Results for 'Andrew Whalen'

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  1.  30
    Sensitivity to Shared Information in Social Learning.Andrew Whalen, Thomas L. Griffiths & Daphna Buchsbaum - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (1):168-187.
    Social learning has been shown to be an evolutionarily adaptive strategy, but it can be implemented via many different cognitive mechanisms. The adaptive advantage of social learning depends crucially on the ability of each learner to obtain relevant and accurate information from informants. The source of informants’ knowledge is a particularly important cue for evaluating advice from multiple informants; if the informants share the source of their information or have obtained their information from each other, then their testimony is statistically (...)
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  2.  9
    Bayesian Model Selection with Network Based Diffusion Analysis.Andrew Whalen & William J. E. Hoppitt - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  3.  64
    Teleological Explanations.Andrew Woodfield & Larry Wright - 1978 - Philosophical Quarterly 28 (110):86.
  4.  43
    Neighbourhood Semantics for Quantified Relevant Logics.Andrew Tedder & Nicholas Ferenz - 2022 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 51 (3):457-484.
    The Mares-Goldblatt semantics for quantified relevant logics have been developed for first-order extensions of R, and a range of other relevant logics and modal extensions thereof. All such work has taken place in the the ternary relation semantic framework, most famously developed by Sylvan and Meyer. In this paper, the Mares-Goldblatt technique for the interpretation of quantifiers is adapted to the more general neighbourhood semantic framework, developed by Sylvan, Meyer, and, more recently, Goble. This more algebraic semantics allows one to (...)
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  5.  61
    Business and Society Research in Times of the Corona Crisis.Andrew Spicer, Kathleen Rehbein, Colin Higgins, Jill A. Brown, Frank G. A. de Bakker & Hari Bapuji - 2020 - Business and Society 59 (6):1067-1078.
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  6.  44
    Unintentional perspective-taking calculates whether something is seen, but not how it is seen.Andrew Surtees, Dana Samson & Ian Apperly - 2016 - Cognition 148 (C):97-105.
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  7.  35
    Trade Justice: An Argument for Integrationist, not Internal, Principles.Andrew Walton - 2019 - Journal of Political Philosophy 28 (1):51-72.
    Journal of Political Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  8.  35
    Hertz, Boltzmann and Wittgenstein Reconsidered.Andrew D. Wilson - 1989 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 20 (2):245.
  9.  60
    On Representing.Andrew Rehfeld - 2018 - Journal of Political Philosophy 26 (2):216-239.
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  10.  62
    A defence of the no-minimum response to the problem of evil: Andrew cullison.Andrew Cullison - 2011 - Religious Studies 47 (1):121-123.
    I defend Peter van Inwagen's no-minimum response to the problem of evil from a recent objection raised by Jeff Jordan.
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  11.  80
    ‘Placebos’ and the logic of placebo comparison.Andrew Turner - 2012 - Biology and Philosophy 27 (3):419-432.
    Robin Nunn has argued that we should stop using the terms ‘placebo’ and ‘placebo effect’. I argue in support of Nunn’s position by considering the logic of why we perform placebo comparisons. Like all comparisons, placebo comparison is just a case of comparing one thing with another, but it is a mistake, I argue, to think of placebo comparison as a case where something is compared to ‘a placebo’. Rather, placebo comparison should be understood as a situation which sets-up the (...)
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  12. Porphyry’s Place in the Neoplatonic Tradition. A Study in Post-Plotinian Neoplatonism.Andrew Smith - 1974 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 39 (1):158-159.
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  13.  42
    The Business Ethics Movement: "Where Are We Headed and What Can We Learn from Our Colleagues in Bioethics?".Andrew C. Wicks - 1995 - Business Ethics Quarterly 5 (3):603-620.
    There is a long and distinguished history of ethical thought in both business and medicine dating back to ancient times. Yet, the emergence of distinct academic disciplines ("business ethics" and "bioethics") which are also tied to broader social movements is a very recent phenomenon. In spite of the apparent affinities that would seem to emerge from this connection, many have argued that the differences between business and medicine make any constructive interaction between business ethics and bioethics minimal. Indeed, little has (...)
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  14.  66
    Should a Christian adopt methodological naturalism?Andrew B. Torrance - 2017 - Zygon 52 (3):691-725.
    It has become standard practice for scientists to avoid the possibility of references to God by adopting methodological naturalism, a method that assumes that the reality of the universe, as it can be accessed by empirical enquiry, is to be explained solely with recourse to natural phenomena. In this essay, I critique the Christian practice of this method, arguing that a Christian's practices should always reflect her belief that the universe is created and sustained by the triune God. This leads (...)
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  15.  18
    Information Flow In Logics in the Vicinity of BB.Andrew Tedder - 2021 - Australasian Journal of Logic 18 (1):1-24.
    Situation theory, and channel theory in particular, have been used to provide motivational accounts of the ternary relation semantics of relevant, substructural, and various non-classical logics. Among the constraints imposed by channel-theory, we must posit a certain existence criterion for situations which result from the composites of multiple channels (this is used in modeling information flow). In associative non-classical logics, it is relatively easy to show that a certain such condition is met, but the problem is trickier in non-associative logics. (...)
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  16. Expanding the Scope of Explanatory Idealization.Andrew Wayne - 2011 - Philosophy of Science 78 (5):830-841.
    Many explanations in physics rely on idealized models of physical systems. These explanations fail to satisfy the conditions of standard normative accounts of explanation. Recently, some philosophers have claimed that idealizations can be used to underwrite explanation nonetheless, but only when they are what have variously been called representational, Galilean, controllable or harmless idealizations. This paper argues that such a half-measure is untenable and that idealizations not of this sort can have explanatory capacities.
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  17.  87
    Auguste Comte and the religion of humanity: the post-theistic program of French social theory.Andrew Wernick - 2001 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    This book offers an exciting re-interpretation of Auguste Comte, the founder of French sociology. Following the development of his philosophy of positivism, Comte later focused on the importance of the emotions in his philosophy resulting in the creation of a new religious system, the Religion of Humanity. Andrew Wernick provides the first in-depth critique of Comte's concept of religion and its place in his thinking on politics, sociology and philosophy of science. He places Comte's ideas in the context of (...)
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  18. Bayesianism and diverse evidence.Andrew Wayne - 1995 - Philosophy of Science 62 (1):111-121.
    A common methodological adage holds that diverse evidence better confirms a hypothesis than does the same amount of similar evidence. Proponents of Bayesian approaches to scientific reasoning such as Horwich, Howson and Urbach, and Earman claim to offer both a precise rendering of this maxim in probabilistic terms and an explanation of why the maxim should be part of the methodological canon of good science. This paper contends that these claims are mistaken and that, at best, Bayesian accounts of diverse (...)
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  19.  13
    Toward a More Democratic Ethic of Technological Governance.Andrew D. Zimmerman - 1995 - Science, Technology and Human Values 20 (1):86-107.
    Recent scholarship in technology and society studies has given attention to the notion of technological citizenship. This article seeks to further integrate perspectives on this topic with theoretical contributions about the development of moral autonomy. The author challenges the presumption that the strategy of expanding opportunities for participation in technological decision making will in itself develop people's autonomy and citizenship. He argues that concurrent efforts must be made to democratize the political-economic structures of key technologies and to help people prepare (...)
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  20. Race and Racism in Modern Philosophy.Andrew Valls - 2007 - Philosophy 82 (319):183-187.
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  21.  31
    What Are the Benefits of a New Placebo Language?Andrew Turner - 2018 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 61 (3):401-411.
    Acommon theme in placebo studies is that the terms placebo and "placebo effects" are confusing, misleading, and sloppy, and that there are no agreed definitions. Indeed, many authors treat the conceptual difficulties raised by placebos as a call to action and propose new definitions and reconceptualizations, or even propose abandoning the term altogether. The promise of these approaches is that a new language and new metaphors for thinking about placebo phenomena may deliver clinical, ethical, and methodological advances. However, the nature (...)
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  22.  37
    The Effects of Context on Trust in Firm-Stakeholder Relationships: The Institutional Environment, Trust Creation, and Firm Performance.Andrew C. Wicks & Shawn L. Berman - 2004 - Business Ethics Quarterly 14 (1):141-160.
    Abstract:Recent work on the subject speaks to the importance trust has for firm performance (e.g., Hagen and Choe, 1999; Hill, 1995). Yet little work has been done to show how context affects the ability of firms to create trust in relationships with key stakeholders. This paper looks at how the institutional environment may affect the performance of different strategies for managing firm-stakeholder relationships, and in turn, how this affects firm performance. The authors put forward propositions that build on these theoretical (...)
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  23.  86
    The Revisionist Difference Principle.Andrew D. Williams - 1995 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 25 (2):257 - 281.
    John Rawls's famous difference principle is capable of at least four distinct statements, each of which occurs in A Theory of Justice. According to what I shall term the Crude Principle it is a necessary and sufficient condition for the justice of an institutional scheme which expands social and economic inequality that, subject to the satisfaction of more weighty principles, it increases the level of advantage of the least advantaged. Expressing this principle Rawls writes that,Assuming the framework of institutions required (...)
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  24.  38
    High functional load inhibits phonological contrast loss: A corpus study.Andrew Wedel, Abby Kaplan & Scott Jackson - 2013 - Cognition 128 (2):179-186.
  25.  14
    Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Breath, Body and World.Andrew Russell & Rebecca Oxley - 2020 - Body and Society 26 (2):3-29.
    Breath, the ephemeral materialization of air at the interface of body and world, engages with and alters the quality of both. As a process of inhalation and exhalation that signals its physiological universality, breath is an invisible prerequisite for life, an automated and functional necessity. Yet it is more than simply a reflexive action and can at times be controlled or manipulated. It can also affect or be affected by experiences, environments and relationships. In this essay, like the contributors to (...)
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  26.  14
    Crossing Boundaries Social Science in the Policy Room.Andrew Webster - 2007 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 32 (4):458-478.
    This article discusses the relationship between a deconstructivist method in science and technology studies and the more recent moves towards a reconstructivist engagement with science and science policy making. Drawing on examples from the author's own research, the article identifies three forms of engagement and their relative utility and limitations. The article argues that these are typical of STS work that seeks direct engagement with science policy making and which could form the basis for a more "serviceable STS" that retains (...)
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  27.  26
    An Evaluation of Journal Quality: The Perspective of Business Ethics Researchers.Andrew C. Wicks & Robbin Derry - 1996 - Business Ethics Quarterly 6 (3):359-371.
    The subject of journal quality has received little attention in the business ethics literature. While there are reasons for this past neglect, there are important new considerations which make it vital that researchers now address this topic. First, virtually all business school departments use evaluations of journal quality as an important indicator of scholarly achievement, yet business ethics has no such studies. Second, as many schools are beginning to ask ethicists to publish in the wider management literature, it is important (...)
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  28. Steven C. Rockefeller, John Dewey, Religious Faith and Democratic Humanism Reviewed by.Andrew J. Reck - 1993 - Philosophy in Review 13 (1):52-54.
     
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  29.  18
    Postcolonialism and political theory.Andrew Robinson - 2009 - Contemporary Political Theory 8 (3):363-365.
  30. Attention.Andrew Scholey - 2002 - In Elaine Perry, Heather Ashton & Andrew W. Young (eds.), Neurochemistry of Consciousness: Neurotransmitters in Mind. John Benjamins. pp. 43-63.
  31. A Novel Tendency in Philosophical Logic.Andrew Schumann - 2008 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 14 (27).
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  32. Bunk history and the standards of historical interpretation.Andrew Schocket - 2023 - In Robert Mason Hauser & Adrianna Link (eds.), Evidence: the use and misuse of data. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society Press.
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  33.  14
    The Idea of Europe: The Clash of Projections.Andrew Schlegel - 2022 - The European Legacy 27 (7):808-809.
    This collection, born of a 2017 conference at the University of Vienna, is ambitious from the outset, with editors Vladimir Biti, Joep Leerssen, and Vivian Liska declaring the work an attempt to un...
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  34.  10
    Hobbes: War among nations.Andrew Sharp - 1992 - History of European Ideas 14 (3):441-443.
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  35.  8
    Participation in God's Love: Revisiting John Milbank's ‘Out‐Narration’ in the Light of Jean‐Louis Chrétien and the Song of Songs.Andrew T. Shamel - 2023 - Heythrop Journal 64 (1):75-86.
    In this essay, I interrogate the nature and grounds of Milbank's understanding of taste as it applies to differing mythic sensibilities, arguing that it is insufficiently responsive to the priority of God's action and so inadequate to a Christian theological account of the interplay of mythoi. By reading Milbank in light of The Song of Songs and Jean-Louis Chrétien's phenomenology of prayer, I suggest that rather than the subject embracing a mythos, it is instead the mythos which first embraces the (...)
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  36. Plotinus and transcendent truth.Andrew Smith - 2019 - In Fran O'Rourke & Patrick Masterson (eds.), Ciphers of transcendence: essays in philosophy of religion in honour of Patrick Masterson. Newbridge, Co. Kildare: Irish Academic Press.
     
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  37.  18
    Sixty and Strong.Andrew Spicer, Kathleen Rehbein, Colin Higgins, Jill A. Brown, Hari Bapuji & Frank G. A. de Bakker - 2021 - Business and Society 60 (1):3-6.
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  38.  25
    Do Moral Duties Arise from Global Trade?Andrew Walton - 2014 - Moral Philosophy and Politics 1 (2):249-268.
    This paper discusses the idea that trade – the practice of regularised exchange of goods or services between nation-states for mutual advantage under an orchestrated system of rules – can generate moral duties, duties that exist between only participants in the activity. It considers this idea across three duties often cited as duties of trade: duties not to harm; duties to provide certain basic goods; and duties to distribute benefits and burdens fairly. The paper argues that these three duties seem (...)
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  39.  49
    Board Socio-Cognitive Decision-Making and Task Performance Under Heightened Expectations of Accountability.Andrew J. Ward, Marcus M. Butts, Ann Buchholtz & Jill A. Brown - 2019 - Business and Society 58 (3):574-611.
    This study examines how heightened expectations of board responsibility and accountability affect the socio-cognitive decision-making of boards and their collective task performance. Using data from the directors of 60 boards who served before and after the enactment of Sarbanes–Oxley, this study provides insight into the potential negative impact that this tightened accountability environment can have on a board’s task performance. Examining several socio-cognitive elements of board decision-making, board authority is found to have a positive main effect on board task performance, (...)
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  40.  16
    Recovering surface shape and orientation from texture.Andrew P. Witkin - 1981 - Artificial Intelligence 17 (1-3):17-45.
  41.  14
    Twenty questions about cultural cognitive gadgets.Andrew Whiten - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42.
    Heyes sets out an intriguing theory but it raises more questions than compelling answers concerning culturally shaped cognition. I set out what I see as the most pressing questions, ranging over the book's early chapters concerning the structure of the theory, to two of Heyes’ four exemplar cognitive domains, selective social learning and imitation.
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  42.  20
    Spheres of Influence: A Walzerian Approach to Business Ethics.Andrew C. Wicks, Patricia H. Werhane, Heather Elms & John Nolan - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 174 (1):1-14.
    Michael Walzer is one of the most distinguished political philosophers and social critics of this century. His ideas have had great import and influence in political philosophy and political discussion, yet very few of his ideas have been incorporated explicitly into the business ethics literature. We argue that Walzer’s work provides an important conceptual canvas for business ethics scholars that has not been adequately explored. Scholars in business ethics often borrow from political theory and philosophy to generate new insights and (...)
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  43.  42
    The value of education.Andrew Reid - 1998 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 32 (3):319–331.
    Education must be good for something, and personal well-being is a plausible candidate for this role. The informed desired account of personal well-being has particular advantages so far as education is concerned, but it is vulnerable to criticism on grounds relating to the objectivity of prudential value. Accounts which avoid this problem, on the other hand, are exposed to objections from the libertarian standpoint, and in terms of their adequacy to reflect the distinctive value of education. This paper attempts to (...)
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  44.  27
    Syllogistic System for the Propagation of Parasites. The Case of Schistosomatidae.Andrew Schumann & Ludmila Akimova - 2015 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 40 (1):303-319.
    In the paper, a new syllogistic system is built up. This system simulates a massive-parallel behavior in the propagation of collectives of parasites. In particular, this system simulates the behavior of collectives of trematode larvae.
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  45.  13
    Hartree and Thomas: the forefathers of density functional theory.Andrew Zangwill - 2013 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 67 (3):331-348.
    Douglas Hartree and Hilleth Thomas were graduate students together at Cambridge University in the mid-1920s. Each developed an important approximation method to calculate the electronic structure of atoms. Each went on to make significant contributions to numerical analysis and to the development of scientific computing. Their early efforts were fused in the mid-1960s with the development of an approach to the many-particle problem in quantum mechanics called density functional theory. This paper discusses the experiences which led Hartree and Thomas to (...)
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  46.  67
    Currying Omnipotence: A Reply to Beall and Cotnoir.Andrew Tedder & Guillermo Badia - 2018 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 7 (2):119-121.
    Beall and Cotnoir (2017) argue that theists may accept the claim that God's omnipotence is fully unrestricted if they also adopt a suitable nonclassical logic. Their primary focus is on the infamous Stone problem (i.e., whether God can create a stone too heavy for God to lift). We show how unrestricted omnipotence generates Curry‐like paradoxes. The upshot is that Beall and Cotnoir only provide a solution to one version of the Stone problem, but that unrestricted omnipotence generates other problems which (...)
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  47.  23
    Continuity, Naturalism, and Contingency: A Theology of Evolution Drawing on the Semiotics of C. S. Peirce and Trinitarian Thought.Andrew J. Robinson - 2004 - Zygon 39 (1):111-136.
    The starting point for this article is the question of the relationship between Darwinism and Christian theology. I suggest that evolutionary theory presents three broad issues of relevance to theology: the phenomena ofcontinuity, naturalism, andcontingency. In order to formulate a theological response to these issues I draw on the semiotics (theory of signs) and cosmology of the American philosopher Charles Sanders Peirce. Peirce developed a triadic theory of signs, underpinned by a threefold system of metaphysical categories. I propose a semiotic (...)
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  48.  81
    How gifts and gambles preserve justice.Andrew Williams - 2013 - Economics and Philosophy 29 (1):65-85.
    This paper examines G. A. Cohen's final criticism of Ronald Dworkin's theory of equality of resources, which targets its treatment of inequalities that arise when some individuals make luckier choices than others make. Rebutting Cohen's argument that such option luck inequalities fail to be just in an unqualified sense, the paper argues that choice does not merely render inequality legitimate but instead can sometimes make inequality just. It also examines the relationship between Cohen's criticism and the conception of equality developed (...)
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  49.  33
    Hegel’s Dialectical Method: A Response to the Modification View.Andrew Werner - 2020 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 50 (6):767-784.
    A prevailing view in the literature on Hegel’s dialectical method is that employing it involves advancing a false account and then modifying it to be closer to the truth. I will call this the Modification View. In this essay, I argue that the Modification View is incorrect. Hegel’s insight, I show, is that one can only explain the objective validity of a form of thought through employing that very form. Consequently, the dialectical method cannot relate to its subject matter as (...)
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  50. Liberty, liability, and contractualism.Andrew Williams - 2007 - In Nils Holtug & Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (eds.), Egalitarianism: new essays on the nature and value of equality. New York: Clarendon Press.
     
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