Results for 'Andrew Y. Lee'

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  1. Speciesism and Sentientism.Andrew Y. Lee - 2022 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 29 (3-4):205-228.
    Many philosophers accept both of the following claims: (1) consciousness matters morally, and (2) species membership doesn’t matter morally. In other words, many reject speciesism but accept what we might call 'sentientism'. But do the reasons against speciesism yield analogous reasons against sentientism, just as the reasons against racism and sexism are thought to yield analogous reasons against speciesism? This paper argues that speciesism is disanalogous to sentientism (as well as racism and sexism). I make a case for the following (...)
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  2. Does sentience come in degrees?Andrew Y. Lee - 2020 - Animal Sentience 29 (20).
    I discuss whether "sentience" (i.e., phenomenal consciousness) comes in degrees.
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  3. The Neutrality of Life.Andrew Y. Lee - forthcoming - Australasian Journal of Philosophy:1-19.
    Some think that life is worth living not merely because of the goods and the bads within it, but also because life itself is good. I explain how this idea can be formalized by associating each version of the view with a function from length of life to the value generated by life itself. Then I argue that every version of the view that life itself is good faces some version of the following dilemma: either (1) good human lives are (...)
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  4. Modeling Mental Qualities.Andrew Y. Lee - 2021 - The Philosophical Review 130 (2):263-209.
    Conscious experiences are characterized by mental qualities, such as those involved in seeing red, feeling pain, or smelling cinnamon. The standard framework for modeling mental qualities represents them via points in geometrical spaces, where distances between points inversely correspond to degrees of phenomenal similarity. This paper argues that the standard framework is structurally inadequate and develops a new framework that is more powerful and flexible. The core problem for the standard framework is that it cannot capture precision structure: for example, (...)
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  5. The Structure of Analog Representation.Andrew Y. Lee, Joshua Myers & Gabriel Oak Rabin - forthcoming - Noûs.
    This paper develops a theory of analog representation. We first argue that the mark of the analog is to be found in the nature of a representational system’s interpretation function, rather than in its vehicles or contents alone. We then develop the rulebound structure theory of analog representation, according to which analog systems are those that use interpretive rules to map syntactic structural features onto semantic structural features. The theory involves three degree-theoretic measures that capture three independent ways in which (...)
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  6. Degrees of Consciousness.Andrew Y. Lee - forthcoming - Noûs.
    Is a human more conscious than an octopus? In the science of consciousness, it’s oftentimes assumed that some creatures (or mental states) are more conscious than others. But in recent years, a number of philosophers have argued that the notion of degrees of consciousness is conceptually confused. This paper (1) argues that the most prominent objections to degrees of consciousness are unsustainable, (2) examines the semantics of ‘more conscious than’ expressions, (3) develops an analysis of what it is for a (...)
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  7. Is consciousness intrinsically valuable?Andrew Y. Lee - 2018 - Philosophical Studies 175 (1):1–17.
    Is consciousness intrinsically valuable? Some theorists favor the positive view, according to which consciousness itself accrues intrinsic value, independent of the particular kind of experience instantiated. In contrast, I favor the neutral view, according to which consciousness is neither intrinsically valuable nor disvaluable. The primary purpose of this paper is to clarify what is at stake when we ask whether consciousness is intrinsically valuable, to carve out the theoretical space, and to evaluate the question rigorously. Along the way, I also (...)
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  8. The Microstructure of Experience.Andrew Y. Lee - 2019 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 5 (3):286-305.
    I argue that experiences can have microphenomenal structures, where the macrophenomenal properties we introspect are realized by non-introspectible microphenomenal properties. After explaining what it means to ascribe a microstructure to experience, I defend the thesis against its principal philosophical challenge, discuss how the thesis interacts with other philosophical issues about experience, and consider our prospects for investigating the microphenomenal realm.
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  9.  92
    The neuroscientific study of religious and spiritual phenomena: Or why God doesn't use biostatistics.Andrew B. Newberg & Bruce Y. Lee - 2005 - Zygon 40 (2):469-490.
  10. How Should We Study Animal Consciousness Scientifically?Jonathan Birch, Donald M. Broom, Heather Browning, Andrew Crump, Simona Ginsburg, Marta Halina, David Harrison, Eva Jablonka, Andrew Y. Lee, François Kammerer, Colin Klein, Victor Lamme, Matthias Michel, Françoise Wemelsfelder & Oryan Zacks - 2022 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 29 (3-4):8-28.
    This editorial introduces the Journal of Consciousness Studies special issue on "Animal Consciousness". The 15 contributors and co-editors answer the question "How should we study animal consciousness scientifically?" in 500 words or fewer.
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  11. Religion and health: A review and critical analysis.Bruce Y. Lee & Andrew B. Newberg - 2005 - Zygon 40 (2):443-468.
  12. Cognitive and Emotional Appraisal of Motivational Interviewing Statements: An Event-Related Potential Study.Karen Y. L. Hui, Clive H. Y. Wong, Andrew M. H. Siu, Tatia M. C. Lee & Chetwyn C. H. Chan - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
    The counseling process involves attention, emotional perception, cognitive appraisal, and decision-making. This study aimed to investigate cognitive appraisal and the associated emotional processes when reading short therapists' statements of motivational interviewing. Thirty participants with work injuries were classified into the pre-contemplation or readiness stage of the change group. The participants viewed MI congruent, MI incongruent, or control phrases during which their electroencephalograms were captured. The results indicated significant Group × Condition effects in the frontally oriented late positive complex. The P600/LPC's (...)
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  13.  34
    On the finiteness of the recursive chromatic number.William I. Gasarch & Andrew C. Y. Lee - 1998 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 93 (1-3):73-81.
    A recursive graph is a graph whose vertex and edge sets are recursive. A highly recursive graph is a recursive graph that also has the following property: one can recursively determine the neighbors of a vertex. Both of these have been studied in the literature. We consider an intermediary notion: Let A be a set. An A-recursive graph is a recursive graph that also has the following property: one can recursively-in-A determine the neighbors of a vertex. We show that, if (...)
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  14.  55
    Destination: a career in STEM: Justin L. Bauer, Yoo Jung Kim, Andrew H. Zureick and Daniel K. Lee: What every science student should know. Chicago: Chicago University Press, 2016, $22.50 PB. [REVIEW]Evelyn Brister & Iman Farid - 2017 - Metascience 26 (2):345-347.
    Review of What Every Science Student Should Know by J. L. Bauer, Y. J. Kim, A. H. Zureick and D. K. Lee, U of Chicago Press, 2016.
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  15.  7
    Framing gestation: assistance, delegation, and beyond.J. Y. Lee - 2022 - Journal of Medical Ethics 48 (7):448-449.
    Assisted conception can be distinguished from assisted gestation.1 These processes have tended to be grouped together under the generic term assisted reproductive technology in the bioethical literature. According to Chloe Romanis, however, it is worth distinguishing interventions such as surrogacy, uterus transplantation, and potentially artificial placenta technology, as falling under the genus assisted gestative technologies. This is because gestation carries unique ethico-legal implications as compared with conception. The proposed genus of assisted gestative technologies is a helpful first step in the (...)
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  16.  17
    Autonomy in the Philosophy of Sex and Love. [REVIEW]J. Y. Lee - 2020 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 24 (1):381-392.
    In this review essay, I critically evaluate the concept of autonomy and the role that it plays in the philosophy of sex and love in Patricia Marino’s book, Philosophy of Sex and Love: An Opinionated Introduction.
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  17.  17
    Katherine Hawley: How to be Trustworthy: Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019. Hardback (ISBN 9780198843900) 28.7€. 176 pages.J. Y. Lee - 2020 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 23 (3):689-690.
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  18.  25
    C.Y. Lee. Categorizing automata by W-machine programs. Journal of the Association for Computing Machinery, Bd. 8 , S. 384–399. - Seiiti Huzino und Mariko Yoneyama. On a proof of Schepherdson's theorem. Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series A Mathematics, Bd. 16 , S. 88–93. [REVIEW]Gunter Asser - 1968 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 33 (4):628.
  19.  15
    Atomistic formulation of a multiscale field theory for nano/micro solids.Y. Chen & J. Lee - 2005 - Philosophical Magazine 85 (33-35):4095-4126.
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  20. Alethic Openness and the Growing Block Theory of Time.Batoul Hodroj, Andrew J. Latham, Jordan Lee-Tory & Kristie Miller - forthcoming - The Philosophical Quarterly.
    Whatever its ultimate philosophical merits, it is often thought that the growing block theory presents an intuitive picture of reality that accords well with our pre-reflective or folk view of time, and of the past, present and future. This is partly motivated by the idea that we find it intuitive that in some sense the future is open and the past closed, and that the growing block theory is particularly well suited to accommodate this being so. In this paper we (...)
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  21. From Stars to Brains: Milestones in the Planetary Evolution of Life and Intelligence.Andrew Y. Glikson - 2019 - Springer Verlag.
    The permutation of basic atoms—nitrogen, hydrogen, oxygen, carbon and phosphorus―into the biomolecules DNA and RNA, subsequently evolved in cells and brains, defining the origin of life and intelligence, remains unexplained. Equally the origin of the genetic information and the intertwined nature of ‘hardware’ and ‘software’ involved in the evolution of bio-molecules and the cells are shrouded in mystery. This treatise aims at exploring individual and swarm behaviour patterns which potentially hint at as yet unknown biological principles. It reviews theories of (...)
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  22.  29
    Reading performance is predicted by more than phonological processing.Michelle Y. Kibby, Sylvia E. Lee & Sarah M. Dyer - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  23.  22
    Linguistic complexity and information structure in Korean: Evidence from eye-tracking during reading☆.Y. Lee, H. Lee & P. Gordon - 2007 - Cognition 104 (3):495-534.
  24.  14
    Review: C. Y. Lee, Automata and Finite Automata. [REVIEW]J. C. Shepherdson - 1971 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 36 (3):534-535.
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  25.  40
    Bioethics education of nursing curriculum in Korea: A national study.K. Choe, Y. Kang & W. -Y. Lee - 2013 - Nursing Ethics 20 (4):0969733012466003.
    The aim of this study is to examine the current profile of bioethics education in the nursing curriculum as perceived by nursing students and faculty in Korea. A convenience sampling method was used for recruiting 1223 undergraduate nursing students and 140 nursing faculty in Korea. Experience of Bioethics Education, Quality of Bioethics Education, and Demand for Bioethics Education Scales were developed. The Experience of Bioethics Education Scale showed that the nursing curriculum in Korea does not provide adequate bioethics education. The (...)
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  26.  5
    Review: C. Y. Lee, W. H. Chen, Several-Valued Combinatorial Switching Circuits. [REVIEW]P. Szeptycki - 1960 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 25 (4):368-368.
  27.  16
    Defining reasonable patient standard and preference for shared decision making among patients undergoing anaesthesia in Singapore.J. L. J. Yek, A. K. Y. Lee, J. A. D. Tan, G. Y. Lin, T. Thamotharampillai & H. R. Abdullah - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):6.
    A cross-sectional study to ascertain what the Singapore population would regard as material risk in the anaesthesia consent-taking process and identify demographic factors that predict patient preferences in medical decision-making to tailor a more patient-centered informed consent. A survey was performed involving patients 21 years old and above who attended the pre-operative evaluation clinic over a 1-month period in Singapore General Hospital. Questionnaires were administered to assess patients’ perception of material risks, by trained interviewers. Patients’ demographics were obtained. Mann–Whitney U (...)
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  28.  56
    ‘Psychopaths’ at Work? Implications of Lay Persons’ Use of Labels and Behavioural Criteria for Psychopathy.Carlo Caponecchia, Andrew Y. Z. Sun & Anne Wyatt - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 107 (4):399-408.
    In attempting to explain or deal with negative workplace behaviours such as workplace bullying, the notion of ‘workplace psychopaths’ has recently received much attention. Focusing on individual aspects of negative workplace behaviour is at odds with more systemic approaches that recognise the contribution of individual, organisational and societal influences, without seeking to blame a person(s) for their behaviour or personality disorder. Regarding a coworker as a psychopath is highly stigmatising, and given the relatively low prevalence of psychopathy in the community, (...)
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  29.  9
    The Fading Affect Bias shows healthy coping at the general level, but not the specific level for religious variables across religious and non-religious events.Jeffrey A. Gibbons, Jennifer K. Hartzler, Andrew W. Hartzler, Sherman A. Lee & W. Richard Walker - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 36:265-276.
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  30. Incongruence in Lighting Impairs Face Identification.Denise Y. Lim, Alan L. F. Lee & Charles C.-F. Or - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    The effect of uniform lighting on face identity processing is little understood, despite its potential influence on our ability to recognize faces. Here, we investigated how changes in uniform lighting level affected face identification performance during face memory tests. Observers were tasked with learning a series of faces, followed by a memory test where observers judged whether the faces presented were studied before or novel. Face stimuli were presented under uniform bright or dim illuminations, and lighting across the face learning (...)
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  31.  17
    Using the instrumented indentation technique for stress characterization of friction stir-welded API X80 steel.Y. Lee, J. -Y. Kim, J. -S. Lee, K. -H. Kim, J. Y. Koo & D. Kwon - 2006 - Philosophical Magazine 86 (33-35):5497-5504.
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  32.  14
    Review: H. S. Caldwell, The Recognition and Identification of Symmetric Switching Functions; C. Y. Lee, Switching Functions on an n-Dimensional Cube. [REVIEW]Raymond J. Nelson - 1955 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 20 (2):197-197.
  33.  19
    Introduction to Value Theory.Lee Andrew Elioseff - 1969 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 29 (1):133-137.
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  34.  23
    Gender-based homophily in collaborations across a heterogeneous scholarly landscape.Y. Samuel Wang, Carole J. Lee, Jevin D. West, Carl T. Bergstrom & Elena A. Erosheva - manuscript
    Using the corpus of JSTOR articles, we investigate the role of gender in collaboration patterns across the scholarly landscape by analyzing gender-based homophily--the tendency for researchers to co-author with individuals of the same gender. For a nuanced analysis of gender homophily, we develop methodology necessitated by the fact that the data comprises heterogeneous sub-disciplines and that not all authorships are exchangeable. In particular, we distinguish three components of gender homophily in collaborations: a structural component that is due to demographics and (...)
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  35. Biomarking Trait Resilience With Salivary Cortisol in Chinese Undergraduates.Julian C. L. Lai, Monique O. Y. Leung, Daryl Y. H. Lee, Yun Wah Lam & Karsten Berning - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  36.  14
    Atomic-resolution spectroscopic imaging of oxide interfaces.L. Fitting Kourkoutis, H. L. Xin, T. Higuchi, Y. Hotta, J. H. Lee, Y. Hikita, D. G. Schlom, H. Y. Hwang & D. A. Muller - 2010 - Philosophical Magazine 90 (35-36):4731-4749.
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  37.  60
    Legal entrapment.Andrew Altman & Steven Lee - 1983 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 12 (1):51-69.
  38. Patricia Lee Rubin and Alison Wright, Renaissance Florence: The Art of the 1470s. With contributions by Nicholas Penny. London: National Gallery Publications, 1999. Pp. 360; color frontispiece and many black-and-white and color figures. $50. Distributed in the US by Yale University Press. [REVIEW]Andrew C. Blume - 2001 - Speculum 76 (3):788-789.
     
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  39. JME Referees in 2001.Rhys Andrews, William Behre, Marvin Berkowitz, Ronnie Blakeney, Margaret Brockett, Chang Lee Hoon, Henriikka Clarkeburn, Michael Erben, Shui Che Fok & John Gibbs - 2002 - Journal of Moral Education 31 (2).
     
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  40. Long term implicit and explicit memory for briefly studied words.Lee Averell & Andrew Heathcote - 2009 - In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. pp. 978--0.
  41. Objective Phenomenology.Andrew Lee - 2022 - Erkenntnis 87 (5).
    This paper examines the idea of objective phenomenology, or a way of understanding the phenomenal character of conscious experiences that doesn’t require one to have had the kinds of experiences under consideration. My central thesis is that structural facts about experience—facts that characterize purely how conscious experiences are structured—are objective phenomenal facts. I begin by precisifying the idea of objective phenomenology and diagnosing what makes any given phenomenal fact subjective. Then I defend the view that structural facts about experience are (...)
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  42.  16
    Logic & Art. Essays in Honor of Nelson Goodman.Lee Andrew Elioseff - 1973 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 31 (3):405-407.
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  43.  12
    Beyond ‘Hobby Farming’: towards a typology of non-commercial farming.Lee-Ann Sutherland, Carla Barlagne & Andrew P. Barnes - 2019 - Agriculture and Human Values 36 (3):475-493.
    In this paper we develop a typology of ‘non-commercial’ approaches to farming, based on a survey of a representative sample of farmers in Scotland, United Kingdom. In total, 395 farmers indicated that they do not seek to make a profit on their farms. We estimate that these non-commercial approaches to farming are utilised on at least 13% of agricultural land in Scotland. As such, non-commercial farming is not a marginal practice, nor are NCF limited to small-scale ‘hobby’ farms: NCF exist (...)
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  44. Quantitative approaches to empirical legal research.Lee Epstein & Andrew D. Martin - 2010 - In Peter Cane & Herbert M. Kritzer (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Empirical Legal Research. Oxford University Press.
    This article deals with the objective nuances of empirical research, within the ambit of the quantitative kind. It begins with an overview of conducting empirical legal research, discussing its research design, implementation, and challenges faced. Theorizing in empirical legal scholarship comes in different forms: in some projects theories seek to provide insight into a wide range of phenomena, others are tailored to fit particular situations. In the clarification process the researcher translates abstract notions into concrete ones. To convert the data (...)
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  45.  13
    “Fury, us”: Anger as a basis for new group self-categories.Andrew G. Livingstone, Lee Shepherd, Russell Spears & Antony S. R. Manstead - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (1):183-192.
  46.  37
    Microbicides Development Programme: Engaging the community in the standard of care debate in a vaginal microbicide trial in Mwanza, Tanzania.Andrew Vallely, Charles Shagi, Shelley Lees, Katherine Shapiro, Joseph Masanja, Lawi Nikolau, Johari Kazimoto, Selephina Soteli, Claire Moffat, John Changalucha, Sheena McCormack & Richard J. Hayes - 2009 - BMC Medical Ethics 10 (1):17-.
    BackgroundHIV prevention research in resource-limited countries is associated with a variety of ethical dilemmas. Key amongst these is the question of what constitutes an appropriate standard of health care (SoC) for participants in HIV prevention trials. This paper describes a community-focused approach to develop a locally-appropriate SoC in the context of a phase III vaginal microbicide trial in Mwanza City, northwest Tanzania.MethodsA mobile community-based sexual and reproductive health service for women working as informal food vendors or in traditional and modern (...)
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  47.  29
    Predictors of doctor‐rated and patient‐rated gout severity: gout impact scales improve assessment.Andrew J. Sarkin, Ashley E. Levack, Marian M. Shieh, Arthur F. Kavanaugh, Dinesh Khanna, Jasvinder A. Singh, Robert A. Terkeltaub, Susan J. Lee & Jan D. Hirsch - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (6):1244-1247.
  48.  18
    Ethics, Justice and Community Participation in the Microbicides Development Programme (MDP) Phase III Trial in Mwanza, Tanzania.Andrew Vallely, Shelley Lees, Charles Shagi, Saidi Kapiga, Sheena McCormack & Richard Hayes - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (11):46-48.
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  49.  18
    Understanding Environmental Philosophy.Andrew Brennan & Y. S. Lo - 2010 - Routledge.
    Environmental philosophy is one of the exciting new fields of philosophy to emerge in the last forty years. "Understanding Environmental Philosophy" presents a comprehensive, critical analysis of contemporary philosophical approaches to current ecological concerns. Key ideas are explained, placed in their broader cultural, religious, historical, political and philosophical context, and their environmental policy implications are outlined. Central ideas and concepts about environmental value, individual wellbeing, ecological holism and the metaphysics of nature set the stage for a discussion of how to (...)
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  50.  21
    Managerial Efficiency, Corporate Social Performance, and Corporate Financial Performance.Seong Y. Cho & Cheol Lee - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 158 (2):467-486.
    Managers face an ethical dilemma in the allocation of scarce resources to corporate social responsibility because the underlying managerial incentives behind such CSR spending can range from pure altruism to complete financial orientation. Despite the importance of the managerial role in implementing CSR, prior studies generally have treated the role of managers as an exogenous factor. This study builds on recent studies on the managerial characteristics in studies on CSR by examining how managerial efficiency influences the outcomes of CSR. Using (...)
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