Results for 'Antoine C��t��'

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  1. Ethos, Pathos and Logos in Aristotle's Rhetoric: A Re-Examination. [REVIEW]Antoine C. Braet - 1992 - Argumentation 6 (3):307-320.
    In Aristotle's Rhetoric, logos must be conceived as enthymematical argumentation relative to the issue of the case. Ethos and pathos also can take the form of an enthymeme, but this argumentation doesn't relate (directly) to the issue. In this kind of enthymeme, the conclusion is relative to the ethos of the speaker or (reasons for) the pathos of the audience. In an ideal situation — with a good procedure and rational judges — logos dominates and in the real situation of (...)
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  2.  31
    The Picture Talk Project: Starting a Conversation with Community Leaders on Research with Remote Aboriginal Communities of Australia.E. F. M. Fitzpatrick, G. Macdonald, A. L. C. Martiniuk, H. D’Antoine, J. Oscar, M. Carter, T. Lawford & E. J. Elliott - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):34.
    Researchers are required to seek consent from Indigenous communities prior to conducting research but there is inadequate information about how Indigenous people understand and become fully engaged with this consent process. Few studies evaluate the preference or understanding of the consent process for research with Indigenous populations. Lack of informed consent can impact on research findings. The Picture Talk Project was initiated with senior Aboriginal leaders of the Fitzroy Valley community situated in the far north of Western Australia. Aboriginal people (...)
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  3.  63
    A Persistence Enhancing Propensity Account of Ecological Function to Explain Ecosystem Evolution.Antoine C. Dussault & Frédéric Bouchard - 2017 - Synthese 194 (4).
    We argue that ecology in general and biodiversity and ecosystem function research in particular need an understanding of functions which is both ahistorical and evolutionarily grounded. A natural candidate in this context is Bigelow and Pargetter’s evolutionary forward-looking account which, like the causal role account, assigns functions to parts of integrated systems regardless of their past history, but supplements this with an evolutionary dimension that relates functions to their bearers’ ability to thrive and perpetuate themselves. While Bigelow and Pargetter’s account (...)
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  4.  14
    Neither Superorganisms nor Mere Species Aggregates: Charles Elton’s Sociological Analogies and His Moderate Holism About Ecological Communities.Antoine C. Dussault - 2020 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 42 (2):1-27.
    This paper analyzes community ecologist Charles Elton’s ideas on animal communities, and situates them with respect to the classical opposition between organicist–holistic and individualistic–reductionist ecological views drawn by many historians of ecology. It is argued that Elton espoused a moderate ecological holism, which drew a middle way between the stricter ecological holism advocated by organicist ecologists and the merely aggregationist views advocated by some of their opponents. It is also argued that Elton’s moderate ecological holism resonated with his preference for (...)
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  5.  10
    Functionalism Without Selectionism: Charles Elton's "Functional" Niche and the Concept of Ecological Function.Antoine C. Dussault - forthcoming - Biological Theory.
    This article offers an analysis of ecologist Charles Elton’s “functional” concept of the niche and of the notion of function implicitly associated with it. It does so in part by situating Elton’s niche concept within the broader context of the “functionalist-interactionist” approach to ecology he introduced, and in relation to his views on the relationship between ecology and evolution. This involves criticizing the common claim that Elton’s idea of species as fulfilling functional roles within ecological communities committed him to an (...)
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  6.  34
    Functional Ecology's Non-Selectionist Understanding of Function.Antoine C. Dussault - 2018 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 70:1-9.
    This paper reinforces the current consensus against the applicability of the selected effect theory of function in ecology. It does so by presenting an argument which, in contrast with the usual argument invoked in support of this consensus, is not based on claims about whether ecosystems are customary units of natural selection. Instead, the argument developed here is based on observations about the use of the function concept in functional ecology, and more specifically, research into the relationship between biodiversity and (...)
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  7.  47
    The Common Topic in Aristotle’s Rhetoric: Precursor of the Argumentation Scheme.Antoine C. Braet - 2005 - Argumentation 19 (1):65-83.
    In the present article I attribute to the common topic in the Rhetoric a two-fold suggestive function and a guarantee function. These three functions are possible because this type of topic, while often quite abstract, nevertheless contains thought-steering, substantial terms, and formulates a generally empirical or normative endoxon. Assuming that according to Aristotle an enthymeme has at least two premises, it would appear that a common topic is the abstract principle behind the often implicit major premise. This means that the (...)
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  8. Health, Homeostasis, and the Situation-Specificity of Normality.Antoine C. Dussault & Anne-Marie Gagné-Julien - 2015 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 36 (1):61-81.
    Christopher Boorse’s Biostatistical Theory of Health has been the main contender among naturalistic accounts of health for the last 40 years. Yet, a recent criticism of this theory, presented by Elselijn Kingma, identifies a dilemma resulting from the BST’s conceptual linking of health and statistical typicality. Kingma argues that the BST either cannot accommodate the situation- specificity of many normal functions or cannot account for many situation-specific diseases. In this article, we expand upon with Daniel Hausman’s response to Kingma’s dilemma. (...)
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  9.  96
    The Enthymeme in Aristotle's Rhetoric: From Argumentation Theory to Logic.Antoine C. Braet - 1999 - Informal Logic 19 (2).
    Which properties are characteristic of the enthymeme in Aristotle's Rhetoric? There is no consensus on this point. The present discussion centres on three properties. 1. Is there always an implicit premise? (Answer: Above all, a pragmatic level and a logical level must be distinguished.) 2. Do the premises consist by definition of probabilities and signs? (Answer: No.). 3. Are all enthymemes reducible to a syllogistic form? (Answer: The literature pertaining to this question is dominated by a false dilemma: an enthymeme (...)
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  10.  46
    The Oldest Typology of Argumentation Schemes.Antoine C. Braet - 2004 - Argumentation 18 (1):127-148.
    The Rhetoric to Alexander (about 340 B.C.) contains a list of proofs (pisteis) and other types of argumentation which may be seen as the oldest surviving typology of argumentation schemes (avant la lettre). In the present article this typology is derived and compared with modern proposals. The conclusion is that the oldest typology is surprisingly similar to the most recent classifications.
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  11. The Arabic Language and the Present Conditions and Prospects for the Future of the Arabic-Speaking World.Antoine C. Mattar - 1973 - Diogenes 21 (83):64-76.
  12.  64
    In Search of Ecocentric Sentiments: Insights From the CAD Model in Moral Psychology.Antoine C. Dussault - 2013 - Environmental Ethics 35 (4):419-437.
    One aspect of J. Baird Callicott’s foundational project for ecocentrism consists in explaining how moral consideration for ecological wholes can be grounded in moral sentiments. Some critics of Callicott have objected that moral consideration for ecological wholes is impossible under a sentimentalist conception of ethics because, on both Hume and Smith’s views, sympathy is our main moral sentiment and it cannot be elicited by holistic entities. This conclusion is premature. The relevant question is not whether such moral consideration is compatible (...)
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  13.  13
    In Search of Ecocentric Sentiments: Insights From the CAD Model in Moral Psychology.Antoine C. Dussault - 2013 - Environmental Ethics 35 (4):419-437.
    One aspect of J. Baird Callicott’s foundational project for ecocentrism consists in explaining how moral consideration for ecological wholes can be grounded in moral sentiments. Some critics of Callicott have objected that moral consideration for ecological wholes is impossible under a sentimentalist conception of ethics because, on both Hume and Smith’s views, sympathy is our main moral sentiment and it cannot be elicited by holistic entities. This conclusion is premature. The relevant question is not whether such moral consideration is compatible (...)
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  14.  10
    The Harmful-Dysfunction Account of Disorder, Individual Versus Social Values, and the Interpersonal Variability of Harm Challenge.Antoine C. Dussault - 2021 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 24 (3):453-467.
    This paper presents the interpersonal variability of harm challenge to Jerome Wakefield’s harmful-dysfunction account (HDA) of disorder. This challenge stems from the seeming fact that what promotes well-being or is harmful to someone varies much more across individuals than what is intuitively healthy or disordered. This makes it at least prima facie difficult to see how judgments about health and disorder could, as harm-requiring accounts of disorder like the HDA maintain, be based on, or closely linked to, judgments about well-being (...)
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  15.  43
    Functional Biodiversity and the Concept of Ecological Function.Antoine C. Dussault - 2019 - In Elena Casetta, Davide Vecchi & Jorge Miguel Luz Marques da Silva (eds.), From Assessing to Conserving biodiversity: Beyond the Species Approach. Dordrecht, Pays-Bas: Springer. pp. 297-316.
    This chapter argues that the common claim that the ascription of ecological functions to organisms in functional ecology raises issues about levels of natural selection is ill-founded. This claim, I maintain, mistakenly assumes that the function concept as understood in functional ecology aligns with the selected effect theory of function advocated by many philosophers of biology (sometimes called “The Standard Line” on functions). After exploring the implications of Wilson and Sober’s defence of multilevel selection for the prospects of defending a (...)
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  16.  70
    L’écocentrisme et ses appels normatifs à la nature : sont-ils nécessairement fallacieux ?Antoine C. Dussault - 2013 - In É Litalien (ed.), Peut-on tirer une éthique de l'étude de la nature ? Les Cahiers d'Ithaque. pp. 43-76.
  17.  88
    Ecocentrism and Appeals to Nature's Goodness: Must They Be Fallacious?Antoine C. Dussault - manuscript
  18.  69
    Le rôle de la science dans l'écocentrisme humien de Callicott.Antoine C. Dussault - 2010 - Revue Phares 10:103-123.
    Dans cet article, je présenterai la stratégie adoptée par J. B. Callicott pour ancrer l’écocentrisme dans les sciences biologiques et écologiques tout en restant en accord avec la méta-éthique humienne selon laquelle on ne peut directement inférer un jugement portant sur le devoir-être à partir d'un jugement portant sur l'être. Je le ferai en rappelant d’abord quelques caractéristiques importantes de la méta-éthique humienne quant à la relation entre la raison, les émotions et les jugements de valeur. Je montrerai ensuite comment (...)
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  19.  22
    Welfare, Health, and the Moral Considerability of Nonsentient Biological Entities.Antoine C. Dussault - 2018 - Les Ateliers de l'Éthique / the Ethics Forum 13 (1):184-209.
    This paper discusses a challenge to the claims made by biocentrists and some ecocentrists that some nonsentient biological entities qualify as candidates for moral considerability. This challenge derives from Wayne Sumner’s critique of “objective theories of welfare” and, in particular, from his critique of biocentrists’ and ecocentrists’ biofunction-based accounts of the “good of their own” of nonsentient biological entities. Sumner’s critique lends support to animal ethicists’ typical skepticism regarding those accounts, by contending that they are more plausibly interpreted as accounts (...)
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  20.  38
    Natural Food.Antoine C. Dussault & Élise Desaulniers - forthcoming - In Paul B. Thompson & David M. Kaplan (eds.), Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Ethics. Springer.
  21. Neural Basis for Generalized Quantifiers Comprehension.C. T. Mcmillan, R. Clark, P. Moore, C. Devita & M. Grossman - 2005 - Neuropsychologia 43:1729--1737.
  22.  13
    A Quantitative Investigation of the Delay-of-Reinforcement Gradient.C. T. Perin - 1943 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 32 (1):37.
  23. WALKER, C. T. H. -The Construction of the World in Terms of Fact and Value. [REVIEW]O. C. Quick - 1921 - Mind 30:109.
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  24.  6
    On "T'U" and "Yang".C. T. Hu - 1974 - Chinese Studies in History 7 (4):3-35.
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  25. Transpersonal Psychology: Definition Of.C. T. Tart - forthcoming - Journal of Consciousness Studies.
  26. Quantifiers Comprehension in Corticobasal Degeneration.C. T. Mcmillan, R. Clark, P. Moore & M. Grossman - 2006 - Brain and Cognition 65:250--260.
  27.  31
    Constructivism: Theory, Perspectives and Practice.C. T. Fosnot - 1998 - British Journal of Educational Studies 46 (1):84-85.
  28.  26
    Sir C. T. Newton Sir C. T. Newton.R. C. Jebb - 1895 - The Classical Review 9 (01):81-85.
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  29.  52
    Computability, Enumerability, Unsolvability, Directions in Recursion Theory, Edited by S. B. Cooper, T. A. Slaman, and S. S. Wainer, London Mathematical Society Lecture Note Series, No. 224, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, New York, and Oakleigh, Victoria, 1996, Vii + 347 Pp. - Leo Harrington and Robert I. Soare, Dynamic Properties of Computably Enumerable Sets, Pp. 105–121. - Eberhard Herrmann, On the ∀∃-Theory of the Factor Lattice by the Major Subset Relation, Pp. 139–166. - Manuel Lerman, Embeddings Into the Recursively Enumerable Degrees, Pp. 185–204. - Xiaoding Yi, Extension of Embeddings on the Recursively Enumerable Degrees Modulo the Cappable Degrees, Pp. 313–331. - André Nies, Relativization of Structures Arising From Computability Theory. Pp. 219–232. - Klaus Ambos-Spies, Resource-Bounded Genericity. Pp. 1–59. - Rod Downey, Carl G. Jockusch, and Michael Stob. Array Nonrecursive Degrees and Genericity, Pp. 93–104. - Masahiro Kumabe, Degrees of Generic Sets, Pp. 167–183. [REVIEW]C. T. Chong - 1999 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 64 (3):1362-1365.
  30. The Interpretation of Nature, by C. Lloyd Morgan. [REVIEW]C. T. Preece - 1905 - Ethics 16:517.
  31.  8
    Review: S. B. Cooper, T. A. Slaman, S. S. Wainer, Computability, Enumerability, Unsolvability, Directions in Recursion Theory. [REVIEW]C. T. Chong - 1999 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 64 (3):1362-1365.
  32. Essays in Philosophy Presented to Dr. T. M. P. Mahadevan on His Fiftieth Birthday.C. T. K. Chari (ed.) - 1962 - Madras, Ganesh.
     
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  33. Essays in Philosophy Presented to Dr. T.M.P. Mahadevan on His Fiftieth Birthday Contributed by Fifty-Two Scholars, Eastern and Western. [REVIEW]C. T. K. Chari - 1962 - Ganesh.
     
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  34. Robots, Dennett and the Autonomous: A Terminological Investigation. [REVIEW]C. T. A. Schmidt & Felicitas Kraemer - 2006 - Minds and Machines 16 (1):73-80.
    In the present enterprise we take a look at the meaning of Autonomy, how the word has been employed and some of the consequences of its use in the sciences of the artificial. Could and should robots really be autonomous entities? Over and beyond this, we use concepts from the philosophy of mind to spur on enquiry into the very essence of human autonomy. We believe our initiative, as does Dennett's life-long research, sheds light upon the problems of robot design (...)
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  35.  3
    Conceptualizing the Environment in Natural Sciences: Guest Editorial.Gaëlle Pontarotti, Antoine C. Dussault & Francesca Merlin - forthcoming - Biological Theory:1-3.
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  36.  4
    Reading Dio's Roman Republic - (J.) Osgood, (C.) Baron (Edd.) Cassius Dio and the Late Roman Republic. (Historiography of Rome and its Empire 4.) Pp. XII + 303, Ills. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2019. Cased, €116, Us$140. Isbn: 978-90-04-40505-9. [REVIEW]C. T. Mallan - 2020 - The Classical Review 70 (2):355-358.
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  37.  18
    The Solar System Analysed. F. C. Attwood.C. T. Ruddick - 1949 - Philosophy of Science 16 (2):158-158.
  38. Functional Diversity: An Epistemic Roadmap.Christophe Malaterre, Antoine C. Dussault, Sophia Rousseau-Mermans, Gillian Barker, Beatrix E. Beisner, Frédéric Bouchard, Eric Desjardins, Tanya I. Handa, Steven W. Kembel, Geneviève Lajoie, Virginie Maris, Alison D. Munson, Jay Odenbaugh, Timothée Poisot, B. Jesse Shapiro & Curtis A. Suttle - 2019 - BioScience 10 (69):800-811.
    Functional diversity holds the promise of understanding ecosystems in ways unattainable by taxonomic diversity studies. Underlying this promise is the intuition that investigating the diversity of what organisms actually do—i.e. their functional traits—within ecosystems will generate more reliable insights into the ways these ecosystems behave, compared to considering only species diversity. But this promise also rests on several conceptual and methodological—i.e. epistemic—assumptions that cut across various theories and domains of ecology. These assumptions should be clearly addressed, notably for the sake (...)
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  39.  82
    L’art et la nature. [REVIEW]Ely Mermans & Antoine C. Dussault - 2016 - la Vie des Idées 1:1-6.
    À propos de : Catherine et Raphaël Larrère, Penser et agir avec la nature : Une enquête philosophique, Paris, La Découverte, 2015. -/- L’idée d’une nature sauvage à protéger des avancées techniques ne prend en compte ni la complexité des artefacts, ni ce qu’implique aujourd’hui la protection de la nature. En mettant l’accent sur la notion de biodiversité, C. et R. Larrère cherchent à donner un nouveau fondement à l’écologie politique.
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  40.  29
    Minimal Degrees Recursive in 1-Generic Degrees.C. T. Chong & R. G. Downey - 1990 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 48 (3):215-225.
  41.  47
    Σ2 Induction and Infinite Injury Priority Argument, Part I: Maximal Sets and the Jump Operator.C. T. Chong & Yue Yang - 1998 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 63 (3):797 - 814.
    Related Works: Part II: C. T. Chong, Yue Yang. $\Sigma_2$ Induction and Infinite Injury Priority Argument, Part II: Tame $\Sigma_2$ Coding and the Jump Operator. Ann. Pure Appl. Logic, vol. 87, no. 2, 103--116. Mathematical Reviews : MR1490049 Part III: C. T. Chong, Lei Qian, Theodore A. Slaman, Yue Yang. $\Sigma_2$ Induction and Infinite Injury Priority Argument, Part III: Prompt Sets, Minimal Paries and Shoenfield's Conjecture. Mathematical Reviews : MR1818378.
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  42.  13
    Hyperhypersimple α-r.e. sets.C. T. Chong & M. Lerman - 1976 - Annals of Mathematical Logic 9 (1-2):1-48.
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  43.  13
    Randomness in the Higher Setting.C. T. Chong & Liang Yu - 2015 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 80 (4):1131-1148.
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  44.  3
    Book Review:The Interpretation of Nature. C. Lloyd Morgan. [REVIEW]C. T. Preece - 1906 - Ethics 16 (4):517.
  45.  19
    The Degree of a Σn Cut.C. T. Chong & K. J. Mourad - 1990 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 48 (3):227-235.
  46.  14
    Nonstandard Models in Recursion Theory and Reverse Mathematics.C. T. Chong, Wei Li & Yue Yang - 2014 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 20 (2):170-200.
    We give a survey of the study of nonstandard models in recursion theory and reverse mathematics. We discuss the key notions and techniques in effective computability in nonstandard models, and their applications to problems concerning combinatorial principles in subsystems of second order arithmetic. Particular attention is given to principles related to Ramsey’s Theorem for Pairs.
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  47. "We Are the Disease": Truth, Health, and Politics From Plato's Gorgias to Foucault.C. T. Ricciardone - 2014 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 18 (2):287-310.
    Starting from the importance of the figure of the parrhesiastes — the political and therapeutic truth- teller— for Foucault’s understanding of the care of the self, this paper traces the political figuration of the analogy between philosophers and physicians on the one hand, and rhetors and disease on the other in Plato’s Gorgias. I show how rhetoric, in the form of ventriloquism, infects the text itself, and then ask how we account for the effect of the “ contaminated ” philosophical (...)
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  48.  19
    Widows, Women, and the Bioethics of Care.C. T. Partridge & J. Turiaso - 2005 - Christian Bioethics 11 (1):77-92.
    Widows, women, and the bioethics of care must be understood within an authentic Christian ontology of gender. Men are men and women are women, and their being is ontologically marked in difference. There is an ontology of gender with important implications for the role of women in the family and the Church. The Christian Church has traditionally recognized a role for widows, deaconesses, and female monastics, which is not that of the liturgical priesthood, but one with a special relationship to (...)
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  49.  71
    Of Robots and Believing.C. T. A. Schmidt - 2005 - Minds and Machines 15 (2):195-205.
    Discussion about the application of scientific knowledge in robotics in order to build people helpers is widespread. The issue herein addressed is philosophically poignant, that of robots that are “people”. It is currently popular to speak about robots and the image of Man. Behind this lurks the dialogical mind and the questions about the significance of an artificial version of it. Without intending to defend or refute the discourse in favour of ‘recreating’ Man, a lesser familiar question is brought forth: (...)
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  50.  8
    Techniques of Admissible Recursion Theory.C.-T. Chong - 1984 - Springer Verlag.
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