17 found
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  1.  70
    Cognitive Neuroenhancement: False Assumptions in the Ethical Debate.Andreas Heinz, Roland Kipke, Hannah Heimann & Urban Wiesing - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (6):372-375.
    The present work critically examines two assumptions frequently stated by supporters of cognitive neuroenhancement. The first, explicitly methodological, assumption is the supposition of effective and side effect-free neuroenhancers. However, there is an evidence-based concern that the most promising drugs currently used for cognitive enhancement can be addictive. Furthermore, this work describes why the neuronal correlates of key cognitive concepts, such as learning and memory, are so deeply connected with mechanisms implicated in the development and maintenance of addictive behaviour so that (...)
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  2.  8
    Devaluation and Sequential Decisions: Linking Goal-Directed and Model-Based Behavior.Eva Friedel, Stefan P. Koch, Jean Wendt, Andreas Heinz, Lorenz Deserno & Florian Schlagenhauf - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  3.  14
    Processing Speed Enhances Model-Based Over Model-Free Reinforcement Learning in the Presence of High Working Memory Functioning.Daniel J. Schad, Elisabeth Jã¼Nger, Miriam Sebold, Maria Garbusow, Nadine Bernhardt, Amir-Homayoun Javadi, Ulrich S. Zimmermann, Michael N. Smolka, Andreas Heinz, Michael A. Rapp & Quentin J. M. Huys - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  4.  8
    Differential Effects of Wakeful Rest, Music and Video Game Playing on Working Memory Performance in the N-Back Task.Maxim S. Kuschpel, Shuyan Liu, Daniel J. Schad, Stephan Heinzel, Andreas Heinz & Michael A. Rapp - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  5.  9
    Luria Revisited: Cognitive Research in Schizophrenia, Past Implications and Future Challenges.Yuliya Zaytseva, Raymond Chan, Ernst Pöppel & Andreas Heinz - 2015 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 10:4.
    Contemporary psychiatry is becoming more biologically oriented in the attempt to elicit a biological rationale of mental diseases. Although mental disorders comprise mostly functional abnormalities, there is a substantial overlap between neurology and psychiatry in addressing cognitive disturbances. In schizophrenia, the presence of cognitive impairment prior to the onset of psychosis and early after its manifestation suggests that some neurocognitive abnormalities precede the onset of psychosis and may represent a trait marker. These cognitive alterations may arise from functional disconnectivity, as (...)
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  6. 1. Front Matter Front Matter.Richard Shusterman, Gernot Böhme, Thomas Fuchs, Hans-Peter Krüger, Gesa Lindemann, Millay Hyatt, Andreas Heinz & Ulrike Kluge - 2010 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 24 (3):292-307.
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  7.  92
    Anthropological and Evolutionary Concepts of Mental Disorders.Andreas Heinz & Ulrike Kluge - 2010 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 24 (3):292-307.
    Patients suffering from mental disorders are often not treated on an equal basis with patients suffering from organic diseases. In Germany, for example, alcohol-dependent patients will be detoxified on a clinical ward to ensure that they survive acute alcohol withdrawal; however, medical insurances often do not cover treatment costs for a therapy for the addictive behavior that underlies the acute alcohol problem. While patients suffering from diabetes mellitus can also display personally harmful choices and, for example, consume sugar although they (...)
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  8.  43
    Psychobiology of Personality Disorders.Brian Knutson & Andreas Heinz - 2004 - In Jaak Panksepp (ed.), Textbook of Biological Psychiatry. Wiley-Liss. pp. 145.
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  9. Stronger Prejudices Are Associated With Decreased Model-Based Control.Miriam Sebold, Hao Chen, Aleyna Önal, Sören Kuitunen-Paul, Negin Mojtahedzadeh, Maria Garbusow, Stephan Nebe, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Quentin J. M. Huys, Florian Schlagenhauf, Michael A. Rapp, Michael N. Smolka & Andreas Heinz - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Background: Prejudices against minorities can be understood as habitually negative evaluations that are kept in spite of evidence to the contrary. Therefore, individuals with strong prejudices might be dominated by habitual or “automatic” reactions at the expense of more controlled reactions. Computational theories suggest individual differences in the balance between habitual/model-free and deliberative/model-based decision-making.Methods: 127 subjects performed the two Step task and completed the blatant and subtle prejudice scale.Results: By using analyses of choices and reaction times in combination with computational (...)
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  10.  28
    True and False Concerns About Neuroenhancement: A Response to 'Neuroenhancers, Addiction and Research Ethics', by D M Shaw.Andreas Heinz, Roland Kipke, Sabine Müller & Urban Wiesing - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (4):286-287.
    In his critical comment on our paper in this journal, Shaw argues that ‘false assumptions’ which we have criticised are in fact correct . He suggests that the risk of addiction to neuroenhancers may not be relevant, and that safety and research in regard to neuroenhancement do not pose unique ethical problems. Here, we demonstrate that Shaw ignores key empirical research results, trivialises addiction, commits logical errors, confuses addictions and passions, argues on a speculative basis, and fails to distinguish the (...)
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  11.  11
    Geistlose Hirne und hirnlose Geister: Zum Umgang mit dem Begriff psychischer Krankheit.Andreas Heinz - 2018 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 66 (2):228-242.
    Mental disorders have been suggested to differ from somatic diseases because they lack an organic correlate. We show that this argument is both empirically wrong and theoretically irrelevant, because diseases are defined by functional impairments and not biological variation. Due to human diversity, a multitude of functions can be defined, and any selection of medically relevant functional impairments is necessarily value-based. We suggest that such values include individual survival and living in a shared world with others, and that their definition (...)
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  12.  18
    Anthropologische und evolutionäre Konzepte psychischer Störungen.Andreas Heinz & Ulrike Kluge - 2011 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 59 (4):605-621.
    The disease status of mental disorders has been hotly debated and is still highly relevant for ethical and economic considerations regarding the human rights of psychiatric patients. Here we critically discuss traditional evolutionary and degenerative concepts of mental disorders and propose instead the differentiation between independent dimensions of mental health resources on the one hand and mental disorders on the other. We suggest that impairments of a minimal set of mental functions can serve as indicators of exogenous and endogenous psychoses, (...)
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  13.  19
    Anthropological and Evolutionary Concepts of Mental Disorders.Andreas Heinz & Ulrike Kluge - 2010 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 24 (3):292-307.
  14.  4
    Menschliche Unergründlichkeit Und Psychiatrische Diagnose.Andreas Heinz - 2018 - Internationales Jahrbuch für Philosophische Anthropologie 8 (1):171-182.
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  15.  8
    Minimale Anthropologische Grundannahmen Zur Definition Psychischer Krankheit.Andreas Heinz - 2015 - Internationales Jahrbuch für Philosophische Anthropologie 5 (1):33-40.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Internationales Jahrbuch für philosophische Anthropologie Jahrgang: 5 Heft: 1 Seiten: 33-40.
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  16.  1
    Empathy-Related Brain Activity in Somatosensory Cortex Protects From Tactile Priming Effects: A Pilot Study.Michael Schaefer, Lillia Cherkasskiy, Claudia Denke, Claudia Spies, Hyunjin Song, Sean Malahy, Andreas Heinz, Andreas Ströhle, Michael Schäfer, Nadine Mianroudi & John A. Bargh - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  17.  1
    The Interaction of Child Abuse and Rs1360780 of the FKBP5 Gene is Associated with Amygdala Resting-State Functional Connectivity in Young Adults.Christiane Wesarg, Ilya M. Veer, Nicole Y. L. Oei, Laura S. Daedelow, Tristram A. Lett, Tobias Banaschewski, Gareth J. Barker, Arun L. W. Bokde, Erin Burke Quinlan, Sylvane Desrivières, Herta Flor, Antoine Grigis, Hugh Garavan, Rüdiger Brühl, Jean-Luc Martinot, Eric Artiges, Frauke Nees, Dimitri Papadopoulos Orfanos, Luise Poustka, Sarah Hohmann, Juliane H. Fröhner, Michael N. Smolka, Robert Whelan, Gunter Schumann, Andreas Heinz & Henrik Walter - 2021 - Human Brain Mapping 42 (10).
    Extensive research has demonstrated that rs1360780, a common single nucleotide polymorphism within the FKBP5 gene, interacts with early-life stress in predicting psychopathology. Previous results suggest that carriers of the TT genotype of rs1360780 who were exposed to child abuse show differences in structure and functional activation of emotion-processing brain areas belonging to the salience network. Extending these findings on intermediate phenotypes of psychopathology, we examined if the interaction between rs1360780 and child abuse predicts resting-state functional connectivity between the amygdala and (...)
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