 2008 - Natureza Humana 10 (1):73-104.
    Considerando que a fundação do Middle Group é uma dissidência teórica do pensamento psicanalítico clássico, destaco as idéias centrais dos teóricos britânicos das relações de objeto, mostrando os pontos de divergência entre eles e Klein, autora que, apesar de pioneira no desenvolvimento do conceito de relações objetais, apresentava-se como principal representante do pensamento tradicional. Em seguida, analiso a noção winnicottiana de constituição de um si-mesmo e de conquista do concernimento como os fundamentos teóricos que marcam a originalidade de Winnicott no (...)
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  24.  6
    Facing the Ethical Challenges: Consumer Involvement in COVID-19 Pandemic Research.N. Straiton, A. McKenzie, J. Bowden, A. Nichol, R. Murphy, T. Snelling, J. Zalcberg, J. Clements, J. Stubbs, A. Economides, D. Kent, J. Ansell & T. Symons - 2020 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 17 (4):743-748.
    Consumer involvement in clinical research is an essential component of a comprehensive response during emergent health challenges. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the moderation of research policies and regulation to facilitate research may raise ethical issues. Meaningful, diverse consumer involvement can help to identify practical approaches to prioritize, design, and conduct rapidly developed clinical research amid current events. Consumer involvement might also elucidate the acceptability of flexible ethics review approaches that aim to protect participants whilst being sensitive to the challenging context (...)
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  25.  29
    Making replication prestigious.Krzysztof J. Gorgolewski, Thomas Nichols, David N. Kennedy, Jean-Baptiste Poline & Russell A. Poldrack - 2018 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41.
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  26.  38
    Thinking the unconscious: nineteenth-century German thought.Angus Nicholls & Martin Liebscher (eds.) - 2010 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Since Freud's earliest psychoanalytic theorisation around the beginning of the twentieth-century, the concept of the unconscious has exerted an enormous influence upon psychoanalysis and psychology, literary, critical and social theory. Yet prior to Freud, the concept of the unconscious already possessed a complex genealogy in nineteenth-century German philosophy and literature, beginning with the aftermath of Kant's Critical Philosophy and the origins of German Idealism, and extending into the discourses of Romanticism and beyond. Despite the many key thinkers who contributed to (...)
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  27. The greening of the “barrios”: Urban agriculture for food security in Cuba. [REVIEW]Miguel A. Altieri, Nelso Companioni, Kristina Cañizares, Catherine Murphy, Peter Rosset, Martin Bourque & Clara I. Nicholls - 1999 - Agriculture and Human Values 16 (2):131-140.
    Urban agriculture in Cuba has rapidly become a significant source of fresh produce for the urban and suburban populations. A large number of urban gardens in Havana and other major cities have emerged as a grassroots movement in response to the crisis brought about by the loss of trade, with the collapse of the socialist bloc in 1989. These gardens are helping to stabilize the supply of fresh produce to Cuba's urban centers. During 1996, Havana's urban farms provided the city's (...)
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  28.  13
    Quantifying the Interplay of Semantics and Phonology During Failures of Word Retrieval by People With Aphasia Using a Multiplex Lexical Network.Nichol Castro, Massimo Stella & Cynthia S. Q. Siew - 2020 - Cognitive Science 44 (9):e12881.
    Investigating instances where lexical selection fails can lead to deeper insights into the cognitive machinery and architecture supporting successful word retrieval and speech production. In this paper, we used a multiplex lexical network approach that combines semantic and phonological similarities among words to model the structure of the mental lexicon. Network measures at different levels of analysis (degree, network distance, and closeness centrality) were used to investigate the influence of network structure on picture naming accuracy and errors by people with (...)
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  29.  7
    Sex Determination and the Human Person.Myron A. Penner, April M. Cordero & Amanda J. Nichols - 2022 - TheoLogica: An International Journal for Philosophy of Religion and Philosophical Theology 7 (1).
    For many species that reproduce sexually, how sex is expressed at different points across lifespan is highly contingent and dependent on various environmental factors. For example, in many species of fish, environmental cues can trigger a natural process of sex transition where a female transitions to male. For many species of turtle, incubation temperature influences the likelihood that turtle eggs will hatch males or females. What is the case for Homo sapiens? Is human sex expression influenced by contingent environmental factors (...)
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  30.  97
    Spatial awareness, alertness, and ADHD: The re-emergence of unilateral neglect with time-on-task.Melanie A. George, Veronika B. Dobler, Elaine Nicholls & Tom Manly - 2005 - Brain and Cognition 57 (3):264-275.
  31. Introduction: thinking the unconscious.A. Nicholls & M. Liebscher - 2010 - In Angus Nicholls & Martin Liebscher (eds.), Thinking the unconscious: nineteenth-century German thought. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 1--25.
  32. Going too far? How the public health anti-obesity drives could cause harm by promoting eating disorders.Jacinta O. A. Tan, Suzana Corciova & Dasha Nicholls - 2019 - In Kelso Cratsley & Jennifer Radden (eds.), Mental Health as Public Health: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on the Ethics of Prevention. Elsevier.
     
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  33. No Bloodless Myth. A Guide Through Balthasars Dramatics.Aidan Nichols - 2000
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  34. A British Commonwealth Dogmatics.A. Nichols - 1988 - The Thomist 52 (1):96-123.
  35.  61
    Stakeholder views regarding ethical issues in the design and conduct of pragmatic trials: study protocol.Stuart G. Nicholls, Kelly Carroll, Jamie Brehaut, Charles Weijer, Spencer Phillips Hey, Cory E. Goldstein, Merrick Zwarenstein, Ian D. Graham, Joanne E. McKenzie, Lauralyn McIntyre, Vipul Jairath, Marion K. Campbell, Jeremy M. Grimshaw, Dean A. Fergusson & Monica Taljaard - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):90.
    Randomized controlled trial trial designs exist on an explanatory-pragmatic spectrum, depending on the degree to which a study aims to address a question of efficacy or effectiveness. As conceptualized by Schwartz and Lellouch in 1967, an explanatory approach to trial design emphasizes hypothesis testing about the mechanisms of action of treatments under ideal conditions, whereas a pragmatic approach emphasizes testing effectiveness of two or more available treatments in real-world conditions. Interest in, and the number of, pragmatic trials has grown substantially (...)
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  36. Civilizing Humans with Shame: How Early Confucians Altered Inherited Evolutionary Norms through Cultural Programming to Increase Social Harmony.Ryan Nichols - 2015 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 15 (3-4):254-284.
    To say Early Confucians advocated the possession of a sense of shame as a means to moral virtue underestimates the tact and forethought they used successfully to mold natural dispositions to experience shame into a system of self, familial, and social governance. Shame represents an adaptive system of emotion, cognition, perception, and behavior in social primates for measurement of social rank. Early Confucians understood the utility of the shame system for promotion of cooperation, and they build and deploy cultural modules (...)
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  37.  60
    From 'the' Precautionary Principle to Precautionary Principles.Lauren Hartzell-Nichols - 2013 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 16 (3):308-320.
    The precautionary principle has been widely discussed in the academic, legal, and policy arenas. This paper argues, however, that there is no single precautionary principle and we should stop referring to ?the? precautionary principle. Instead, we should talk about ?precaution? and ?precautionary approaches? more generally and identify and defend distinct precautionary principles of limited scope. Drawing on the vast literature on ?the? precautionary principle, this paper further argues that the challenges of decision making under conditions of uncertainty necessitate taking a (...)
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  38. 3. Sketch for a Christological Aesthetics.O. Aidan Nichols - 1997 - Logos: A Journal of Catholic Thought and Culture 1 (1).
     
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  39. Just the Imagination: Why Imagining Doesn’t Behave Like Believing.Nichols Shaun - 2006 - Mind and Language 21 (4):459-474.
    According to recent accounts of the imagination, mental mechanisms that can take input from both imagining and from believing will process imagination‐based inputs (pretense representations) and isomorphic beliefs in much the same way. That is, such a mechanism should produce similar outputs whether its input is the belief that p or the pretense representation that p. Unfortunately, there seem to be clear counterexamples to this hypothesis, for in many cases, imagining that p and believing that p have quite different psychological (...)
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  40. Rethinking Cultural Evolutionary Psychology.Ryan Nichols, Henrike Moll & Jacob L. Mackey - 2019 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 19 (5):477-492.
    This essay discusses Cecilia Heyes’ groundbreaking new book Cognitive Gadgets: The Cultural Evolution of Thinking. Heyes’ point of departure is the claim that current theories of cultural evolution fail adequately to make a place for the mind. Heyes articulates a cognitive psychology of cultural evolution by explaining how eponymous “cognitive gadgets,” such as imitation, mindreading and language, mental technologies, are “tuned” and “assembled” through social interaction and cultural learning. After recapitulating her explanations for the cultural and psychological origins of these (...)
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  41.  3
    Philosophic Care in the Life of Plato’s Socrates.Mary P. Nichols - 2018 - In Paul J. Diduch & Michael P. Harding (eds.), Socrates in the Cave: On the Philosopher’s Motive in Plato. Cham: Springer Verlag. pp. 287-314.
    In order to better understand the meaning of Socrates’ philosophic life, Nichols explores the theme of caring that is prominent in Socrates’ Apology. What is the relation between the examined life that he says is the only one worth living for a human being and the care he claims and shows for others, especially the young of Athens? Nichols discusses Socrates’ illustrations of philosophic caretaking from the Symposium, Phaedrus, and Theaetetus, both his own caretaking activities as well as his teachings (...)
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  42.  5
    The Philosophy of Spirituality.R. Nicholls & Heather Salazar (eds.) - 2018 - Boston: Brill.
    The essays in The Philosophy of Spirituality address spirituality as a subject of philosophical interest independent of religion and respecting diverse spiritual traditions: African, atheist, Indigenous, Indian, Stoic, and Sufic perspectives, as well as Western analytic and continental views.
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  43.  74
    Precaution and Solar Radiation Management.Lauren Hartzell-Nichols - 2012 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 15 (2):158 - 171.
    Solar radiation management is a form of geoengineering that involves the intentional manipulation of solar radiation with the aim of reducing global average temperature. This paper explores what precaution implies about the status of solar radiation management. It is argued that any form of solar radiation management that poses threats of catastrophe cannot constitute an appropriate precautionary measure against another threat of catastrophe, namely climate change. Research of solar radiation management is appropriate on a precautionary view only insofar as such (...)
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  44.  18
    Methodological Considerations for Incorporating Clinical Data Into a Network Model of Retrieval Failures.Nichol Castro - 2022 - Topics in Cognitive Science 14 (1):111-126.
    Difficulty retrieving information (e.g., words) from memory is prevalent in neurogenic communication disorders (e.g., aphasia and dementia). Theoretical modeling of retrieval failures often relies on clinical data, despite methodological limitations (e.g., locus of retrieval failure, heterogeneity of individuals, and progression of disorder/disease). Techniques from network science are naturally capable of handling these limitations. This paper reviews recent work using a multiplex lexical network to account for word retrieval failures and highlights how network science can address the limitations of clinical data. (...)
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  45.  8
    Curating duplicates: operationalizing similiarity in the Smithsonian Institution with Haida rattles, 1880–1926.Catherine A. Nichols - 2022 - British Journal for the History of Science 55 (3):341-363.
    In the late nineteenth century, the anthropology curators of the Smithsonian Institution consulted their cataloguing systems and storerooms, assessing specimens in order to determine which could be designated as duplicate specimens and exchanged with museums domestically and abroad. The status of ‘duplicate’ for specimens was contingent on conceptions of similiarity impacted by disciplinary classification praxis, with particular emphasis on object nomenclature and formal attributes. Using rattles from Haida Gwaii collected between 1881 and 1885 by James Swan for the Smithsonian Institution, (...)
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  46.  29
    Difficulties in introducing the subject of eugenics into the elementary schools.W. A. Nicholls - 1913 - The Eugenics Review 5 (1):9.
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  47.  11
    Effect of instructions upon eyelid conditioning.Margaret F. Nicholls & Gregory A. Kimble - 1964 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 67 (4):400.
  48. Religion, family law and competing norms.Joel A. Nichols - 2015 - In Michael A. Helfand (ed.), Negotiating state and non-state law: the challenge of global and local legal pluralism. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
     
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  49. Selective scientific realism and truth-transfer in theories of molecular structure.Amanda J. Nichols & Myron A. Penner - 2021 - In Timothy D. Lyons & Peter Vickers (eds.), Contemporary Scientific Realism: The Challenge From the History of Science. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
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  50.  7
    Theory of radiation embrittlement and recovery of radiation damage in ferritic steels.F. A. Nichols - 1966 - Philosophical Magazine 14 (128):335-342.
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