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Andrew C. Wicks [37]Andrew Carpenter Wicks [1]
  1. What Stakeholder Theory is Not.Andrew C. Wicks - 2003 - Business Ethics Quarterly 13 (4):479-502.
    Abstract:The term stakeholder is a powerful one. This is due, to a significant degree, to its conceptual breadth. The term means different things to different people and hence evokes praise or scorn from a wide variety of scholars and practitioners. Such breadth of interpretation, though one of stakeholder theory’s greatest strengths, is also one of its most prominent theoretical liabilities. The goal of the current paper is like that of a controlled burn that clears away some of the underbrush of (...)
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  2. Stakeholder Theory, Value, and Firm Performance.Jeffrey S. Harrison & Andrew C. Wicks - 2013 - Business Ethics Quarterly 23 (1):97-124.
    This paper argues that the notion of value has been overly simplified and narrowed to focus on economic returns. Stakeholder theory provides an appropriate lens for considering a more complex perspective of the value that stakeholders seek as well as new ways to measure it. We develop a four-factor perspective for defining value that includes, but extends beyond, the economic value stakeholders seek. To highlight its distinctiveness, we compare this perspective to three other popular performance perspectives. Recommendations are made regarding (...)
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  3.  76
    Can Multi-Stakeholder Initiatives Improve Global Supply Chains? Improving Deliberative Capacity with a Stakeholder Orientation.Vivek Soundararajan, Jill A. Brown & Andrew C. Wicks - 2019 - Business Ethics Quarterly 29 (3):385-412.
    ABSTRACT:Global multi-stakeholder initiatives are important instruments that have the potential to improve the social and environmental sustainability of global supply chains. However, they often fail to comprehensively address the needs and interests of various supply-chain participants. While voluntary in nature, MSIs have most often been implemented through coercive approaches, resulting in friction among their participants and in systemic problems with decoupling. Additionally, in those cases in which deliberation was constrained between and amongst participants, collaborative approaches have often failed to materialize. (...)
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  4.  87
    Corporate and Stakeholder Responsibility.Andrew C. Wicks - 2007 - Business Ethics Quarterly 17 (3):375-398.
    In this article we revisit the notion of stakeholder responsibility as a way to highlight the role that stakeholders have in creating anethical business context. We argue for modifying the prevailing focus on corporate responsibility to stakeholders, and giving more serious attention to the importance of stakeholder responsibility—to firms, and to other stakeholders who are part of the collective enterprise. We elaborate why stakeholder responsibility matters, and suggest how making stakeholder responsibility a central focus of academics and practitioners can redefine (...)
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  5.  42
    Overcoming the Separation Thesis The Needfor a Reconsideration of Business and Society Research.Andrew C. Wicks - 1996 - Business and Society 35 (1):89-118.
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  6.  49
    Corporate and Stakeholder Responsibility.Jerry D. Goodstein & Andrew C. Wicks - 2007 - Business Ethics Quarterly 17 (3):375-398.
    In this article we revisit the notion of stakeholder responsibility as a way to highlight the role that stakeholders have in creating anethical business context. We argue for modifying the prevailing focus on corporate responsibility to stakeholders, and giving more serious attention to the importance of stakeholder responsibility—to firms, and to other stakeholders who are part of the collective enterprise. We elaborate why stakeholder responsibility matters, and suggest how making stakeholder responsibility a central focus of academics and practitioners can redefine (...)
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  7.  34
    Harmful Stakeholder Strategies.Jeffrey S. Harrison & Andrew C. Wicks - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 169 (3):405-419.
    Stakeholder theory focuses on how more value is created if stakeholder relationships are governed by ethical principles such as integrity, respect, fairness, generosity and inclusiveness. However, it has not adequately addressed strategies that stakeholders perceive as harmful to their interests and how this perception can even lead some stakeholders to view the firm’s strategies as unethical. To fill the void, this paper directly addresses strategies that stakeholders perceive as harmful to their interests, or what we refer to as harmful stakeholder (...)
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  8.  19
    Guest Editors’ Introduction Individual and Organizational Reintegration after Ethical or Legal Transgressions: Challenges and Opportunities.Jerry Goodstein, Kenneth D. Butterfield, Michael D. Pfarrer & Andrew C. Wicks - 2014 - Business Ethics Quarterly 24 (3):315-342.
    ABSTRACT:In this article we set the context for this special issue focusing on individual and organizational reintegration in the aftermath of transgressions that violate ethical and legal boundaries. Following a brief introduction to the topic we provide an overview of each of the four articles selected for this special issue. We then present a number of potentially fruitful empirical, theoretical, and normative directions management and ethics scholars might pursue in order to further advance this evolving literature.
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  9.  37
    People and Profits: The Impact of Corporate Objectives on Employees’ Need Satisfaction at Work.Bidhan L. Parmar, Adrian Keevil & Andrew C. Wicks - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 154 (1):13-33.
    For decades, scholars have debated the corporate objective. Scholars have either advocated a corporate objective focused on generating value for shareholders or creating value for multiple groups of stakeholders. Although it has been established that the corporate objective can shape many aspects of the corporation—including culture, compensation, and decision making—to date, scholars have not yet explored its psychological impact; particularly, how the corporate objective might influence employee well-being. In this article, we explore how two views of the corporate objective affect (...)
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  10.  39
    Reflections on the Practical Relevance of Feminist Thought to Business.Andrew C. Wicks - 1996 - Business Ethics Quarterly 6 (4):523-531.
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  11.  20
    Spheres of Influence: A Walzerian Approach to Business Ethics.Andrew C. Wicks, Patricia H. Werhane, Heather Elms & John Nolan - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 174 (1):1-14.
    Michael Walzer is one of the most distinguished political philosophers and social critics of this century. His ideas have had great import and influence in political philosophy and political discussion, yet very few of his ideas have been incorporated explicitly into the business ethics literature. We argue that Walzer’s work provides an important conceptual canvas for business ethics scholars that has not been adequately explored. Scholars in business ethics often borrow from political theory and philosophy to generate new insights and (...)
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  12.  42
    The Business Ethics Movement: "Where Are We Headed and What Can We Learn from Our Colleagues in Bioethics?".Andrew C. Wicks - 1995 - Business Ethics Quarterly 5 (3):603-620.
    There is a long and distinguished history of ethical thought in both business and medicine dating back to ancient times. Yet, the emergence of distinct academic disciplines ("business ethics" and "bioethics") which are also tied to broader social movements is a very recent phenomenon. In spite of the apparent affinities that would seem to emerge from this connection, many have argued that the differences between business and medicine make any constructive interaction between business ethics and bioethics minimal. Indeed, little has (...)
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  13.  48
    On MacIntyre, Modernity and the Virtues.Andrew C. Wicks - 1997 - Business Ethics Quarterly 7 (4):133-135.
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  14.  44
    The Business Ethics Movement.Andrew C. Wicks - 1995 - Business Ethics Quarterly 5 (3):603-620.
    There is a long and distinguished history of ethical thought in both business and medicine dating back to ancient times. Yet, the emergence of distinct academic disciplines [“business ethics” and “bioethics”) which are also tied to broader social movements is a very recent phenomenon. In spite of the apparent affinities that would seem to emerge from this connection, many have argued that the differences between business and medicine make any constructive interaction between business ethics and bioethics minimal. Indeed, little has (...)
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  15. Business Ethics: A Managerial Approach.Andrew C. Wicks (ed.) - 2009 - Prentice-Hall.
    For undergraduate business ethics courses. The ethical training business students need to be successful in today's challenging business world. Recent scandals have created a mistrust that has spread through the entire business sector, jeopardizing public confidence in the stock market and economy. Now more than ever, it's important for students to understand the moral foundations, rules, and implications that are vital to the core of business. Business Ethics 1e presents an in-depth introduction of business ethics that emphasizes the role of (...)
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  16.  37
    The Effects of Context on Trust in Firm-Stakeholder Relationships: The Institutional Environment, Trust Creation, and Firm Performance.Andrew C. Wicks & Shawn L. Berman - 2004 - Business Ethics Quarterly 14 (1):141-160.
    Abstract:Recent work on the subject speaks to the importance trust has for firm performance (e.g., Hagen and Choe, 1999; Hill, 1995). Yet little work has been done to show how context affects the ability of firms to create trust in relationships with key stakeholders. This paper looks at how the institutional environment may affect the performance of different strategies for managing firm-stakeholder relationships, and in turn, how this affects firm performance. The authors put forward propositions that build on these theoretical (...)
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  17.  34
    Sustainable Business Development and Management Theories.Andrew C. Wicks, Adrian Keevil & Bobby Parmar - 2012 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 31 (3-4):375-398.
    There is growing appreciation of the challenges posed by our current economic activity in terms of the natural environment. Increasingly, people have come to appreciate that business must not only be more aware of its environmental impact, but also must be more environmentally sustainable in its core operations. Academic theories of management influence managerial practice. They clarify what is important to the corporation, and where managers and employees should direct their attention. The focus of this paper is to explore the (...)
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  18.  26
    An Evaluation of Journal Quality: The Perspective of Business Ethics Researchers.Andrew C. Wicks & Robbin Derry - 1996 - Business Ethics Quarterly 6 (3):359-371.
    The subject of journal quality has received little attention in the business ethics literature. While there are reasons for this past neglect, there are important new considerations which make it vital that researchers now address this topic. First, virtually all business school departments use evaluations of journal quality as an important indicator of scholarly achievement, yet business ethics has no such studies. Second, as many schools are beginning to ask ethicists to publish in the wider management literature, it is important (...)
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  19.  54
    Albert Schweitzer or Ivan boesky? Why we should reject the dichotomy between medicine and business.Andrew C. Wicks - 1995 - Journal of Business Ethics 14 (5):339 - 351.
    Several critics have maintained that there are some critical differences between the ethics of medicine and the ethics of business such that health care should remain as free as possible from the influence of business. In particular, it has been suggested that the core moral identity of those in medical practice, and their accompanying institutions, are not only antagonistic, but effectively opposed to their counterparts in business. This paper attempts to challenge such a sharp contrast and suggests that a reformulation, (...)
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  20.  50
    The Value Dynamics of Total Quality Management: Ethics and the Foundations of TQM.Andrew C. Wicks - 2001 - Business Ethics Quarterly 11 (3):501-535.
    Abstract:Total Quality Management (TQM) has been the object of extensive discussion within the popular literature and is increasingly of interest among management scholars. Recent scholarship has focused on the theoretical foundations of TQM, particularly what makes it work, why so many firms have had problems implementing it, and under what circumstances it may create a sustainable advantage for individual firms. This paper extends the work in theory development regarding TQM and offers an empirically testable theoretical model of its function. The (...)
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  21.  62
    Ethics and Incentives: An Evaluation and Development of Stakeholder Theory in the Health Care Industry.Heather Elms, Shawn Berman & Andrew C. Wicks - 2002 - Business Ethics Quarterly 12 (4):413-432.
    Abstract:This paper utilizes a qualitative case study of the health care industry and a recent legal case to demonstrate that stakeholder theory’s focus on ethics, without recognition of the effects of incentives, severely limits the theory’s ability to provide managerial direction and explain managerial behavior. While ethics provide a basis for stakeholder prioritization, incentives influence whether managerial action is consistent with that prioritization. Our health care examples highlight this and other limitations of stakeholder theory and demonstrate the explanatory and directive (...)
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  22.  52
    Ethics and Incentives: An Evaluation and Development of Stakeholder Theory in the Health Care Industry.Andrew C. Wicks - 2002 - Business Ethics Quarterly 12 (4):413-432.
    Abstract:This paper utilizes a qualitative case study of the health care industry and a recent legal case to demonstrate that stakeholder theory’s focus on ethics, without recognition of the effects of incentives, severely limits the theory’s ability to provide managerial direction and explain managerial behavior. While ethics provide a basis for stakeholder prioritization, incentives influence whether managerial action is consistent with that prioritization. Our health care examples highlight this and other limitations of stakeholder theory and demonstrate the explanatory and directive (...)
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  23.  32
    When Worlds Collide: Medicine, Business, the Affordable Care Act and the Future of Health Care in the U.S.Andrew C. Wicks & Adrian A. C. Keevil - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (4):420-430.
    The dialogue about the future of health care in the US has been impeded by flawed conceptions about medicine and business. The present paper re-examines some of the underlying assumptions about both medicine and business, and uses more nuanced readings of both terms to frame debates about the ACA and the emerging health care environment.
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  24.  37
    When Worlds Collide: Medicine, Business, the Affordable Care Act and the Future of Health Care in the U.S.Andrew C. Wicks & Adrian A. C. Keevil - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (4):420-430.
    Many observers claim that business has become a powerful force in medicine and that the future of health care cannot escape that reality, even though some scholars lament it. The U.S. recently experienced the most devastating recession since the Great Depression. As health care costs rise, we face additional pressure to rein in health care spending. We also have important new legislation that could well mark a significant shift in how health care is provided and who has access to care, (...)
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  25.  30
    Toward Humanistic Business Ethics.Simone de Colle, R. Edward Freeman & Andrew C. Wicks - 2024 - Business and Society 63 (3):542-571.
    We theorize that, in the current development of business ethics, there is a fruitful evolution that dissolves the dichotomy between the normative and behavioral research approaches developed, respectively, by philosophers and social scientists; this approach avoids many of the limitations originated by such distinction by reconnecting their two separate narratives. We call this emerging research model Humanistic Business Ethics (HBE) as it emphasizes the centrality of the human dimension of business and the importance of adopting a richer concept of humanity (...)
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  26.  16
    The Impact of Employee Stakeholder Orientation on Job Satisfaction and Perspective-Taking.Bidhan L. Parmar, Andrew C. Wicks & Karim Ginena - 2024 - Business and Society 63 (5):1073-1109.
    Scant research has examined the effects of an organization’s stakeholder orientation on the cognition and attitudes of employees. Our study focuses on how one aspect of an organization’s objective, its stakeholder orientation, affects employee job satisfaction. Through seven studies utilizing different samples and measures, we theorize and demonstrate that employees with a higher perceived stakeholder orientation experience enhanced job satisfaction. We provide correlational field data and causal experimental evidence to show that increased employee perspective-taking is one potential mediator of this (...)
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  27.  23
    Cooperating with the Disempowered.Richard S. Marens, Andrew C. Wicks & Vandra L. Huber - 1999 - Business and Society 38 (1):51-82.
    Although researchers have begun to examine how firms manage their entire web of stakeholder relationships, the component relationships also require theoretical and empirical examination. Several studies have found that Employee Stock Ownership Plans (ESOPs) have a positive impact on firm performance. The authors explain these results by hypothesizing that ESOPs, when combined with employee participation programs, forge a stakeholder relationship between management and employees. The authors offer criteria for identifying stakeholder relationships, provide background on ESOPs, analyze why they contribute to (...)
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  28.  8
    How Kantian a Theory of Kantian Capitalism?: A Response to Bowie’s Ruffin Lecture.Andrew C. Wicks - 1998 - Business Ethics Quarterly 8 (S1):61-73.
    In his Ruffin Lecture, Bowie attempts to offer a Kantian theory of capitalism, and this strikes me as a constructive and important thing to do. Bowie’s proposal contributes to a new direction in research that I believe is critical: offering alternative interpretations of capitalism, specifically, theories based in moral concepts which are designed to make room for normative inquiry. In contrast, much of the work in business ethics has focused on the application of moral principles or ideas to specific problems (...)
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  29.  19
    In Search of Experts.Andrew C. Wicks & Paul L. Glezen - 1998 - Business Ethics Quarterly 8 (1):105-126.
    This paper explores the subject of ethics expertise. We suggest that this is a topic which has been badly neglected despite ongoing discussions about subjects which presuppose a particular conception of expertise (e.g., codes of conduct, certification requirements). In addition, given significant challenges to any conception of ethical expertise, we try to determine whether it is possible to provide a meaningful and substantive account of it. The paper moves from more abstract discussion of the idea to grounding a particular model, (...)
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  30.  29
    The Moral Imagination of Patricia Werhane: A Festschrift.R. Edward Freeman, Sergiy Dmytriyev, Andrew C. Wicks, James R. Freeland, Richard T. De George, Norman E. Bowie, Ronald F. Duska, Edwin M. Hartman, Timothy J. Hargrave, Mark S. Schwartz, W. Michael Hoffman, Michael E. Gorman, Mollie Painter-Morland, Carla J. Manno, Howard Harris, David Bevan & Patricia H. Werhane - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
    This book celebrates the work of Patricia Werhane, an iconic figure in business ethics. This festschrift is a collection of articles that build on Werhane’s contributions to business ethics in such areas as Employee Rights, the Legacy of Adam Smith, Moral Imagination, Women in Business, the development of the field of business ethics, and her contributions to such fields as Health Care, Education, Teaching, and Philosophy. All papers are new contributions to the management literature written by well-known business ethicists, such (...)
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  31.  5
    Public trust in business.Jared D. Harris, Brian T. Moriarty & Andrew C. Wicks (eds.) - 2014 - Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.
    Public trust in business is one of the most important but least understood issues for business leaders, public officials, employees, NGOs and other key stakeholders. This book provides much-needed thinking on the topic. Drawing on the expertise of an international array of experts from academic disciplines including business, sociology, political science and philosophy, it explores long-term strategies for building and maintaining public trust in business. The authors look to new ways of moving forward by carefully blending the latest academic research (...)
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  32.  7
    How to Assess Multiple-Value Accounting Narratives from a Value Pluralist Perspective? Some Metaethical Criteria.Bastiaan van der Linden, Andrew C. Wicks & R. Edward Freeman - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-17.
    Nowadays businesses are often expected to create not just financial, but multiple kinds of value—and they report on this using numbers and narratives. Multiple-value accounting narratives, such as those required by the Integrated Reporting framework, are often met with suspicion: accounting scholars have argued that inconsistencies between narratives and performances show that narratives are used for impression management rather than to accurately report the (ir)responsible behavior of companies. This paper proposes to assess narratives beyond inconsistencies with reported performances. Starting from (...)
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  33.  59
    How Kantian a Theory of Kantian Capitalism?Andrew C. Wicks - 1998 - The Ruffin Series of the Society for Business Ethics 1:61-73.
  34.  39
    How Kantian a Theory of Kantian Capitalism?Andrew C. Wicks - 1998 - The Ruffin Series of the Society for Business Ethics 1:61-73.
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  35.  12
    How Kantian a Theory of Kantian Capitalism?Andrew C. Wicks - 1998 - The Ruffin Series of the Society for Business Ethics 1:61-73.
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  36.  16
    Introduction.Andrew C. Wicks - 2002 - Business Ethics Quarterly 12 (4):409-412.
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  37.  53
    Norman Bowie and Richard Rorty on multinationals: Does business ethics need 'metaphysical comfort?'. [REVIEW]Andrew C. Wicks - 1990 - Journal of Business Ethics 9 (3):191 - 200.
    Norman Bowie wrote an article on the moral obligations of multinational corporations in 1987. This paper is a response to Bowie, but more importantly, it is designed to articulate the force and substance of the pragmatist philosophy developed by Richard Rorty. In his article, Bowie suggested that moral universalism (which he endorses) is the only credible method of doing business ethics across cultures and that cultural relativism and ethnocentrism are not. Bowie, in a manner surprisingly common among contemporary philosophers, lumps (...)
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