Results for 'Andrew D. Thomas'

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Andrew Thomas
Durham University
  1.  73
    Extended Modal Realism — a New Solution to the Problem of Intentional Inexistence.Andrew D. Thomas - 2020 - Philosophia 48 (3):1197-1208.
    Kriegel described the problem of intentional inexistence as one of the ‘perennial problems of philosophy’, 307–340, 2007: 307). In the same paper, Kriegel alluded to a modal realist solution to the problem of intentional inexistence. However, Kriegel does not state by name who defends the kind of modal realist solution he has in mind. Kriegel also points out that even what he believes to be the strongest version of modal realism does not pass the ‘principle of representation’ and thus modal (...)
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  2.  21
    Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Diagnostics and Screening.Madhvi Patel, Mohamed If Shariff, Nimzing G. Ladep, Andrew V. Thillainayagam, Howard C. Thomas, Shahid A. Khan & Simon D. Taylor‐Robinson - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (2):335-342.
  3.  14
    Can Children Be Enrolled in a Placebo-Controlled Randomized Clinical Trial of Synthetic Growth Hormone?Ernest D. Prentice, L. Antonson, Andrew Jameton, Benjamin Graber & Thomas Sears - 1989 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 11 (1):6.
  4.  10
    Book Review Section 5. [REVIEW]Thomas R. Giblin, N. J. Colletta, Robert N. Grunewald, Gerald W. McLaughlin, Ronald W. Sealey, Loyd D. Andrew, Fred A. Snyder, Otto F. Kraushaar, John B. Peper, Fred C. Rankine, Timothy Boggs & Albert S. Kahn - 1974 - Educational Studies 5 (4):282-292.
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  5.  5
    Perceptions of Medical Providers on Morality and Decision-Making Capacity in Withholding and Withdrawing Life-Sustaining Treatment and Suicide.Thomas D. Harter, Erin L. Sterenson, Andrew Borgert & Cary Rasmussen - forthcoming - AJOB Empirical Bioethics:1-29.
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  6.  1
    Thomas Aquinas: A Historical and Philosophical Profile. By Pasquale Porro. Translated by Joseph G. Trabbic and Roger W. Nutt. Pp. Xiii, 458, Washington D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 2016, $65.00. [REVIEW]Andrew Meszaros - 2021 - Heythrop Journal 62 (6):1115-1116.
  7.  6
    Improving Metacomprehension Accuracy in an Undergraduate Course Context.Jennifer Wiley, Thomas D. Griffin, Allison J. Jaeger, Andrew F. Jarosz, Patrick J. Cushen & Keith W. Thiede - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 22 (4):393-405.
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  8.  16
    Multisite Functional Connectivity MRI Classification of Autism: ABIDE Results.Jared A. Nielsen, Brandon A. Zielinski, P. Thomas Fletcher, Andrew L. Alexander, Nicholas Lange, Erin D. Bigler, Janet E. Lainhart & Jeffrey S. Anderson - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  9.  61
    A Christian for All Christians: Essays in Honour of C. S. Lewis, Edited by Dr. Andrew Walker and Dr. James Patrick; and A Barfield Sampler: Poetry and Fiction by Owen Barfield, Jeanne Clayton Hunter, and Thomas Kranidas. [REVIEW]N. D. O'Donoghue - 1994 - The Chesterton Review 20 (4):527-529.
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  10.  44
    Patrick Henry, Edwin Stein, Gabriele Poole, Richard Rumana, Gerald Prince, Tom Conley, Richard D. Lord, G. Mallary Masters, William E. Cain, Karsten Harries, Robert D. Cottrell, David Halliburton, Colette Gaudin, Virginia A. La Charité, Jeff Mitchell, John Goodliffe, Kerry S. Walters, Thomas Reinert, Dana R. Smith, Michael L. Hall, Christopher McClintick, Julie Van Camp, Warren Ginsberg, Steven Rendall, Donald Pizer, Jean A. Perkins, Roberta Davidson, Christopher Perricone, Peter J. Rabinowitz, Andrew J. McKenna, C. S. Schreiner, Anthony Roda, and Juniper Ellis. [REVIEW]Wendell V. Harris - 1995 - Philosophy and Literature 19 (1):136.
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  11.  47
    Galileo Still Goes to Jail: Conflict Model Persistence Within Introductory Anthropology Materials.Thomas Aechtner - 2015 - Zygon 50 (1):209-226.
    Historians have long since rejected the dubious assertions of the conflict model, with its narratives of perennial religion versus science combat. Nonetheless, this theory persists in various academic disciplines, and it is still presented to university students as the authoritative historical account of religion–science interactions. Cases of this can be identified within modern anthropology textbooks and reference materials, which often recapitulate claims once made by John W. Draper and Andrew D. White. This article examines 21st-century introductory anthropology publications, demonstrating (...)
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  12.  20
    Embodied Cognition is Not What You Think It Is.Andrew D. Wilson & Sabrina Golonka - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
  13.  38
    Ideas: General Introduction to Pure Phenomenology.Andrew D. Osborn - 1932 - Journal of Philosophy 29 (6):163-167.
  14.  1
    Pluralism and the Personality of the State. [REVIEW]Andrew Norris - 1999 - Review of Metaphysics 53 (2):473-473.
    Events and intellectual fashion have conspired to bring the once neglected topics of nationalism and Staatslehre to the forefront of political-philosophical debate in this country, a development which makes David Runciman’s intellectual-historical study quite timely. The history Runciman tells is that of the early twentieth century English movement of political pluralism, whose central figures were Frederic W. Maitland, John N. Figgis, Ernest Barker, George D. H. Cole, and Harold Laski. To tell their story Runciman quite properly recognizes that he must (...)
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  15.  85
    Assets and Poverty.Andrew Gamble & Rajiv Prabhakar - 2005 - Theoria 44 (107):1-18.
    Asset egalitarianism is a new agenda but an old idea. At its root is the notion that every citizen should be able to have an individual property stake, and it has recently been revived in Britain and in the U.S. in a number of proposals aimed at countering the huge and growing inequality in the distribution of assets. Such asset egalitarianism is fed from many streams; it has a long history in civic republican thought, beginning with Thomas Paine and (...)
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  16. Functions in Basic Formal Ontology.Andrew D. Spear, Werner Ceusters & Barry Smith - 2016 - Applied ontology 11 (2):103-128.
    The notion of function is indispensable to our understanding of distinctions such as that between being broken and being in working order (for artifacts) and between being diseased and being healthy (for organisms). A clear account of the ontology of functions and functioning is thus an important desideratum for any top-level ontology intended for application to domains such as engineering or medicine. The benefit of using top-level ontologies in applied ontology can only be realized when each of the categories identified (...)
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  17.  91
    Global Health Ethics for Students.Andrew D. Pinto & Ross E. G. Upshur - 2009 - Developing World Bioethics 9 (1):1-10.
    As a result of increased interest in global health, more and more medical students and trainees from the.
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  18.  61
    Gaslighting, Confabulation, and Epistemic Innocence.Andrew D. Spear - 2020 - Topoi 39 (1):229-241.
    Recent literature on epistemic innocence develops the idea that a defective cognitive process may nevertheless merit special consideration insofar as it confers an epistemic benefit that would not otherwise be available. For example, confabulation may be epistemically innocent when it makes a subject more likely to form future true beliefs or helps her maintain a coherent self-concept. I consider the role of confabulation in typical cases of interpersonal gaslighting, and argue that confabulation will not be epistemically innocent in such cases (...)
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  19. Epistemic Dimensions of Gaslighting: Peer-Disagreement, Self-Trust, and Epistemic Injustice.Andrew D. Spear - 2018 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy:1-24.
    ABSTRACTMiranda Fricker has characterized epistemic injustice as “a kind of injustice in which someone is wronged specifically in her capacity as a knower” (2007, Epistemic injustice: Power & the e...
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  20.  10
    Gaslighting, Confabulation, and Epistemic Innocence.Andrew D. Spear - 2020 - Topoi 39 (1):229-241.
    Recent literature on epistemic innocence develops the idea that a defective cognitive process may nevertheless merit special consideration insofar as it confers an epistemic benefit that would not otherwise be available. For example, confabulation may be epistemically innocent when it makes a subject more likely to form future true beliefs or helps her maintain a coherent self-concept. I consider the role of confabulation in typical cases of interpersonal gaslighting, and argue that confabulation will not be epistemically innocent in such cases (...)
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  21. The Epistemic Regress Problem, the Problem of the Criterion, and the Value of Reasons.Andrew D. Cling - 2014 - Metaphilosophy 45 (2):161-171.
    There are important similarities between the epistemic regress problem and the problem of the criterion. Each turns on plausible principles stating that epistemic reasons must be supported by epistemic reasons but that having reasons is impossible if that requires having endless regresses of reasons. These principles are incompatible with the possibility of reasons, so each problem is a paradox. Whether there can be an antiskeptical solution to these paradoxes depends upon the kinds of reasons that we need in order to (...)
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  22. The Epistemic Regress Problem.Andrew D. Cling - 2008 - Philosophical Studies 140 (3):401 - 421.
    The best extant statement of the epistemic regress problem makes assumptions that are too strong. An improved version assumes only that that reasons require support, that no proposition is supported only by endless regresses of reasons, and that some proposition is supported. These assumptions are individually plausible but jointly inconsistent. Attempts to explain support by means of unconceptualized sensations, contextually immunized propositions, endless regresses, and holistic coherence all require either additional reasons or an external condition on support that is arbitrary (...)
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  23.  91
    Foucault and Political Reason: Liberalism, Neo-Liberalism, and Rationalities of Government.Andrew Barry, Thomas Osborne & Nikolas Rose (eds.) - 1996 - University of Chicago Press.
    Despite the enormous influence of Michel Foucault in gender studies, social theory, and cultural studies, his work has been relatively neglected in the study of politics. Although he never published a book on the state, in the late 1970s Foucault examined the technologies of power used to regulate society and the ingenious recasting of power and agency that he saw as both consequence and condition of their operation. These twelve essays provide a critical introduction to Foucault's work on politics, exploring (...)
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  24. The Trouble with Infinitism.Andrew D. Cling - 2004 - Synthese 138 (1):101 - 123.
    One way to solve the epistemic regress problem would be to show that we can acquire justification by means of an infinite regress. This is infinitism. This view has not been popular, but Peter Klein has developed a sophisticated version of infinitism according to which all justified beliefs depend upon an infinite regress of reasons. Klein's argument for infinitism is unpersuasive, but he successfully responds to the most compelling extant objections to the view. A key component of his position is (...)
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  25. Counterfactual Similarity, Nomic Indiscernibility, and the Paradox of Quidditism.Andrew D. Bassford & C. Daniel Dolson - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.
    Aristotle is essentially human; that is, for all possible worlds metaphysically consistent with our own, if Aristotle exists, then he is human. This is a claim about the essential property of an object. The claim that objects have essential properties has been hotly disputed, but for present purposes, we can bracket that issue. In this essay, we are interested, rather, in the question of whether properties themselves have essential properties (or features) for their existence. We call those who suppose they (...)
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  26.  63
    The Revisionist Difference Principle.Andrew D. Williams - 1995 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 25 (2):257 - 281.
    John Rawls's famous difference principle is capable of at least four distinct statements, each of which occurs in A Theory of Justice. According to what I shall term the Crude Principle it is a necessary and sufficient condition for the justice of an institutional scheme which expands social and economic inequality that, subject to the satisfaction of more weighty principles, it increases the level of advantage of the least advantaged. Expressing this principle Rawls writes that,Assuming the framework of institutions required (...)
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  27.  65
    Frege on Number Properties.Andrew D. Irvine - 2010 - Studia Logica 96 (2):239-260.
    In the Grundlagen , Frege offers eight main arguments, together with a series of more minor supporting arguments, against Mill’s view that numbers are “properties of external things”. This paper reviews all eight of these arguments, arguing that none are conclusive.
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  28.  80
    Justification-Affording Circular Arguments.Andrew D. Cling - 2002 - Philosophical Studies 111 (3):251 - 275.
    An argument whose conclusion C is essential evidence for one of its premises can provide its target audience with justification for believing C. This is possible because we can enhance our justification for believing a proposition C by integrating it into an explanatory network of beliefs for which C itself provides essential evidence. I argue for this in light of relevant features of doxastic circularity, epistemic circularity, and explanatory inferences. Finally, I confirm my argument with an example and respond to (...)
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  29.  90
    Posing the Problem of the Criterion.Andrew D. Cling - 1994 - Philosophical Studies 75 (3):261 - 292.
    Although it has been largely neglected in contemporary philosophy , the problem of the criterion raises questions which must be addressed by any complete account of knowledge . But the problem of the criterion suffers not onl.
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  30.  78
    Hertz, Boltzmann and Wittgenstein Reconsidered.Andrew D. Wilson - 1989 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 20 (2):245.
  31.  22
    Harmless Naturalism: The Limits of Science and the Nature of Philosophy.Andrew D. Cling - 1998 - Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 62 (2):493-495.
  32. Foucault and Political Reason: Liberalism, Neo-Liberalism and the Rationalities of Government.Andrew Barry, Thomas Osborne & Nikolas Rose (eds.) - 1996 - Routledge.
    Foucault is often thought to have a great deal to say about the history of madness and sexuality, but little in terms of a general analysis of government and the state.; This volume draws on Foucault's own research to challenge this view, demonstrating the central importance of his work for the study of contemporary politics.; It focuses on liberalism and neo- liberalism, questioning the conceptual opposition of freedom/constraint, state/market and public/private that inform liberal thought.
     
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  33.  10
    Face, Eye, and Body Selective Responses in Fusiform Gyrus and Adjacent Cortex: An Intracranial EEG Study.Andrew D. Engell & Gregory McCarthy - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  34.  14
    Who Calls It? Actors and Accounts in the Social Construction of Organizational Moral Failure.Masoud Shadnam, Andrew Crane & Thomas B. Lawrence - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 165 (4):699-717.
    In recent years, research on morality in organizational life has begun to examine how organizational conduct comes to be socially constructed as having failed to comply with a community’s accepted morals. Researchers in this stream of research, however, have paid little attention to identifying and theorizing the key actors involved in these social construction processes and the types of accounts they construct. In this paper, we explore a set of key structural and cultural dimensions of apparent noncompliance that enable us (...)
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  35.  64
    Autonomy, Liberalism and State Neutrality.Andrew D. Mason - 1990 - Philosophical Quarterly 40 (161):433-452.
  36.  1
    Toward a More Democratic Ethic of Technological Governance.Andrew D. Zimmerman - 1995 - Science, Technology and Human Values 20 (1):86-107.
    Recent scholarship in technology and society studies has given attention to the notion of technological citizenship. This article seeks to further integrate perspectives on this topic with theoretical contributions about the development of moral autonomy. The author challenges the presumption that the strategy of expanding opportunities for participation in technological decision making will in itself develop people's autonomy and citizenship. He argues that concurrent efforts must be made to democratize the political-economic structures of key technologies and to help people prepare (...)
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  37.  19
    It Is Past Time to Think More Inclusively About “Deaths of Despair”.Andrew D. Plunk, Richard A. Grucza & Stephanie L. Peglow - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (10):29-31.
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  38.  76
    Epistemic Levels and the Problem of the Criterion.Andrew D. Cling - 1997 - Philosophical Studies 88 (2):109-140.
    The problem of the criterion says that we can know a proposition only if we first know a criterion of truth and vice versa, hence, we cannot know any proposition or any criterion of truth. The epistemic levels response says that since knowledge does not require knowledge about knowledge, we can know a proposition without knowing a criterion of truth. This response (advocated by Chisholm and Van Cleve) presupposes that criteria of truth are epistemic principles. In general, however, criteria of (...)
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  39.  1
    Foucault and Political Reason: Liberalism, Neo-Liberalism and the Rationalities of Government.Andrew Barry, Thomas Osborne & Nikolas S. Rose (eds.) - 1996 - Routledge.
    Foucault is often thought to have a great deal to say about the history of madness and sexuality, but little in terms of a general analysis of government and the state.; This volume draws on Foucault's own research to challenge this view, demonstrating the central importance of his work for the study of contemporary politics.; It focuses on liberalism and neo- liberalism, questioning the conceptual opposition of freedom/constraint, state/market and public/private that inform liberal thought.
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  40.  62
    Cross-Situational Learning: An Experimental Study of Word-Learning Mechanisms.Kenny Smith, Andrew D. M. Smith & Richard A. Blythe - 2011 - Cognitive Science 35 (3):480-498.
    Cross-situational learning is a mechanism for learning the meaning of words across multiple exposures, despite exposure-by-exposure uncertainty as to the word's true meaning. We present experimental evidence showing that humans learn words effectively using cross-situational learning, even at high levels of referential uncertainty. Both overall success rates and the time taken to learn words are affected by the degree of referential uncertainty, with greater referential uncertainty leading to less reliable, slower learning. Words are also learned less successfully and more slowly (...)
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  41.  92
    Eliminative Materialism and Self-Referential Inconsistency.Andrew D. Cling - 1989 - Philosophical Studies 56 (May):53-75.
  42.  90
    Self-Supporting Arguments.Andrew D. Cling - 2003 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 66 (2):279–303.
    Deductive and inductive logic confront this skeptical challenge: we can justify any logical principle only by means of an argument but we can acquire justification by means of an argument only if we are already justified in believing some logical principle. We could solve this problem if probative arguments do not require justified belief in their corresponding conditionals. For if not, then inferential justification would not require justified belief in any logical principle. So even arguments whose corresponding conditionals are epistemically (...)
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  43.  81
    Cognitive Functions and Corticostriatal Circuits: Insights From Huntington's Disease.Andrew D. Lawrence, Barbara J. Sahakian & Trevor W. Robbins - 1998 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (10):379-388.
  44.  79
    Error Correction and the Basal Ganglia: Similar Computations for Action, Cognition and Emotion?Andrew D. Lawrence - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (10):365-367.
  45.  19
    Sensitivity to Shared Information in Social Learning.Andrew Whalen, Thomas L. Griffiths & Daphna Buchsbaum - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (1):168-187.
    Social learning has been shown to be an evolutionarily adaptive strategy, but it can be implemented via many different cognitive mechanisms. The adaptive advantage of social learning depends crucially on the ability of each learner to obtain relevant and accurate information from informants. The source of informants’ knowledge is a particularly important cue for evaluating advice from multiple informants; if the informants share the source of their information or have obtained their information from each other, then their testimony is statistically (...)
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  46. An Analysis of Corporate Social Responsibility at Credit Line: A Narrative Approach.Michael Humphreys & Andrew D. Brown - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 80 (3):403-418.
    This article presents the results of an inductive, interpretive case study. We have adopted a narrative approach to the analysis of organizational processes in order to explore how individuals in a financial institution dealt with relatively novel issues of corporate social responsibility (CSR). The narratives that we reconstruct, which we label 'idealism and altruism', 'economics and expedience' and 'ignorance and cynicism' illustrate how people in the specific organizational context of a bank ('Credit Line') sought to cope with an attempt at (...)
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  47.  15
    Lessons From Everyday Lives: A Moral Justification for Acute Care Research.Andrew D. McRae & Charles Weijer - unknown
    Progress in emergency and critical care requires that clinical research be performed on patients who are incapable of granting consent for research participation. Analyses of the ethics of such research have left some questions incompletely answered. Why should we be permitted to expose vulnerable patients to research risks without their consent? In particular, how do we justify research interventions that have no potential benefit for participants (nontherapeutic interventions)? This article presents a moral justification for nontherapeutic interventions in emergency research. By (...)
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  48.  7
    Self-Supporting Arguments.Andrew D. Cling - 2003 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 66 (2):279-303.
    Deductive and inductive logic confront this skeptical challenge: we can justify any logical principle only by means of an argument but we can acquire justification by means of an argument only if we are already justified in believing some logical principle. We could solve this problem if probative arguments do not require justified belief in their corresponding conditionals. For if not, then inferential justification would not require justified belief in any logical principle. So even arguments whose corresponding conditionals are epistemically (...)
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  49.  5
    Geschichte der Logik.Andrew D. Osborn - 1932 - Journal of Philosophy 29 (25):695.
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  50.  15
    Risk in Emergency Research Using a Waiver of/Exception From Consent: Implications of a Structured Approach for Institutional Review Board Review.Andrew D. McRae, Stacy Ackroyd-Stolarz & Charles Weijer - unknown
    OBJECTIVE: To apply component analysis, a structured approach to the ethical analysis of risks and potential benefits in research, to published emergency research using a waiver of/exception from informed consent. The hypothesis was that component analysis could be used with a high degree of interrater reliability, and that the vast majority of emergency research would comply with a minimal-risk threshold. METHODS: A Medline search and manual search were done to identify studies using a waiver of/exception from informed consent published between (...)
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