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  1.  63
    Substituted Decision Making and the Dispositional Choice Account.Anna-Karin Margareta Andersson & Kjell Arne Johansson - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (10):703.1-709.
    There are two main ways of understanding the function of surrogate decision making in a legal context: the Best Interests Standard and the Substituted Judgment Standard. First, we will argue that the Best Interests Standard is difficult to apply to unconscious patients. Application is difficult regardless of whether they have ever been conscious. Second, we will argue that if we accept the least problematic explanation of how unconscious patients can have interests, we are also obliged to accept that the Substituted (...)
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  2.  84
    Rights Bearers and Rights Functions.Anna-Karin Margareta Andersson - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (6):1625-1646.
    The Will Theory of Rights has commonly been criticized for excluding from the class of rights bearers all subjects who are incapable of agency. The Interest Theory of Rights faces the challenge of avoiding undue proliferation of the class of rights bearers. I advance a novel argument for a specific demarcation of the class of rights bearers. I then argue that this demarcation implies that the function of the moral rights of subjects incapable of exercising agency is to protect them (...)
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  3.  65
    Capacities, Potentialities, and Rights.Anna-Karin Margareta Andersson - 2014 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 17 (4):653-665.
    IntroductionRights-ethicists intensely debate what properties of an individual are necessary and sufficient in order for that individual to have moral rights. At the heart of this important debate is the issue of whether individuals such as human foetuses, infants, and unconscious adults have moral rights, and if so, what these rights are. This paper focuses on the moral status of unconscious adults, as well as human foetuses, which are potential agents in the sense that they follow a “normal” path of (...)
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  4.  87
    Choices, Interests, and Potentiality: What Distinguishes Bearers of Rights? [REVIEW]Anna-Karin Margareta Andersson - 2013 - Journal of Value Inquiry 47 (3):175-190.
  5.  37
    Hiv Testing of Pregnant Women: An Ethical Analysis.Kjell Arne Johansson, Kirsten Bjerkreim Pedersen & Anna-Karin Andersson - 2011 - Developing World Bioethics 11 (3):109-119.
    Recent global advances in available technology to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission necessitate a rethinking of contemporary and previous ethical debates on HIV testing as a means to preventing vertical transmission. In this paper, we will provide an ethical analysis of HIV-testing strategies of pregnant women. First, we argue that provider-initiated opt-out HIV testing seems to be the most effective HIV test strategy. The flip-side of an opt-out strategy is that it may end up as involuntary testing in a clinical setting. (...)
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  6. An Alleged Contradiction in Nozick's Entitlement Theory.Anna-Karin M. Andersson - 2007 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 21 (3):43-63.
     
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  7.  20
    Congenitally Decorticate Children’s Potential and Rights.Anna-Karin Margareta Andersson - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (12):85-85.
    This article is the first indepth ethical analysis of empirical studies that support the claim that children born without major parts of their cerebral cortex are capable of conscious experiences and have a rudimentary capacity for agency. Congenitally decorticate children have commonly been classified as persistently vegetative, with serious consequences for their well-being and opportunities to flourish. The paper begins with an explication of the rights-based normative framework of the argument, including conceptual analysis of the terms ‘agency’, ‘potentiality for agency’ (...)
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  8.  69
    Priority Rules as Solutions to Conflicting Health Care Rights.Anna-Karin Andersson, Frode Lindemark & Kjell Arne Johansson - 2017 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 20 (1):67-76.
    Recent health legislation in Norway significantly increases access to specialist care within a legally binding time frame. The paper describes the contents of the new legislation and introduces some of the challenges with proliferations of rights to health care. The paper describes some of the challenges associated with the proliferation of legal rights to health care. It explains the benefits of assessing the new law in the light of a rights framework. It then analyses the problematic aspects of establishing additional (...)
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  9.  57
    Challenging the Principle of Proportionality.Anna-Karin Margareta Andersson - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (4):242-245.
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  10.  68
    Parental Responsibility and Entitlement.Anna-Karin Andersson - 2014 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 28 (1):49-69.
    This paper discusses parents’ rights and duties regarding their offspring from a certain classical liberal perspective. Approaching this issue from this perspective is particularly interesting for two reasons. First, classical liberalism’s alleged inability to explain the rights of very young human beings is a serious objection against such theories. Second, if we are able to show that a version of classical liberalism not only avoids this objection but actually implies very strong parental obligations to support offspring, the case for extensive (...)
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  11.  24
    The Positive and Negative Rights of Pre-Natal Organisms and Infants/Children in Virtue of Their Potentiality for Autonomous Agency.Anna-Karin Andersson - 2007 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 12 (21):293-312.
  12.  15
    Embryonic Stem Cells and Property Rights.Anna-Karin M. Andersson - 2011 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 36 (3):221-242.
  13.  2
    The Positive and Negative Rights of Pre-Natal Organisms and Infants/Children in Virtue of Their Potentiality for Autonomous Agency.Anna-Karin Andersson - 2007 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 12 (2):293-312.
    In this paper, a rights-based argument for the impermissibility of abortion, infanticide and neglect of some pre-natal organisms and infants/children is advanced. I argue, in opposition to most rights-ethicists, that the potentiality for autonomous agency gives individuals negative rights. I also examine the conjecture that potential autonomous agents have positive rights in virtue of their vulnerability. According to this suggestion, once an individual obtains actual autonomous agency, he or she has merely negative rights. Possible solutions to conflicts of rights between (...)
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