Results for 'Andrew T. Knight'

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  1.  16
    The Application of Wearable Technology to Quantify Health and Wellbeing Co-benefits From Urban Wetlands.Jonathan P. Reeves, Andrew T. Knight, Emily A. Strong, Victor Heng, Chris Neale, Ruth Cromie & Ans Vercammen - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
  2. Epistemology of ignorance: the contribution of philosophy to the science-policy interface of marine biosecurity.Anne Schwenkenbecher, Chad L. Hewitt, Remco Heesen, Marnie L. Campbell, Oliver Fritsch, Andrew T. Knight & Erin Nash - 2023 - Frontiers in Marine Science 10:1-5.
    Marine ecosystems are under increasing pressure from human activity, yet successful management relies on knowledge. The evidence-based policy (EBP) approach has been promoted on the grounds that it provides greater transparency and consistency by relying on ‘high quality’ information. However, EBP also creates epistemic responsibilities. Decision-making where limited or no empirical evidence exists, such as is often the case in marine systems, creates epistemic obligations for new information acquisition. We argue that philosophical approaches can inform the science-policy interface. Using marine (...)
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  3.  37
    The neural substrates of recollection and familiarity.Andrew P. Yonelinas, Neal E. A. Kroll, Ian G. Dobbins, Michele Lazzara & Robert T. Knight - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (3):468-469.
    Aggleton & Brown argue that a hippocampal-anterior thalamic system supports the “recollection” of contextual information about previous events, and that a separate perirhinal-medial dorsal thalamic system supports detection of stimulus “familiarity.” Although there is a growing body of human literature that is in agreement with these claims, when recollection and familiarity have been examined in amnesics using the process dissociation or the remember/know procedures, the results do not seem to provide consistent support. We reexamine these studies and describe the results (...)
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  4.  17
    Expanding the Reals by Continuous Functions Adds No Computational Power.Uri Andrews, Julia F. Knight, Rutger Kuyper, Joseph S. Miller & Mariya I. Soskova - 2023 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 88 (3):1083-1102.
    We study the relative computational power of structures related to the ordered field of reals, specifically using the notion of generic Muchnik reducibility. We show that any expansion of the reals by a continuous function has no more computing power than the reals, answering a question of Igusa, Knight, and Schweber [7]. On the other hand, we show that there is a certain Borel expansion of the reals that is strictly more powerful than the reals and such that any (...)
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  5.  15
    Spectra of Atomic Theories.Uri Andrews & Julia F. Knight - 2009 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 78 (4):1189-1198.
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  6.  13
    The Singular Voice of Being: John Duns Scotus and Ultimate Difference.Andrew T. LaZella - 2019 - New York, NY: Fordham University Press.
    Reconsiders John Duns Scotus's theory of the univocity of being in connection to his conception of ultimate difference. Develops a systematic account of ultimate difference from disparate discussions throughout his corpus.
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  7.  12
    Refusal of Representation in Advance Care Planning: A Case‐Inspired Ethical Analysis.Andrew T. Peters & Joshua M. Hauser - 2023 - Hastings Center Report 53 (2):3-8.
    Unrepresented patients—people without capacity to make medical decisions who also lack a surrogate decision‐maker—form a large and vulnerable population within the United States health care system. The burden of unrepresentedness has rightly prompted widespread calls for more and better advance care planning, in which still‐healthy patients are encouraged to designate a surrogate decision‐maker and thus avoid the risk of becoming unrepresented. However, we observe that some patients, even with available social contacts and access to adequate advance care planning services, simply (...)
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  8.  77
    Non-Compliance Shouldn't Be Better.Andrew T. Forcehimes & Luke Semrau - 2019 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 97 (1):46-56.
    Agent-relative consequentialism is thought attractive because it can secure agent-centred constraints while retaining consequentialism's compelling idea—the idea that it is always permissible to bring about the best available outcome. We argue, however, that the commitments of agent-relative consequentialism lead it to run afoul of a plausibility requirement on moral theories. A moral theory must not be such that, in any possible circumstance, were every agent to act impermissibly, each would have more reason to prefer the world thereby actualized over the (...)
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  9.  13
    Cross-situational learning in a Zipfian environment.Andrew T. Hendrickson & Amy Perfors - 2019 - Cognition 189 (C):11-22.
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  10. Clarifying Cohen: A Response to Jubb and Hall.Andrew T. Forcehimes & Robert B. Talisse - 2013 - Res Publica 19 (4):371-379.
    In this brief essay, we clarify Cohen’s ‘Facts and Principles’ argument, and then argue that the objections posed by two recent critiques of Cohen—Robert Jubb (Res Publica 15:337–353, 2009) and Edward Hall (Res Publica 19:173–181, 2013)—look especially vulnerable to the charge of being self-defeating. It may still be that Cohen’s view concerning facts and principles is false. Our aim here is merely to show that two recent attempts to demonstrate its falsity are unlikely to succeed.
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  11.  8
    Participation in God's Love: Revisiting John Milbank's ‘Out‐Narration’ in the Light of Jean‐Louis Chrétien and the Song of Songs.Andrew T. Shamel - 2023 - Heythrop Journal 64 (1):75-86.
    In this essay, I interrogate the nature and grounds of Milbank's understanding of taste as it applies to differing mythic sensibilities, arguing that it is insufficiently responsive to the priority of God's action and so inadequate to a Christian theological account of the interplay of mythoi. By reading Milbank in light of The Song of Songs and Jean-Louis Chrétien's phenomenology of prayer, I suggest that rather than the subject embracing a mythos, it is instead the mythos which first embraces the (...)
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  12.  9
    Do Good Citizens Need Good Laws? Economics and the Expressive Function.Andrew T. Hayashi & Michael D. Gilbert - 2021 - Theoretical Inquiries in Law 22 (2):153-174.
    We explore how adding prosocial preferences to the canonical precaution model of accidents changes either the efficient damages rule or the harm from accidents. For a utilitarian lawmaker, making the potential injurer sympathetic to the victim of harm has no effect on either outcome. On the other hand, making injurers averse to harming others reduces the harm from accidents but has no effect on efficient damages. For an atomistic lawmaker — one who excludes prosocial preferences from social welfare — cultivating (...)
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  13.  85
    Beneficence: Does Agglomeration Matter?Andrew T. Forcehimes & Luke Semrau - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 36 (1):17-33.
    When it comes to the duty of beneficence, a formidable class of moderate positions holds that morally significant considerations emerge when one's actions are seen as part of a larger series. Agglomeration, according to these moderates, limits the demands of beneficence, thereby avoiding the extremely demanding view forcefully defended by Peter Singer. This idea has much appeal. What morality can demand of people is, it seems, appropriately modulated by how much they have already done or will do. Here we examine (...)
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  14.  10
    A Hyperbolic Statement: Propertius IV. 1. 38.Andrew T. Alwine - 2011 - Philologus: Zeitschrift für Antike Literatur Und Ihre Rezeption 155 (2):379-382.
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  15.  19
    Tensile deformation of electroplated copper nanopillars.Andrew T. Jennings & Julia R. Greer - 2011 - Philosophical Magazine 91 (7-9):1108-1120.
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  16. Are There Distinctively Moral Reasons?Andrew T. Forcehimes & Luke Semrau - 2018 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 21 (3):699-717.
    A dogma of contemporary normative theorizing holds that some reasons are distinctively moral while others are not. Call this view Reasons Pluralism. This essay looks at four approaches to vindicating the apparent distinction between moral and non-moral reasons. In the end, however, all are found wanting. Though not dispositive, the failure of these approaches supplies strong evidence that the dogma of Reasons Pluralism is ill-founded.
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  17.  34
    In The Midst of Our Sorrows: An Existential-Phenomenological Analysis of Evil.Andrew T. Vink - 2013 - Heythrop Journal 54 (2):15-31.
  18.  17
    The effect of benzedrine sulfate on syllogistic reasoning.T. G. Andrews - 1940 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 26 (4):423.
  19.  28
    Time series analysis for psychological research: examining and forecasting change.Andrew T. Jebb, Louis Tay, Wei Wang & Qiming Huang - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  20.  5
    Is Dormammu Evil?Andrew T. Vink - 2018 - In Marc D. White (ed.), Doctor Strange and Philosophy. Wiley. pp. 217–227.
    Introduced in the comics in 1964, the “Dread Dormammu” is the ruler of the Dark Dimension and its magicks, with power comparable to the Vishanti, the mystical beings from whom Doctor Stephen Strange summons his own mystical energy. St. Augustine's journey was not too different from that of Stephen Strange: a man of secular culture who eventually is awakened to his higher calling from forces beyond the physical realm. One of Augustine's key insights into the realities of the human person (...)
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  21.  32
    Taking Values Seriously: Towards a Philosophy of EU Law.Andrew T. Williams - 2009 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 29 (3):549-577.
    This article argues that the existing philosophy of EU law, such as it may be perceived, is flawed. Through a series of propositions it claims that EU law is infected by an underlying indeterminacy of ideal that has deeply affected the appreciation and realization of stated values. These values, the most fundamental of which appear in Article 6(1) of the Treaty of European Union, have been applied in a haphazard fashion and without an understanding of normative content. The European Court (...)
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  22.  8
    When Roving Bandits Settle Down: Club Theory and the Emergence of Government.Andrew T. Young - 2018 - In Richard E. Wagner (ed.), James M. Buchanan: A Theorist of Political Economy and Social Philosophy. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 853-881.
    How does a government arise from anarchy? In a classic article, Mancur Olson theorized that it could occur when a roving bandit decides to settle down. This stationary bandit comes to recognize an encompassing interest in its territory, improving its lot by providing governing and committing to stable rates of theft. The bandits highlighted by Olson are not individuals but rather groups organized to act collectively. I provide a club-theoretic analysis of bandits. I characterize the violence as a club good, (...)
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  23.  56
    Relationship Sensitive Consequentialism Is Regrettable.Andrew T. Forcehimes & Luke Semrau - 2020 - Social Theory and Practice 46 (2):257-276.
    Personal relationships matter. Traditional Consequentialism, given its exclusive focus on agent-neutral goodness, struggles to account for this fact. A recent variant of the theory—one incorporating agent-relativity—is thought to succeed where its traditional counterpart fails. Yet, to secure this advantage, the view must take on certain normative and evaluative commitments concerning personal relationships. As a result, the theory permits cases in which agents do as they ought, yet later ought to prefer that they had done otherwise. That a theory allows such (...)
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  24.  71
    Attitudinal strength as distance to withholding.Andrew T. Forcehimes - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 178 (3):963-981.
    How should we understand the relationship between binary belief and degree of belief? To answer this question, we should look to desire. Whatever relationship we think holds between desire and degree of desire should be used as our model for the relationship we think holds between belief and degree of belief. This parity pushes us towards an account that treats the binary attitudes as primary. But if we take binary beliefs as primary, we seem to face a serious problem. Binary (...)
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  25.  25
    De Aventure: Matter, Causal Violence, and the Event Worthy of Its Name.Andrew T. Lazella - 2014 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 18 (2):373-394.
    That the category of violent causation has passed from the register of “useful” scientific categories is without question. And yet, in a time of ecological crisis, this conceptual atavism reflects not some idyllic pre-modern past, but the present ubiquity of causal violence. Tracing a course through medieval Aristotelianism will show not only that violence cannot be reduced to artificial production, but also that its operation remains phantasmatic insofar as it seeks to exclude the very condition upon which it is founded: (...)
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  26.  13
    Can you expect those with status to be ethical? The effects of status on trust.Andrew T. Soderberg & David Howe - 2021 - Ethics and Behavior 31 (6):395-418.
    This research examines the trust and expectations people have for individuals with varying levels of status. Specifically, we predicted that people will have a greater amount of trust for individuals whom they perceive to have high (vs. low) status. Furthermore, we predicted that this positive effect of status on trust occurs because high-status individuals are viewed as less likely to engage in unethical behavior. We found evidence in two experimental laboratory studies and one survey study for some of our hypotheses. (...)
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  27.  70
    A Dilemma for Non‐Analytic Naturalism.Andrew T. Forcehimes - 2018 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 99 (2):228-247.
    In recent years, an impressive research program has developed around non-analytic reductions of the normative. Nevertheless, non-analytic naturalists face a damning dilemma: either they need to give the same reductive analysis for epistemic and practical reasons, or they can give a different analyses by treating epistemic and practical reasons as a species of the larger genus, reasonhood. Since, for example, a desire-based account of epistemic reasons is implausible, the reductionist must opt for the latter. Yet, if the desire-based account of (...)
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  28.  66
    Zeami and the transition of the concept of yūgen: A note on japanese aesthetics.Andrew T. Tsubaki - 1971 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 30 (1):55-67.
  29. Is categorical perception really verbally mediated perception?Andrew T. Hendrickson, George Kachergis, Todd M. Gureckis & Robert L. Goldstone - 2010 - In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society.
     
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  30. Asymmetrism and the Magnitudes of Welfare Benefits.Andrew T. Forcehimes - 2019 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 15 (2):175-185.
    One vexing question for Desire Satisfactionism is this: At what time do you benefit from a satisfied desire? Recently Eden Lin has proposed an intriguing answer. On this proposal – Asymmetrism – when past-directed desires are satisfied, the time interval during which you benefit is the time of the desire; and, when future-directed desires are satisfied, the time interval during which you benefit is the time of the object. In this essay, I argue that Asymmetrism forces us to give implausible (...)
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  31.  42
    Breathing Deeply, with One Lung: The Problem of Latin Church Dominance within the Catholic Church.Andrew T. Kania - 2004 - The Australasian Catholic Record 81 (2):198.
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  32.  9
    The great refusal: Herbert Marcuse and contemporary social movements.Andrew T. Lamas (ed.) - 2017 - Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
    Herbert Marcuse examined the subjective and material conditions of radical social change and developed the "Great Refusal," a radical concept of "the protest against that which is." The editors and contributors to the exciting new volume The Great Refusal provide an analysis of contemporary social movements around the world with particular reference to Marcuse's revolutionary concept. The book also engages-and puts Marcuse in critical dialogue with-major theorists including Slavoj Žižek and Michel Foucault, among others. The chapters in this book analyze (...)
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  33.  4
    The Decarceration of the Mentally Ill: A Critical View.Andrew T. Scull - 1976 - Politics and Society 6 (2):173-212.
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  34.  97
    The functional role of cross-frequency coupling.Ryan T. Canolty & Robert T. Knight - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (11):506-515.
  35. The Difference We Make.Andrew T. Forcehimes & Luke Semrau - 2015 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 9 (2):1-7.
    Felix Pinkert has proposed a solution to the no-difference problem for AC. He argues that AC should be supplemented with a requirement that agents’ optimal acts be modally robust. We disagree.
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  36.  36
    The light that shone in darkness: Andrii Sheptyts' kyi and the Jewish Holocaust.Andrew T. Kania - 2005 - The Australasian Catholic Record 82 (3):299.
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  37.  11
    Ecology, Ethics and Hope.Andrew T. Brei (ed.) - 2015 - New York: Rowman & Littlefield International.
    This volume brings together essays written at the cutting edge of an emerging sub-field of environmental philosophy, relating to the nature and role of hope.
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  38.  59
    On L. W. Sumner’s “Normative Ethics and Metaethics”.Andrew T. Forcehimes - 2015 - Ethics 125 (4):1142-1144.
    Due largely to the influential work of Ronald Dworkin, there is an ongoing debate concerning the possibility of genuine metaethical theorizing. Dworkin, and others, argue that metaethical theories collapse into first-order normative theories. In his short and widely neglected paper, L.W. Sumner provides a compelling account of how to engage in metaethical theorizing while avoiding substantive moral commitments.
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  39. Philosophy of Tertiary Civic Education in Hong Kong: Formation of Trans-Cultural Political Vision.Andrew T. W. Hung - 2015 - Public Administration and Policy: An Asia-Pacific Journal 18 (2).
    This paper explores the philosophy of tertiary civic education in Hong Kong. It does not only investigate the role of tertiary education that can play in civic education, but also explores the way to achieve the aim of integrating liberal democratic citizenship and collective national identity in the context of persistent conflicts between two different identity politics in Hong Kong: politics of assimilation and politics of difference. As Hong Kong is part of China and is inevitably getting closer cooperation with (...)
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  40.  26
    Bringing physics to bear on the phenomenon of life: the divergent positions of Bohr, Delbrück, and Schrödinger.Andrew T. Domondon - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 37 (3):433-458.
  41.  4
    Book Review: Terence Keel, Divine Variations: How Christian Thought Became Racial Science. [REVIEW]Andrew T. Draper - 2020 - Studies in Christian Ethics 33 (2):279-283.
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  42.  34
    Luck Libertarianism? A Critique of Tan’s Institutional View.Andrew T. Forcehimes & Robert B. Talisse - 2015 - Southwest Philosophy Review 31 (1):187-196.
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  43.  77
    Well-Being: Reality's Role.Andrew T. Forcehimes & Luke Semrau - 2016 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 2 (3):456-68.
    A familiar objection to mental state theories of well-being proceeds as follows: Describe a good life. Contrast it with one identical in mental respects, but lacking a connection to reality. Then observe that mental state theories of well-being implausibly hold both lives in equal esteem. Conclude that such views are false. Here we argue this objection fails. There are two ways reality may be thought to matter for well-being. We want to contribute to reality, and we want our experience of (...)
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  44.  37
    Expectations and the Limits of Legal Validity.Andrew T. Forcehimes - 2015 - Utilitas 27 (3):263-278.
    Drawing on the work of Jeremy Bentham, we can forward a parity thesis concerning formal and substantive legal invalidity. Formal and substantive invalidity are, according to this thesis, traceable to the same source, namely, the sovereign's inability to adjust expectations to motivate obedience. The parity thesis, if defensible, has great appeal for positivists. Explaining why contradictory or contrary mandates yield invalidity is unproblematic. But providing an account of content-based invalidity invites the collapse of the separation between what the law is (...)
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  45.  30
    Weighing Unjust Lives.Andrew T. Forcehimes - 2017 - In Finkelstein Claire, Larry Larry & Ohlin Jens David (eds.), Weighing Lives in War. Oxford University Press). pp. 284-297.
    Are the lives of those fighting on the unjust side of a war worth less than the lives of those fighting on the just side? It is tempting to answer Yes. There is a powerful and popular rationale for this verdict: Things are intrinsically better when people get what they deserve. According to this view, the goodness of a life is the product of one’s desert-adjusted welfare. In this essay, I highlight the troubling implications that adjusting for desert has in (...)
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  46.  67
    Thinking Through Utilitarianism: A Guide to Contemporary Arguments.Andrew T. Forcehimes & Luke Semrau - 2019 - Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company. Edited by Luke Semrau.
    _Thinking Through Utilitarianism: A Guide to Contemporary Arguments_ offers something new among texts elucidating the ethical theory known as Utilitarianism. Intended primarily for students ready to dig deeper into moral philosophy, it examines, in a dialectical and reader-friendly manner, a set of normative principles and a set of evaluative principles leading to what is perhaps the most defensible version of Utilitarianism. With the aim of laying its weaknesses bare, each principle is serially introduced, challenged, and then defended. The result is (...)
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  47. Download this Essay: A Defence of Stealing ebooks.Andrew T. Forcehimes - 2013 - Think 12 (34):109-115.
    In this essay, I argue, on the one hand, if we think egalitarian considerations justify libraries, we should think that these same egalitarian considerations justify stealing books online. If, on the other hand, we think that economic incentives justify a prohibition against stealing books online, we should think those same economic considerations justify a prohibition against libraries.
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  48. Putting Reasons First: A Defense of Normative Non-Naturalism.Andrew T. Forcehimes - unknown
    Against non-analytic naturalism and quietist realism, I defend a robust form of non-naturalism. The argument proceeds as follows: In the face of extensional underdetermination, quietist realism cannot non-question-beggingly respond to alternative accounts that offer formally identical but substantively different interpretations of what reasons are. They face what we might call the reasons appropriation problem. In light of this problem, quietists ought to abandon their view in favor of robust realism. By permitting substantive metaphysical claims we can then argue, based on (...)
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  49.  35
    Promoting Justice after Lisbon: Groundwork for a New Philosophy of EU Law.Andrew T. Williams - 2010 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 30 (4):663-693.
    The Lisbon Treaty’s ratification is complete. This article makes two related claims, one ethical, the other empirical. First, the EU should now be developed with the aim of making it a (more) just institution; and second, the amendments to the Treaties now introduced provide the constitutional inspiration so that the EU can so develop. In particular, there is a prospect for appropriate standards of justice to be applied in part through a revised philosophy of EU law. The article argues that (...)
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  50. Atomism, Communitarianism, and Confucian Familism.Andrew T. W. Hung - 2022 - Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences 15.
    Charles Taylor criticizes many liberal theories based on a kind of atomism that assumes the individual self-sufficiency outside the polity. This not only causes soft-relativism and political fragmentation but also undermines the solidarity of the community, that is, the very condition of the formation of autonomous citizens. Taylor thus argues for communitarian politics which protects certain cultural common goods for sustaining the solidarity of the community. However, Brenda Lyshaug criticizes Taylor’s communitarianism as suppressing plurality and enhancing hostility among cultural groups. (...)
     
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